SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 22
Electronic data collection for
a modular household survey
in Ethiopia
Keith Tomlin
IDEAS Data Manager/Epidemiologist
Improving health worldwide
www.lshtm.ac.uk
The Project
• IDEAS (Informed DEcisions for ActionS)
• Aims to improve the health and survival of mothers and newborns
by generating evidence to inform policy and practice.
• Working in Ethiopia, North-Eastern Nigeria and the Indian States of
Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.
The Survey
• Ethiopia follow-up survey
• Aim to gather data on pregnancies, deliveries and newborn care
from women in households, from frontline workers and from
health facilities
• Household survey comprised in-depth interviews with women of
child-bearing age
• 80 randomly sampled clusters
• 75 households per clusters (6,000 in total)
• 12 survey teams, each with 6 interviewers and one supervisor
• Fieldwork carried out during April 2015
Ethiopia
Survey cluster locations
Household survey structure
Clusters (80) Cluster Name
01 DEGA AMBA
02 BARIKA ADIS SEBHA
03 BARIKA ADIS SEBHA
04 MADO TEMKET
05 GEREWERE
06 BEYA
07 LORI
08 SATA MIDIRARO
09 ERGOYE
etc…
Clusters (80) Cluster Name
04 MADO TEMKET
Households (75)
04/01
04/02
04/03
04/04
04/05
04/06
04/07
04/08
etc…
Household survey structure
75 households within each
cluster
Household survey structure
Clusters (80) Cluster Name
04 MADO TEMKET
Households (75)
04/08
Residents (household roster)
ID number Name Gender Date of Birth Eligible
04/08/01 Teklay Male 08/05/1970 No
04/08/02 Azmera Female 08/12/1982 Yes
04/08/03 Birhdan Female 24/02/1987 Yes
04/08/04 Semere Male 15/10/1990 No
04/08/05 Meaza Female 30/08/1993 Yes
04/08/06 Mebrhit Female 05/06/2002 No
A roster is taken of all residents in
each household
Household survey structure
Clusters (80) Cluster Name
04 MADO TEMKET
Households (75)
04/08
Residents (household roster)
ID number Name Gender Date of Birth Eligible
04/08/01 Teklay Male 08/05/1970 No
04/08/02 Azmera Female 08/12/1982 Yes
04/08/03 Birhdan Female 24/02/1987 Yes
04/08/04 Semere Male 15/10/1990 No
04/08/05 Meaza Female 30/08/1993 Yes
04/08/06 Mebrhit Female 05/06/2002 No
The programme identifies women of
child-bearing age (15-49)
Household survey structure
Clusters (80) Cluster Name
04 MADO TEMKET
Households (75)
04/08
Women aged 15 - 49
ID number Name Gender Date of Birth Eligible
04/08/02 Azmera Female 08/12/1982 Yes
04/08/03 Birhdan Female 24/02/1987 Yes
04/08/05 Meaza Female 30/8/1993 Yes
• Request to interview each woman if present
• Return to the household up to three times if a
woman was temporarily absent
Household survey structure
Women aged 15 - 49
ID number Name Gender Date of Birth Eligible
04/08/03 Birhdan Female 24/02/1987 Yes
Pregnancy roster
Baby ID Name Gender Date of Birth
04/08/03/01 Azmera Female 12/09/2007
04/08/03/02 Semere Male 03/07/2009
04/08/03/03 Mebrhit Female 12/09/2013
A roster of births for
each woman was taken
Household survey structure
Women aged 15 - 49
ID number Name Gender Date of Birth Eligible
04/08/03 Birhdan Female 24/02/1987 Yes
Pregnancy roster
Baby ID Name Gender Date of Birth
04/08/03/01 Azmera Female 12/09/2007
04/08/03/02 Semere Male 03/07/2009
04/08/03/03 Mebrhit Female 12/09/2013
If the most recent birth
had taken place in the
two years prior to the
interview, additional
questions were asked
Language considerations
English Pleased to meet you
Amharic ስለተዋወቅን ደስ ብሎኛል
Oromo si argun naaf gammachudha
Triginya ጽቡቕ ሌላ
Software considerations
• Affordable (and preferably free)
– and runs on affordable hardware
• Accommodate modular structure, and automatically generate &
carry forward ID numbers between clusters, households, adults
and pregnancies, with no manual entering of numbers
• Accepts Unicode to allow for Amharic and Tigrinya languages
• No dependence on the internet, because there mostly isn’t any
Software comparison
(as at June 2014)
Provider No cost to
develop/deploy
Runs on
Android OS
Accommodates
modular structure
Recognises
Unicode
CSPro
Android
EpiCollect
ODK
Pendragon Forms
Surveybe
Hardware considerations
• Run Android
• Inexpensive (84 units + cases + extra batteries + import duties)
• Readily available in bulk
• Robust
• Excellent battery life
• Small enough to be held in one hand, but with a large enough
screen so that long option lists could be displayed without scrolling
And the winner is…
In-field data reporting
In each survey team, data were
transferred at the end of each day
from the tablets to the
supervisor’s laptop, using USB
Cables.
In-field data reporting
Data were
automatically
imported into a
Microsoft Access
database to create
a daily monitoring
and query report
Data encryption
• Built-in Android encryption on tablets
• TrueCrypt encryption on laptops
The biggest lesson was…
ስለተዋወቅን…..Some non-Latin characters (such as those used in Amharic) can take up more computer memory
than Latin characters. This has the potential to slow down data collection programmes. Many
thanks to the CSPro developers for rapidly responding to this problem and releasing a new
version of the Android software in time for our survey.

