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Presentation of recommendations on how to increase diversity in food systems


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14 May 2019. The SCAR Food Systems Strategic Working Group (SCAR FS SWG)
Minna Huttunen, co-chair of SCAR FS SWG

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Presentation of recommendations on how to increase diversity in food systems

  1. 1. Dr Minna Huttunen senior officer, food policy Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, FINLAND Recommendations on how to increase diversity in food systems Diversifying Food Systems in the Pursuit of Sustainable Food Production and Healthy Diets - workshop The French Ministry of Agriculture and Food 14th May 2019
  2. 2. CASA, Support to SCAR 2 1. Overview of the Scar food systems WG diversity task 2. Plovdiv Food 2030 recommendations 3. SCAR food system WG policy recommendations 4. Discussion on country activities on diversity (MS feedback) Presentation out-line Modern food system: 75% of the world’s food is generated from 12 plants and five animal species (FAO)
  3. 3. CASA, Support to SCAR 3 Workshop I Paris 12.10.2018 Q1 What are the benefits and inconvenient of diversity for Food Systems? Q2 How diversity can contribute to the sustainability of the Food Systems? Workshop II Brussels 18.2.2019 Workshop report by Floor Geerling-Eiff Policy brief 1st draft Workshop III Paris 14.5.2019 1. Overview: Diversity –task is progressing! FOOD 2030 High Level Event Plovdiv 14.-15.6.2018 FOOD 2030 2016 “The aim of this final event: to present and discuss the results and policy recommendations built on the outcomes of both workshops on the diversity of Food systems.”
  4. 4. CASA, Support to SCAR 4 • Current trends are more focused on the loss in diversity of races, of varieties, of landscapes, and on diversity in diets.  Supermarkets and fast foods, for instance, has led to a dominant trend of loss in the diversity of primary food products, used for our consumption.  Diversity is also helping the most vulnerable groups: small producers, poorest consumers, who are at a risk of falling out of being active members of the food system. • Maintaining the existing diversity is a challenge in such a context. Re-diversifying is an even greater challenge! • Action in favor of diversity is important, public intervention in the R&I system is necessary, as private innovation dynamics would probably not lead to maintaining diversity. • Diversity is sustainable (vs. homogenity). Europe is diverse. 2. Plovdiv Food 2030 recommendations: How to strenghten diversity 1/2
  5. 5. CASA, Support to SCAR 5 Diversity is an asset and needs active protection. • The actions recommended include: • Develop a more pluralistic and diverse EU R&I programme and portfolio with equal opportunities for all players, options and solutions, especially in data processing and information production, from all types of available data, and business models. • Identify and develop business strategies in the in both private and public sectors that favor culturally relevant product and raw material diversification over standardized mass production and the race to lower prices. • Understand the mechanisms and role of diversity and how it can be influenced. For example, what are the policies or norms that would make diversity models more viable under global competition? • Explore and apply diversity across all related policies in terms of raw materials, diets, policies, communication, new business models, processing and production, and use of resources. 2. Plovdiv Food 2030 recommendations 2/2
  6. 6. CASA, Support to SCAR 6 Europe could play the role of a frontrunner in the global food systems' transformation, leading the way for other continents.
  7. 7. CASA, Support to SCAR 7 SCAR food systems WG policy recommendation Diversity is covering all the food chain from primary production until consumption
  8. 8. CASA, Support to SCAR 8 • Introduction = Diversity in the European policies • General main challenges related to diversity  How innovation processes combined with changes in eating habits, policies and ecosystems, influence the diversity in and between Food Systems?  How to assess and compare the impacts of different "levels and modalities of diversity" in and between Food Systems, according to food security & sustainability goals?  How to co-design governances of Food Systems that promote, guide and value ​​their diversity at different territorial scales (local, national, European, global)? • Solutions to better address diversity  A better interaction between stakeholders all along the food chain  Diversifying primary production  Diversity of the diets and of food consumption practices  A better integration of diverse proteins sources SCAR food systems WG policy recommendation 1/2
  9. 9. CASA, Support to SCAR 9 OUR ADVICE: • Recommendations to food authorities and policy makers:  Develop new regulatory frames and governance devices  Uniting and harmonizing policies on food, health, agriculture, climate, AMR one-health • Recommendations for Research & Innovation:  New indicators and approaches  New business models, standards and logistics (including ICT)  Secure integration of end-users, industry and – as a new actor – retail (supermarkets, WEB companies, catering) in R&I programs  Diverse proteins sources SCAR food systems WG policy recommendation 2/2
  10. 10. CASA, Support to SCAR 10 • In April, request to countries to provide information on concrete actions, best practices and facilitators/barriers to increase diversity. • An example from FI: Diversity to production system: Palopuro Agroecological Symbiosis • Response from: FI, ES, LT, UK, TR, NO, HU (10.5.2019) Discussion on country activities