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Menarid: A Circular Economy Approach to Agro biodiversity Conservation in the Souss Massa Region of Morocco

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Menarid: A Circular Economy Approach to Agro biodiversity Conservation in the Souss Massa Region of Morocco

  1. 1. Establishment of a baseline study Of A circular Economy Approach to Agro- biodiversity Conservation in the Souss Massa Draa region of Morocco ICARDA
  2. 2. survey • 24 Mars to 21 avril • Les targeteds areas – Arghel Whedqaters – Higher part of Massa waterged
  3. 3. Sampling Communes Nombre d’exploitation Zone Pilote De Massa Amont Cercle Ait Baha Total 125 Exploitations Ait M'zal 17 Aouguenz 19 Hilala 17 IdaOugnidif 17 Tanalt 18 Tasgdelt 19 Tizi ntakoucht 18 Zone Pilote Du Bassin D’Arghel Cercle Ighrem Total 74 Exploitations Adar 18 Azaghar N'Irs 18 IminTayert 18 Nihit 20 Total général 199
  4. 4. Households and structures -Family size -ages -Instruction -Land structures & farm sizes -land fragmentation
  5. 5. Taille des ménages 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 F r é q u e n c e Nombre de personnes présentes (plus de 3mois)
  6. 6. Age du chef d’exploitation 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 10-19 20-29 30-39 40-49 50-59 60-69 70-79 80-89 f r é q u e n c e s Age du chef d'exploitation
  7. 7. Niveau d’instructions (deux générations) Sans Maternelle Msid Primaire CollègeSecondaire Universitaire Chef 55% 0% 4% 30% 2% 7% 2% conjoint 79% 0% 1% 18% 1% 2% 0% Fille 20% 0% 0% 60% 2% 16% 1% Fils 4% 1% 0% 46% 9% 32% 5% Ensemble 31% 0% 1% 43% 4% 16% 2%
  8. 8. Nombre de personnes présentes sur l’exploitation 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 ]10-15 ]15-20 ]20-25 ]25-30 ]30-35 ]35-40 ]40-45 ]45-50 ]50-55 ]55-60 ]60-65 ]65-70 ]70-75 ]75-80 ]80-85 ]85-90 ]90-95 F r é q u e n c e s Ages Masculins Feminins
  9. 9. Structures foncières Moyenne Ecart type Bour 4,65 7,43 irrigue 0,24 0,76 5,57% de la superficie exploitée est irriguée et l’irrigation concerne 44 exploitations sur les 199 constituant l’échantillon.
  10. 10. Farming system cropping system • Land allocation
  11. 11. Morcellement des exploitations • Dans l’échantillon, le nombre de parcelles peut atteindre 34 parcelles par exploitation • Le nombre moyen de parcelles en bour par exploitation est de 4,97 • En irrigué le nombre est de 1,69 par exploitation ayant des terres irriguées. • La superficie moyenne des parcelles en bour est de 1,65 et 0,55 en irrigué
  12. 12. Land Allocation Emblavements Espèces Superficie bour Superficie irriguée Luzerne 1,1 6% Maraichage 1,41 7% Blé 7,5 1% 5,9% 30% ORGE 672,9 99% 11,5 58% Total 680,4 100% 19,91 100%
  13. 13. Rendements des cultures (QI/ha) cultures Bour Irrigué Moyenne Écart type Moyenne Écart type Blé dur 6,00 #DIV/0! Blé tendre 2,75 2,75 7,18 0,87 Orge 3,06 1,93 6,50 1,98 Luzerne 100,00 0,00 Maraichage 18,62 9,54 Total 3,06 1,94 15,51 21,38
  14. 14. Produit brute par hectare des cultures Dh/ha Espèces Bour Irrigué Total généralMoyenne Et Moyenne Et céréales 1131,49 766,05 2554,00 725,70 1307,47 fourrage 5000,00 0,00 5000,00 Maraichage 3131,54 1062,47 3131,54 Total général 1131,49 766,05 2871,95 1000,24 1456,27
