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Peter Cooper - IT Innovation Day 2016


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IT Innovation Day 2016

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Peter Cooper - IT Innovation Day 2016

  1. 1. IT Innovation Day 29 September 2016 | Amersfoort ‘Everything is Different, but Nothing has Changed: Is Better Private Sector Engagement the Path to the Smart City? Bristol Balloon Fiesta, 2015
  2. 2. Smart Cities A partnership for research collaboration A story of three messages: 1. ‘Smart cities’ is part of a wider change in perception of the importance of cities. 2. Smart cities could bring transformative change, but it’s often neglected that this process is extremely hard. 3. The private sector has a crucial enabling role, but engagement needs to improve.
  3. 3. Our perception of cities is changing… …and they’re here to stay. Endless Smart City Possibilities Social “Ironically, the greatest weapon against the challenges of the future.” Edward Glaeser, The Age of Cities, Havard Press Efficiencies of density Intellectual Diversity and Assembly 54% Live in them 70% Will live in them by 2050
  4. 4. 2. But smart cities is not a simple answer.
  5. 5. Citizen engagement is improving. What about the private sector? Citizens as Sensors VR Public Consultations Digital Skills Programs Participatory Budgeting
  6. 6. “To many firms like ours, keeping cities running, ‘smart cities’ is very much: ‘everything is different but nothing has changed.’ ” CEO Anonymised City Service Provider …some way to go.
  7. 7. 3. The private sector engagement is mixed. Why? “…we really want to convince cities to update procurement contracts to be more open and outcomes-focused, giving us space to innovate, embrace technology…so we can do our part in improving urban areas.” Mark Saunders Head of Centre for Excellence – Cities, Ferrovial Interview, Feb 2016 Stephen Hilton, Head of Futures, Bristol City Council “…we struggle to motivate the private sector to share in our vision – we need to figure out how to engage and drive the digital participation of the private sector towards delivering better city outcomes” Interview, Jan 2016 32% “Cities see us as suppliers, not partners.” 63% “Cities should be doing more to use tech as a means to enable us to engage in improving cities.” Dan Byles Former Chair of UK Smart Cities APPG “…providing technology is just a lever, developing business models that the private sector want to engage with is the bigger barrier.” Barcelona Smart Cities Expo, Nov 2014
  8. 8. After After Data enabling outcomes. Madrid Birmingham BeforeA)Waste Collection B)Prison Management Collect each bin at set frequency Contractor thus empties bin regardless Fee given on completion + some weight- based top-up fee If performed efficiently, modest profit Keep each bin below set fill level Contractor evaluates with data when to pick up what A smart contractor can make more profit for same fee Cities have incentivised clean streets Fee given based on reoffending rates of prison (as proportion of avoided societal costs) Contractor harnesses inmate data to create bespoke rehabilitation plans Throughout their inmate stay contractor monitors and adjusts City carefully tracks probationers progress through society
  9. 9. Data exchanges creating mutual value. Shanghai
  10. 10. SMEs can play an equally powerful role as incumbents. New York Visualisations: The Digit Group
  11. 11. The need is clear. So why is this so hard? “We do not particularly see offers of digital innovation coming from CSPs. Our primary function is to deliver public good, and as such we see too much risk in trying to drive these ourselves, but would happily collaborate with CSPs if we saw their sincere interest.” Head of Strategic Change (anonymised EU city) “For us we do not see cities writing tenders for digitally-innovative solutions so we do not believe there is a market for them so we have not invested in their development.” Head of Strategy (annoymised City Service Provider)
  12. 12. A story of three messages: 1. Smart cities is part of a wider change in perception of the importance of cities. 2. Smart cities will bring transformative change, but it’s often neglected that this process is extremely hard. 3. The private sector has a crucial enabling role, but engagement needs to improve. “People say to me, ‘Why haven’t we resolved urban problems with all this tech yet?’And I say, well, why haven’t you got a cure for cancer? What’s taking so long? These are complex problems and cities are no different.” Donald Sadoway Professor, MIT Barcelona Smart Cities World Expo 2014 “Kutzplus – the ‘people’s Uber’ if you will – died because we do not understand public and private sector collaboration around tech well enough. We risk losing many more innovations if this doesn’t change.” Evgeny Morozov The Guardian Article, Jan 2016
  13. 13. Smart cities should be seen less about IT… …and more about IT enabling new, innovative collaborative relationships.
  14. 14. Thank you! Any questions? Please do reach out if you are interested in collaboration, whether a city, corporation or academic. Peter Cooper Research Engineer Bristol University & Arup “Our ultimate mission is - and always will be - to shape a better world.” Ove Arup, 1970