More Related Content

Viewers also liked

Comenius Tema 4,Volumen
Comenius Tema 4,VolumenComenius Tema 4,Volumen
Comenius Tema 4,Volumeninma
 
DS022-04 Reglamento Educación Tecnico Productivo
DS022-04 Reglamento Educación Tecnico ProductivoDS022-04 Reglamento Educación Tecnico Productivo
DS022-04 Reglamento Educación Tecnico ProductivoEdwin Bazan Ambar
 
Teste formativo 6º março 016_017.dotx
Teste formativo 6º março  016_017.dotxTeste formativo 6º março  016_017.dotx
Teste formativo 6º março 016_017.dotxMargarida Isabel Pinto
 
ぶーすか道具箱を作ろう
ぶーすか道具箱を作ろうぶーすか道具箱を作ろう
ぶーすか道具箱を作ろうkomeshogu n
 
【再放送】Webデザインの骨組み「ワイヤーフレーム」を学ぼう スクー生徒会
【再放送】Webデザインの骨組み「ワイヤーフレーム」を学ぼう  スクー生徒会【再放送】Webデザインの骨組み「ワイヤーフレーム」を学ぼう  スクー生徒会
【再放送】Webデザインの骨組み「ワイヤーフレーム」を学ぼう スクー生徒会schoowebcampus
 

Viewers also liked (8)

Allen Baler
Allen BalerAllen Baler
Allen Baler
 
Comenius Tema 4,Volumen
Comenius Tema 4,VolumenComenius Tema 4,Volumen
Comenius Tema 4,Volumen
 
DS022-04 Reglamento Educación Tecnico Productivo
DS022-04 Reglamento Educación Tecnico ProductivoDS022-04 Reglamento Educación Tecnico Productivo
DS022-04 Reglamento Educación Tecnico Productivo
 
Teste formativo 6º março 016_017.dotx
Teste formativo 6º março  016_017.dotxTeste formativo 6º março  016_017.dotx
Teste formativo 6º março 016_017.dotx
 
ぶーすか道具箱を作ろう
ぶーすか道具箱を作ろうぶーすか道具箱を作ろう
ぶーすか道具箱を作ろう
 
Bagru print
Bagru printBagru print
Bagru print
 
Trivial 5 - Acertando
Trivial 5 - AcertandoTrivial 5 - Acertando
Trivial 5 - Acertando
 
【再放送】Webデザインの骨組み「ワイヤーフレーム」を学ぼう スクー生徒会
【再放送】Webデザインの骨組み「ワイヤーフレーム」を学ぼう  スクー生徒会【再放送】Webデザインの骨組み「ワイヤーフレーム」を学ぼう  スクー生徒会
【再放送】Webデザインの骨組み「ワイヤーフレーム」を学ぼう スクー生徒会
 

Similar to Electronic data collection for a modular household survey in Ethiopia

community based education phase 3
community based education phase 3community based education phase 3
community based education phase 3MAGARSAA ALLANEE
 
