Regional Consultation to Develop Future StrategicProgramme for Biodiversity Management andClimate Change Adaptation in the...
Outline          HKH biodiversity             richness  How                              Why           Publish globally
HKH biodiversity:Global BD conservation priority  Maps of the nine global biodiversity conservation priority templates: CE...
HKH biodiversity:Significance  • Parts of 4 global biodiversity hotspots  • 29 Ramsar sites  • 47 IBAs  • 60 ecoregions  •...
HKH biodiversity:Significance  Species:  • Amphibians: 340+ (6,433)  • Mammals: 500+ (5,490)  • Reptiles: 520+ (9,084)  • ...
Why publish globally?
HKH biodiversity:Status  • Scattered data      • Data available: National level (scattered)  • Online published data (not ...
HKH biodiversity:Way to go  • Tap unpublished data  • Digitise available hardcopy data  • Convert published data into sing...
How to publish globally?        How
GBIF •   Global Biodiversity Information Facility •   Established by governments in 2001 to encourage free     and open ac...
HKH-BIFhttp://www.icimod.org/hkh-bif     Partner 1                       upload      HKH-BIF     register                 ...
HKH-BIF
HKH-BIF
HKH-BIF
HKH-BIF data in GBIF
HKH-BIF data in GBIF
Capra falconerimarkhor
Niche model
GBIF data use cases •   Monitoring national-level biodiversity targets     Soberón, J. and Peterson, A. (2009), AMBIO: A J...
Together we can… Well established and functional BIF indeed helps the country, organisations, and researchers to significa...
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HKH BIF: Publishing HKH Biodiversity Data Globally

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Regional Consultation to Develop Future Strategic Programme for Biodiversity Management and Climate Change Adaptation in the Karakoram Pamir Landscape, 15-16 December 2011, Kathmandu

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HKH BIF: Publishing HKH Biodiversity Data Globally

  1. 1. Regional Consultation to Develop Future StrategicProgramme for Biodiversity Management andClimate Change Adaptation in the KarakoramPamir LandscapeHKH-BIF:Publishing HKH Biodiversity Data GloballyKathmandu, Nepal16-17 December 2011Deependra Tandukar, Bandana ShakyaInternational Centre for Integrated Mountain DevelopmentKathmandu, Nepal
  2. 2. Outline HKH biodiversity richness How Why Publish globally
  3. 3. HKH biodiversity:Global BD conservation priority Maps of the nine global biodiversity conservation priority templates: CE, crisis ecoregions (21); BH, biodiversity hot spots [(11), updated by (39)]; EBA, endemic bird areas (15); CPD, centers of plant diversity (12); MC, megadiversity countries (13); G200, global 200 ecoregions [(16), updated by (54)]; HBWA, high-biodiversity wilderness areas (14); FF, frontier forests (19); LW, last of the wild (20). T M Brooks et al. Science 2006;313:58-61
  4. 4. HKH biodiversity:Significance • Parts of 4 global biodiversity hotspots • 29 Ramsar sites • 47 IBAs • 60 ecoregions • 488 protected areas
  5. 5. HKH biodiversity:Significance Species: • Amphibians: 340+ (6,433) • Mammals: 500+ (5,490) • Reptiles: 520+ (9,084) • Plants (vascular): 32,000+ (294,842) Current Results (currentresults.com)
  6. 6. Why publish globally?
  7. 7. HKH biodiversity:Status • Scattered data • Data available: National level (scattered) • Online published data (not using the same standard) • Published data (hard copy such as books, journals, etc.) • Unpublished data (individual/institutions) • Investment for data management • Culture towards open access
  8. 8. HKH biodiversity:Way to go • Tap unpublished data • Digitise available hardcopy data • Convert published data into single standard • Open access Let our work be seen by the world
  9. 9. How to publish globally? How
  10. 10. GBIF • Global Biodiversity Information Facility • Established by governments in 2001 to encourage free and open access to biodiversity data, via the Internet • Global network of 57 countries and 47 organisations (India, and Pakistan have country node, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Myanmar, and Nepal do not have country node yet) • Free and open access • http://www.gbif.org indexed records: 317,099,241 Datasets: 8,594 Publishers: 368 14 Dec 2011
  11. 11. HKH-BIFhttp://www.icimod.org/hkh-bif Partner 1 upload HKH-BIF register GBIF Partner 1 interface Partner 2 Access published data Partner 3 Public
  12. 12. HKH-BIF
  13. 13. HKH-BIF
  14. 14. HKH-BIF
  15. 15. HKH-BIF data in GBIF
  16. 16. HKH-BIF data in GBIF
  17. 17. Capra falconerimarkhor
  18. 18. Niche model
  19. 19. GBIF data use cases • Monitoring national-level biodiversity targets Soberón, J. and Peterson, A. (2009), AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment, 38(1):29- 34. 2009, Monitoring Biodiversity Loss with Primary Species-occurrence Data: Toward National-level Indicators for the 2010 Target of the Convention on Biological Diversity. http://www.bioone.org/doi/full/10.1579/0044-7447-38.1.29 The paper proposes a methodology for assessing range loss for species affected by land-use conversion, using raw occurrence data combined with remote sensing and cutting-edge modelling. • Impacts of climate change on biodiversity Hillyer, R. and Silman, M. (2010), Global Change Biology. Changes in species interactions across a 2.5 km elevation gradient: effects on plant migration in response to climate change. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2010.02268. The paper investigates factors that will affect future abundance of tree species forced to migrate to higher altitudes in the Andes in response to changing climate conditions. • Assessing the cultural values of biodiversity Gaikwad, J. et al (2011), Ecological Modelling. Ecological niche modeling of customary medicinal plant species used by Australian Aborigines to identify species-rich and culturally valuable areas for conservation. http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2011.07.005 The paper uses a modelling programme to map the potential ecological niches for more than 400 plant species used by Australian Aborigines in traditional medicine.
  20. 20. Together we can… Well established and functional BIF indeed helps the country, organisations, and researchers to significantly increase the benefits from past, present, and future investments in biodiversity research and data collection 317,099,241

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