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New sources of stripe rust resistance in
international winter wheat nurseries
evaluated in Uzbekistan in 2013
O. Amonov, Z...
Wheat in Uzbekistan (2012)
• Area: 1.4 million ha
• Production: 6.5 million t
• Productivity: 4.7 t/ha
Source: FAO, 2013
CONSTRAINTS OF WHEAT PRODUCTION IN
UZBEKISTAN
• Yellow Rust
• Leaf rust
• Terminal heat stress
• Salinity
• Low soil organ...
WHEAT BREEDING OBJECTIVES
• High and stable grain yield
• Good bread-making quality
• Earliness
• Plant height (90-100 cm)...
MAIN WHEAT BREEDING RESEARCHMAIN WHEAT BREEDING RESEARCH
INSTITUTIONS IN UZBEKISTANINSTITUTIONS IN UZBEKISTAN
GALLARAL
KAR...
Multilocation evaluation of wheatMultilocation evaluation of wheat
GALLARAL
KARSHI
TASHKENT
TERMEZ
KHOREZM
NUKUS
FERGANA
Evaluation for stripe rust
Spore multiplication
Seedling evaluation
(Karshi)
Inoculation
Field evaluation
(Kibray)
Natural and artificial epidemics of yellow rust in
winter wheat nurseries in Uzbekistan, 2013
Krasnodar-99,
Uzbekistan, 2013
Wheat nurseries evaluated in 2013
Uzbekistan
• 16th
IWWYT-IR
• 15th
IWWYT-SA
• 13th
YT-IR
• 13th
AYT-IR
• 13th
AYT-SIR
• U...
Stripe rust resistant identified in International
Nurseries in 2013, Uzbekistan, being further
evaluated in 2014
Nursery
T...
Stripe rust resistant lines indentified in 2013,
Uzbekistan for advanced yield trial in 2014
Trait(s) evaluated
Number
sel...
Superior lines advanced to 2014
Pedigree / Name Source
Stripe
rust
sev (%)
Yield
(t/ha)
Karshi
Yield
(t/ha)
Kibray
Kambara...
New Variety identified in 2013 to be submitted
in 2014
Shark-1/3/Agri/Bjy//Vee/4/Shark/F4105W2.1 YR =0 GY =8.4 t/ha
Uzbekistan hosted International Winter Wheat
Travelling seminar (20 – 25 May 2013)
Around 50 scientists from 11 countries ...
Summary
• More than 100 new lines resistant to stripe rust were
identified in international nurseries evaluated under
seve...
Thank you for attention
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Oybak amanov 29 apr(1)

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Oybak amanov 29 apr(1)

