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How to set priorities and capture market/farmers' needs

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11-14 February 2019. Jodhpur, India. The 13th International Conference on Dryland Development
Presentation by M Bassi, M. Baum:

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How to set priorities and capture market/farmers' needs

  1. 1. International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas icarda.org cgiar.org A CGIAR Research Center How to set priorities and capture market/farmers' needs FM Bassi, M. Baum
  2. 2. icarda.org 2 Varieties not in farmers fields Variety Name Release date Farmers (%) Average Yield (kg/ha) Irrigated (w=17%) Rainfed (w=83%) Karim 1985 19.2 3,559 838 Achtar 1988 18.9 4,024 987 Marchouch 1984 14.1 3,725 893 Marzak 1984 11.4 3,684 728 Amal 1993 9.8 4,026 988 Radia 2005 6.3 5,058 1,113 Arrehane 1996 3.6 4,015 988 Saidi (saada) 1988 3.1 3,800 781 Carioca 2005 2.4 5,092 940 • Even superior varieties fail to be picked up by farmers due to issues in the seed system • It is a combined issue of slow production of G3 seeds, royalties, extension, and monopoly
  3. 3. icarda.org 3 Setting priorities: survey with 32 respondents importance 1. Yield potential (G) 2. Drought tolerance 3. Yield stability (GxE) 4. TKW 5. Leaf Rust 6. Heat tolerance 7. Stem Rust 8. Yellow pigment 9. Gluten strength 10. Yellow Rust
  4. 4. icarda.org 4 Setting priorities: product profiles v1.0 • Since 2016 (IDYT40th) two major product profiles aligned with ICARDA’s strategy: • Food security: disease resistances, stability, and large grains for village markets • Poverty alleviation: top industrial quality, yield potential and drought tolerance, but do not have a strong disease package.
  5. 5. icarda.org 5 What “we” understand of a product line CGIAR breeder set goals Works with colleagues to develop a variety that fits Provides it to national partners for selection Release Push it on the market through farmers demo Seed companies commercialize it Industry tries to adapt to its use Feedback Feedback • It relies on the ability of the breeder to set the right goals • It relies on the ability of the users to provide feedback to the breeders • This worked ok for the first 40-60 years, but it has encountered some issues recently • Of course: breeders' decisions are not the only issue in the system • We asked the question: do breeders and farmers goals align?
  6. 6. icarda.org 6 What “we” should understand of a product line CGIAR breeder work with partners to deliver Work with colleagues to develop a variety that fits National breeders capture all inputs and defines a product line Release Farmers survey as “new” participatory approach Seed companies express preferences Industry provides preferences • It avoids waste of energy • It ensures all goals are met • Selection indexes can be applied in an objective manner Pathologists, entomologists, genetic resources, pre- breeders, biotech, agronomy, quality experts, …
  7. 7. icarda.org 7 Setting priorities: Product Profiles (PP) v2.0 • Capture more complexity: food uses, phenologies, farm type, and combinations of traits • In January 2019, we held the first EiB Product profile meeting • Poverty reduction: prioritize PP on large extension with potential of sellable harvest • Food security: prioritize PP on small extension with many families

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