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Introducing ICARDA and DryArc Initiative


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8 May 2019. ICARDA Workshop on Novel Research Dimensions in Modeling Climate Change Impacts in Agriculture.
Introducing ICARDA and the DryArc Initiative, by Jacques Wery ICARDA Deputy Director General - Research

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Introducing ICARDA and DryArc Initiative

  1. 1. International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas A CGIAR Research Center ICARDA and the DryArc Cairo Mai 8, 2019 Prof. Jacques WERY DDG-R
  2. 2. 2 Staff: 400 Scientists: 80 ICARDA is a decentralized R4D international institute focusing on dryland agriculture that combines component and systems research Partnership with NARS
  3. 3. 3 • Food and nutrition insecurity • Unemployment and migration • Women and youth • Natural resources • Capacity Development Agro-Pastoral Rainfed Irrigated Agricultural Systems Agri-food systems under water scarcity and climate change Desert Farming
  4. 4. 4 Global mandate: Barley, lentil, faba bean, grass pea and small ruminants Regional mandate: wheat and chickpea Soils and waters Small Ruminants Genetic Resources Plant Breeding Crop Management Component research
  5. 5. 5 Bread Wheat Faba bean Barley Lentils Rainfed mm Durum Wheat Chickpea 450 250 Improving rainfed crops
  6. 6. 6 Systems Research 17 % 22 % 58 % 3 % NENA Agricultural Land (2.5 M km2)
  7. 7. 7 • Soil Erosion • No vegetation • No Livelihood • Downstream Flooding Land and Livestock governance Integrated Watershed Management Marab Agriculture 125 mm rainfall 5 T/ha grain 5 T/ha feed
  8. 8. 8 Input-based Intensification • Loss of Soil Fertility • Salinization • Soil Health (Pesticides and Fertilizers) Diversity-based Intensification Water Management
  9. 9. 9 Mechanized Rainfed Agriculture Conservation Agriculture • Loss of soil fertility (organic matter, compaction) • Weeds, pests and diseases • Risky farming Forages and Pulses “De-risking” solutions for farmers
  10. 10. Big data and technologies for Smart Farming Systems Geo-Tagging Satellite data Agro-Tagging Climate data Soil data Water data Topography Demography Ecological data … Mapping Monitoring Targeting Estimating Forecasting Warning Lending Insurance Value chains Carbon-Credits The Big Data Computation Applications AI ML RF IOT Scalability Algorithms Biggest drivers
  11. 11. 11 Level 1: Observation and trend analysis with low data on the ground Cropland Area Cropland Productivity 2014 - 2017 Vegetation Index
  12. 12. 3 billion ha International Agencies 3 million ha Governments 300 k ha Agro-Food industry 30 k ha Advisors Multi-scale knowledge on climate variability (spatial and temporal), soil fertility, water availability and quality and crop responses (yield, water productivity, soil carbon, pests-diseases…) Level 2: Quantification of key indicators for decision making 1.3 ha Farmers
  13. 13. Level 3. Outscaling proven technologies
  14. 14. 14 Level 4: Upscaling to Agri-Food Systems at the National Level RSB Wheat (Feddans) Food Policy Target ? ? ?  Ex ante Multiscale and Multicriteria Assessment of Innovation to inform Policies
  15. 15. A Global Interface A CGIAR Research Center Towards a CGIAR Platform for the Drylands
  16. 16. 16
  17. 17. 17 A systemic crisis Demography Urbanisation Conflicts Climate Change Land Degradation No Future Resilience
  18. 18. 18 Informing research and development investments for sustainable and resilient agri-food systems in the dry lands Research projects Informing strategic thinking and investment in R4D Stakholder capacity building Systemic Innovations Prioritization Ex ante Impact Assessment Cost-Benefit Analysis Outscalling Innovation Re-orient Component Research
  20. 20. 20The DryArc Initiative A Global Interface DryArc: The Interface of the CGIAR for the Drylands CRPs CGIAR Centers Public Sector NARS, ARIS, Univ. Private sector Knowledge management (KMT) Data, maps, climate scenarios (MT) Framework and models for integrated modelling and assessment of agrifood systems in the drylands (IMF) Multi- criteria assessment (MAT) Research projects Informing strategic thinking and investment in R4D Stakholder capacity building Participatory approach (SIT) Proven technologies (“Innovations”) The DryArc Interface: a Combination of Tools for * Benchmarking, * Integrated Assessment * Scaling of Innovations for Dryland Agriculture
  21. 21. 21The DryArc Initiative A Global Interface Six Themes for bilateral projects for the Proof of Concept (2019-2021) Theme Hub Spill-over CGIAR centers involved (tbd) Exploring Sustainable Options for Integrated Desert Farming Systems Egypt GCC ICARDA (AlReef AlMasry, forage, date palm, protected agriculture); WorldFish; ICRISAT (groundnut, sorghum); IFPRI; IWMI Improving Resilience and Productivity of Agro-pastoral Lands in the Face of Climate Change Jordan, lowland Ethiopia Syria, Iraq, Yemen ICARDA (Marab agriculture – barley breeding); ICRISAT (lowland of Ethiopia) Sustainable Intensification of Rainfed Cropping Systems Morocco for MENA; India for South Asia Syria, Iraq, Yemen ICARDA (cereal, legume, forage); ICRISAT Information for Resilience of Irrigated Agriculture Egypt (Delta); Central Asia Syria, Iraq, Yemen IFPRI; ICARDA (crop rotation, raised-bed, IPM); IWMI; WorldFish Land Restoration with Tree-Crop- Livestock Systems Sahel (Niger, Nigeria) Tc had ICRISAT (Sahel) Hotspots of Water Scarcity – Managing Risks in the DryArc Region DryArc region Syria, Iraq, Yemen IWMI; ICARDA; ICRISAT: IFPRI (DryArc Baseline, Report Series)