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East -West Africa Lowland Regional Gender Workshop in North Sudan
1
KENYA MAP SHOWING POTENTIAL WHEAT ZONES
2East -West Africa Lowland Regional Gender Workshop in North Sudan
Introduction
 Wheat is the second most important
cereal crop after maize in terms of
production and consumption in Kenya....
Introduction..
 80% of the wheat production is by large
scale farmers (20%) while small-scale
farmers (80%) produce 20%.
...
Why Wheat Seed Production?..
 Inadequate access to improved wheat
varieties by small-scale farmers.
 Unavailability of q...
Understanding Gender
6East -West Africa Lowland Regional Gender Workshop in North Sudan
What is Gender?..
• Gender is defined as a social
relationship between men and
women, that is determined by
society
• The ...
What is Gender?..
• In nearly all cases, the relationship is
unequal in terms of labour, access to
and control over resour...
Why Gender in Wheat Seed
Production?..
 We need equal opportunities and
participation in, and benefit from
agricultural p...
Why Gender in Wheat Seed
Production?..
 It involves identifying and removing
constraints that may affect the
participatio...
The Basic Principle
 Balance the involvement of females and males in
all agricultural related activities or issues
11East...
Farmers
Researchers
 Information captured at farmer’s level, disaggregated
by sex
 Methodologies for participatory gende...
Gender Profile in Wheat seed
value chains
Participation in the wheat value
chains is gendered in regard to:
• Who produces...
Small Scale Gender Differentiation
Roles in Wheat Production in Kenya
Female Farmers Male Farmers
 Weed weeds
 Fetch wat...
Gender Statistics in Wheat Seed
Production
90%
10%
15East -West Africa Lowland Regional Gender Workshop in North Sudan
Differentiated Gender Groups within
3 Districts
East -West Africa Lowland Regional Gender Workshop in North Sudan 16
Buuri...
East -West Africa Lowland Regional Gender Workshop in North Sudan 17
Engendered Graphical Statistics by Districts of
Small...
Success Story – Toa Jasho
Women SHG
 The group planted 13 acres of
wheat seed in July 2013.
 Harvested 260 bag/90kg
 So...
Success Story – Farmers SHG
 The farmers
bought dairy
cow, sheep and
renovated zero
grazing unit.
 They increased
acreag...
Cross Cutting Issues
 Gender mainstreaming - groups
involved in wheat seed production are
required to have at least 30% o...
Cross Cutting Issues..
 Farmer groups trained on safe and
effective use of pesticides including
protective gears and safe...
Achievements
 Potential for increased wheat productivity
in project areas (1.8 to 3.5 tons per
hectare) through dissemina...
Way Forward
…are we walking the GENDER talk?!
23East -West Africa Lowland Regional Gender Workshop in North Sudan
24East -West Africa Lowland Regional Gender Workshop in North Sudan
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Gender in SARD-SC: Kenya

