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Booklet Dialog Nasional 2018


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Summary of National Dialog 2018

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Booklet Dialog Nasional 2018

  1. 1. ID-IGF NATIONAL DIALOGUE 2018 NATIONAL LIBRARY OF INDONESIA NOVEMBER 1, 2018 Summary Internet That Could Be Trusted: FREEDOM, SAFETY, AND SOVEREIGNTY [IG]   @IGF.ID     |     [E]   INFO@IGF.ID     |     [W]   IGF.ID
  2. 2. 3 Table of Content OpeningRemarks 4 PersonalDataandDataPrivacyGovernanceinIndonesia Antonius Alexander Tigor (Telkomsel), Bambang Pratama (BINUS Univ.), Hendri S. Yuda (Ministry of CIT), Mira Fajriyah (PANDI), Wahyudi Djafar (ELSAM) Moderator: Dinita A. Putri (Open Data Lab Jakarta)   |   Rapporteur: Shita Laksmi (DiploFoundation) Mariam F. Barata (Ministry of Communications and Information Technology) Shita Laksmi (DiploFoundation) 5 CombatingHoaxinIndonesia Aris Kurniawan (Ministry of CIT), Mataharitimoer (Youtube Trusted Flagger), Rizky Edmi Edison (HAMKA Univ.), Wien Muldian ( School Literacy Movement of Ministry of Education and Culture) Moderator: Sherly Haristya (ICT Watch)   |   Rapporteur: Mustika Sari (BINUS Student) 6 TogetherFightingHoax Dedy Permadi (SiBerkreasi), Dhany A. (Jakarta Metropolitan Regional Police), Yan Kurniawan (Drone Emprit) Moderator: Wahyudi Djafar (ELSAM)   |   Rapporteur: Mustika Sari (BINUS Student) 7 IndonesiaInternetTowardsReliabilityandResilience Achmad Syarifuddin (ACHI), Mariam F. Barata (Ministry of CIT), Sarwani Dwinanto ( Moderator: Basuki Suhardiman (ITB)   |   Rapporteur: Rexy Hernando Hutabarat (BINUS Student) 8 InternetTowardsResilienceandReliability Benjamin Naibaho (APJII), M. Taufik (Indosat), Ashwin Sasongko (LIPI) Moderator: Basuki Suhardiman (ITB)   |   Rapporteur: Andika Tarigan (Mahasiswa BINUS) 9 YouthParticipationinFightingHoax Astari Yanuarti (Redaxi), Bhredipta Socarana (Youth ID-IGF), Chika Hayuningtyas (PANDI) Moderator: Ellen Kusuma (SAFEnet)   |   Rapporteur: Emir Hartato (MAG ID-IGF) 10 PuttingContextintoHoax,Cyberbullying,andHateSpeech Ellen Kusuma (SAFEnet), Emir Hartato (MAG ID-IGF), N. M. Agita Pasaribu (Indonesia Youth Ambassador for the UN-IGF) Moderator: Bhredipta Socarana (Youth ID-IGF)   |   Rapporteur: Astari Yanuarti (Redaxi) 11 NationalDialogueID-IGF2018ParticipantStatistics
  3. 3. O P E N I N G R E M A R K S Mariam F. Barata (Ministry of Communications and Information Technology) opened the 5th ID-IGF National Dialogue by noting that Indonesia, like other countries, actively participate in various discourses in international forums related to technology and the internet - such as IGF, ICANN, ITU, WSIS, and others - to get updates on latest technological developments around the world, as well as issues related to the use of the internet and its governance. In her speech, Mariam also addressed the importance of the involvement of all stakeholders and to pay attention to the regeneration of all stakeholders attending in the internet governance discussions, such as ID-IGF National Dialogue itself. Since 2018, Mariam explained that ID-IGF has formed Multistakeholder Advisory Group (MAG), in which there are representatives from various sectors - government, technical community, private sector, social and cultural community, as well as youth representatives with the formation of Youth IG-IDF - to be the motor of ID-IGF discussions. Shita Laksmi (DiploFoundation) in her introduction to ID-IGF speech emphasized the complexity of internet governance since there are many perspectives and impact of using technology and the internet in human life that must be taken into consideration, even exceeding geographical boundaries and state administration. The Cambridge Analytica case is a clear example of the complexity of cases related to the internet. She also remarked that in the global world, conversations on technological developments have shifted to the inevitable presence of artificial intelligence in the near future, such as autonomous vehicles created to reduce road accidents. This raises other questions, such as: when a road accident still occurs, who is to be blamed? The autonomous vehicles? The operator? Therefore it is important to have discussions on internet governance to be more inclusive and active. In the future, ID-IGF National Dialogue must present topics that are even more relevant and in accordance with the context in Indonesia. Last, Shita concluded her speech by addressing ID-IGF homework, which is for all stakeholders to encourage discussions in the National Dialogue into providing more concrete suggestion for a better public policy and internet governance in Indonesia. 3 ID-IGF 2018 1 NOVEMBER 2018