The Constitution: One-Third Gender Rule
The Constitution: One-Third Gender RuleThe Constitution: One-Third Gender Rule
The Constitution: One-Third Gender RuleIpsos
 
The Constitution: One-Third Gender Rule
The Constitution: One-Third Gender RuleThe Constitution: One-Third Gender Rule
The Constitution: One-Third Gender RuleIpsos
 
Principles of data collection.pptx
Principles of data collection.pptxPrinciples of data collection.pptx
Principles of data collection.pptxDr. Chirag Sonkusare
 
4 l.stenberg
4  l.stenberg4  l.stenberg
4 l.stenbergifa2012_2
 
V2kickoff dataancillary
V2kickoff dataancillaryV2kickoff dataancillary
V2kickoff dataancillarycjoboettner
 
You can do what? An in-depth look at how technology is changing recruitment.
You can do what? An in-depth look at how technology is changing recruitment.You can do what? An in-depth look at how technology is changing recruitment.
You can do what? An in-depth look at how technology is changing recruitment.Emerson R. Moses, MBA, FASPR
 
Online technology + leading women’s health experts = innovative education aus...
Online technology + leading women’s health experts = innovative education aus...Online technology + leading women’s health experts = innovative education aus...
Online technology + leading women’s health experts = innovative education aus...makinglinks
 
You Can Do What? An In-depth Look at How Technology Can Change Recruitment
You Can Do What? An In-depth Look at How Technology Can Change RecruitmentYou Can Do What? An In-depth Look at How Technology Can Change Recruitment
You Can Do What? An In-depth Look at How Technology Can Change Recruitmentab+c Creative Intelligence
 
African Chicken Genetic Gains: ACGG-Ethiopia report
African Chicken Genetic Gains: ACGG-Ethiopia reportAfrican Chicken Genetic Gains: ACGG-Ethiopia report
African Chicken Genetic Gains: ACGG-Ethiopia reportILRI
 
Seriously Mixed Methods - a GRIDy Challenge?
Seriously Mixed Methods - a GRIDy Challenge?Seriously Mixed Methods - a GRIDy Challenge?
Seriously Mixed Methods - a GRIDy Challenge?Ben Anderson
 

Similar to Electronic data collection for a modular household survey in Ethiopia (14)

community based education phase 3
community based education phase 3community based education phase 3
community based education phase 3
 
The Constitution: One-Third Gender Rule
The Constitution: One-Third Gender RuleThe Constitution: One-Third Gender Rule
The Constitution: One-Third Gender Rule
 
The Constitution: One-Third Gender Rule
The Constitution: One-Third Gender RuleThe Constitution: One-Third Gender Rule
The Constitution: One-Third Gender Rule
 
Principles of data collection.pptx
Principles of data collection.pptxPrinciples of data collection.pptx
Principles of data collection.pptx
 
4 l.stenberg
4  l.stenberg4  l.stenberg
4 l.stenberg
 
Reproductive Decision Tree
Reproductive Decision TreeReproductive Decision Tree
Reproductive Decision Tree
 
Reproductive Decision Tree
Reproductive Decision TreeReproductive Decision Tree
Reproductive Decision Tree
 
V2kickoff dataancillary
V2kickoff dataancillaryV2kickoff dataancillary
V2kickoff dataancillary
 
R. binks implementation of ict telemedicine-experiences of yorkshire
R. binks implementation of ict telemedicine-experiences of yorkshireR. binks implementation of ict telemedicine-experiences of yorkshire
R. binks implementation of ict telemedicine-experiences of yorkshire
 
You can do what? An in-depth look at how technology is changing recruitment.
You can do what? An in-depth look at how technology is changing recruitment.You can do what? An in-depth look at how technology is changing recruitment.
You can do what? An in-depth look at how technology is changing recruitment.
 
Online technology + leading women’s health experts = innovative education aus...
Online technology + leading women’s health experts = innovative education aus...Online technology + leading women’s health experts = innovative education aus...
Online technology + leading women’s health experts = innovative education aus...
 
