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Improved livelihoods of small farmers in 
Iraq through integrated pest 
management and organic fertilization. 
(IPM/OF) IF...
GOAL: Improvement of livelihoods and empowerment of 
small farmers through the promotion of sustainable 
agricultural prod...
Project outputs: 
Sustain the date palm-based irrigated production 
systems in Middle and South of Iraq; 
Sustain the wh...
Project sites
Project Partners 
IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development 
ICARDA: BIGM, SEPR, IWLMP, CODIS, CDU 
Partners i...
Preparation for project implementation 
Project inception workshop 
and Steering Committee was 
held at ICARDA 25-27 
Janu...
Iraqi and ICARDA 
Scientists working 
jointly during the 
technical meetings; 
review results and 
plan for future 
activi...
Meeting and visit to 
the field in Erbil in 
the presence of 
IFAD representative 
Rust training course
Production Systems Constraints 
Pests Infestation and their threats 
Date palm based 
production system 
(Middle and South...
Review of available information on 
Date Palm pests and IPM options
Solar insect light traps ( Magna Trap, Russell IPM ) used to Control 
and determine the population density of Oryctes eleg...
No of adults caught/trap 
Main Achievements : 
IPM of Stem borer 
Stem borer and the 
damage it produce
lesser date moth and 
the damage it 
produce 
% of infestation 
IPM of lesser date moth 
Infestation rate (%) of date palm...
Results Highlights 
IPM of Dubas bug in Iraq 
Based in IPM/OF project results in Iraq 
The Ministry of Agriculture has ado...
7 
Estimated increase in farmers' income if farmers in Iraq /at study area shift from chemical control 
to botinical contr...
The application of 30 kg 
compost/tree to date palm 
resulted in nearly 30% 
increase in yield as compared 
with the unfer...
Wheat-Food legumes based system 
(In northern Iraq) 
Sunn Pest causing 
serious wheat yield and 
quality losses 
Wheat rus...
Chickpea 
aschochyta 
blight is 
devastating 
disease 
Resulted 
in 
complete 
crop 
failure
Chickpeas Ascochyta blight and Wilt resistance 
Chickpea genotypes were evaluated for Ascochyta blight 
and Wilt resistanc...
Wheat Rust 
Several wheat rust resistance 
lines were identified by the 
project, are available for the 
national breeding...
Nine farmers’ 
field schools 
were 
established in 
Iraq and 150 
farmers 
benefiting from 
these schools. 
IPM/OF Iraq. I...
Policy recommendations 
(for the use of biopesticide on dubas bug insect) 
Gradual increase in biopesticides to substitute...
Project Publications
Capacity Development
ICARDA Staff of the Year 2011 
Outstanding Research Team 
Name of the Team: IPM/OF project team (IFAD 
funded project in I...
Thank You
Improved livelihoods of small farmers in iraq through integrated pest management and organic fertilization
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Improved livelihoods of small farmers in iraq through integrated pest management and organic fertilization

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Improved livelihoods of small farmers in Iraq through integrated pest management and organic fertilization

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Improved livelihoods of small farmers in iraq through integrated pest management and organic fertilization