  4. 4. PERSONAL DATA AND DATA PRIVACY GOVERNANCE IN INDONESIA( C A S E : G E N E R A L D A T A P R O T E C T I O N R E G U L A T I O N A N D R I G H T S T O B E F O R G O T T E N ) LAW The challenges in the governance of personal data and privacy in Indonesia are the rapid datanomics (production, distribution, accessibility, and use of data as economic commodities), as well as balancing the meaning of privacy rights, including the check-and-balance mechanism. Who will be an independent authority to do this? In addition, it is also necessary to balance out the interests of each of the multiple stakeholders, as well as sectoral interests. Another challenge is Indonesian low awareness on personal data and privacy. Different cultural might be one of the influential factors. 4 1 NOVEMBER 2018ID-IGF 2018 Indonesia has recognized the right of privacy in the 1945 Constitution, also reflected in several applicable laws and regulations, such as the 2016 Ministerial Regulation, although the implementation is still sectoral.  Personal Data Protection Bill (RUU PDP) is currently still in the process of harmonization and refers to the concept developing in Europe. Regarding the right to be forgotten as stated in Article 26 of the ITE Law Revision, there is no right to delete information about one's personal data, but the obligation of the platform organizer to delete information that is no longer in accordance with the real-time conditions. This concept is vague and overlaps with the right to erasure applied in Europe. In the ITE Law the concept of the right to be forgotten is more about erasing and not forgetting. The government argues that in relation to personal data, there are principles in which the concept do not regulate the technology in detail, because technology develops rapidly, which, if regulated, will continue to experience drastic changes.
  5. 5. Combating hoax requires collaboration from all stakeholders and for this matter, the Ministry of Communication and Information Technology must act as the facilitator and accelerator. They must not move alone. For example in the case of the spread of pornographic content, even though there are laws that regulate pornography, it must be recognized that everyone in the community has a different standard of pornography. Therefore, the revision of pornographic standards involving more diverse parties will help in measuring pornographic content violations on the internet. ICT Watch, one of the civil society organizations pointed as Youtube Trusted Flagger, reports that from February 17, 2018 to October 2018 they succeeded in removing 2,046 content from 2,897 flagged content, most of them were pornographic and violent content. However, there are still 494 content (21% of the flagged content) that can be accessed freely by the public. Meaning, the public society is required to learn to choose and sort the information they consume. Other dangerous content on the internet is hoax. There are many factors that could affect a person so they cannot think rationally and distinguish facts from hoaxes. One of them is human emotion. So, the first step that needs to be done to avoid the spread of hoaxes is to merge groups that cause various identifications on the basis of emotions. 5 1 NOVEMBER 2018ID-IGF 2018 LEARNING FROM SUCCESS STORIES, EXPERIENCES, AND FUTURE PLAN C O M B A T I N G H O A X I N I N D O N E S I A SOCIAL AND CULTURE #1
