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Use of On-farm Low Cost Techniques in Smallholders Irrigation- Experiences from the Field

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Presentation by Dr. Ithar Khalil
World Food Programme
Egypt Country Egypt
Eng. Othman El Shaikh
Project Manager
Building Resilient Food Security Systems to Benefit the Southern Egypt Region Project

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Use of On-farm Low Cost Techniques in Smallholders Irrigation- Experiences from the Field

  1. 1. Dr. Ithar Khalil World Food Programme Egypt Country Egypt Use of On-farm Low Cost Techniques in Smallholders Irrigation- Experiences from the Field Eng. Othman El Shaikh Project Manager Building Resilient Food Security Systems to Benefit the Southern Egypt Region Project
  2. 2. Background Southern Egypt • Highest Food insecurity and poverty rates- Heavy dependence on smallholdings agriculture • Stressed land and water resources • Highest temperature rise and current extreme weather events • Highest losses in crop productivity • Highest livestock productivity affected • Highest water demands
  3. 3. Background…cont’ • In response, GOE proposed a project to support resilience of smallholders in Southern Egypt. • Project is funded by the AF. WFP is the implementing entity and MALR is the executing entity. • Project Objectives: • 1) improve the adaptive capacity of the Southern region of the country in the face of anticipated climate-induced reduction in food production through a set of integrated interventions and 2) build institutional capacity at national, regional and local levels to enable sustainability and replication of the project interventions 5 years 135,757 direct + 1.7 indirect beneficiaries
  4. 4. Project Interventions • Component 1: Technology transfer • Community level mobilization • Establishment Climate information centers in NGOs • Early Warning System 5 days & recommendations. • Building resilience in agricultural production • Building resilience through livestock and poultry production • Introduction of water saving irrigation • Component 2: Capacity building for climate knowledge and replication of interventions under component 1
  5. 5. Objectives of this Presentation 1) present techniques implemented and have proven to reduce water consumption in irrigation and • 2) present a quantification of the resulting water savings for each of these techniques
  6. 6. Canal Lining Earth irrigation canals are lined with concrete • water savings due to reduced seepage • allowed farmers at the end of the canals better access to the water • reduced pumping costs for all farmers along the canal water usage is reduced by approximately 25%.
  7. 7. 2. Soil Laser Leveling • reduced water consumption on average by 20%. Unevenness in the soil surface topography has several negative effects Farmers must devote more resources to establishing and maintaining the crop will receive less income fields have uneven water coverage
  8. 8. Raised bed cultivation On the irrigation water saving front, savings of 15%
  9. 9. Water Saving Crops & Varieties Hibiscus consumed 19% less water than maize New varieties of sugar cane •narrower leaves with fluffs •reduced transpiration (accounts for 60% of the water consumption) •have a one month shorter live than traditional varieties •Reduction of 10-15% in water consumption Fennel in winter used 17% less water than wheat
  10. 10. Land Consolidation Consolidation of fragmented land holdings supports smallholders in arranging themselves into small groups of at 40-80 farmers improve water management resulting in 10-15% reduction in irrigation water usage due to the re- alignment of the irrigation channels

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