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Olive Irrigation Management Project – Setting the Scene


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Olive Irrigation Management Project – Setting the Scene

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Olive Irrigation Management Project – Setting the Scene

  1. 1. Olive Irrigation Management Project – Setting the Scene V. Nangia, M. Karrou and T. Oweis
  2. 2. Acknowledgements • The study was presented by the International Olives Council (IOC) to the Common Fund for Commodities (CFC) for funding and was drawn up at the IOC Executive Secretariat in cooperation with the Instituto de Agricultura Sostenible (IAS-CSIC), Spain, and the Instituto per i Sistemi Agricoli e Forestali del Mediterraneo (CNR-ISAFoM), Italy. CFC is an intergovernmental financial institution established within the framework of the United Nations, headquartered in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
  3. 3. Study sites
  4. 4. More than 900,000 ha 9% of cultivated land 5% of agricultural GDP 16% of Morocco’s consumption requirements in edible vegetable oils 15% food exports 400,000 farms 100,000 jobs Source: MAPM, 2011 olive : 65,46% grape: 7,19% date palm: 3,11% rosacees: 3,42% dry nuts: 5,26% citrus 11,57% grenade 0,41% citrus 3,58% Morocco
  5. 5. Olive plantation area The olive plantation is spread over the northern half of the national territory, except the Atlantic coast
  6. 6. 128.5 266 310 365 560 920 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 1960/61 1970/71 1980/81 1990/91 2001/02 2010/11 Olivegrowingarea(thousandha) Cropping season - Olive growing area has increased in Morocco - From 1960 to 2010, Olive planting area increased 7x Source: MAPM, 2011
  7. 7. Moroccan Strategy For Olive Sector Development (Plan Maroc Vert) 2009 2020 Total Area 680,000 ha 1,220,000 ha Drip irrigation Area 17,000 ha 150,000 ha Production (ton) Total 700,000 2,500,000 Olive oil 60,000 273,000 Table olives 120,000 250,000 Exports Olive oil 16,000 120,000 Table olive 60,000 150,000 Source: Contrat programme olivier
  8. 8. Syria
  9. 9. Distribution of cultivated varieties on agro- climatic conditions
  10. 10. Study general objectives • To enhance crop yields of smallholder olive farmers in two Mediterranean countries - Morocco and Syria through the optimization of water management practices applied to olive cultivation • Improved and more stable olive yields are going to lead to improved earnings and livelihoods for the targeted smallholder farmers
  11. 11. Specific objectives • To increase yield of olive groves in the target areas by using advanced strategies • To minimize yearly fluctuations in yield, and securing more stable farm income • To increase water productivity of irrigated olive
  12. 12. Outputs Output1 Demonstration of the potential of advanced irrigation for increasing olive yield above current levels in rainfed olive groves and in conventionally irrigated groves. Output2 Demonstration of the potential of regulated deficit irrigation (RDI) for increasing production under irrigation with a limited water supply Output3 Demonstration of a) the advantages of irrigation on the quality of olive fruits; b) the lack of detrimental effects on the quality of olive oil Output4 Dissemination & training based on the new information on olive irrigation management obtained in the regions where pilot plots are established
  13. 13. THANK YOU