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Hiv And Health Law Presentation, December 2009


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Brief presentation on HIV Health Law program in IDLO.

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Hiv And Health Law Presentation, December 2009

  1. 1. Promoting Justice to Create Opportunity g pp y Brief presentation on HIV Namizata Meite Rome, December 1st , 2009 ,
  2. 2. Overview • About HIV • IDLO work in HIV • HIV and Legal g services • Vid Video
  3. 3. About HIV… HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus is a member of the retrovirus family y that causes AIDS AIDS or A Acquired I i d Immunodeficiency d fi i Syndrome is a disease of the immune system caused by HIV
  4. 4. A global view of HIV infection 33 million people (30-36 million) living with HIV in 2007 - More than 33 million of people are living with HIV in the world world. - Africa is the most affected region by the g y epidemic as 90% of the people living with HIV (PLHIV) are from there. - In Sub-Saharian Africa, HIV has orphaned 12 million children and has reduced life expectancy in some countries by more than 20 years.
  5. 5. A global view of HIV infection 33 million people (30-36 million) living with HIV in 2007 Source: UNAIDS, 2008
  6. 6. Life expectancy at birth, selected regions 1950-1955 to 2005-2010 90 80 Western Europe p Asia 70 Southern Africa Years 60 Western Africa Eastern Africa 50 Central Africa 40 30 1950– 1955– 1960– 1965– 1970– 1975– 1980– 1985– 1990– 1995– 2000– 2005– 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 Source: UNAIDS, 2008: Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2006 Revision,
  7. 7. HIV treatments and prevention • ARV: antiretroviral drugs • HIV related Opportunistic Disease treatment • PMTCT : Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV • ABC or: • Abstinence • Be faithful • C d Condoms • Circumcision?
  8. 8. « Key populations » Some people are more vulnerable to HIV HIV. These people can be referred as « Key p p populations » which may include: y • men who have sex with men, • transgender persons, • people who use drugs, • sex workers and • prisonners.
  9. 9. « Stigma and discrimination » g PLHIV are confronted at a heavy climate of stigma and discrimination. They are marginalized, exploited and criminalized. g , p Sometimes, they don’t receive treatments at hospital because HIV+, they lose their job, house, and are rejected by their family. But the stigma is more important for women HIV than men men. PLHIV suffer stigma more than HIV.
  10. 10. IDLO work in HIV Protect and Promote Health through Law In 2009, IDLO la nched a 3 year program 2009 launched ea p og am in 8 countries: • Benin • Burkina Faso • China • Egypt • Haiti •I d Indonesia i • Nepal • Papua New Guinea
  11. 11. HIV and Health Law Program 2009-2012 Objectives: 1. People living with and affected by HIV receive quality legal services. 2. Government officials apply HIV-related laws and 2 G ffi i l l HIV l dl d policies consistent with public health goals. 3. 3 Opportunities to improve the legislative environment for the response to HIV are identified and appropriate action is taken. Research and expert meetings to identify or generate best practices. Best practices p p published and disseminated.
  12. 12. HIV-related legal services • HIV- related legal services are legal services g g for PLHIV, People affected by HIV, and Key populations, that directly relate to legal issues which affect th i vulnerability t i hi h ff t their l bilit to HIV. • HIV- related legal services contribute directly to building an enabling environment for g HIV prevention, care, support and treatment programs.
  13. 13. HIV-related legal services Legal services in the context of HIV take many forms: • Legal information and advice, including through telephone hotline • Formal litigation and strategic litigation to create legal policy; • Mediation and other forms of dispute resolution; • Assistance with informal or traditional legal systems (e.g. village courts) and; • Community legal education.
  14. 14. HIV-related legal services Exemples of legal issues that may be HIV-related: • Discrimination on the grounds of HIV status, sexuality, gender including transgender status, • HIV elated disability, drug use or sex work; HIV-related disabilit d g se o se o k • Problems in accessing treatment, care and support services; • Privacy and confidentiality; • Violence against women, PLHIV, MSM, transgender; • Criminal laws for HIV transmission; • Illegal police practices, including harassment, rape; • Property and inheritance inheritance.
  15. 15. Examples of program activities: International level TOOLKIT: Scaling Up HIV – Related Legal services IDLO IDLO, UNAIDS, UNDP Purpose is to provide p p guidance on HIV –related legal services: models, training, training resources
  16. 16. STORIES - VIDEO Stories of Women from the A i P ifi N t th Asia Pacific Network of k f People Living with HIV Thank you for your attention.