You Can Do What? An In-depth Look at How Technology Can Change Recruitment
You Can Do What? An In-depth Look at How Technology Can Change RecruitmentYou Can Do What? An In-depth Look at How Technology Can Change Recruitment
You Can Do What? An In-depth Look at How Technology Can Change Recruitment
 
African Chicken Genetic Gains: ACGG-Ethiopia report
African Chicken Genetic Gains: ACGG-Ethiopia reportAfrican Chicken Genetic Gains: ACGG-Ethiopia report
African Chicken Genetic Gains: ACGG-Ethiopia report
 
Seriously Mixed Methods - a GRIDy Challenge?
Seriously Mixed Methods - a GRIDy Challenge?Seriously Mixed Methods - a GRIDy Challenge?
Seriously Mixed Methods - a GRIDy Challenge?
 

Recently uploaded

Why invest into infodemic management in health emergencies
Why invest into infodemic management in health emergenciesWhy invest into infodemic management in health emergencies
Why invest into infodemic management in health emergenciesTina Purnat
 
NCLEX RN REVIEW EXAM CONTENT BLUE BOOK PDF
NCLEX RN REVIEW EXAM CONTENT BLUE BOOK PDFNCLEX RN REVIEW EXAM CONTENT BLUE BOOK PDF
NCLEX RN REVIEW EXAM CONTENT BLUE BOOK PDFShahid Hussain
 
Anuman- An inference for helpful in diagnosis and treatment
Anuman- An inference for helpful in diagnosis and treatmentAnuman- An inference for helpful in diagnosis and treatment
Anuman- An inference for helpful in diagnosis and treatmentabdeli bhadarva
 
180-hour Power Capsules For Men In Ghana
180-hour Power Capsules For Men In Ghana180-hour Power Capsules For Men In Ghana
180-hour Power Capsules For Men In Ghanahealthwatchghana
 
Hemodialysis: Chapter 1, Physiological Principles of Hemodialysis - Dr.Gawad
Hemodialysis: Chapter 1, Physiological Principles of Hemodialysis - Dr.GawadHemodialysis: Chapter 1, Physiological Principles of Hemodialysis - Dr.Gawad
Hemodialysis: Chapter 1, Physiological Principles of Hemodialysis - Dr.GawadNephroTube - Dr.Gawad
 
Creating Accessible Public Health Communications
Creating Accessible Public Health CommunicationsCreating Accessible Public Health Communications
Creating Accessible Public Health Communicationskatiequigley33
 
SURGICAL ANATOMY OF ORAL IMPLANTOLOGY.pptx
SURGICAL ANATOMY OF ORAL IMPLANTOLOGY.pptxSURGICAL ANATOMY OF ORAL IMPLANTOLOGY.pptx
SURGICAL ANATOMY OF ORAL IMPLANTOLOGY.pptxSuresh Kumar K
 
Retinal consideration in cataract surgery
Retinal consideration in cataract surgeryRetinal consideration in cataract surgery
Retinal consideration in cataract surgeryKafrELShiekh University
 
Antiplatelets in IHD, Dose Duration, DAPT vs SAPT
Antiplatelets in IHD, Dose Duration, DAPT vs SAPTAntiplatelets in IHD, Dose Duration, DAPT vs SAPT
Antiplatelets in IHD, Dose Duration, DAPT vs SAPTAkashGanganePatil1
 
Pharmacology of drugs acting on Renal System.pdf
Pharmacology of drugs acting on Renal System.pdfPharmacology of drugs acting on Renal System.pdf
Pharmacology of drugs acting on Renal System.pdfAFFIFA HUSSAIN
 
Is Rheumatoid Arthritis a Metabolic Disorder.pptx
Is Rheumatoid Arthritis a Metabolic Disorder.pptxIs Rheumatoid Arthritis a Metabolic Disorder.pptx
Is Rheumatoid Arthritis a Metabolic Disorder.pptxSamar Tharwat
 
Mgr university bsc nursing adult health previous question paper with answers
Mgr university  bsc nursing adult health previous question paper with answersMgr university  bsc nursing adult health previous question paper with answers
Mgr university bsc nursing adult health previous question paper with answersShafnaP5
 
Integrated Neuromuscular Inhibition Technique (INIT)
Integrated Neuromuscular Inhibition Technique (INIT)Integrated Neuromuscular Inhibition Technique (INIT)
Integrated Neuromuscular Inhibition Technique (INIT)Anjali Parmar
 
