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ICTSD Presentation


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ICTSD Organizational Presentation

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ICTSD Presentation

  1. 1. Trade, Knowledge,Participation:EmpoweringCommunities forGlobal SustainableDevelopmentThe International Centrefor Trade and SustainableDevelopment The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development
  2. 2. GUIDING PRINCIPLESTrade related policy can be a powerful driverof sustainable development in globalpolicymaking if those engaged in negotiationsare able to incorporate emergent knowledgeon economic, environmental, anddevelopmental issues that empower them tobetter understand their own interests, buildbridges to others, and advance mutuallyacceptable solutions.Bringing such knowledge-empoweredparticipation to bear on international policyprocesses through facilitative, inclusiveapproaches can generate effective solutionsfor poverty reduction, greater social equity,innovation, and conservation of—and accessto—natural resources, on which all humansdepend both now and in the future. The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development
  3. 3. Values thatGuide ICTSDICTSD’s practice of Sustainable Development is grounded ininternationally agreed and shared global objectives (Agenda 21 andMillennium Development Goals among others) and informed byscholarly research in the areas of development, environment andpolitical economy (such as Amartya Sen and others). The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development
  4. 4. ICTSD’s Theory of ChangeKnowledge Empowered Capacity Leads to Engagement andMore Optimal Outcomes In International Policy Making Terms of engagement in international negotiationsLeadership Outcomes of int’l negotiations: Readiness • Optimal • Sub-optimalCautiousness • No-outcome • Perverse • HarmfulReluctance Level of knowledge capabilities The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development
  5. 5. A Unique Nicheand Approach• The only global organization devoted exclusively to advancing sustainable development in the context of trade related issues in global negotiations.• Trade-related focus (WTO and regional, but also multilateral agreements those like UNFCCC with trade elements).• Generative methodology ensures ICTSD’s work is applied, strategic, and relevant.• Nonpartisan: a stable value base, not clientele.• High impact distributed globally through knowledge-building, co-implementation model.Click here to find out more about ICTSD…. The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development
  6. 6. EffectiveProgrammes• ICTSD brokers knowledge, bringing new voices and analyses to negotiations. By reaching out to key constituencies and involving them in policy processes, ICTSD creates new channels of interaction that support long-term capacity to participate.• ICTSD conducts research in response to needs, sources it to top experts in relevant fields and regions, and distributes it for use by key negotiators and influencers.• ICTSD establishes long term partnerships and co-implements with them, giving it an ongoing global network with access to the top thinkers and policymakers globally. The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development
  7. 7. A Clearly TargetedChange StrategyICTSD advances sustainable development by building knowledge communities,supporting policy dialogue and empowering policy makers and influencers—withparticular attention to those excluded from policy processes—to act effectively on tradepolicy and the trade related policy issues that impact national and global wellbeing. Policy Makers Policy Influencers General Public Ministries of Trade Non-Negotiating Ministries: Free Access to Ministries of Finance - Environment ICTSD Outputs Min. Foreign Affairs - Development Geneva Negotiators - Agriculture, Health Better informed MEA and other Civil Society: public elects negotiators (e.g. - NGOs, representatives via UNFCCC) - Academia government policy - Private Sector makers - Trade Unions/Sectoral groups (e.g. farmers) IGOs: - UNEP, UNCTAD, ITC ICTSD’s target - Regional org. audiences Parliamentarians Journalists The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development
  8. 8. ICTSD’s Operational Strategy Works ThroughThree Coordinated Pillars of Activity ICTSD Mission: By empowering stakeholders in trade policy through information, networking, dialogue, well-targeted research, and capacity building, the Centre seeks to influence the international trade system such that it advances the goal of sustainable development. Enabling interaction: the Facilitating interaction: Supporting interaction: information & the policy dialogue the research & capacity communication programme building programme programme Facilitating dialogue by Supporting interactionEnabling interaction among providing a space for through policy oriented trade policy makers and relevant actors to interact ground-breaking research influencers through the and explore common and and capacity building services production of a consistent different interests in an by drawing on the best flow of non-partisan informal and non human and academic reporting and analysis negotiating setting resources. The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development