  15. 15. Produit brute arboriculture Espèces Produit brut Total (Dh) Moyenne ceux qui pratiquent pour l'échantillon (199) Bour Irrigué Bour Irrigué Bour Irrigué Arganier 1058902,04 2335,67 7353,49 2335,67 5321,12 11,74 Amandier 690434,16 69595,33 8219,45 3662,91 3469,52 349,73 olivier 162016,99 37697,08 14728,82 3427,01 814,16 189,43 Cactus 28410,00 3000,00 1671,18 3000,00 142,76 15,08 Caroubier 23115,50 1926,29 116,16 Figuier 2670,00 1056,00 667,50 352,00 13,42 5,31 Agrumes 1800,00 1800,00 9,05 Vigne 100,00 100,00 0,50 Cerisier 0,00 0,00 0,00 Pommier 0,00 0,00 0,00 Total 1965648,70 115484,08 7200,18 3039,05 9877,63 580,32
  16. 16. Arganiers et répartition • La moyenne du nombre d’arbre étant de 124 par exploitation La répartition est très inégale, l’écart type est 336 et le cv est de 270%. • des 2/3 (16800 arbres) se trouvent sur les parcelles exploites privativement (Melk). • 43 exploitations (22%) n’exploitent pas d’arganier 18,6% en exploitent entre 1 et 10 arbre • 20,6% entre 11 et 20. 4% des exploitations exploitent plus de 55% des arbres. et 55% exploitent moins de 1% des arbres
  17. 17. Livestock
  18. 18. Elevage • Le produit brute estimé par la variation des stocks et les cash flow PB= Valeur finale du stock-Valeur initial du stock +Ventes-Achats+Autoconsommations • La valorisation du stock des animaux rt de l’autoconsommation est faite par les prix moyens observés lors des transactions.
  19. 19. Produits brute des élevages Caprins Bovins Ovins Animaux de trait N qui produisent 82 75 86 150 Moyenne de Ceux qui produisent 4480 4220 1593 18 Moyenne Echantillon 1846 1590 688 1
  20. 20. Traditionnal poultry yard • Sur 199 exploitations, 77 disposent d’un élevage de basse cours • L’élevage de poulet (68 exploitations ) • les élevages de dindes et de lapins restent exceptionnel (6 et 7 exploitations) • Le produit brut moyen dégagé par ces basses cours est de 494 Dh – (maximum= 8025 Dh; minimum= -1575); – CV= 227%
  21. 21. Bee keeping number of hives Ruches Apiculteurs Début Fin Modernes 51 1144 1188 Traditionnelles 41 635 297 Total/Somme 70 1779 1485
  22. 22. Produit brute apiculture Produit Brute Dh (n=70) Quantité produite Kg n=70 somme Moyenne par apiculteur % Somme Moyenne par apiculteur % agrumes 161 000,00 2300,00 10% 2140 30,57 28% Chardon 107 728,00 1538,97 7% 591 8,44 8% euphorbe 629 750,59 8996,44 40% 2476 35,37 33% thym 523 931,00 7484,73 33% 1769 25,27 24% toutes fleurs 156 137,14 2230,53 10% 544 7,77 7% Total 1578 546,73 22550,67 100% 7520 107,43 100%
  23. 23. Aromatics and medicinal plants Espèces Nombre d’exploitation Production totale (kg) Produit brute total (Dh) Moyenne de PB (Dh/exploitation) Armoise 1 2,00 Lavande 2 51,00 520,00 260,00 Origan 26 1346,00 16969,20 652,66 Thym 24 12704,00 39135,00 1630,63 Total 53 14103,00 56624,20 1068,38
  24. 24. Houshold vrevenus (sum. of net margins) Average Share ST. dev V. Coef Honey Production 9550,26 30% 25401,10 266% Nonfarm revenues 8850,06 28% 18385,16 208% Fruit trees 6320,29 20% 17268,29 273% Argan production & processing 3315,22 10% 10011,41 302% Ruminants and Draft Animals 2677,41 8% 9030,99 337% Annual crops 544,82 2% 4486,88 824% Poultry Yard 361,51 1% 910,95 252% AM Ps 299,00 1% 480,26 161%
  25. 25. GAPS Farm structure Agro ecological conditions Actites & Revenus

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