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Green ICT and future policy vision under Horizon Europe

Svetoslav Mihaylov - European Commission Project Officer H5 of ICTFOOTPRINT.eu

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Green ICT and future
policy vision under
Horizon Europe
Svetoslav Mihaylov
Policy Officer
Smart Mobility & Living
Directorate-General Communications Networks, Content and Technology
European Commission
ICTFOOTPRINT.eu Final Event - Building an eco-friendly Green ICT
Market as the lasting legacy of ICTFOOTPRINT.eu, January 2019
Political context
• Paris Agreement & EU sustainability objectives
• Strong cross-border dimension of the cloud
• Contributing to the Sustainable Development Goals
EU sustainability targets compared to 1990 levels:
2020 2030 2050
Decrease in GHG emissions 20% 40% 80-95%
(100% for
energy sector)
Renewable energy 20% 27->35% 75-97%
Improvement in Energy efficiency 20% 27->35% 41% (vs
2005-6 peak)
DEI – Digital evolves with unprecedented
speed
3
Autonomous driving
Micro-electronics
Smart Energy
Digitalisation of society ICT greening other
sectors …but ICT
itself is polluting.
Green ICT and future policy vision under Horizon Europe
• 2010 - European Commission mandate M/462 addressed to ESO in the
field of ICT to enable efficient energy use in fixed and mobile information
and communication networks (including Data Centers).
• Ecodesign Regulation on servers and data storage products
• Life Cycle Assessment, LCA, based methodologies developed to measure
the "Environmental impact of ICT Goods, networks, services,
Organizations, Projects and finally ICT in Cities (ITU-T L.14xx series ETSI
ES 203 199)
• European Codes of Conduct for Data Centres and broadband equipment
• Single Market for Green Products- DG ENV
• Product Environmental Footprint and Organisation Environmental
Footprint methods as a common way of measuring environmental
performance.
• Specific method for ICT only and energy/CO2e only
• Piloting for UPS and Data Storage Equipment
EC ICT Sustainability
initiatives
• Energy is expensive for operators and users and its production has
environmental effects;
• Mobile traffic is increasing exponentially, and power consumption should
be adapted to the traffic load;
• For now, the main energy consumer is radio access network, but when
the number of connected devices is 10-fold (and more), their order of
magnitude becomes similar;
• In the context of EU-funded 5G RIAs, one of the KPI targets is the 90%
reduction of energy usage of 5G networks, and thus energy efficiency
improvement has been a cross-cutting 'expected impact' in various 5G
PPP topics since the past 5 years;
• There are ways to improve the EE in the future, for example with:
• Lower energy consumption when there is no traffic in the network
(elements) with help of sleep / deep sleep mode;
• Densification of networks (small cells), whereby energy consumption
is moved from the telecom equipment to baseband processing;
• Keeping information optical as long as possible
Telecom networks
5G

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Green ICT and future policy vision under Horizon Europe

  • 1. Green ICT and future policy vision under Horizon Europe Svetoslav Mihaylov Policy Officer Smart Mobility & Living Directorate-General Communications Networks, Content and Technology European Commission ICTFOOTPRINT.eu Final Event - Building an eco-friendly Green ICT Market as the lasting legacy of ICTFOOTPRINT.eu, January 2019
  • 2. Political context • Paris Agreement & EU sustainability objectives • Strong cross-border dimension of the cloud • Contributing to the Sustainable Development Goals EU sustainability targets compared to 1990 levels: 2020 2030 2050 Decrease in GHG emissions 20% 40% 80-95% (100% for energy sector) Renewable energy 20% 27->35% 75-97% Improvement in Energy efficiency 20% 27->35% 41% (vs 2005-6 peak)
  • 3. DEI – Digital evolves with unprecedented speed 3 Autonomous driving Micro-electronics Smart Energy Digitalisation of society ICT greening other sectors …but ICT itself is polluting.
  • 5. • 2010 - European Commission mandate M/462 addressed to ESO in the field of ICT to enable efficient energy use in fixed and mobile information and communication networks (including Data Centers). • Ecodesign Regulation on servers and data storage products • Life Cycle Assessment, LCA, based methodologies developed to measure the "Environmental impact of ICT Goods, networks, services, Organizations, Projects and finally ICT in Cities (ITU-T L.14xx series ETSI ES 203 199) • European Codes of Conduct for Data Centres and broadband equipment • Single Market for Green Products- DG ENV • Product Environmental Footprint and Organisation Environmental Footprint methods as a common way of measuring environmental performance. • Specific method for ICT only and energy/CO2e only • Piloting for UPS and Data Storage Equipment EC ICT Sustainability initiatives
  • 6. • Energy is expensive for operators and users and its production has environmental effects; • Mobile traffic is increasing exponentially, and power consumption should be adapted to the traffic load; • For now, the main energy consumer is radio access network, but when the number of connected devices is 10-fold (and more), their order of magnitude becomes similar; • In the context of EU-funded 5G RIAs, one of the KPI targets is the 90% reduction of energy usage of 5G networks, and thus energy efficiency improvement has been a cross-cutting 'expected impact' in various 5G PPP topics since the past 5 years; • There are ways to improve the EE in the future, for example with: • Lower energy consumption when there is no traffic in the network (elements) with help of sleep / deep sleep mode; • Densification of networks (small cells), whereby energy consumption is moved from the telecom equipment to baseband processing; • Keeping information optical as long as possible Telecom networks 5G
  • 7. 7 https://ec.europa.eu/comm ission/sites/beta- political/files/budget- may2018-horizon-europe- decision-annexes_en.pdf Reduced carbon footprint of ICT processes, covering hardware, software, sensors, networks, storage and data centres, and including standardised assessments. Operational Digital Platforms supporting the digitalisation of transport and energy sectors and Green ICT. Mission on Carbon-Neutral and Smart Cities Support the deployment of Smart Cities (open data platforms)
  • 8. Thank you for your attention! Any questions? svetoslav.mihaylov@ec.europa.eu
  • 9. • Recently voted by European Union (EU) Member States • It aims to reduce, in a sustainable way, the environmental impact on these products in the EU market • It contains requirements (as of 03/2020) on: • Energy Efficiency aspects (maximum idle power consumption, minimum server efficiency in active state, minimum efficiency of the power supply unit, information requirements on product operating conditions and on idle power at higher temperature) • Material efficiency aspects (refurbishment practices, take-back schemes, design for disassembly, secure data deletion of reusable data storage equipment, securing that firmware updates for product are available for repairers, critical raw material information) Ecodesign Regulation on servers and data storage products