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Ahmed AIT HMIDA , Lhassane SIKAOUI , Mohammed KARROU , Vinay
NANGIA and Theib OWEIS
Production cost and profitability of o...
1. Introduction
2. Methodology
3. Results
Conclusion & recommendations
In Morocco, olive area exceeds 950,000 hectares.
Annual production of olives : around 1.5 million tons.
Olive irrigated ar...
There is a great loss of irrigation water
Efficiency of irrigation must take in consideration economic and
environmental c...
What effect of deficit irrigation on the productivity
and the profitability of olive orchard ?
Exploring the potential of ...
1. Introduction
2. Methodology
3. Results
Conclusion & recommendations
Marrakesh
°
Atlantique Ocean Morocco
Experimental
orchard
Experiment conducted in
the experimental farm
at Tessaout (50 Km...
• Inputs of irrigation water have considered the rainfall recorded
in the region (154 mm in 2012 and 187 mm in 2013)
• Tre...
• Area of plots of experimentation : 0.5 Ha for deficit
irrigation and 0.5 Ha for full irrigation
• Density of the orchard...
1. Introduction
2. Methodology
3. Results
Conclusion & recommendations
Table 1. Irrigation cost
Designation
Amount of
water (m3/Ha)
Irrigation cost
(MAD*/Ha)
Irrigation
cost
(MAD/Kg
olives)2012...
Table 2 : Production cost of olives (MAD/Ha)
Designation DI FI
Tillages 850 850
Fertilization 3,000 3,000
phyto. Treat. 1,...
Table 3 : Composition of production cost
(% of the direct cost)
Designation DI FI
Tillages 5.2 5
Fertilization 18.3 17.6
p...
Yield and production cost
Deficit irrigation
- Yield 2012 : 7.76
- Yield 2013 : 8.85
- Average : 8.3
Production cost : 2.1...
Table 4 : Gross margin of olive oil production (per Ha).
Treatment
Olive oil
(L)
Amount
(MAD)
Production
cost
(MAD)
Gross ...
1. Introduction
2. Methodology
3. Results
Conclusion & recommendations
Deficit irrigation at 70% ETc gave the following
results :
• Decrease in the production cost of olives ;
• Small increase ...
Gains :
• Competitivity of the olive sector
• Sustainability of irrigation water resource
Deficit irrigation offers real o...
Other experiments on other doses of irrigation
water and other systems of olive trees will
contribute to optimize the prof...
Thank you for your attention
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Production Cost and the Profitability of Olive Trees Under Two Treatments of Drip Irrigation in Marrakesh, Morocco.

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Production Cost and the Profitability of Olive Trees Under Two Treatments of Drip Irrigation in Marrakesh, Morocco.

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Production Cost and the Profitability of Olive Trees Under Two Treatments of Drip Irrigation in Marrakesh, Morocco.

  1. 1. Ahmed AIT HMIDA , Lhassane SIKAOUI , Mohammed KARROU , Vinay NANGIA and Theib OWEIS Production cost and profitability of olive tree under two treatments of drip irrigation in the Haouz of Marrakesh in Morocco. OLIVEBIOTEQ 2014 Amman, Jordan, 3-6 November, 2014
  2. 2. 1. Introduction 2. Methodology 3. Results Conclusion & recommendations
  3. 3. In Morocco, olive area exceeds 950,000 hectares. Annual production of olives : around 1.5 million tons. Olive irrigated areas : 44% of the olive trees area. Only 30,000 Ha conducted in drip irrigation. Olive tree grow without irrigation under 400 to 600 mm of water/year. But, higher yields require 600 to 800 mm of water.
  4. 4. There is a great loss of irrigation water Efficiency of irrigation must take in consideration economic and environmental criteria: • optimization of productivity and profitability for farmer ; • Improving the competitivity of crops ; • Preservation of sustainability and productive assets for community.
  5. 5. What effect of deficit irrigation on the productivity and the profitability of olive orchard ? Exploring the potential of deficit irrigation as a mean to reduce the production cost and therefore increase profits for farmers.
  6. 6. 1. Introduction 2. Methodology 3. Results Conclusion & recommendations
  7. 7. Marrakesh ° Atlantique Ocean Morocco Experimental orchard Experiment conducted in the experimental farm at Tessaout (50 Km from Marrakesh)
  8. 8. • Inputs of irrigation water have considered the rainfall recorded in the region (154 mm in 2012 and 187 mm in 2013) • Treatments of irrigation : 70 % ETc and 100 % ETc ETc = ETo x Kc x Kr/Ne • ETo : reference evapotranspiration (Penman Monteith) ; • Kc : crop coefficient for olive tree ; • Kr : corrector coefficient ; • Ne : efficiency of irrigation network.
  9. 9. • Area of plots of experimentation : 0.5 Ha for deficit irrigation and 0.5 Ha for full irrigation • Density of the orchard : 156 trees/Ha (8 m x 8 m) in intensive system • Orchard age : 35 years • Data relate to 2012 and 2013
  10. 10. 1. Introduction 2. Methodology 3. Results Conclusion & recommendations
  11. 11. Table 1. Irrigation cost Designation Amount of water (m3/Ha) Irrigation cost (MAD*/Ha) Irrigation cost (MAD/Kg olives)2012 2013 2012 2013 DI 4,920 3,890 2,927 2,315 0.38 FI 6,490 5,560 3,764 3,225 0.53 * : 1 MAD = 0.12 $
  12. 12. Table 2 : Production cost of olives (MAD/Ha) Designation DI FI Tillages 850 850 Fertilization 3,000 3,000 phyto. Treat. 1,050 1,050 Pruning 2,810 2,810 Irrigation 2,620 3,490 Harvesting 6,060 5,880 Direct cost 16,390 17,080 Indirect cost 1,640 1,700 Total of cost 18,030 18,780
  13. 13. Table 3 : Composition of production cost (% of the direct cost) Designation DI FI Tillages 5.2 5 Fertilization 18.3 17.6 phyto. Treat. 6.4 6.1 Pruning 17.1 16.5 Irrigation 16 20.4 Harvesting 37 34.4
  14. 14. Yield and production cost Deficit irrigation - Yield 2012 : 7.76 - Yield 2013 : 8.85 - Average : 8.3 Production cost : 2.17 Full irrigation - Yield 2012 : 7.57 - Yield 2013 : 8.55 - Average : 8.06 Production cost : 2.33 - Yield (T/Ha) - Production cost (MAD/Kg of olives) Production cost has decreased by 6.87 %
  15. 15. Table 4 : Gross margin of olive oil production (per Ha). Treatment Olive oil (L) Amount (MAD) Production cost (MAD) Gross margin (MAD/Ha) DI 1,660 58,100 23,013 35,087 FI 1,612 56,420 23,616 32,804 Gross margin improved with 2.52 % in the case of deficit irrigation.
  16. 16. 1. Introduction 2. Methodology 3. Results Conclusion & recommendations
  17. 17. Deficit irrigation at 70% ETc gave the following results : • Decrease in the production cost of olives ; • Small increase in gross margin of production of olive oil ; • Economics of irrigation water
  18. 18. Gains : • Competitivity of the olive sector • Sustainability of irrigation water resource Deficit irrigation offers real opportunities for olive trees in intensive system in semi-arid regions
  19. 19. Other experiments on other doses of irrigation water and other systems of olive trees will contribute to optimize the profitability of irrigation water.
  20. 20. Thank you for your attention

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