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  1. 1. Energy efficiency measures in the public building sector: the DEEP project Freiburg, 14 June 2007 Philipp Tepper Sustainable Procurement ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability
  2. 2. ICLEI – an overview <ul><li>International association of local authorities dedicated to sustainable urban environment </li></ul><ul><li>Organisation founded by local authorities to represent them at the strategic level, and assist them in developing tools and campaigns for sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable Procurement team: www.iclei-europe.org/procurement </li></ul><ul><li>Product groups: green electricity, IT devices, energy-efficient buildings, low-emission transport, organic food, health-oriented cleaning services, Fair Trade </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>DEEP Project overview </li></ul>To develop new and review existing key purchasing criteria with a view to latest market developments for green electricity , building materials , and energy performance . To promote the opportunities in improving energy efficiency through high environmental standards for public office buildings To apply the criteria in public authorities throughout Europe through Procura + , ICLEI’s Sustainable Procurement Campaign
  4. 4. Green Public Procurement (GPP) criteria development I <ul><li>FIVE fundamental needs to balance: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Real environmental improvement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Applicable across Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy-to-use and practicable for procurers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legally valid and possible to verify compliance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Realistic – must be possible for the market to meet the demands </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Green Public Procurement (GPP) criteria development II <ul><li>Methodology: </li></ul><ul><li>Criteria developed by experts in the field, and through discussion with stakeholders at a series of expert roundtables </li></ul>Scientific experts Local Authorities Constructors / Producers
  6. 6. Sustainable construction and public procurement I <ul><li>Building environment one of the largest sectors where energy is consumed in Europe – 40% of final energy consumption </li></ul><ul><li>EC research demonstrates that energy efficiency improvements could lead to over 40% CO 2 emission savings </li></ul><ul><li>Construction activities consume more raw materials by weight (about 50%) than any other industrial sector cause the largest waste streams (between 40 and 50%) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Sustainable construction and public procurement II <ul><li>Differing national calculation methods and standards </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of universally valid Lifecycle Assessment (LCA) construction tools </li></ul><ul><li>Local/national differences in availability and sustainability of materials used </li></ul><ul><li>Different construction procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Different climatic zones </li></ul>Hurdles to universal EU standards for sustainable construction
  8. 8. Sustainable construction and public procurement III <ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><li>One set of universally applicable criteria is not possible </li></ul><ul><li>Solution: “Guidelines” presenting several options for each issue, depending on the regulatory framework in the country and the level of expertise in the authority </li></ul><ul><ul><li>see also EPBD (Energy Performance of Buildings Directive) country reports: www.buildingsplatform.org </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Sustainable Construction – structure of the guidelines <ul><li>The issue addressed </li></ul><ul><li>Energy consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Use of renewable energy sources (RES) </li></ul><ul><li>Use of sustainable building materials </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring and user aspects </li></ul><ul><li>Experience of the architect </li></ul><ul><li>The stage of the tendering process </li></ul><ul><li>Preliminary design/architects’ competition </li></ul><ul><li>Tendering of the building construction </li></ul><ul><li>Tendering of the building services </li></ul><ul><li>The place in the tender document </li></ul><ul><li>Technical specifications </li></ul><ul><li>Award criteria </li></ul><ul><li>Contract conditions </li></ul>
  10. 10. Sustainable Construction – example I Energy consumption – architects’ competition <ul><li>Option 1 - Minimum standards for net energy demand (Specification): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National/regional standards are available together with calculation methods, or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expertise is available to the authority to set standards and select calculation methods </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Option 2 - Competition around shape/volume ratio (Award phase): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Possible without existing standards or expert knowledge </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Sustainable Construction – example II Experience of the architect – architects’ competition <ul><li>Selection criteria - Experience with sustainable building design: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy efficient construction design. Including specific energy demand per m² space for previous construction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Airtightness and heat recovery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of RES </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bioclimatic architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reference list of used sustainable building materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of LCA tools in design </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Sustainable Construction – example III Use of renewable energy sources – tendering for building services <ul><li>Option 1 - Minimum percentage of the energy demand met by localised RES (Specifications) </li></ul><ul><li>Option 2 - Competition around the percentage of energy demand met by localised RES (Award criteria) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Green electricity and public procurement <ul><li>Complementary to building and construction sector </li></ul><ul><li>RELIEF project results - if all European public authorities purchased green electricity: reduction of 60 mill. tonnes of CO2-equiv. – 18% of Kyoto commitments </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges in tendering for green electricity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How to define „green“ electricity? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How to verify compliance with standards set? </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Specifications for green electricity tender a) At least 50% of the supplied electricity must come from renewable energy sources (RES-E). Eligible sources : as defined by EU Directive 2001/77/EC Verification: C redible independent third party ( Guarantees of Origin according to RES-E Directive if possible). Alternatively, “tradable certificates” b) 30% of supplied RES-E must be from “new” renewable plants. Definition: Plants which came into operation less than 7 years ago. Or a commitment to bring a new plant online within the next 2 years
  15. 15. <ul><li>Green electricity - award phase criteria </li></ul><ul><li>Further recommendations </li></ul>Bonus points for every additional X% the electricity supplied from RES plants, beyond the minimum. Bonus points for every additional X% the electricity supplied from “new” renewable plants. <ul><li>Adopt political commitment at municipal level in view of the green electricity tender process. </li></ul><ul><li>To support small green electricity suppliers through tenders could be divided in partial lots </li></ul><ul><li>Consider excluding nuclear power </li></ul><ul><li>Request additional energy services (Training, awareness raising) </li></ul>
  16. 16. Green Public Procurement (GPP) criteria publication www.procuraplus.org www.iclei-europe.org/deep
  17. 17. DEEP Energy Efficient Procurement Toolkit <ul><li>Package of resources designed to help public authorities who would like to use purchasing power to improve their energy efficiency performance. </li></ul><ul><li>Guidance on developing and implementing an energy efficient procurement policy </li></ul><ul><li>Life-cycle costing tool, and introductory presentations </li></ul><ul><li>Self-assessment energy audit tool </li></ul><ul><li>Purchasing criteria for electricity, buildings and IT products </li></ul>
  18. 18. Further information Website: www.iclei-europe.org/deep E-mail: [email_address] Thank you very much for your attention!