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Experiences and vision of FAO
on surveillance and
management of wheat rust
diseases
F. Dusunceli1, W. Khoury2, H. Muminjan...
FAO: Mission
 Contribute to the achievement of food
security and eradication of hunger
 Normative work in food and agric...
Emergency Prevention System (EMPRES)
 All agriculture and food related areas,
 Food Chain Crisis Management Framework:
...
Objectives:
 Prevention, preparedness & management
 Technical support,
 International collaboration,
Partners:
BGRI / C...
Awareness raising
and policy:
-Workshops;
- Contingency planning
Surveillance:
- Global rust Monitoring
System
- National ...
Experiences: Farmer training
 Farmer Field Schools, Farmer Study Groups,
field days and demonstrations were effective,
 ...
 Slow registration processes and replacement,
 Limited publicity,
 Resistance not always considered as priority,
 Seed...
Seeds: Challenges
 Resistance is not given enough emphasis (awareness, better
publicity means and incentives could help),...
Awareness raising
 Many government institutions do
not pay attention to rusts,
 Awareness raising is essential at all
le...
Contingency Planning ?
Purpose:
 Integrated planning ahead of crisis / epidemics for
prevention and rapid response
 Deve...
Contingency planning:Things to consider
 Engagement of all relevant stakeholders and
institutions, identification of thei...
Institutional Coordination
National rust
managemen
t committee
Technical
committee
(Task force)
Regional
committees
(Task ...
 Support to Global Rust Monitoring
System,
 Collaboration with CIMMYT, ICARDA
and AARHUS University on Global
Rust Monit...
Why go mobile?
Rapid response requires
 Effective coordination and planning,
 Speedy access to field information,
 Wide...
How far ?
How many times ?
How many districts ?
Surveying for rusts !
Surveying for rusts
Mobile surveillance tool
SMS: WHT YR20 ABCD
The system
Structure
 SMS gateway tool and software,
 An operation unit based at Ministry,
 Network of
 extension offi...
Findings
IMMEDIATE
DISPLAY
WARNINGS:
- SMS
- MAIL
FILE &
STORE
Yellow rust development - 2013
Search / reporting tool
2014 !
More than a survey system !
 Utilization of extension offices in districts,
 Real time access to field data,
 Exchange ...
Future prospects
 Adaptation possible,
 Can accommodate other pests and diseases,
 Can be considered as a component of ...
F.dusunceli.yr.symposium.izmir4.ppt
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F.dusunceli.yr.symposium.izmir4.ppt

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F.dusunceli.yr.symposium.izmir4.ppt