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Gender in SARD-SC: Kenya

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Gender in SARD-SC: Kenya

  1. 1. East -West Africa Lowland Regional Gender Workshop in North Sudan 1
  2. 2. KENYA MAP SHOWING POTENTIAL WHEAT ZONES 2East -West Africa Lowland Regional Gender Workshop in North Sudan
  3. 3. Introduction  Wheat is the second most important cereal crop after maize in terms of production and consumption in Kenya.  It contributes significantly to the country’s food security and livelihood support. 3East- West Africa Lowland Regional Gender Workshop in North Sudan
  4. 4. Introduction..  80% of the wheat production is by large scale farmers (20%) while small-scale farmers (80%) produce 20%.  Average annual national production is 400,000 tons while consumption is 1 million tons.  Per capita wheat consumption is increasing by 4% per annum. 4East -West Africa Lowland Regional Gender Workshop in North Sudan
  5. 5. Why Wheat Seed Production?..  Inadequate access to improved wheat varieties by small-scale farmers.  Unavailability of quality seed to small- scale farmers leading to use of recycled seeds.  Unavailability of appropriate smallholder machinery, equipment and implements.  Emerging and spread of new diseases (e.g. stem rust, Ug99) and insect pests. 5East -West Africa Lowland Regional Gender Workshop in North Sudan
  6. 6. Understanding Gender 6East -West Africa Lowland Regional Gender Workshop in North Sudan
  7. 7. What is Gender?.. • Gender is defined as a social relationship between men and women, that is determined by society • The relations refer to a complex system through which women and men are socialized • These relations determine access to power and resources 7East -West Africa Lowland Regional Gender Workshop in North Sudan
  8. 8. What is Gender?.. • In nearly all cases, the relationship is unequal in terms of labour, access to and control over resources, benefits and overall power relations • Because gender is socially constructed, it varies within and between cultures and also over time • Since gender relations are constructed socially and can be changed over time: We need to look for systematic approach to reduce existing gender > equality gaps within Research and Society 8East -West Africa Lowland Regional Gender Workshop in North Sudan
  9. 9. Why Gender in Wheat Seed Production?..  We need equal opportunities and participation in, and benefit from agricultural production and development initiatives for both women and men, to achieve gender balance  A situation where men and women are seen to be equal, provided with equal opportunities in the society, enjoying equal benefits and are treated the same before the law 9East- West Africa Lowland Regional Gender Workshop in North Sudan
  10. 10. Why Gender in Wheat Seed Production?..  It involves identifying and removing constraints that may affect the participation and/or benefit of women and men from the agricultural / development processes. 10East -West Africa Lowland Regional Gender Workshop in North Sudan
  11. 11. The Basic Principle  Balance the involvement of females and males in all agricultural related activities or issues 11East West Africa Lowland Regional Gender Workshop in North Sudan
  12. 12. Farmers Researchers  Information captured at farmer’s level, disaggregated by sex  Methodologies for participatory gender analysis tools and gender disaggregated data…done  Capacity building in conceptual and gender analysis 12East-West Africa Lowland Regional Gender Workshop in North Sudan
  13. 13. Gender Profile in Wheat seed value chains Participation in the wheat value chains is gendered in regard to: • Who produces what wheat? • Who does what role along the wheat value chain? • Who has access to and control over the resources? • Who has access to and control over benefits? • Who makes what decisions? 13East -West Africa Lowland Regional Gender Workshop in North Sudan
  14. 14. Small Scale Gender Differentiation Roles in Wheat Production in Kenya Female Farmers Male Farmers  Weed weeds  Fetch water for spraying  Cut by hand- Sickle  Thresh by hand  Winnow  Dress (Post-harvest)  Spray Chemicals  Carry dressed seed to store  Market East -West Africa Lowland Regional Gender Workshop in North Sudan 14
  15. 15. Gender Statistics in Wheat Seed Production 90% 10% 15East -West Africa Lowland Regional Gender Workshop in North Sudan
  16. 16. Differentiated Gender Groups within 3 Districts East -West Africa Lowland Regional Gender Workshop in North Sudan 16 Buuri District Kieni West District Nyandarua District All Women 3 0 0 All Men 0 1 0 Mixed Groups 2 3 3 3 0 00 1 0 2 3 3 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5
  17. 17. East -West Africa Lowland Regional Gender Workshop in North Sudan 17 Engendered Graphical Statistics by Districts of Small Scale Wheat Farmer Groups Buuri District Kieni West District Nyandarua Central Distrcit Female 200 11 15 Male 40 60 24 0 50 100 150 200 250 Note: In Buuri District, female farmers were more in groups than male farmers. This was because they had started the groups to feed their families hence progressed to being business groups.
  18. 18. Success Story – Toa Jasho Women SHG  The group planted 13 acres of wheat seed in July 2013.  Harvested 260 bag/90kg  Sold 180 bags from 9 acres.  Kept 80 bags/90 for next season.  The group earned Kshs. 885,000 from the seed sales.  Group members received Kshs. 20,000 each from the sales. 18East -West Africa Lowland Regional Gender Workshop in North Sudan
  19. 19. Success Story – Farmers SHG  The farmers bought dairy cow, sheep and renovated zero grazing unit.  They increased acreage from 13 acres (5.2 Ha) in 2013 to 49 acres (19.6 Ha) in 2014. 19East -West Africa Lowland Regional Gender Workshop in North Sudan
  20. 20. Cross Cutting Issues  Gender mainstreaming - groups involved in wheat seed production are required to have at least 30% of either gender. In capacity building it is ensured that both gender are represented.  Environmental issues – Farmers sensitized on good agricultural practices, soil and water management. 20East -West Africa Lowland Regional Gender Workshop in North Sudan
  21. 21. Cross Cutting Issues..  Farmer groups trained on safe and effective use of pesticides including protective gears and safe disposal of containers.  Child labor - farmer groups sensitized on hiring labor from adults above 18 years of age.  Risk misuse of resources i.e. Were encouraged each to open Bank Accounts for their safe keeping of money 21East -West Africa Lowland Regional Gender Workshop in North Sudan
  22. 22. Achievements  Potential for increased wheat productivity in project areas (1.8 to 3.5 tons per hectare) through dissemination of improved varieties, crop management practices and seed production.  Increased demand for improved wheat seed in the project areas mostly women adoption.  Strong collaboration and linkages amongst wheat stakeholders (farmers, MOALF, KALRO, KEPHIS, Agro-dealers). 22East- West Africa Lowland Regional Gender Workshop in North Sudan
  23. 23. Way Forward …are we walking the GENDER talk?! 23East -West Africa Lowland Regional Gender Workshop in North Sudan
  24. 24. 24East -West Africa Lowland Regional Gender Workshop in North Sudan

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