  9. 9. ICTSD Ensures That it Works OnRelevant Issues with Key Participants• By mapping issues and engaging participants to identify areas of focus and key sticking points.• By generating research and knowledge processes that address the specific needs of negotiators and advocates.• By bringing new voices into negotiations and helping them to articulate perspectives that are essential for moving ahead. The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development
  10. 10. ICTSD advances Global Mandates in Partnershipwith Governments and Key Institutional Actors• ICTSD’s network builds from the ground up through partnerships with civil society, academia, and business organizations and extends to intergovernmental organizations ranging from the trade, development, and other ministries of individual governments to the WTO, UNCTAD, UNEP, ITC, ILO, World Bank, and others.• ICTSD helps create space outside formal negotiating settings enabling governments and IGOs to advance dialogue and analysis.• ICTSD focuses its work to be relevant beyond the trade system with processes and objectives that contribute to the major commitments of global governments such as the Millennium Development Goals; Rio+20; LDC IV, the CSD and others.• ICTSD also works directly and actively in current negotiations on climate change at the UNFCCC as well as in the context of the multilateral environmental agreements. The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development
  11. 11. ICTSD’s Co-Implementation Strategy Builds PowerfulProgrammes and Strengthens Regional Capacity MAP OF ICTSD PARTNERS IN 2011 In 2011, ICTSD engaged in formal partnerships with 117 institutions in 35 different countries The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development
  12. 12. Types of Objectives Examples of Partners in 2009 Partners1. Short term • Tap into local partner network, • Comité National de Suivi et de Coordination despartnerships substantive and logistical capacity Négociations APE, Cameroon • Provide a space/exposure to • Secretaría de Estado de Salud Pública y Asistencia Social relevant work (SESPAS), Dominican Republic • Act as a catalyst for future work by • UN Millennium Campaign local institutions • World Business Council for Sustainable Development2. Issue specific / • Focal points in supporting self- • Brazilian Centre for International Relations (CEBRI), Brazilregional sustained networks • Center for Chinese Studies (CCS) of Stellenbosch University,partnerships • Mobilising regional expertise South Africa • Facilitate regional interaction • Shridath Ramphal Centre for International Trade Law, Policy among stakeholders and Services, The University of the West Indies, Barbados • Southeast Asia START Regional Centre (SEA START), Thailand3. Core • Jointly design and implement long • Centre for Policy Dialogue (CPD), Bangladeshpartnerships term programme/activities in a • Eco-Accord, Russia developing country region • Centre Internacional de Política Económica para el • Provide support in strengthening Desarrollo Sostenible (CINPE), Costa Rica partner as regional centre of • Centre for WTO Studies, India excellence • ENDA Tiers Monde, Senegal • Empowerment (training, staff • Trade Law Centre for Southern Africa (TRALAC), South Africa exchange, etc…)4. Intellectual • Jointly design and implement • Department of Economics and Statistics of the University ofPartnerships medium term Mauritius, Mauritius research/dialogue/information • Department of Economics and Statistics, University of programmes Calabria, Italy • Bring substantive inputs in areas • Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN), the where ICTSD has no clear Netherlands comparative advantage • Energy Research Institute (ERI), China • European Patent Office (EPO) • International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), USA The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development
  13. 13. Engaging KeyConstituencies2476 different stakeholders from144 countries participated inICTSD dialogues in 2009 The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development
  14. 14. Here is how ICTSD Connects Sustainable Development to Trade Negotiations at the WTOSD Trade Agenda Ag. Industrial Services Rules Development Intellectual TradeConcerns Tariffs (GATS) Dimension Property DisputesRural dev., SP/SSM Ag. services Fish Subsidies Disclosurefood/livelihood Subsidies TRIPS/CBDsecurity Cotton GIsSustainable use of Green Box Forestry Env. services Fish Subsidies Disclosurenatural resources TRIPS/CBD GIsEssential goods & Env. goods Essential A4T package Access toservices (water, services Drugsair, wastedisposal)Access to markets Tariff cuts Tariff cuts Mode 1 Anti-dumping Duty free Sens. Prod Textiles/clothing Mode 4 quota free for Trop. Prod. LDCsPolicy space & SP-SSM Para 8 Dom. reg. SCM Article TRIMS, SVEs Transfer ofEquitable rules Subsidies safeguard XXIV Technology TASupply side Pref. Erosion Pref. Erosion, Tradeconstraints & e.g. Sugar e.g. T&C facilitationtrade adjustment A4T SVEsEquity & access to Peace clause Implementati Non - WTO-DSUjustice on Violation Review issues The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development
  15. 15. The Activities andIssues on WhichICTSD Works The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development