  6. 6. TOGETHER FIGHTING HOAX H O A X H A S N O W B E C O M E A N I N D U S T R Y , I T I S I N E V E R Y D A Y L I F E , A N D H A S B E C O M E P A R T O F R E A L I T Y . There are around 143 million internet users in Indonesia, 66% of whom are young people with an age range of 13-34 years. Meanwhile, the huge volume of conversations on social media raises 3 potentials, namely misinformation, disinformation, and mal-information, causing these young people to have a great chance of being the perpetrators of the spreading of those three. On the other hand, they also become the front guard to fight hoaxes. Indonesia still has hope, because its people are quite critical. On the law enforcement side, the police need considerable effort to deal with cases related to cyber crime, including the spread of hoaxes that have the potential to divide the nation. Of the many police members in Indonesia, only 60-70% have the ability to use digital products, even though many conventional crimes are now shifting to using digital technology. 6 1 NOVEMBER 2018ID-IGF 2018 I N O C T O B E R 2 0 1 8 , D R O N E E M P R I T N O T E D T H E R E W E R E 1 8 8 , 2 7 6 " H O A X " W O R D W H I C H W E R E D I S C U S S E D O N T H E I N T E R N E T , W I T H A N A V E R A G E O C C U R R E N C E O F 6 , 0 7 3 T I M E S A D A Y . SOCIAL AND CULTURE #2
  7. 7. INDONESIA INTERNET TOWARDS RELIABILITY AND RESILIENCE In Indonesia there are 3.79 million MSMEs that go online, and are predicted to grow to 8 million by 2019. With 1,706 startups, Indonesia ranks fourth as the country with the most startups, just below the United States of Amerika (28,793), India (4,714) and the United Kingdom (2,971). According to Indonesian Internet Service Provider Association (APJII) data, the country's internet penetration reached 54.68% with the number of internet users reaching 143.26 million from a population of 262 million Indonesians. This country is predicted to be the largest Digital Economy Country in Southeast Asia in 2020 with 1,000 technopreneur, business valuation of 100 billion USD, and total e-commerce of 130 billion USD. In this digital economic era, the Ministry of Communication and Information Technology took on the role of "Less of a REGULATOR, more of a FACILITATOR, even more of an ACCELERATOR". Continuous efforts are made to increase universal access to information throughout Indonesia. The government also seeks to improve the quality of public services by carrying out automation and simplification of regulations. To overcome radicalism and terrorism, the government has intensified digital literacy programs with many parties and multiple stakeholders, and the handling of negative contents with filtering or blocking. There are also efforts to facilitate digital economy growth, including programs such as SMEs Go Online, Farmers and Fishermen Go Online, the National Movement of 1,000 Startups, and Next Indonesian Unicorns (NEXTICORN). There are many challenges to Indonesian internet that is resilient and reliable, including from hosting problems (trouble on accessing website) to problems related to other parties, such as data centers (blackout, data security), ISP (FO Cut, Latency, DDOS Attack), Registrar or Domain Registry, and others (spamcop, real-time blackhole list (RBL), number of investigators in cyber law cases). In terms of infrastructure, the challenge for the government is to apply equal treatment to local and foreign content, both in terms of the speed of access, financing, and ease of access. 7 1 NOVEMBER 2018ID-IGF 2018 INFRASTRUCTURE #1
  8. 8. INTERNET TOWARDS RESILIENCE AND RELIABILITY In this modern era, all business activities cannot be separated from IT elements, the existence of good infrastructure will have a diverse positive impact. One of the infrastructures that must be considered is the data center, especially for business people. As the core of business services, data center must be able to provide optimal services, even if a disaster occurs, so that businesses and the economy could still run. Looking at the crucial role of data centers, as well as related issues such as the disaster recovery plan, a comprehensive and holistic study of data centers is an urgent matter, especially for the business sector. Infrastructure development in Indonesia itself is constrained by Government Regulation No. 82 of 2012 concerning the Implementation of Systems and Electronic Transactions (PP 82/2012 PTSE) that are in the process of revision. The regulation is considered to be no longer in line with current technological developments. The development of internet infrastructure in Indonesia also requires innovation and collaboration from all stakeholders. This is needed so that the passion of digital economic passion can be felt by all levels of society. On the other hand there are efforts to form a national interconnection.  