Participatory Rural appraisal- Kala Rai

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Participatory Rural appraisal- Kala Rai

  1. 1. Participatory Rural Appraisal<br />Rural-Urban Connection Workshop<br />6-9 August, 2011<br />International Climate Champion Network <br />Kala Koyu<br />
  2. 2. PRA - method of data collection <br />But what makes the difference ?<br />Participatory in nature <br />Community people are the Master <br />Expert knowledge not required <br />YOU are only a facilitator/mobiliser<br />Introduction <br />9-Aug-11<br />2<br />Rural Urban Connection Workshop<br />
  3. 3. Until 80s: TOP-DOWN development theory <br />After 90: PARTICIPATORY approach in development<br />Founder of PRA: Robert Chambers<br />Before PRA: Rapid Rural Appraisal (RRA)<br />Looking Back <br />9-Aug-11<br />3<br />Rural Urban Connection Workshop<br />
  4. 4. Learning with and from the people<br />Optimal Ignorance Theory <br />Offsetting biases<br />Triangulation <br />Principles of PRA <br />9-Aug-11<br />4<br />Rural Urban Connection Workshop<br />
  5. 5. Secondary Data Review <br />Observation <br />Semi-Structured Interview <br />Analytical Games<br />Stories<br />Diagrams <br />Workshops <br />PRA Menu <br />9-Aug-11<br />5<br />Rural Urban Connection Workshop<br />
  6. 6. PRA Menu ……. <br />Mapping <br />Transect <br />Best approach to get the community started<br />Social resource map of the community <br />Shows geographical features, land use, infrastructures, facilities, water resources, houses, taps….. <br />Cross-section of the community<br />Observe people, surrounding, resource<br />Shows housing, sanitary conditions, offices, stores, street children prevalence ….<br />9-Aug-11<br />6<br />Rural Urban Connection Workshop<br />
  7. 7. 9-Aug-11<br />Rural Urban Connection Workshop<br />7<br />Typical Mapping <br />
  8. 8. 9-Aug-11<br />Rural Urban Connection Workshop<br />8<br />Changes through Transect <br />
  9. 9. PRA Menu ……. <br />Time line <br />Trend line <br />Chronologically written events <br />Identifies past trends, problems and causes <br />Good way to involve elderly people <br />Political turns, disease outbreaks, crisis, start of new things….<br />Graphical representation of trends <br />Identifies the influences and causes <br />9-Aug-11<br />9<br />Rural Urban Connection Workshop<br />
  10. 10. 9-Aug-11<br />Rural Urban Connection Workshop<br />10<br />
  11. 11. PRA Menu ……. <br />Sorting out the issues<br />Prioritising problems/solutions<br />Pair-wise comparison<br />Ranking, Scoring<br />WELL BEING RANKING !! <br />Ranking, priority setting <br />9-Aug-11<br />11<br />Rural Urban Connection Workshop<br />
  12. 12. 9-Aug-11<br />Rural Urban Connection Workshop<br />12<br />
  13. 13. 9-Aug-11<br />Rural Urban Connection Workshop<br />13<br />
  14. 14. PRA Menu ……. <br />Seasonal Calendar <br />Venn Diagram<br />Gives yearly calendar on specific issue<br />Identifies seasonal pattern <br />Income flow, harvest time, work load patterns….. <br />Explores institutional roles<br />Explores authority and power <br />Show linkages, relationships to explore their help/support for problems ….. <br />9-Aug-11<br />14<br />Rural Urban Connection Workshop<br />
  15. 15. 9-Aug-11<br />Rural Urban Connection Workshop<br />15<br />
  16. 16. 9-Aug-11<br />Rural Urban Connection Workshop<br />16<br />
  17. 17. PRA Menu ……. <br />Focus Group Discussion<br />Semi-structured Interview<br />For more detailed and specific information <br />In a homogenous group<br />Generally 8-12 in a group<br />For in-depth opinion<br />In relax and informal approach<br />Broad, open-ended questions<br />for FGD, Key-Informant <br />9-Aug-11<br />17<br />Rural Urban Connection Workshop<br />
  18. 18. What is most IMPORTANT ? <br />Knowledge = 11+14+15+23+12+5+4+7+5 = 96 <br />Idea = 9+4+5+1 = 19 <br />Concept= 3+15+14+3+5+16+20 = 76 <br />Money = 13+15+14+5+25 = 72 <br />9-Aug-11<br />18<br />Rural Urban Connection Workshop<br />Discipline =4+9+19+3+9+16+12+9+14+5 = 100 <br />Attitude =1+20+20+9+20+21+4+5 = 100 <br />
  19. 19. Be sensitive, respectful and responsible <br />Accept errors <br />Do not raise the expectation <br />Avoid lecturing – listen, learn <br />Facilitate – do not dominate<br />Do not rush <br />Who, Why, What, Where, When, How <br />Points to Remember <br />9-Aug-11<br />19<br />Rural Urban Connection Workshop<br />
  20. 20. 9-Aug-11<br />Rural Urban Connection Workshop<br />20<br />Before Closing <br />Behaviour/Attitude <br />PRA<br />Sharing <br />Methods <br />THANK YOU !<br />
  21. 21. 9-Aug-11<br />Rural-Urban Connection Workshop<br />21<br />ANY QUERIES ???<br />

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