  1. 1. New sources of stripe rust resistance in international winter wheat nurseries evaluated in Uzbekistan in 2013 O. Amonov, Z. Ziyaev, D. Musurmonov, S. Alikuov, A. Amanov, R. C. Sharma 2ND INTERNATIONAL WHEAT STRIPE RUST SYMPOSIUM IZMIR, TURKEY APRIL 28-MAY 01, 2014
  2. 2. Wheat in Uzbekistan (2012) • Area: 1.4 million ha • Production: 6.5 million t • Productivity: 4.7 t/ha Source: FAO, 2013
  3. 3. CONSTRAINTS OF WHEAT PRODUCTION IN UZBEKISTAN • Yellow Rust • Leaf rust • Terminal heat stress • Salinity • Low soil organic matter content • Weed problem (costs causing less use of herbicides) • Sun pest
  4. 4. WHEAT BREEDING OBJECTIVES • High and stable grain yield • Good bread-making quality • Earliness • Plant height (90-100 cm) • Resistance to diseases • Winter hardiness • Drought resistance • Heat tolerance • Salt tolerance • Resistance to lodging
  5. 5. MAIN WHEAT BREEDING RESEARCHMAIN WHEAT BREEDING RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS IN UZBEKISTANINSTITUTIONS IN UZBEKISTAN GALLARAL KARSHI TASHKENT
  6. 6. Multilocation evaluation of wheatMultilocation evaluation of wheat GALLARAL KARSHI TASHKENT TERMEZ KHOREZM NUKUS FERGANA
  7. 7. Evaluation for stripe rust Spore multiplication Seedling evaluation (Karshi) Inoculation Field evaluation (Kibray)
  8. 8. Natural and artificial epidemics of yellow rust in winter wheat nurseries in Uzbekistan, 2013
  9. 9. Krasnodar-99, Uzbekistan, 2013
  10. 10. Wheat nurseries evaluated in 2013 Uzbekistan • 16th IWWYT-IR • 15th IWWYT-SA • 13th YT-IR • 13th AYT-IR • 13th AYT-SIR • Uzb Agro-ecological Yield Trial • Uzb Preliminary Yield Trial • CAC Yield Trial • 20th FAWWON-IR • 20th FAWWON-SA • 4th IWSRRSN • Trap nurseries • Key location nurseries • Salinity yield trials
  11. 11. Stripe rust resistant identified in International Nurseries in 2013, Uzbekistan, being further evaluated in 2014 Nursery Total number of entries Number of stripe rust resistant lines No. of resistant lines advanced to 2014 % 16 IWWYT-IR 40 20 14 35 15 IWWYT-SA 30 11 8 27 20 FAWWON-IR 165 80 23 14 20 FAWWON-SA 111 39 15 14
  12. 12. Stripe rust resistant lines indentified in 2013, Uzbekistan for advanced yield trial in 2014 Trait(s) evaluated Number selected Yellow rust (YR) 132 YR+ Maturity 83 YR + maturity +plant height 57 YR + maturity +plant height +grain yield + quality 10
  13. 13. Superior lines advanced to 2014 Pedigree / Name Source Stripe rust sev (%) Yield (t/ha) Karshi Yield (t/ha) Kibray Kambara1/Kalyoz-17 16IWWYTIR-6 30 8.349 4.475 TAM200/Kauz//Becuna-6 16IWWYTIR-7 5 7.170 3.436 Seri.1B*2/3/Kauz*2/Bow//Kauz/4/Bagci2002 16IWWYTIR-9 0 6.038 4.508 Agri/Nac//Kauz/4/55.1744/Mex67.1//No57/3/Attila 16IWWYTIR-11 5 8.208 4.519 JI5418/MARAS//SHARK/F4105W2.1 16IWWYTIR-14 0 8.302 5.272 Shark-1/3/Agri/Bjy//Vee/4/Shark/F4105W2.1 16IWWYTIR-15 0 8.396 5.142 Shark-1/3/Agri/Bjy//Vee/4/Shark/F4105W2.1 16IWWYTIR-16 5 6.981 4.431 4WON-IR- 257/5/Ymh/Hys//Hys/Tur3055/3/Dga/4/Vpm/Mos 16IWWYTIR-25 0 7.925 5.989 Zarrin/Shiroodi/6/Zarrin/5/Omid/4/BB/Kal//Ald/3/Y 50E/Kal*3//Emu 16IWWYTIR-32 25 8.302 5.892 Local Check (Jaihun) 70 8.491 2.736 LSD0.05 22 1.104 1.538 CV (%) 23 7.4 16.9
  14. 14. New Variety identified in 2013 to be submitted in 2014 Shark-1/3/Agri/Bjy//Vee/4/Shark/F4105W2.1 YR =0 GY =8.4 t/ha
  15. 15. Uzbekistan hosted International Winter Wheat Travelling seminar (20 – 25 May 2013) Around 50 scientists from 11 countries participated
  16. 16. Summary • More than 100 new lines resistant to stripe rust were identified in international nurseries evaluated under severe epidemics (inoculated and natural) in Uzbekistan in 2013 • Ten stripe rust resistant lines, superior for grain yield, and with acceptable quality and agronomic traits are being evaluated in 2014 • One candidate cultivar was identified for submission to State Variety Test Commission in 2014 I would like to summarize my presentation here
  17. 17. Thank you for attention

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