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Higher Education in Australia


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New enrolment data from the Australian government shows that the country's international education sector is, at best, in the early stages of recovery.

Most of the new data point to continued enrolment declines with the exception of one sector: ELICOS (the English-language training sector), which in recent years has been particularly hard hit.

Read our accompanying ICEF Monitor article ''Australian international education sector enrolment and commencement trends'' here:

For more industry news, market intelligence, research and commentary for international student recruitment please visit, subscribe for free daily or weekly updates, and follow us on Twitter

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Higher Education in Australia

  1. 1. FUTURE UNLIMITED Higher Education in Australia: Pathways and Student Visa Aspects March 2013 Natalia Konovalova Australian Trade Commission, Moscow
  2. 2. Future Unlimited: a new brand of Australia’s international education PRESENTATION TITLE GOES HERE 2
  3. 3. ANZA 2012
  4. 4. Future Unlimited: the rationale Australia is known by • Beautiful beaches • Wildlife • Natural beauty and • A great lifestyle BUT It has much more to offer • Innovation • Technology • The arts • Science • Business • Education • Global citizenship • Hard work and determination ANZA 20124
  5. 5. Fast facts Resilience of the economy to economic crisis • The fifths in the world in 2012 with an average score: the first between 2008-2012 (Institute for Management Development; World competitiveness Online 1009-2012) Australia’s Human Development Index (HDI) – looks at annual rankings of national achievement in health, education and income • The second best in the world, behind only Norway (UNDP Human Development Report 2011) Australian qualifications and institutions are globally recognised • In a recent study to benchmark education policies, Australia was placed at the top with a score of 9.4 out of 10 (Major Australia’s competitors were ranked: Germany - 8.9; UK - 8.3; US - 5.0 *Illevia, J.B., and Goh, J. (2010) Measuring the Internationalisation of Countries’ Higher Education Systems: A comparative Perspective from 11 countries PRESENTATION TITLE GOES HERE 5
  6. 6. Top 10 reasons to study in Australia • World-class quality education and value • Education outcomes • Safe and multicultural society • A welcoming society • Internationally recognised qualifications • Ability to work • Rigorous consumer protection • Strong student support • Beneficial study experience
  8. 8. Australia’s Higher Education • 40 universities, of which • 37 public universities & 3 private universities • > 150 other providers of HE • Increasing number of branches of international universities • Around 130 accredited private providers • 4 self-accrediting institutions
  9. 9. International students enrolments – 515,853 international students; of which – 230,923 study at Higher Education institutions – 95,224 studying English language programs – 145,540 are in VET sector Source: AEI 2012
  10. 10. Russian students enrolments 2009-2012 PRESENTATION TITLE GOES HERE 11 Source: AEI, 2012
  11. 11. Banner ups ANZA 2012 12
  12. 12. Australian education system Australian education system promotes and encourages • Innovative, creative and independent thinking • Choice • Flexible delivery • Lifelong learning • Quality teaching FLEXIBLE LEARNING PATHWAYS
  13. 13. Australian Qualifications Framework Protects the quality of Australian education • Quality assured framework of national qualifications issued in the: • senior secondary schools sector • vocational education and training (VET) sector • higher education sector • Recognised around Australia and by other countries
  14. 14. Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF) • Specifies Australian qualifications types • The AQF has 10 levels and links school, vocational and university education qualifications into one national system • The AQF allows you to move easily from one level of study to the next, and from one institution to another as long as you satisfy student visa requirements ( Presentation Title 15
  15. 15. AQF – national system of learning pathways • Seamless and diverse • Encourages cross sectoral linkages
