The Art of EffectivelyCommunicating Policy Solutions                 or Swimming in an Empty Pool         Vira Nanivska, I...
ICPS Policy Communication ConceptAll policy decisions affect people’s interests.The success or failure of any policy depen...
Factors that define          Think-Tank policy impact in UkrainePrevailing concept of public policy inUkraine.Comparison w...
Prevailing Concept of                   Public Policy Communication in UkraineNGO side The Ukrainian concept of civil soci...
Prevailing Concept of Public Policy                           Communication in UkraineGovernment side   The Government’s f...
Public consultations in the EU   In 2002 the EC issued the final Communication COM 704 “Towards a   reinforced culture of ...
Public consultations in the EUThe Economic and Social Committee established a set ofELIGIBILITY CRITERIA for “civil dialog...
Public consultations in the EU CONTENT CRITERIAThe consultation process must make clear:   what issues are being developed...
Ukrainian Government Capacity to DigestThere is no working democratic procedure in the Governmentfor preparing informed de...
The Quality of Think-Tank Products    What should be in the TT product but never or rarely isUnderstanding– of the governm...
The Quality of Think-Tank Products       The relationship between TT & advocacy groupsThere is no or little interaction be...
The Quality of Think-Tank Products                 Global Context for Ukrainian Policy ContentUkraine’s think-tanks all op...
The Quality of Think-Tank Products                  Global Context for Ukrainian Policy ContentThe Challenges for Ukrainia...
The Quality of Think-Tank Products                 Global Context for Ukrainian Policy ContentThe Challenges for Ukrainian...
Public need for a policy productToday in Ukraine, the government, business and civilsociety interest groups all have a nee...
The Quality of Think-Tank Products               Global Context for Ukrainian Policy ContentThe Challenges for Ukrainian T...
Public need for a policy product                                             The Bermuda TriangleThink-tanks in Ukraine fi...
International Aid PolicyAid projects are disconnected and not strategic.Project outcomes are not used as an asset for othe...
International Aid PolicyProjects to develop an influential civil society havenot focused on reforming the government or he...
Looking AheadPrograms need to switch from funding consultationswith an undifferentiated civil society to fundingconsultati...
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The Art of Effectively Communicating Policy Solutions or Swimming in an Empty Pool

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"The Art of Effectively Communicating Policy Solutions or Swimming in an Empty Pool"

Vira Nanivska

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  • Perhaps TT should be defined at first reference?
  • Is it really desovietization or denationalization?
  • The Art of Effectively Communicating Policy Solutions or Swimming in an Empty Pool