  1. 1. Improved livelihoods of small farmers in Iraq through integrated pest management and organic fertilization. (IPM/OF) IFAD Grant 1001-1Q Duration: Five years: 2009 - 2013 Dr. Nasri Haddad, Dr. Hamed Hadwan Annual Consultation Meeting IFAD / ICARDA 21-22 October, 2014 Amman, Jordan
  2. 2. GOAL: Improvement of livelihoods and empowerment of small farmers through the promotion of sustainable agricultural production systems in Iraq PURPOSE: Increased productivity of date palm and cereal-food legume based production systems through adoption by farmers of improved technology packages based on integrated pest management (IPM) and organic fertilization. Budget : 1,185,500 US$
  3. 3. Project outputs: Sustain the date palm-based irrigated production systems in Middle and South of Iraq; Sustain the wheat-food legume based rainfed production system in northern Iraq; Enabling policies and institutional options developed for effective adoption of improved technology packages; Capacities of small farmers, research and extension staff and institutions enhanced
  4. 4. Project sites
  5. 5. Project Partners IFAD: International Fund for Agricultural Development ICARDA: BIGM, SEPR, IWLMP, CODIS, CDU Partners in Iraq: National Center for Organic Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture, agricultural directorates at the target governorates, State Board for Agricultural Research, State Board for Extension Faculties of Agriculture at the Universities of Baghdad, Musel, Sulyamania and Al Anbar. Ministry of Science and Technology Farmers and their associations International Partners Regional IPM Program in the Near East-Project GTFS/REM/070/ITA implemented by FAO. International wheat rust network
  6. 6. Preparation for project implementation Project inception workshop and Steering Committee was held at ICARDA 25-27 January 2009. National inception workshop was organized at the Ministry of Agriculture in Baghdad Three local inception workshops were also organized, one at each of the three project sites
  7. 7. Iraqi and ICARDA Scientists working jointly during the technical meetings; review results and plan for future activities
  8. 8. Meeting and visit to the field in Erbil in the presence of IFAD representative Rust training course
  9. 9. Production Systems Constraints Pests Infestation and their threats Date palm based production system (Middle and South of Iraq) Yield and quality reduced. Due to insect infestation: date moth, Dubas, stem borers, and Ghobar mite.
  10. 10. Review of available information on Date Palm pests and IPM options
  11. 11. Solar insect light traps ( Magna Trap, Russell IPM ) used to Control and determine the population density of Oryctes elegans in Date palm orchards
  12. 12. No of adults caught/trap Main Achievements : IPM of Stem borer Stem borer and the damage it produce
  13. 13. lesser date moth and the damage it produce % of infestation IPM of lesser date moth Infestation rate (%) of date palm fruits with lesser date moth when the following treatments were evaluated: biological agents Bacillus thuregiensis (Bt) applied either dust or spray, and Spinosad (Saccharopolysporaspinosa) and chemical insecticide Deltamethrin as compared to no treatment
  14. 14. Results Highlights IPM of Dubas bug in Iraq Based in IPM/OF project results in Iraq The Ministry of Agriculture has adopted control campaign called (Clean Control Campaign) against Dubas bug by using Neem as a botanical insecticide
  15. 15. 7 Estimated increase in farmers' income if farmers in Iraq /at study area shift from chemical control to botinical control of dubas bug insect on date palm under different market price 5 5 4 3 19 15 14 13 10 20 18 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 600 500 450 400 300 Million US$ Market price IQD per tone Botinical ver Chemical at Study Area Botinical ver Chemical at National Level Economic Assessment
  16. 16. The application of 30 kg compost/tree to date palm resulted in nearly 30% increase in yield as compared with the unfertilized trees. Organic Fertilization
  17. 17. Wheat-Food legumes based system (In northern Iraq) Sunn Pest causing serious wheat yield and quality losses Wheat rust diseases cause serious yield reduction. Sunn pest, Eurygaster integriceps,
  18. 18. Chickpea aschochyta blight is devastating disease Resulted in complete crop failure
  19. 19. Chickpeas Ascochyta blight and Wilt resistance Chickpea genotypes were evaluated for Ascochyta blight and Wilt resistance at a large scale on farmers’ fields. Two resistant/tolerant genotypes (FLIP-05-113c and FLIP-06- 156c) in seed multiplication and release
  20. 20. Wheat Rust Several wheat rust resistance lines were identified by the project, are available for the national breeding program to be utilized for the production of high yielding wheat varieties that are high rust resistant.
  21. 21. Nine farmers’ field schools were established in Iraq and 150 farmers benefiting from these schools. IPM/OF Iraq. IFAD Grant 1001-1Q Farmers' Field schools
  22. 22. Policy recommendations (for the use of biopesticide on dubas bug insect) Gradual increase in biopesticides to substitute chemical pesticides. The current agricultural policy provides substantial subsidies for chemical pesticides. Reducing the subsidy will encourage farmers to look for cheaper alternatives, such as IPM. • Create a new price policy that gives higher prices for organic agricultural products. The current agricultural price policy does not differentiate between organic and non-organic products. It is necessary to create a new price policy that gives premium higher prices for organic agricultural products to encourage their production. • Develop an agricultural extension system which has good knowledge of IPM approaches, in order to be effective in changing farmers’ attitudes and practices.. Farmers’ field schools that were established by the project need to be extended to reach new farmers and new areas. • Raising the awareness of farmers and decision makers in the MoA and other related ministries and institutions regarding the concepts and advantages of IPM • Establishment of a ‘National Center for Agricultural Policy’ is needed. address the policy and institutional issues at the national and provincial levels.
  23. 23. Project Publications
  24. 24. Capacity Development
  25. 25. ICARDA Staff of the Year 2011 Outstanding Research Team Name of the Team: IPM/OF project team (IFAD funded project in Iraq) “Improved livelihoods of small farmers in Iraq through integrated pest management and organic fertilization” Staff Names: ICARDA: Dr. Nasri Haddad, Dr. Mustapha El- Bouhssini, Dr. Seid Kemal, Dr. Kumarse Nizari, Dr. Rolf Sommer, Iraq: Dr. Hamid Hadwan, Dr. Nizar N. Alanbaky, Dr Abdul Sattar Arif Ali, Dr Emad Ghalib Al Maarouf, Dr Ali Karim Altaae, Dr. Ali Fahad, Eng. Hasanein Y. Abdul Raheem and Dr. Mohammed Zaidan Khalaf The Project Awarded ICARDA Award for Outstanding Research Team for 2011  Quality and quantity of scientific outputs  Innovation  Demonstrated synergy in team work
  26. 26. Thank You

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