TEST BANK For Lewis's Medical Surgical Nursing in Canada, 4th Edition by Jane...
TEST BANK For Lewis's Medical Surgical Nursing in Canada, 4th Edition by Jane...TEST BANK For Lewis's Medical Surgical Nursing in Canada, 4th Edition by Jane...
TEST BANK For Lewis's Medical Surgical Nursing in Canada, 4th Edition by Jane...marcuskenyatta275
 
Muscle Energy Technique (MET) with variant and techniques.
Muscle Energy Technique (MET) with variant and techniques.Muscle Energy Technique (MET) with variant and techniques.
Muscle Energy Technique (MET) with variant and techniques.Anjali Parmar
 
Effects of vaping e-cigarettes on arterial health
Effects of vaping e-cigarettes on arterial healthEffects of vaping e-cigarettes on arterial health
Effects of vaping e-cigarettes on arterial healthCatherine Liao
 
CT scan of penetrating abdominopelvic trauma
CT scan of penetrating abdominopelvic traumaCT scan of penetrating abdominopelvic trauma
CT scan of penetrating abdominopelvic traumassuser144901
 
World Hypertension Day 17th may 2024 ppt
World Hypertension Day 17th may 2024 pptWorld Hypertension Day 17th may 2024 ppt
World Hypertension Day 17th may 2024 pptdesktoppc
 
Video capsule endoscopy (VCE ) in children
Video capsule endoscopy (VCE ) in childrenVideo capsule endoscopy (VCE ) in children
Video capsule endoscopy (VCE ) in childrenRaju678948
 
TEST BANK For Timby's Introductory Medical-Surgical Nursing, 13th Edition by ...
TEST BANK For Timby's Introductory Medical-Surgical Nursing, 13th Edition by ...TEST BANK For Timby's Introductory Medical-Surgical Nursing, 13th Edition by ...
TEST BANK For Timby's Introductory Medical-Surgical Nursing, 13th Edition by ...marcuskenyatta275
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Why invest into infodemic management in health emergencies
Why invest into infodemic management in health emergenciesWhy invest into infodemic management in health emergencies
Why invest into infodemic management in health emergencies
 
NCLEX RN REVIEW EXAM CONTENT BLUE BOOK PDF
NCLEX RN REVIEW EXAM CONTENT BLUE BOOK PDFNCLEX RN REVIEW EXAM CONTENT BLUE BOOK PDF
NCLEX RN REVIEW EXAM CONTENT BLUE BOOK PDF
 
Anuman- An inference for helpful in diagnosis and treatment
Anuman- An inference for helpful in diagnosis and treatmentAnuman- An inference for helpful in diagnosis and treatment
Anuman- An inference for helpful in diagnosis and treatment
 
180-hour Power Capsules For Men In Ghana
180-hour Power Capsules For Men In Ghana180-hour Power Capsules For Men In Ghana
180-hour Power Capsules For Men In Ghana
 
Hemodialysis: Chapter 1, Physiological Principles of Hemodialysis - Dr.Gawad
Hemodialysis: Chapter 1, Physiological Principles of Hemodialysis - Dr.GawadHemodialysis: Chapter 1, Physiological Principles of Hemodialysis - Dr.Gawad
Hemodialysis: Chapter 1, Physiological Principles of Hemodialysis - Dr.Gawad
 
Creating Accessible Public Health Communications
Creating Accessible Public Health CommunicationsCreating Accessible Public Health Communications
Creating Accessible Public Health Communications
 
SURGICAL ANATOMY OF ORAL IMPLANTOLOGY.pptx
SURGICAL ANATOMY OF ORAL IMPLANTOLOGY.pptxSURGICAL ANATOMY OF ORAL IMPLANTOLOGY.pptx
SURGICAL ANATOMY OF ORAL IMPLANTOLOGY.pptx
 
Retinal consideration in cataract surgery
Retinal consideration in cataract surgeryRetinal consideration in cataract surgery
Retinal consideration in cataract surgery
 
Antiplatelets in IHD, Dose Duration, DAPT vs SAPT
Antiplatelets in IHD, Dose Duration, DAPT vs SAPTAntiplatelets in IHD, Dose Duration, DAPT vs SAPT
Antiplatelets in IHD, Dose Duration, DAPT vs SAPT
 