  17. 17. Pathways to higher education Direct entry for those who meet entry requirements Alternative pathways • English language courses • University preparation and Foundation programs • College diplomas Recognition of prior learning – articulation arrangements Apply for credit transfer at the time of lodging applications. Students are encouraged to apply for credit, via the admission application, to receive a Notification of Credit Transfer entitlement at the time of their offer from university. PRESENTATION TITLE GOES HERE18
  19. 19. English language centres Many to choose from: • small privately run colleges with small group tuition • secondary schools preparing students for further studies • vocational education centres • universities offering English in its own right or as a transition to any number of other tertiary or further training programs
  20. 20. English Language Courses Offer English language training to help with future studies • General English – focus on the development of communication skills, particularly speaking and listening. • English for Academic Purposes – will prepare you for study at an English-speaking university or a vocational institute. • English for Specific Purposes – focus on practical English for specific course areas, including English for Business, Aviation, or Tourism. • Secondary School Preparation – will develop English for entry into an Australian secondary school. • Examination Preparation PRESENTATION TITLE GOES HERE 21
  21. 21. English Language Intensive Courses for Overseas Students (ELICOS) • Australia’s ELICOS is one of the best known in the world • Designed for ESL speakers to receive high quality instruction to - Develop their English - Continue on to academic studies • > 150 English centres to choose from
  22. 22. What to do after ELICOS study ELICOS Certificate Diploma Bachelor Degree Master Degree Doctor Degree (PhD) EXIT anywhere
  24. 24. Foundation programs • Help students transit smoothly into university by developing academic skills • Focus on developing academic, study and learning skills, and practicing English • Allow to choose preferred fields of study in line with a selected HE program Formats: • Standard (12 months) • Intensive (fast-track) • Extended (may include an additional semester) Dates, entry requirements and duration may differ! PRESENTATION TITLE GOES HERE 25
  25. 25. General requirements • Age (>16y.o.) • Academic skills (good academic results) • English language requirements: – completed Australian Year 11 – studied a program that was delivered in English – satisfactory marks in English Or – presented results of international English language tests (eg. IELTS, TOEFL) Russia: Certificate of Secondary Education/Attestat; Average in academic subjects (dependent on university requirements); IELTS/TOEFL, other. PRESENTATION TITLE GOES HERE 26
  26. 26. What subjects can be offered? Standard format • Accounting • Biology • Chemistry • Economics • English • Geography • IT • Mathematics • Physics Extended • English • Business communications • Learning Studies • Introductory maths PRESENTATION TITLE GOES HERE27
  27. 27. Academic Calendar Universities intake Most degree programs have two intakes per year: • Autumn Session: February to June (16 Weeks) • Spring Session: July to November (16 Weeks) Some universities offer 3 intakes per year: • January; May; August Foundation programs intake Vary dependent on the format and institutions but many are offered in: • January • March • July • September PRESENTATION TITLE GOES HERE28
  29. 29. Pathway via Australia’s world-class VET System Australia boasts a truly national, world-class vocational education and training system: • Training in leading edge technologies • Developing skills for work and life • Strong links to industry • Continuing process of improvement • Client focussed • Flexible system – responsive to change
  30. 30. What is VET? VET aims to provide people with the skills and knowledge they require to: • Enter the workforce for the first time • Re-enter the workforce after absences • Train or re-train for a new job • Upgrade their skills • Gain specific skills • Move into further study in VET or university
  31. 31. What do VET students study? • Students can study just about anything in the Australian VET sector. It provides a vast array of subjects and programs which range from: – traditional trades to business and commerce and the creative arts. – basic skills training for social and community participation, such as English language training. • Approximately 45% of international VET students enrol in management and commerce programs, the most common field of study.