Indonesian Internet Service Provider Association (APJII) took the initiative to launch the Indonesia Internet Exchange (IIX) program which become a hub for various Internet Service Providers in Indonesia. The aim of IIX is to establish a national interconnection network in order to exchange data, increase the speed of data traffic, reduce dependence on internet interconnection abroad, and become a mean of communication for content providers. Currently IIX has been in 11 provinces, including in Medan, Riau Archipelago, Semarang, Lampung, Yogyakarta, Surabaya, Bali and Palembang. IIX will be developed continuously to touch all of Indonesia. 8 1 NOVEMBER 2018ID-IGF 2018 INFRASTRUCTURE #2
  9. 9. YOUTH PARTICIPATION IN FIGHTING HOAX The involvement of youth in internet governance is important. Young people could play a substantive role given the characteristics and the number of young people in Indonesia. Therefore, it is also important for young people to get to know Youth Indonesia-Internet Governance Forum (Youth ID-IGF), which is a discussion forum for young Indonesians to express their opinions and input for internet governance that protects the interests of youth. Concern and demand from the public, including youth, could contribute to changes in internet governance, both in government policies and in activities carried out by other internet actors, for example in relation to the spread of hoaxes in cyberspace. 9 1 NOVEMBER 2018ID-IGF 2018 Hoax could have a big impact on social environment, it could be the cause of social conflict. Youth participation in fighting hoaxes will facilitate the dissemination of tips and tricks against the hoax itself. Paying attention to a website's domain name could be one way to fight the spread of hoaxes. For example, websites that use top level country code domains, such as .id, are more credible than websites that use other domains. The challenge in fighting hoax is when facing issues related to politics and health, it is more difficult to check the validity or credibility of the source. Website-blocking has not been able to curb the spread of hoaxes effectively. YOUTH ID-IGF #1
  10. 10. PUTTING CONTEXT INTO HOAX, CYBER- BULLYING, AND HATE SPEECH Negative issues related to cyberspace, such as the spread of hoaxes, cyberbullying, to hate speech that could lead to persecution, are things that need to be contextually understood in advance. Introducing these issues must begin with real examples, such as, how locals in Lombok Island and in Tomohon, North Sulawesi, fight the spread of hoaxes about earthquake that struck their place by using local knowledge and wisdom. Apart from the regulations and laws that have regulated the hate speech and cyberbullying, there is still much anxiety among youth about these two issues, especially for the spread of hate speech that has become an economic and political commodity. It is important to encourage young people to think critically, so they are aware of the context and background of hate speech and cyberbullying cases. Social media as a platform in cyberspace has facilitated hoax, cyberbullying and hate speech, that restrictions and controls might be needed on existing content. The youth have a good understanding on these issues, because they are inside the discourses. Therefore, youth’s opinions should not be overlooked by policy makers, especially regarding proportional internet restriction policies that still protects freedom of expression and opinion in Indonesia. 10 1 NOVEMBER 2018ID-IGF 2018 YOUTH ID-IGF #2
  11. 11. 236 TOTAL PARTICIPANTS IGF.ID National Dialogue ID-IGF 2018 Participant Statistics MALE: 61.4% 145 91 FEMALE: 38.6% CSO 21% Public 14% Academic 32% Private Sector 9% Student 11% Government 4% Media 9%
  12. 12. 12 1 NOVEMBER 2018ID-IGF 2018