  1. 1. Experiences and vision of FAO on surveillance and management of wheat rust diseases F. Dusunceli1, W. Khoury2, H. Muminjanov3, A. Nersisyan4, S. Aldobai5, N. Birisik6, M. Sahin6, S. Selcuk6, T. Asikoglu3, Z. Mert7, K. Akan7, K.Nazari8, D.Hodson9 Food and Agriculture Organization
  2. 2. FAO: Mission  Contribute to the achievement of food security and eradication of hunger  Normative work in food and agriculture (Agreements, standards, regulations …),  Technical assistance (Pest and pesticide management, IPM),  Emergency prevention support.
  3. 3. Emergency Prevention System (EMPRES)  All agriculture and food related areas,  Food Chain Crisis Management Framework:  Food related risks; Animal health; Plant health  Includes Transboundary Plant Pests and Diseases Objectives  Prevention  Surveillance – alerts  Awareness - Preparedness  Timely response
  4. 4. Objectives:  Prevention, preparedness & management  Technical support,  International collaboration, Partners: BGRI / Cornell University; CIMMYT; ICARDA; IFAD; AARHUS University; National Governments and Institutions Donors: IFAD; Cornell University / BMGF; USDA; FAO / Italy Cooperative Programme; Spanish Trust Fund Wheat Rust Disease Global Programme
  5. 5. Awareness raising and policy: -Workshops; - Contingency planning Surveillance: - Global rust Monitoring System - National surveys - Early warning Farmer training & extension: - Farming Field Schools, - Farmer Study Groups - Field Days Capacity Building: -Greenhouse, Laboratory, field capacity improvement support; -Training of experts Regional and International Collaboration: - Conferences, symposiums - Travelling workshops Seed systems: -Promotion of use of resistant cultivars -Variety registration Components of the programme
  6. 6. Experiences: Farmer training  Farmer Field Schools, Farmer Study Groups, field days and demonstrations were effective,  Interactions with experts and farmer-to- farmer knowledge exchange,  Education level / illiteracy major problem,  Sustainability, scale up, commitments !
  7. 7.  Slow registration processes and replacement,  Limited publicity,  Resistance not always considered as priority,  Seed availability,  Cost and accessibility, Seeds: Major constraints Preference, speed and scale!
  8. 8. Seeds: Challenges  Resistance is not given enough emphasis (awareness, better publicity means and incentives could help),  Formal seed systems are not strong everywhere (support needed also for informal seed production),  Extension systems and institutions weak (capacity development, training needed on technology transfer)  Engagement of farmer organizations, cooperatives and (Capacity development, policy support, incentives ..)  Seed availability and cost (support mechanisms for certified seeds?)
  9. 9. Awareness raising  Many government institutions do not pay attention to rusts,  Awareness raising is essential at all levels emphasizing the essential elements, - Coordination - Surveillance - Cultivar resistance - Seed systems - Rapid response
  10. 10. Contingency Planning ? Purpose:  Integrated planning ahead of crisis / epidemics for prevention and rapid response  Develop a strategic long term vision and identify prioritized actions,  A process to find answers to a number of questions:  What are strengths and challenges?  What to do?  How to?  With whom ?  With what ?  Coordination / Process ?
  11. 11. Contingency planning:Things to consider  Engagement of all relevant stakeholders and institutions, identification of their roles and coordination arrangements,  Establishment of a platform for information exchange, evaluation and decision making,  Situation analysis and identification of strengths and gaps,  Development of a collective action plan for rapid response
  12. 12. Institutional Coordination National rust managemen t committee Technical committee (Task force) Regional committees (Task forces) Themes / Task forces and leads Planning, monitoring and finance Surveillance and early warning Research and cultivar development Variety registration Seed production and distribution Fungicide use and IPM Farmer training and extension International collaboration
  13. 13.  Support to Global Rust Monitoring System,  Collaboration with CIMMYT, ICARDA and AARHUS University on Global Rust Monitoring system,  Support to countries for field surveys,  Speedy surveys for rapid response! Surveillance
  14. 14. Why go mobile? Rapid response requires  Effective coordination and planning,  Speedy access to field information,  Wide coverage,  Early warning and decision making,  Field data must be  Reliable  Readily available
  15. 15. How far ? How many times ? How many districts ? Surveying for rusts !
  16. 16. Surveying for rusts
  17. 17. Mobile surveillance tool SMS: WHT YR20 ABCD
  18. 18. The system Structure  SMS gateway tool and software,  An operation unit based at Ministry,  Network of  extension officers in districts  researchers at institutes Procedure:  Presence and species of rusts in fields,  Percentage of infected plants,  Any other relevant information such as field size or name of the cultivar.
  19. 19. Findings IMMEDIATE DISPLAY WARNINGS: - SMS - MAIL FILE & STORE
  20. 20. Yellow rust development - 2013
  21. 21. Search / reporting tool
  22. 22. 2014 !
  23. 23. More than a survey system !  Utilization of extension offices in districts,  Real time access to field data,  Exchange of information among extension, offices, operation unit, research institutes and relevant authorities,  Early warning and decision-making tool to facilitate timely interventions,  Assists research institutions to design their scientific surveys in the most appropriate locations and routes,
  24. 24. Future prospects  Adaptation possible,  Can accommodate other pests and diseases,  Can be considered as a component of wider crop monitoring systems,  Effective tool for rapid response,  Information sharing, coordination and collaboration platform for research, crop protection and extension institutions.

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