Welcome to the Urban Revolution (ICLEI World Congress 2009)

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  • To understand the problem well enough to build a road to a climate-friendly future, we have to take a different view. This image portrays the shadow world of our cultural, scientific, and policy consciousness. We want so much to live in that green, blue, and white planet: that Eden. But we are creating a very different, emerging natural order of things—the reorganization of Earth into a global city. In fact, it was in the late 1960- early 1970s, when the photo image of Earth from space first became the symbol of the times, that we were building the global city most rapidly. But there is a delay in human consciousness: so I say, “Welcome to the Urban Revolution.”
  • To understand the problem well enough to build a road to a climate-friendly future, we have to take a different view. This image portrays the shadow world of our cultural, scientific, and policy consciousness. We want so much to live in that green, blue, and white planet: that Eden. But we are creating a very different, emerging natural order of things—the reorganization of Earth into a global city. In fact, it was in the late 1960- early 1970s, when the photo image of Earth from space first became the symbol of the times, that we were building the global city most rapidly. But there is a delay in human consciousness: so I say, “Welcome to the Urban Revolution.”
  • For our purposes, the key issue is that this global city is incoherent: it does not yet grow according to a functional logic. This, I argue, is the challenge of our road map—a road that has to be journeyed at many different scales. What do I mean by incoherent? That means the way we design, build, and govern urban growth processes at different scales does not allow us to shape the growth of the global city towards any particular strategic objective, such as ecological sustainability. We lack the practice of growing and managing the city strategically, a topic that I explore at great length in my new book.
  • Welcome to the Urban Revolution (ICLEI World Congress 2009)

    1. 2. Proximity
    2. 3. Density
    3. 4. Scale
    4. 5. Philippines: ‘People Power, 1986 ’ Iran, 1979 South Africa, 1980-90s Venezuela, 1998 Detroit, 1967 China, 2008 Berlin, 1989 Beirut, 2007-8 Photo by Mario Tama/Getty Images) Association
    5. 6. Economies of Density + Scale + Association =
    6. 7. Extension
    7. 10. 70% 1900 1950 2000 2050 .7bn .2bn 2.9bn 6.4bn 2010 3.5bn
    8. 11. 1900 1950 2000 2050 The nature of the “city” has changed... city as jurisdiction metropolis as economic region continental and world urban systems
    9. 13. Not
    10. 16. … 15,000 animal fairs and 70,000 hotels and restaurants raided. … Officials confiscated more than 800,000 animals, including snakes, pangolins, anteaters, cranes, turtles and lizards.  
    11. 19. Time Magazine, May 5, 2003
    12. 20. new urbanization in USA, 1982-2003 = 62,000 square miles. Source: U.S. Census Bureau Changing the nature of nature
    13. 21. Concrete production for urban development = 5% global CO2 emissions
    14. 25. Urban Strategy How do I build stable advantage in a world being organized into a city? What differentiates cities that actually achieve the ambitious transformations that they plan?
    15. 26. Urbanisms The way a city-building community co-designs, co-builds, co-governs, and co-locates its activities to support systems of production and living that give them shared advantage in the world.
    16. 31. Community-based Urbanism Institutional Urbanism Master-planned Development Industrial “ City Model” User-centered Customized Adaptable form & utility Industry-centered Standardized Rigid/fixed-form & utility
    17. 32. Silicon Valley shifts to urbanism “ Innovation district” Corridor urbanism
    18. 33. Where there is no urbanism, there is no strategy.
    19. 34. Can there be an ecological urbanism?                                                                                                                  
    20. 37. Biome A major regional community with characteristic plant and animal life, a common climate, and similar environmental conditions. The largest ecological community unit.
    21. 41. Source: Jeb Brugmann Micro Local 1 Meso Macro Local 2 Micro design, materials, and technology determine internal resource demands, efficiencies, biogeochemical cycling, and productivity of a basic system units. Integration into a self-regulating replicable units. Spatial arrangements create symbiotic (or competitive) relationships, and metabolic economies (or diseconomies). Further spatial arrangement supports metabolic/economic processes between communities. Further scale processes create biomes interacting in global chemical & physical cycles . Productive (ecological) Extractive (unecological)
    22. 42. Micro
    23. 43. Apply technologies, retrofit infrastructure and adopt policies to increase the efficiency of the existing city.
    24. 44. Micro
    25. 46. Local 1
    26. 49. Local 2
    27. 50. Kronsberg, Hannover, Germany
    28. 51. Kronsberg, Hannover <ul><li>15.000 people </li></ul><ul><li>3.000 jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Schools, churches, shopping, health centre, handicapped living </li></ul>75% CO2 reduction per capita
    29. 52. Meso
    30. 56. Shenzhen: 60% meat & vegetables
    31. 57. A 30-story farm planned for Las Vegas would grow 100 crops to feed 72,000 people. 90%
    32. 58. Macro
    33. 60. <ul><li>Collier County (East Naples) Florida, USA </li></ul><ul><li>50,000 tons of usable material reclaimed </li></ul><ul><li>in one year </li></ul><ul><li>Material recovered at ½ cost of </li></ul><ul><li>new material </li></ul>
    34. 61. Biome? The largest ecological community unit                                                                                                                  
    35. 62. Spatial Design & Urban Form Global scenario Eco-Engineering & Technology creates the economics for… supports the politics and lifestyle demand for… Ecourbanism (Culture & Trade) creates self-regulatory capacity for… creates the systems capacity for… Cybernetic or “ Smart City” Development
    36. 63. 1900 1950 1992 2050 2010 2030 Industrial urbanism Environmental engineering Integrated planning Ecological engineering Ecological urbanism
    37. 64. Program for an Urban Biome? (PUB)

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