The Uganda online discussion Report UIGF13


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UGANDA ONLINE DISCUSSION REPORT presented By Daniel Nanghaka from Ignite Africa/ISOC Uganda Chapter during the Uganda Internet Governance Forum 2013.

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The Uganda online discussion Report UIGF13

  1. 1. UGANDA ONLINE DISCUSSION REPORT By Daniel Nanghaka Ignite Africa/ISOC Uganda Chapter Email: Tel: +256772898298
  2. 2.  On the first day of the Online discussions, the main discussion was on Access - cost/affordability of internet and infrastructure development. The discussions where guided by the following question  What have we achieved so far?  Is internet more affordable now than 5 years back?  What are the current internet usage numbers in Uganda?  Are we doing enough to utilize the existing infrastructure?  If yes, how and if not what more needs to be done?  Any success stories from the UIXP and what are its benefits to Internet development in Uganda?
  3. 3. ACCESSIBILITY Internet Cafes Dongles and modems
  4. 4. USAGE  Internet in Uganda is growing very fast and the costs are reducing due to the multiple stakeholders and ISPs who have joined the sector 0 500,000 1,000,000 1,500,000 2,000,000 2,500,000 3,000,000 3,500,000 Population Years Users Note: Per Capita GDP in US dollars, source: United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.
  5. 5.  UCC is applauded for doing a great job but needs to be complimented by other stakeholders; which is termed as concerted effort. They're the regulators and protectors of consumer rights but in many ways may be handicapped to do everything.
  6. 6. INTERNET PENETRATION RATE  Internet Penetration is at 17% as of 31st December 2012 from 9.6% in 2010 from the (Internet World Stats).  Reduced costs in Internet Devices due to the rise in technology for instance 5yrs ago an EDGE or GPRS enabled phone (handset) was exceptional but now it is okay to have a 3G enable handset
  7. 7.
  8. 8. RURAL CHALLENGE OF CONNECTIVITY  The biggest challenge which needs to be checked is rural Access to ICT  Developments have been basically happening in the Urban centers/towns leaving our rural areas
  9. 9. ISP COST STRUCTURE  1 MB costs between 500 - 700 USD. Most ISP do not have infrastructure in place. Major players tier 1 are: Orange and Infocom. The majority of the ISP hire data bundles from these ISP making costs go high. The government has not played its role to develop the infrastructure.
  10. 10. BANDWIDTH COSTS  Smaller providers in Uganda can buy an STM-1 (155Mbps) for approximately $35,000/mo. This roughly equates to $225/Mbps. The larger providers can (presumably) get it for even less. This has been the situation for a few years.  It is noted that the service providers still charge three times this amount for access.
  11. 11. “ …Many companies have shifted from Microwave to optic fibre because of it's enormous advantages and the reduced cost. Although, it has to be noted that the nature of our citizens and people in the works department, have kind of deterred the popularity of optic fibre as means of delivering Internet …”
  12. 12. CHALLENGES FACED  When ISPs sell services, connectivity for that matter, they use complicated terminologies to usher consumers into ignorance with a view of ripping them off.  Current regime of smart phones is inundated by counterfeits, which have their limitations  Rural Access to ICT
  13. 13. RECOMMENDATIONS A lot has been achieved but more still needs to be done which include  improving access mainly in urban areas  reduce cost of accessing infrastructure especially among ISPs  work more towards achieving rural access  Existence of counterfeits especially with the prevalence of smart phones,  Need for awareness creation from UCC in regard to pricing and existence of counterfeits.  Critical mass needs to be mobilized through awareness activities of any kind to empower users with knowledge of the Internet
  15. 15.  In the wake of increased government online surveillance, how can internet users protect themselves while using the internet? Are the laws adequate or do they seem to deter privacy?
  16. 16. CHALLENGE  Ignorance of the Law
  17. 17.  The Regulation of Interception of Communications Act 2010 is related to this in anyway - Laws have to be harmonized accordingly but shouldn't be politically motivated.
  18. 18. HOW CAN INTERNET USERS PROTECT THEMSELVES WHILE USING THE INTERNET?  Secure Socket Layers for Web based Systems  Password Security and changing weekly or monthly  Encryption is considered to be weak or strong based on its algorithm and the number of characters in the encryption key.  A cracker is a person who uses his knowledge of computers and programming to gain unauthorized access to a computer for the purpose of stealing or altering data.  Keys that are 128 bits long are called strong keys.
  19. 19. SECURITY  To implement a good security scheme, need to identify the risk, determine how to protect the affected asset, and calculate the cost of the resources you can allocate to protect the asset.  Computer security can be classified into SIN  Secrecy  Integrity  Necessity
  20. 20. SECURITY OVERVIEW  Secrecy prevents unauthorized data disclosure and ensures the authenticity of the data’s source (Confidentiality)  Integrity prevents unauthorized data modification.  Necessity prevents data delays (slowing down the transmission of data) or denials (preventing data from getting to its destinations (Availability)  Need appropriate countermeasures for these 3 categories to protect themselves (users, businesses) and the computers used to connect to the Internet.
  21. 21. SOCIAL NETWORK PRIVACY  Social networks do not offer much of a private life to any user. “…Yes you do have options of privacy setting this and that but it really does not guarantee any serious privacy. So basically, when we decide to "hook onto" that social network, you have given out some privacy…”
  22. 22.  Social Networks and Security is paramount despite a lot of private information on private Networks
  23. 23. LIMITATION OF SOLVING CYBER CRIME  Cybercrime has no geopolitical barriers, it is difficult for law enforcement agencies to catch criminals.
  25. 25.  Privacy, data protection, surveillance and censorship has been a very challenging issue in reference to cyber crime and internet usage
  26. 26. RECOMMENDATION  Legal surveillance One cannot know how the information collected "legally" is going to be used, which calls for data protection.  Purposive Data Collection This is where a legislation on Data Protection would be ideal to implore the data collectors to collect on the necessary information/data and should also let the owner the data know the purpose of collecting this data.
  27. 27. DAY 3
  28. 28. WHAT IS BIG DATA  Big Data is mostly about telling stories with data, which is very important in many aspects.
  29. 29. DATA ACCESSIBILITY  Access to Information Act (2005) in Uganda.  Resources should be geared towards the implementation and working well to achieve its objectives.  Need to call upon government and stake holders to implement the act as the beginning of an Open Data Initiative by government. The World Bank report study on the implementation and its challenges can be accessed at change-lessons-from-obama-to-museveni
  30. 30. CHALLENGE  Depending on what data is being collected and question of who has accessibility to this information is a big concern
  31. 31. INDIVIDUAL INTERNET PRIVACY  Internet privacy involves the right or mandate of personal privacy concerning the storing, repurposing, provision to third-parties, and displaying of information pertaining to oneself via the Internet. And privacy is either in form of PII (Personally Identifying Information) or a non- PII and non-PII would be monitoring of site visitor's behaviour on a website for suspicious activities that in most cases will relate to government security.
  32. 32. USE OF BIG DATA  Research purposes - This would go a long way in helping government work out modals in poverty eradication as it will encourage decisions on equal resource allocation and distribution chain.
  33. 33. RECOMMENDATIONS  Public demand for openness and information sharing which would especially be of great help to the peasants deep in the villages and especially the farmers who have no idea of global prices of their products on the international and even possibly on the local market.
  34. 34. “ … Big Data sourcing will always go back to the laws and policies available in Uganda. As far as I know it, Uganda has no freedom of information law and these needs to be put in place…”