  32. 32. Diplomas – preparation for entry into university programs (1st or 2nd year) Content: courses which constitute the 1st year of a bachelor degree. Transfer to a linked university program, with credit, exemption or advanced standing, is possible if students: • complete a diploma program in a related area at partner institutions, offshore or overseas institutions (subject to university) • achieve a required Grade Point Average (GPA) • meet English language requirements • meet any other conditions. Diploma programs can incorporate an ELICOS course to help improve English language proficiency. Expected outcome: entry into the second year of a relevant bachelor program. PRESENTATION TITLE GOES HERE 33
  33. 33. Examples of pathways SCHOOL In Australia or Year 12 in home country UNIVERSITY IN AUSTRALIA Bachelor of Commerce CAREER OPTIONS Accountant Business Analyst Financial Planner VET IN AUSTRALIA: Diploma of Marketing UNIVERSITY IN AUSTRALIA: Bachelor of Business (Marketing) CAREER OPTIONS Market Researcher Marketing Officer Tourism Manager CAREER In home country: Information Technology VET IN AUSTRALIA: Diploma of Information Technology UNIVERSITY IN AUSTRALIA: Bachelor of Information Technology CAREER OPTIONS IT Manager Network Administrator Software Engineer 1 2 3
  35. 35. Trends for international students pathways in 2010 Three out of five students began their studies in English language programs, VET, or other college Students who completed ELICOS: ELICOS - HE: 35% (40%*) ELICOS - VET: 20% (21%*) Students who completed School: Schools – HE: 27% (30%*) Schools – VET: 8% (10%*) *when other indirect study pathways undertaken Source: Study pathways of international students in Australia (AIE Research Paper 2012/01) PRESENTATION TITLE GOES HERE 36
  38. 38. Trends for international students pathways in 2011 International students who commenced in Higher Education were in: ELICOS: 30% (40%*) VET: 14% (16%*) Non-award: 11% (12%*) Schools: 5% (8%*) Of whom 40% commenced Higher Education without prior learning. International students who commenced in VET were in: ELICOS: 39% (50%)* HE: 12 % (13%)* Schools: 4% (6%*) Non-award: 2% (4%*) *when other indirect study pathways undertaken PRESENTATION TITLE GOES HERE 39
  43. 43. Students expectations and experience Source: Fiocco, M. An evaluation of a pathway program: the students’ view. Australian International Education Conference 2006 – PRESENTATION TITLE GOES HERE 44
  44. 44. Students expectations and experience (cont.) PRESENTATION TITLE GOES HERE 45
  45. 45. Study in Australia website: 46
  46. 46. PIER • PIER online (Professional International Education Services) • The Education Agent Training Course (EATC) – There is no cost to access the information and materials of the EATC; interested participants simply need to fill in an online registration form at the EATC website • To become a Qualified Education Agent Counselor you will need to undertake the EATC Formal Assessment. 80 minute test, comprising of 50 multiple choice questions. Fee based exam. • List of qualified Education Agent Counsellors Presentation Title 47
  47. 47. Australian Student Visas Student Visa Processing Framework March 2013 Australian Government Department of Immigration and Citizenship
  48. 48. Australian Student Visas • Streamlined Processing and AL Exempt • Genuine Temporary Entrant Criteria • Documentary requirements – Checklists – Translations and certified copies – Agents and Authorised recipients • Label-Free Visas Australian Government Department of Immigration and Citizenship
  49. 49. Streamlined Processing - Eligibility Subclass 573 Bachelor Degree Master Degree (coursework) Subclass 574 Doctoral Degree Master Degree (research) Subclass 575 Non-AQF Award (exchange) Non-AQF Award (Study Abroad) Course Packaging Subsequent Entrants Subclass 580
  50. 50. 6 Standard processing Streamlined Processing Student Student CoE or letter of offer Course of Study Country of Pp Assessed under AL 1- 4 CoE Eligible Provider Assessed under AL Exempt Eligible Course of Study & Level
  51. 51. Streamlined processing – AL Exempt Case Studies PERSON A Person A from Russia has applied after 24 March 2012 to study a Bachelor of Business. Person A has lodged a paper application and has attached a CoE from an eligible university provider. Q1. What AL Level should Person A be assessed against? Q2. What evidence of English Language proficiency should Person A provide? 52 Answer 1 – AL Exempt Why? - Person A is intending to study an eligible course at an eligible provider and has a CoE, therefore the applicant will assessed as AL Exempt. Answer 2 – The same evidence as an AL 1 applicant.