Pharmacology of drugs acting on Renal System.pdf
Pharmacology of drugs acting on Renal System.pdfPharmacology of drugs acting on Renal System.pdf
Pharmacology of drugs acting on Renal System.pdf
 
Is Rheumatoid Arthritis a Metabolic Disorder.pptx
Is Rheumatoid Arthritis a Metabolic Disorder.pptxIs Rheumatoid Arthritis a Metabolic Disorder.pptx
Is Rheumatoid Arthritis a Metabolic Disorder.pptx
 
Mgr university bsc nursing adult health previous question paper with answers
Mgr university  bsc nursing adult health previous question paper with answersMgr university  bsc nursing adult health previous question paper with answers
Mgr university bsc nursing adult health previous question paper with answers
 
Integrated Neuromuscular Inhibition Technique (INIT)
Integrated Neuromuscular Inhibition Technique (INIT)Integrated Neuromuscular Inhibition Technique (INIT)
Integrated Neuromuscular Inhibition Technique (INIT)
 
TEST BANK For Lewis's Medical Surgical Nursing in Canada, 4th Edition by Jane...
TEST BANK For Lewis's Medical Surgical Nursing in Canada, 4th Edition by Jane...TEST BANK For Lewis's Medical Surgical Nursing in Canada, 4th Edition by Jane...
TEST BANK For Lewis's Medical Surgical Nursing in Canada, 4th Edition by Jane...
 
Muscle Energy Technique (MET) with variant and techniques.
Muscle Energy Technique (MET) with variant and techniques.Muscle Energy Technique (MET) with variant and techniques.
Muscle Energy Technique (MET) with variant and techniques.
 
Effects of vaping e-cigarettes on arterial health
Effects of vaping e-cigarettes on arterial healthEffects of vaping e-cigarettes on arterial health
Effects of vaping e-cigarettes on arterial health
 
CT scan of penetrating abdominopelvic trauma
CT scan of penetrating abdominopelvic traumaCT scan of penetrating abdominopelvic trauma
CT scan of penetrating abdominopelvic trauma
 
World Hypertension Day 17th may 2024 ppt
World Hypertension Day 17th may 2024 pptWorld Hypertension Day 17th may 2024 ppt
World Hypertension Day 17th may 2024 ppt
 
Video capsule endoscopy (VCE ) in children
Video capsule endoscopy (VCE ) in childrenVideo capsule endoscopy (VCE ) in children
Video capsule endoscopy (VCE ) in children
 
TEST BANK For Timby's Introductory Medical-Surgical Nursing, 13th Edition by ...
TEST BANK For Timby's Introductory Medical-Surgical Nursing, 13th Edition by ...TEST BANK For Timby's Introductory Medical-Surgical Nursing, 13th Edition by ...
TEST BANK For Timby's Introductory Medical-Surgical Nursing, 13th Edition by ...
 