    1. 1. The Art of EffectivelyCommunicating Policy Solutions or Swimming in an Empty Pool Vira Nanivska, ICPS TTF Workshop 13.05.2011, Kyiv, Ukraine
    2. 2. ICPS Policy Communication ConceptAll policy decisions affect people’s interests.The success or failure of any policy depends onhow fully the policy in question matches groupinterests.Communication, that is, analysis andconsultations, is the core of effective publicpolicy.The methodology for public consultations isadapted from European Commission, US andCanadian models.
    3. 3. Factors that define Think-Tank policy impact in UkrainePrevailing concept of public policy inUkraine.Comparison with EU guidelines on publicconsultations.Government capacity to digest TT product.The quality of the TT product.Public need for this policy product.Donor policies on who/what to support. 3
    4. 4. Prevailing Concept of Public Policy Communication in UkraineNGO side The Ukrainian concept of civil society communication with the government is very different from European practice. It is not structured, but rather based on moral (the Government is bad) and not technical (what and how to do it) principles. Most NGOs set up through international aid follow 25 year-old principles: – Dissident struggle with the government; – No concept of “Informed decisions;” – The quality of TT products, i.e. their lack of policy analysis, does not make them indispensable. – Huge efforts to undertake policy consultation came down to civic councils established in every government institution across Ukraine after the Orange Revolution. These councils neither represent communities or interest groups, nor do they take part in government decision-making processes. 4
    5. 5. Prevailing Concept of Public Policy Communication in UkraineGovernment side The Government’s formal consultation protocol relies on engaging exclusively with government institutions. Research is commissioned by the Government exclusively from academic institutions. There is no place in Government procedures for consultations with non-government interest groups. The Government does not work with the concepts of stakeholder positions or mobilizing a constituency for reforms. 5
    6. 6. Public consultations in the EU In 2002 the EC issued the final Communication COM 704 “Towards a reinforced culture of consultation and dialog - General principles and minimum standards for consultation with interested parties by the Commission.” It identifies the forms of interaction between European Institutions and society. The aim is to make administration and policy-making understandable and credible in the eyes of voters. through the European  through institutionalized  through direct contact Parliament as the advisory bodies of the EU with interested parties elected representative (Economic and Social of the citizens of Committee and the Europe Committee of the Regions), based on their role according to the Treaties 6
    7. 7. Public consultations in the EUThe Economic and Social Committee established a set ofELIGIBILITY CRITERIA for “civil dialog” to ensure that relevantparties are given the opportunity to express their views.European organizations must: be permanently established at the community level; provide direct access to member expertise and hence rapidand constructive consultation; represent general concerns that correspond with the interestsof European society; be comprised of bodies that are recognised at the MemberState level as representatives of particular interests.(et cetera. see White Paper on European Governance) 7
    8. 8. Public consultations in the EU CONTENT CRITERIAThe consultation process must make clear: what issues are being developed; what mechanisms are being used for consultation; who is being consulted and why; what influences decisions in policy formulation; which interests the consulted groups represent; how inclusive that representation is. 8
    9. 9. Ukrainian Government Capacity to DigestThere is no working democratic procedure in the Governmentfor preparing informed decisions.There is a policy analysis template for submitting documents,but no quality control over how this template is used.There are no procedures for consultations with stakeholders;only Government institutions are consulted.Only academic institutes are hired by the government to doresearch and analysis. Unlike the West, academic institutions,and not think-tanks, prepare arguments. 9
    10. 10. The Quality of Think-Tank Products What should be in the TT product but never or rarely isUnderstanding– of the government political situation concerning the policy issue in question.– of how this position is connected to ratings and to future elections.Identification– of the interests and positions of major stakeholders.– of the most realistic constituency for the policy in question. 10
    11. 11. The Quality of Think-Tank Products The relationship between TT & advocacy groupsThere is no or little interaction betweenadvocacy groups and think-tanks in theeffort to influence government policy.Think-tanks are not able to organizepressure, while advocacy groups have nocontent. 11
    12. 12. The Quality of Think-Tank Products Global Context for Ukrainian Policy ContentUkraine’s think-tanks all operate in the sameconvoluted, controversial reality: Russia, on one side, tireless in its economic expansion and sparing no effort to prevent Ukraine’s rapprochement to EU. Fatigué Europe, on the other side, mortally worried about irritating Russia. Inside Ukraine, a ruthless revolution of desovietization, wherein state property is transferred into private hands. 12
    13. 13. The Quality of Think-Tank Products Global Context for Ukrainian Policy ContentThe Challenges for Ukrainian Think-Tanks (Russia) How can a way be found to work with Russia and not be swallowed? European-minded NGOs maintain that, because relations with Russia cannot be equal and useful, Ukraine should only work with the EU. They hope that ignoring Russia will do away with the Russian threat to Ukraine. Instead of avoiding, we need to face this challenge and develop a Ukrainian plan. 13
    14. 14. The Quality of Think-Tank Products Global Context for Ukrainian Policy ContentThe Challenges for Ukrainian Think-Tanks (Europe) However irritated and jaded Europe may have become with Ukraine, Ukraine has no choice but to change Europe’s mind on the need for expansion and the importance of forward thinking. Meanwhile, Ukrainian European-minded NGOs do not dare to work with European governments. The most we can do is to berate the Ukrainian government when talking to Europe. 14
    15. 15. Public need for a policy productToday in Ukraine, the government, business and civilsociety interest groups all have a need for quality analysis,diagnoses, and recommendations. – The Government: because of failing reforms, it needs to learn how to mobilize support. – Small business: because of the threat of being annihilated as a class, it needs to learn how to influence policy, not just specific private interest. – Big business: because they are losing a qualified workforce, they need to influence government policy. 15
    16. 16. The Quality of Think-Tank Products Global Context for Ukrainian Policy ContentThe Challenges for Ukrainian Think-Tanks (inside Ukraine) The challenge for independent think-tanks is to understand the transition process, to diagnose the problems of transition, and to work ceaselessly to explain and provide the missing parts of the new social system. The transfer of property from state to private hands cannot possibly be just or fair. The strongest get the most. People who are in a rush to grab property cannot possibly think about the governmental institution or the state regulation of this process. They can only rush. Think-tanks have a role to play here. NGO rhetoric is mostly about protesting and criticizing, without knowing what needs to be really done. 16
    17. 17. Public need for a policy product The Bermuda TriangleThink-tanks in Ukraine find themselves in an unprecedentedpolicy space and get lost in a Bermuda triangle of: The government, which doesn’t “see” them Advocacy/pressure Stakeholders who groups, who aren’t don’t know about connected to them them 17
    18. 18. International Aid PolicyAid projects are disconnected and not strategic.Project outcomes are not used as an asset for otherprojects.Donors are immersed in content and not interestedin a policy analysis format.Except OSI TTF, no donor is interested in the specificprofessional qualifications needed to conduct policyanalysis. 18
    19. 19. International Aid PolicyProjects to develop an influential civil society havenot focused on reforming the government or helpingit establish the structures, procedures, standardsand skills needed to work with civil society.The treasure of over 20 years of aid projects hasbeen lost to Ukraine because there are no databasesof projects, of people trained, or of trainingmaterials. 19
    20. 20. Looking AheadPrograms need to switch from funding consultationswith an undifferentiated civil society to fundingconsultations with defined interest groups.Consultations with interest groups should followestablished procedures.Every NGO working in European integration and civilsociety should have a very clearly established role andspecialization.TA beneficiaries should not concentrate on a specificsector (e.g. agriculture or the arts) but on bringingabout transformational reforms in the country (e.g.government capacity for democratic marketregulation). 20

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