  16. 16. ICTSD Periodicals Provide Global Outreach thatEnables Participation Across Issues andCultures• BRIDGES and sister publications recognized globally as leading sources in the field.• 75,000 subscriptions with targeted distribution bases of 5,000 to 10,000 for each, encompassing 15 periodicals that deliver news / analysis / events / resources.• Editorial principles: nonpartisan, cross disciplinary, participation focus.• Co-implemented, multilingual (English, French, Spanish, Russian, Portuguese, Chinese); and multi-regional. Stand alone editions covering ACP countries, biological /environmental resources, negotiation special issues.• Paper distribution, email push, plus web 2.0 provides full spectrum engagement• High developing country focus. In 2009 there were 344 articles on LDCs issues and 50%-80% of commissioned articles were written by developing country authors.• Subscribe to or review the BRIDGES and related periodical series. Click HERE. The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development
  17. 17. Poverty and Vulnerability• ICTSD has focused on advancing African sustainable development through Special and Differential Treatment provisions that are included in current negotiations. Groupings such as ECOWAS and WAEMU (in Africa) have used ICTSD’s expertise and knowledge to design their market access proposals in Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs); and ICTSD’s work has been used in expanding duty-free market access for Least Developed Countries; and building capacity on trade related climate change issues for vulnerable economies.• Currently, ICTSD works to ensure that trade rules make appropriate provision for the needs of countries at different stages of development; it provides greatly needed technical analysis in areas such as market access, agriculture, fisheries, services, aid for trade and IPRs in multilateral and regional trade negotiations; and it provides analysis in the area of trade, adaptation to climate change, economic vulnerability and resilience in LDCs, Small Vulnerable Economies (SVEs), and Small Islands Developing States (SIDS).• Ongoing work focuses on assessment of Duty Free / Quota Free (DFQF) schemes for LDCs provided by emerging economies; further integration of LDCs in the international economy and design of trade policy and rules to support structural transformation in LDCs. LDCs graduation. At this purpose, ICTSD and a group of think tanks, NGOs and international organizations recently established the LDC IV Monitor, a partnership to assess the implementation of Istanbul Plan of Action for the LDCs.  The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development
  18. 18. Climate Change• Since its inception in 2008, ICTSD’s Global Platform (GP) on Climate Change, Trade and Sustainable Energy has generated a global policy knowledge community on the existing opportunities and risks of using trade measures and tools in responding to climate change (such as intellectual property rights, climate-friendly goods and services, and carbon labeling and standards).• Through strategic research and analysis and policy dialogues on five key areas (including technology transfer and IP; trade in climate-friendly goods and services; and adaptation), the GP provides stakeholders with a critical mechanism for policy coherence on trade and climate change.• The GP is advancing the analytical capacity of stakeholders, supporting their interaction with policy makers, and building effective cross- disciplinary understanding so that solutions can be built and agreed by the international community in the climate change and trade policy processes. This will be essential for progress in the context of the COP16 and COP18 of the UNFCCC in Qatar and the mandate to reach a comprehensive agreement on climate change by 2015 in particular. The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development
  19. 19. Agriculture & Food Security• Achievements: research informed govt policies and proposed international rules on: - livelihood and food security exceptions in new WTO rules on market opening - additional safeguard duties to protect poor farmers from price volatility - caps on high farm duties and distorting subsidies faced by developing country farmers - poor countries exports of bananas, sugar and cotton.• Work focus: - poor countries food security and farmers livelihoods; reforming farm subsidies; improving poor farmers access to markets; evaluating the draft WTO farm deal; climate change.• Future Objective: - promoting food security, equity and environmental sustainability in agricultural trade, through providing information, conducting research and facilitating dialogue between different interest groups and trade policy actors. The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development
  20. 20. Innovation and Intellectual Property•Since 1997, ICTSD has been instrumental in efforts to achieve a morebalanced and development oriented global IP regime, providing stakeholderswith options that balance private rights and public interests, and lead to abetter understanding of the impact of IP rules on development policies in areassuch as public health, climate change, biodiversity, food security and morebroadly access to knowledge and technology. •Landmark outputs include: Resource Book on TRIPS and Development (2005);Bellagio Dialogues on IP and development (2001 – 2007); IP Need Assessmentfor LDCs (Uganda, Sierra Leone and Rwanda, 2007-2010) and the UNEP-EPO-ICTSD Report on Patents and Clean Energy (2010).••Current focus is on facilitating pro-development and pro-competitiveoutcomes in international trade and IP negotiations and promoting an evidencebased approach to IP deliberations at the global level. •Upcoming work focuses on the future of global IP reformefforts, enhancing diffusion of climate friendly technologies and policies toharness innovation in order to provide solutions to global policy challenges inareas such as health, biodiversity and climate change. The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development