Electronic data collection for a modular household survey in Ethiopia

  • 1. Electronic data collection for a modular household survey in Ethiopia Keith Tomlin IDEAS Data Manager/Epidemiologist Improving health worldwide www.lshtm.ac.uk
  • 2. The Project • IDEAS (Informed DEcisions for ActionS) • Aims to improve the health and survival of mothers and newborns by generating evidence to inform policy and practice. • Working in Ethiopia, North-Eastern Nigeria and the Indian States of Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.
  • 3. The Survey • Ethiopia follow-up survey • Aim to gather data on pregnancies, deliveries and newborn care from women in households, from frontline workers and from health facilities • Household survey comprised in-depth interviews with women of child-bearing age • 80 randomly sampled clusters • 75 households per clusters (6,000 in total) • 12 survey teams, each with 6 interviewers and one supervisor • Fieldwork carried out during April 2015
  • 5. Household survey structure Clusters (80) Cluster Name 01 DEGA AMBA 02 BARIKA ADIS SEBHA 03 BARIKA ADIS SEBHA 04 MADO TEMKET 05 GEREWERE 06 BEYA 07 LORI 08 SATA MIDIRARO 09 ERGOYE etc…
  • 6. Clusters (80) Cluster Name 04 MADO TEMKET Households (75) 04/01 04/02 04/03 04/04 04/05 04/06 04/07 04/08 etc… Household survey structure 75 households within each cluster
  • 7. Household survey structure Clusters (80) Cluster Name 04 MADO TEMKET Households (75) 04/08 Residents (household roster) ID number Name Gender Date of Birth Eligible 04/08/01 Teklay Male 08/05/1970 No 04/08/02 Azmera Female 08/12/1982 Yes 04/08/03 Birhdan Female 24/02/1987 Yes 04/08/04 Semere Male 15/10/1990 No 04/08/05 Meaza Female 30/08/1993 Yes 04/08/06 Mebrhit Female 05/06/2002 No A roster is taken of all residents in each household
  • 8. Household survey structure Clusters (80) Cluster Name 04 MADO TEMKET Households (75) 04/08 Residents (household roster) ID number Name Gender Date of Birth Eligible 04/08/01 Teklay Male 08/05/1970 No 04/08/02 Azmera Female 08/12/1982 Yes 04/08/03 Birhdan Female 24/02/1987 Yes 04/08/04 Semere Male 15/10/1990 No 04/08/05 Meaza Female 30/08/1993 Yes 04/08/06 Mebrhit Female 05/06/2002 No The programme identifies women of child-bearing age (15-49)
  • 9. Household survey structure Clusters (80) Cluster Name 04 MADO TEMKET Households (75) 04/08 Women aged 15 - 49 ID number Name Gender Date of Birth Eligible 04/08/02 Azmera Female 08/12/1982 Yes 04/08/03 Birhdan Female 24/02/1987 Yes 04/08/05 Meaza Female 30/8/1993 Yes • Request to interview each woman if present • Return to the household up to three times if a woman was temporarily absent
  • 10. Household survey structure Women aged 15 - 49 ID number Name Gender Date of Birth Eligible 04/08/03 Birhdan Female 24/02/1987 Yes Pregnancy roster Baby ID Name Gender Date of Birth 04/08/03/01 Azmera Female 12/09/2007 04/08/03/02 Semere Male 03/07/2009 04/08/03/03 Mebrhit Female 12/09/2013 A roster of births for each woman was taken
  • 11. Household survey structure Women aged 15 - 49 ID number Name Gender Date of Birth Eligible 04/08/03 Birhdan Female 24/02/1987 Yes Pregnancy roster Baby ID Name Gender Date of Birth 04/08/03/01 Azmera Female 12/09/2007 04/08/03/02 Semere Male 03/07/2009 04/08/03/03 Mebrhit Female 12/09/2013 If the most recent birth had taken place in the two years prior to the interview, additional questions were asked
  • 12. Language considerations English Pleased to meet you Amharic ስለተዋወቅን ደስ ብሎኛል Oromo si argun naaf gammachudha Triginya ጽቡቕ ሌላ
  • 13. Software considerations • Affordable (and preferably free) – and runs on affordable hardware • Accommodate modular structure, and automatically generate & carry forward ID numbers between clusters, households, adults and pregnancies, with no manual entering of numbers • Accepts Unicode to allow for Amharic and Tigrinya languages • No dependence on the internet, because there mostly isn’t any
  • 14. Software comparison (as at June 2014) Provider No cost to develop/deploy Runs on Android OS Accommodates modular structure Recognises Unicode CSPro Android EpiCollect ODK Pendragon Forms Surveybe
  • 15. Hardware considerations • Run Android • Inexpensive (84 units + cases + extra batteries + import duties) • Readily available in bulk • Robust • Excellent battery life • Small enough to be held in one hand, but with a large enough screen so that long option lists could be displayed without scrolling
  • 16. And the winner is…
  • 17. In-field data reporting In each survey team, data were transferred at the end of each day from the tablets to the supervisor’s laptop, using USB Cables.
  • 18. In-field data reporting Data were automatically imported into a Microsoft Access database to create a daily monitoring and query report
  • 19.
  • 20. Data encryption • Built-in Android encryption on tablets • TrueCrypt encryption on laptops
  • 22. ስለተዋወቅን…..Some non-Latin characters (such as those used in Amharic) can take up more computer memory than Latin characters. This has the potential to slow down data collection programmes. Many thanks to the CSPro developers for rapidly responding to this problem and releasing a new version of the Android software in time for our survey.