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Status of Wheat Stripe Rust Disease in Iran during 2009-2010


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F. Afshari
Seed and Plant Improvement Institute, Karaj, Iran

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Status of Wheat Stripe Rust Disease in Iran during 2009-2010

  1. 1. Status of Wheat Stripe Rust Disease in Iran during 2009-2010 <ul><li>F. Afshari </li></ul><ul><li>Seed and Plant Improvement Institute, Karaj, Iran </li></ul><ul><li>IWSRS, ICARDA, Aleppo, Syria 18-20 Apr. 2011 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Wheat Diseases <ul><li>Stripe rust </li></ul><ul><li>Leaf rust </li></ul><ul><li>Stem rust </li></ul><ul><li>Fusarium (HB) </li></ul><ul><li>Powdery Mildew </li></ul><ul><li>Septoria </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1. Epidemiology 2. Disease monitoring/ rust surveillance 3. Race analysis S. Resistance evaluation 5. Breeding for resistance Control Strategies
  4. 4. National Wheat Disease Project in Iran (SPII) Pathogen: Tracking, Surveillance, Epidemiology and Pathotyping (using of Geographical Information Service and Greenhouse facilities) Host: Screening of Resistance source (wild and relatives), Cross and evaluation of F gen., PWSN, PRWYT, ARWYT and Elite germplasm in seedling and AP stages, Genetic Analysis Contribution with ICARDA, CIMMYT, FAO and BGRI
  5. 6. From: Dr. A. Yahyaoui
  6. 8. Dezful EL:84 N:32.26 E:48.43 Zarghan EL:1604 N:29.75 E:52.69 Kelardasht EL:1202 N:36.50 E:51.16 Karaj EL:1294 N:35.78 E:50.94 Mashhad EL:1236 N:36.22 E:58.83 Hamadan EL:1757 N:34.52 E:48.32 YR YR YR YR YR YR SR SR SR SR LR LR LR Gorgan EL:6 N:36.45 E:54.25 Sep Fus. Fus.
  7. 10. 134E134 A+ 130E4A+ 130E2A+ 4E8A+ 134E130A+ 6E4A+ 6E142A+ 6E22A+ 6E2A+ 6E0A+ 6E130A+ 6E150A+ 6E2A+ 166E6A+Yr27+ Distribution of Pst pts
  8. 12. YrA,, Yr6,Yr7, Yr9,Yr25 YrA,,YrSU, Yr2,Yr6,Yr7, Yr9,Yr25,Yr27 YrA,, Yr2,Yr6,Yr7, Yr9,Yr25 YrA,, Yr2,Yr6,Yr7, Yr9, Yr25
  9. 13. First of Spring 2010
  10. 14. Yellow Rust Mid. Apr. to Mid. June-2010
  11. 16. Cultivar Zargan Darab Hamadan Broujerd Chamran 70MS 60-80MS 90S 60MS Shirodi 70MS 60MRMS 80S 60MSS Shiraz 70MS 90MS 100S 60MSS Pishtaz 30MR 60MRMS 60MS 20M Tos 100S 100S 100S 80MSS Shahriar 100S 100S 100S 90S Marvdasht 20MR 20-40MR 90S 60MSS Dez 70MS 60MS 80S 40MS Mahdavi 90S 60MRMS 100S 70S NickNejad 20MR 20MR 40MS 10MS Darab2 60MS 60MRMS 100S 70MS Atrak 60MS 90S 100S 70S Tajan 70MS 80S 100S 70MSS Falat 90MS 90S 100S 70MS Gods 100S 100S 100S 100S Hyrmand 50M 60MS 100S 70MSS Alemoot 90S 90S 100S 90S Zarrin 50MS 90MSS 100S 80MSS Alvand 40M 90MSS 100S 80MSS Kavir 70S 90S 100S 60MSS
  12. 17. Race analysis of wheat yellow rust pathogen in 1388-89 (2009-10)           Mashhad Gorveh Sanandaj Sararod Sari Moghan Zarghan Gorghan Khoram abad 6E0(8)A+ 66E0A+ 70E14A+ 6E8A+, Yr27+ 70E10A+,Yr27 82E0A+,Yr27 66E0A+, Yr27 70E0A+, Yr27 70E10A+, Yr27
  13. 18. Yr Pst . Yr27+ <ul><li>Base on our national rust surveillance in 2002 (Virulence for Yr27 ) in South & West of IRAN (Fars and Kermanshah). </li></ul><ul><li>Test of wheat genetic materials in Zarghan was done. </li></ul><ul><li>Over last 3 years 10 resistance wheat Cvs. for different climate of Iran are released. </li></ul>
  14. 20. <ul><li>Conclusion remarks </li></ul><ul><li>It is importance to do Rust surveillance, race analysis, molecular genetic diversity at national and regional levels </li></ul><ul><li>Using GIS, preparing crop calendar for targeted regions </li></ul><ul><li>Searching for new sources of resistance genes and building up the genetic basis of resistance </li></ul><ul><li>Timely communication and exchange data among the rust networks </li></ul><ul><li>Regional traveling workshops and special training on rust monitoring </li></ul><ul><li>Breeding for high yielding resistant cultivars </li></ul><ul><li>Replacing susceptible cultivars with resistance </li></ul>
  15. 21. Thank You