  21. 21. Environment and natural resources•ICTSD has pioneered work in facilitating the active engagement ofdeveloping countries on trade, environment and natural resources; • Through its BioRes periodical, ICTSD maintains a critical linkbetween the trade and environment communities, engagingwith environmental multilateral agreements with trade-relatedimplications and continually tracking developments underthe UNFCCC, CBD, CITES, Montreal Protocol and other MEAs. •ICTSD is currently focusing on the trade aspects related to effortsto reform economies in order to put them on a more sustainablefooting. In this context, ICTSD - with its partners - are deliveringmultiperspective research and dialogues that engage highly diverseconstituencies in the Rio+20 process and beyond.• Regarding natural resources, ICTSD will be working along severalfronts: focusing on export restrictions and their implications in termsof conservation, environmental protection, food security, jobs andindustrial policy. The sectors covered will include rare earths,timber, fisheries and agricultural commodities.  The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development
  22. 22. Regional Activities• ICTSDs annual Bridges China Dialogue in Geneva has become an influential forum to discuss China-related trade and sustainability issues. By engaging relevant stakeholders including policy- and decision-makers at the right levels from China, the Dialogue will continue to leverage Chinas role in global economic governance for sustainable development.• ICTSD periodicals in China, Brazil, and Russia are building new networks in these regions and their trading partners.• ICTSD’s ongoing analysis and reporting on EPA agreements with Europe and Africa, and in other regions enable participants to manage multiple levels of negotiations.• Strengthened partnerships in South Asia will support ICTSD to work in the region and to focus on relations with less- developed trading partners.• Future work will continue on these tracks and will expand to examine rules of origin and will examine transparency in regional trade agreements. The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development
  23. 23. Global Governance• Since 1996 ICTSD has played a defining role in opening and developing dialogue between civil society and the global trade system and advancing the capacity of developing countries to participate in negotiations in Geneva and regionally. ICTSD’s ‘Strengthening Multilateralism Initiative’ was launched in early 2009, and has engaged WTO members and the relevant trade stakeholders.• As part of this initiative, ICTSD published Rebuilding Global Trade: Proposals for a Fairer, More Sustainable Future; and Strengthening Multilateralism: A Mapping of proposals on WTO Reform and Global Trade Governance, November 2009.• Since 2009 ICTSD has conducted informal consultations with ambassadors, policymakers, opinion leaders and researchers, both in Geneva and at different meetings and dialogues around the world on strengthening the WTO and global trade system; including events such ‘Strengthening Multilateralism’, into our Geneva Trade and Development Symposium, which was held alongside the WTO’s Ministerial Conference.• Ongoing work focuses on advancing WTO member discussions on strengthening the WTO framework and increasing collaboration with key external actors such as World Economic Forum; to create additional platforms for strengthening the global trade system at WTO and regionally. The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development
  24. 24. What works?• Consistent, long term engagement and cross fertilization of ideas has led to effective global networks on many issues.• Engaging stakeholders is essential to making research work.• Linking realities in developing countries with international processes enables coherent, effective negotiating processes.• Responding to concrete needs in negotiating processes allows stakeholders to advance issues or put them aside, clearing the way for productive interaction. The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development
  25. 25. Getting the Job Done: A Diverse Staffand an Active Human Resource Strategy• Thirty-five full time staff posted in Geneva with various backgrounds including legal, economic, political and experience in public, private and NGOs. This includes two former ministers (Canada / Venezuela), senior officials; and noted issue experts, all of whom give ICTSD unprecedented access to knowledge and networks.• Highly diverse and skilled with nearly half of the staff from developing countries including: Egypt, Ghana, Philippines, Argentina, China, Senegal, Venezuela, Colombia, Kenya, Chile, India, Brazil, and South Africa. Ten long term consultants posted in core partner offices globally.• ICTSD’s knowledge network consists of Hundreds of top level researchers around the globe who conduct the majority of ICTSD research.• Work with students and universities to engage interns and volunteers from developing and developed countries.• Active outsource strategy ensures high cost effectiveness. This includes printing, mailing and design of periodicals; web development and select IT functions; back office accounting and HR functions; legal and audit services. The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development
