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Chandrashekhar Biradar, PhD
Principal Scientist (Agro-Ecosystems)
Head-Geoinformatics Unit
c.biradar@cgiar.org
Biradar, C....
Daal/Falafel (1kg)
1,250 liters
Chicken (1kg)
4,325 liters
Mutton (1kg)
5,520 liters
Beef (1kg)
13,000 liters
Water, Nutri...
Existing Agricultural Production Systems
Drylands of Developing World
Where else pulses
can grow?
Biradar et al., 2009, 20...
#/km2
Dynamics of Cropping Intensity and Fallows
 Integrated Agro-Ecosystems
 Sustainable Intensification and Diversific...
Agro-Ecosystems
vis-à-vis
Satellite Sensors
MODIS
SPOT Veg.
AWiFS
Sentinel
Landsat
IRS
WV-Series
RapidEye
Cartosat
WorldVi...
MODIS
LANDSAT
SENTINEL
MICROS
GeoStats
AgCensus
Climate, Soils
Demography
Remote Sensing
Open Source
Cloud Computing
Algor...
MODIS
LANDSAT
SENTINEL
MICROS
GeoStats
AgCensus
Climate, Soils
Demography
Remote Sensing
Open Source
Cloud Computing
Algor...
(Biradar et al., 2015)
(Biradar et al., 2015)
(Biradar et al., 2015)
(Biradar et al., 2015)
(Biradar et al., 2015)
Start and End Dates of Inter-annual Fallows Start and End Dates of Intra-annual Fallows
Length of Crop Fallows (LCP): 2000...
March
December
On-farm water management
Rice-fallows for crop intensification
Farm Level
(Cadastral/Khasra)
Rice-based systems
Cropping System
Crop Intensity
Crop Calendar
Crop Rotation
Cropped Area
F...
Key developments and automation
1. Improved algorithms for mapping
crop fallows and cropping intensity
and crop calendar u...
Portal and Apps for Interactive decisions
and feedback Open Access Gateway
Thank you
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Spatial Big Data Analytics for Intensification of Pulses: Exploring untapped potential in crop-fallows for sustainable intensification and diversification

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Oral Presentation 24 by Chandrashekar Biradar at the International Conference on Pulses in Marrakesh, Morocco, 18-20 April 2016

Published in: Science
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Spatial Big Data Analytics for Intensification of Pulses: Exploring untapped potential in crop-fallows for sustainable intensification and diversification

  1. 1. Chandrashekhar Biradar, PhD Principal Scientist (Agro-Ecosystems) Head-Geoinformatics Unit c.biradar@cgiar.org Biradar, C., Singh, R., Geli, Z., Xiao, X., Sarker, A., Dong, J., Singh, M., Atassi, L., Omary, J., Khaled, E., Saharawat, Y., and Noble, A.
  2. 2. Daal/Falafel (1kg) 1,250 liters Chicken (1kg) 4,325 liters Mutton (1kg) 5,520 liters Beef (1kg) 13,000 liters Water, Nutrition, Ecology and Climate • Economically Nutritious • Ecological-Soil Health • Improved Productivity • Climate Resilient Why Pulses? http://www.soyfoods.org/ USDA; FAO/WHO/UNICEF Protein Advisory Group (2004) Water Productivity: More Crop Per Drop
  3. 3. Existing Agricultural Production Systems Drylands of Developing World Where else pulses can grow? Biradar et al., 2009, 2015
  4. 4. #/km2 Dynamics of Cropping Intensity and Fallows  Integrated Agro-Ecosystems  Sustainable Intensification and Diversification  Input Use Efficiency-Conservation Agriculture  Thematic Land-Water-Climate Resilience Agricultural Intensification Cropping Intensity Increase in Arable Land 72% 21% 7% Biradar and Xiao, 2009 Length of the crop fallows, start-date, end-date (Biradar et al., 2015)
  5. 5. Agro-Ecosystems vis-à-vis Satellite Sensors MODIS SPOT Veg. AWiFS Sentinel Landsat IRS WV-Series RapidEye Cartosat WorldView2/HyperionLandscape Agro-ecosystems Farmlands/ Grasslands Crops/ Forage Varieties/ Landraces Production Systems vis-à-vis Satellite Sensors Earth Observation and Agro-Ecosystems Scaling Trade-offs FIGS HyRS Vegetation Dynamics Agro-ecosystem Productivity Land Use Change Cropping Systems Water Productivity Yield Gap Analysis Crop Fallows Intensification Pest and Diseases Risk Crop Modeling Biradar et al., 2004
  6. 6. MODIS LANDSAT SENTINEL MICROS GeoStats AgCensus Climate, Soils Demography Remote Sensing Open Source Cloud Computing Algorithms Geli, et al., 2016, Biradar, 2016* Quantification of its dynamics Under changing Climate and Demography
  7. 7. MODIS LANDSAT SENTINEL MICROS GeoStats AgCensus Climate, Soils Demography Remote Sensing Open Source Cloud Computing Algorithms Geli, et al., 2016, Biradar, 2016* Quantification of its dynamics Under changing Climate and Demography
  8. 8. (Biradar et al., 2015)
  9. 9. (Biradar et al., 2015)
  10. 10. (Biradar et al., 2015)
  11. 11. (Biradar et al., 2015)
  12. 12. (Biradar et al., 2015)
  13. 13. Start and End Dates of Inter-annual Fallows Start and End Dates of Intra-annual Fallows Length of Crop Fallows (LCP): 2000-2014 Cropping Intensity and land cover: 2000-2014 Inter and Intra Annual Dynamics 15 years cycle (Biradar et al., 2015)
  14. 14. March December On-farm water management Rice-fallows for crop intensification
  15. 15. Farm Level (Cadastral/Khasra) Rice-based systems Cropping System Crop Intensity Crop Calendar Crop Rotation Cropped Area Fallow Dynamics -Fallow area -Duration -Start date -End date Suitable Crop/Variety -Legumes -Oil Seeds Soils Soil Health (SHC) Soil Moisture (RS) Water Evapotranspiration Allocation/Irri. Sch. Markets -ePlatform : -Ag Supply Chain -Access Monitoring -Pest/Diseases -Crop Stress National>State>District>Tehsil> Block>Village>Farm>Pixel
  16. 16. Key developments and automation 1. Improved algorithms for mapping crop fallows and cropping intensity and crop calendar using earth observation data from 2000-present 2. Historical to current land use and land cover dynamics 3. Crop fallows, length of the crop fallows, start date and end date of the crop fallows and crop intensification from last 15 years 4. Development of the cropping- season-wise vegetation analysis • Kharif season • Rabi season • Zaid-kharif and • Zaid-rabi seasons 5. Development of open access data/products visualization and validation tool (beta) short fallow period between two years fallow period between in one year The start date of inter-fallow is around the end of previous year long fallow period between two years Time-series analysis of the inter and intra fallow periods Understanding Untapped Potential
  17. 17. Portal and Apps for Interactive decisions and feedback Open Access Gateway Thank you

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