  52. 52. Streamlined processing – AL Exempt Case Studies PERSON B Person B from Russia has applied after 24 March 2012, to study an ELICOS course followed by a Graduate Diploma (subclass 573). Person B has lodged their application and attached a CoE for both courses. Upon inspection you can see the CoE’s provided belong to eligible providers. Q1. Should Person B be assessed against AL X or AL2? 53 Answer: Assessment Level 2 Why? Graduate Diplomas are not eligible courses for exemption of Assessment Levels
  53. 53. Genuine Temporary Entry • The main criteria for assessing student visa applications • Does the applicant genuinely intend to enter Australia, obtain a qualification, and then leave Australia to return home? • We consider many aspects of a person’s circumstances, including reasons for study, incentive to return from Australia, previous international travel, relevance of proposed study to history/ future plans of the applicant, future employment prospects in their home country etc. Australian Government Department of Immigration and Citizenship
  54. 54. Motivation Letter – GTE Requirement • All applicants should provide a personally written statement about their reasons and motivations for wishing to study their proposed course. – Why did choose the course/ location? – How does the course relate to their previous study/ work? – Why are they changing their career or study path? – What is the value of the course to their future (future employment prospects, financial expectations)? • If the statement is clear, detailed and logical, we may not need to interview the applicant. This may reduce processing times. • Can be in English or in Russian Australian Government Department of Immigration and Citizenship
  55. 55. Other Documents - GTE Requirement • Evidence of previous related study/ work • Incentive to return from Australia – Evidence of previous international travel (copies of visas) – Evidence of property/ asset ownership – Family ties to home country Australian Government Department of Immigration and Citizenship
  56. 56. Documentary Requirements • Checklists at • Translations not required if in Russian • Certified copies only required for official identification documents (Birth certificates, Death certificates, Marriage certificates) Australian Government Department of Immigration and Citizenship - Ensure you are using the updated forms (available from
  57. 57. Agents and Authorised Recipients • All agents must be authorised recipients to receive grant and refusal notifications (and other information) • Agents MUST ensure a completed form 956 or 956A (depending on the circumstance) is provide with each application. See each form for an explanation of when each should be used. Australian Government Department of Immigration and Citizenship
  58. 58. E-Medical • Many panel doctors now have e-medical facilities. • Applicants should wait for notification of their HAP ID number with their acknowledgement letter from the Embassy. They must take this to the panel doctor. • Applicants should not do medicals before they lodge their application • Medical results transferred electronically to Australia for clearance and our systems update automatically Australian Government Department of Immigration and Citizenship
  59. 59. Other Changes • Can grant visa up to 4 months before start of course • Students can now work up to 40 hours per fortnight • Assessment Level changes for Ukraine and Kazakhstan • Student Guardian visa holders can now study English up to 20 hours a week • Fraud PIC 4020 – 3 year ban for providing fraudulent documents or information in an application • Introduction of a new post study work visa for graduates of eligible courses • See: to keep up to date with the latest news and developments Australian Government Department of Immigration and Citizenship
  60. 60. Visa Label-Free Travel • Visas are now granted to all Russian and Ukrainian citizens WITHOUT a visa label. • Passports should NOT be provided to the Embassy. • A photocopy of each applicant’s passport data page must be provided with the application. • The visa will be an electronic record held on Australian Immigration systems. • Clients will be provided with a visa grant letter for their reference. • Airlines and border staff have been trained. Australian Government Department of Immigration and Citizenship
  61. 61. Информация по вопросам получения студенческой визы • • • •
  62. 62. Contacts at Austrade Natalia Konovalova Business Development Manager Russia/CIS T +7 495 231 3615 F +7 495 231 3602
  63. 63.