  26. 26. Governance / Accountability• Annual reporting includes audited 2010 Governing Board Origin financial statements; extensive impact reporting against logframe objectives; Henry Birt** Switzerland internal efficiency and benchmarking. Aimee Christensen United States – Audit, PricewaterhouseCoopers Jose Manuel Salazar- Costa Rica – Legal Counsel, Baker & Mc Kenzie Xirnachs – HR Mgmt Services, – Tax Advisory Services: KPMG Mia Horn Sweden Simon Zadek United Kingdom• Annual donor meetings and frequent consultation. David Runnalls* Canada KY Amoako Ghana• An independent governing board Eveline Herfkens Netherlands comprised of 10 eminent individuals from around the globe. Balances: *Chair **Treasurer geographical, gender, trade and other disciplines, sectoral backgrounds (e.g. NGO, Donor, Government, Business). The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development
  27. 27. Ricardo Meléndez-OrtizICTSD Chief Executive Ricardo MELÉNDEZ-ORTIZ is ICTSD’s co-founder and its Chief Executive Officer since 1996. Previously Mr. Meléndez-Ortiz co-founded and acted as General Director of Fundación Futuro Latinoamericano (Quito). He also represented Colombia as a negotiator in several multilateral fora, including as permanent delegate of Colombia in Geneva and as a negotiator in GATT’s Uruguay Round, the Rio’92 UN Conference process, UNCTAD VIII, the Climate Change Convention, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the Montreal Protocol. Mr. Meléndez-Ortiz is a graduate of Harvard University, has authored and co-authored numerous works including Envisioning a Sustainable Development Agenda for Trade and Environment ; Rebuilding Global Trade: Proposals for A Fairer, More Sustainable Future; and Agricultural Subsidies In The WTO Green Box: Ensuring Coherence With Sustainable Development Goals. He holds Colombian and Belgian nationalities. The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development
  28. 28. FinancingSome 50 donors havecontributed more than $70million to ICTSD’s work sinceits inception as a project in1996. Since 2005 growth hasleveled and the Centre hasattracted new multiyearagreements and support fromdeveloping countries.Funder diversification andcoordination are major goals,along with the developmentof income generatingactivities. The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development
  29. 29. Financial / Institutional Support• ICTSD is located at the Maison internationale de Startup Funders 1996-1997 lenvironnement in premises provided at a subsidized •Denmark’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs, rate by the Swiss federal Fondation des Immeubles through its Development Cooperation pour les Organisations Internationales (FIPOI); Agency DANIDA; •The Charles Stewart Mott Foundation• ICTSD also receives valuable support from visiting (Michigan, U.S.); scholars, interns and associate fellows. In 2009-10 •Swedish International development these numbered over thirty people many of whom Agency (SIDA); were sponsored through cooperative arrangements. •Government of Switzerland; •Chistian Aid;• Start-up of ICTSD was made possible by an original •Misereor; grant from the City of Geneva for the Centre’s •NOVIB; feasibility study, and in-kind and time contributions •OXFAM; from its founding organizations. Through a number of •National Wildlife Federation; highlevel elected and civil service officials, the City •Swiss Coalition of Development and Canton de Geneve as well as the then- Organizations; denominated, Swiss Federal Office for Foreign •Fundacion Futuro Latinoamericano; Economic Affairs (BAWI) and the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs, including the Swiss For a full list of ICTSD’s current funders Permanent Mission in Geneva, were all instrumental see its website in ICTSD’s establishment. The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development
  30. 30. Major Supporters 1996-2011 Donor CHF DFID, UK Department for International Development 23, 254,713 Ministry of Foreign Affairs the Netherlands 14 148 901 SIDA, Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency and Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Sweden 14 534 796 Danish International Development Agency and Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark 7 353 942 SECO State Secretariat for Economic Affairs and SDC Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation 3, 579 731 Rockefeller Foundation 2,785,710 Ministry for Foreign Affairs, Finland 2,560 242 William and & Flora Hewlett Foundation 2,025,763 Various Funders Through Joint Ventures with International Institute for Sustainable Development 987,827 MacArthur Foundation 757,826 C. S. Mott Foundation 741,308 Various UN Agencies 686 956 NZAid New Zealand Agency for International Development and Ministry of Foreign Affairs, New Zealand 607,558 NOVIB 589 165 Ministère des Affaires Étrangères, Grande-Duché de Luxembourg 462,570 AusAID Australian Agency for International Development 360,000Consult for a full list of ICTSD donors from 1996-Present The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development
  31. 31. MORE ABOUT ICTSD(click below)ProgrammesPeriodicalsAbout ICTSDICTSD 7-9 Chemin de Balexert1219 Geneva, Switzerland The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development