Myaamia tribe


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Myaamia tribe

  1. 1. FOURTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ETHNOMATHEMATICS (ICEM-4) Daryl Baldwin & Nirmala Naresh Miami University, Oxford, Ohio
  2. 2. Platform for Sharing the legacy of the Miami tribe Very early stages of collaboration between math educators and the Miami tribe. Solicit suggestions for development of efforts related to research on ethnomathematics. For the benefit of the community
  3. 3. !! Algonquain tribe from the lower great lakes. !! Homelands in Indiana, Wisconsin, Western Ohio, Southern Michigan, Eastern Illinois !! Confederate of bands united by language, social gatherings, inter marriage and trade. !! Their political structure included village chiefs and war chiefs.
  4. 4. !! Forced by the settlers !! Exchange for land, money !! Bitterly fought war ensued !! Division among the community: !! Western Miami (federally recognized) & the !! Eastern Miami (still waiting to gain recognition.
  5. 5. The Eagle feather represents the Nation; the Red Tail Hawk feather represents the University.! The red string that ties the two feathers together is symbolic of the trust and respect that is the foundation of this unique partnership.
  6. 6. !! Carry out in-depth research to assist tribal educational initiatives aimed at the preservation of language and culture. !! Expose undergraduate and graduate students at Miami University to tribal efforts in language and cultural revitalization.
  7. 7. !! Talk about time in terms of our connection with the physical world. !! Represents a sort of real-time that includes both a past and present. !! Sun marks day time; Moon marks month time. !! Both sun and moon are called kiilhswa in Myaamia
  8. 8. !! How far has the sun come? taaninhswi eehpyaaci !! How far in time is it? taanaaha eehpi!i aawiki !! Refer to the movement of sun in daytime !! English phrase: What time is it?
  9. 9. !! Eco-Lunar calendar system. !! There are twelve regular moons (months) in the Myaamia lunar calendar systems. !! Each moon cycle has a name associated with it that reflects some biological cycle in the environment.
  10. 10. !! Observation of lunar cycles in relation to events in our environment for which the months are named after. !! The lunar month is approximately 29.5 days. The calendar shows the 29.5 day cycle by alternating a 29 day month followed by a 30 day month. !! The Myaamia New Year varies from year to year.
  11. 11. !! The lunar calendar system is not perfect and differs from the solar year by about 11 days every year. !! Over the course of 3 years the lunar names would become out of sync with the biological processes for which they were named. !! To fix this problem, every few years the Myaamia would insert a thirteenth moon in order to realign the moons with the biological cycles our ancestors were witnessing.
  12. 12. !! Many of the names reflect breeding and nesting cycles of animals that were native to our region !! Natural environment plays an important role in tracking month time.
  13. 13. !! Seasonal cycles were important in tracking time as well. Years were tracked by the dormant months of winter, which also became the means of determining ones age: "! pipoonwi winter "! pipoonwe year "! peepoonwiaani :I am of a certain age, am wintered
  14. 14. !! Unscheduled deliberations remove the anxieties associated with ‘being on time’ and this has given rise to the modern English phrase ‘Indian time’. !! This time keeping system has ecological ties forcing us to be aware of the sky and mindful of our connections to the landscape and all of its beings.
  15. 15. !! Focus on developing curricular materials !! Collaborations with colleagues from other branches !! Collaborations with local school districts !! Any such efforts – For the benefit of the Miami community
  16. 16. Suggestions Welcome