Experiences and vision of FAO
on surveillance and
management of wheat rust
F. Dusunceli1, W. Khoury2, H. Muminjanov3, A.
Nersisyan4, S. Aldobai5, N. Birisik6, M. Sahin6, S.
Selcuk6, T. Asikoglu3, Z. Mert7, K. Akan7,
Food and Agriculture Organization
Contribute to the achievement of food
security and eradication of hunger
Normative work in food and agriculture
(Agreements, standards, regulations …),
Technical assistance (Pest and pesticide
Emergency prevention support.
Emergency Prevention System (EMPRES)
All agriculture and food related areas,
Food Chain Crisis Management Framework:
Food related risks; Animal health; Plant health
Includes Transboundary Plant Pests and Diseases
Surveillance – alerts
Awareness - Preparedness
Prevention, preparedness & management
BGRI / Cornell University;
CIMMYT; ICARDA; IFAD;
National Governments and Institutions
Donors: IFAD; Cornell University / BMGF; USDA; FAO / Italy
Cooperative Programme; Spanish Trust Fund
Wheat Rust Disease Global Programme
- Contingency planning
- Global rust Monitoring
- National surveys
- Early warning
Farmer training &
- Farming Field Schools,
- Farmer Study Groups
- Field Days
-Greenhouse, Laboratory, field
capacity improvement support;
-Training of experts
Regional and International
- Conferences, symposiums
- Travelling workshops
-Promotion of use of
Components of the programme
Experiences: Farmer training
Farmer Field Schools, Farmer Study Groups,
field days and demonstrations were effective,
Interactions with experts and farmer-to-
farmer knowledge exchange,
Education level / illiteracy major problem,
Sustainability, scale up, commitments !
Slow registration processes and replacement,
Resistance not always considered as priority,
Cost and accessibility,
Seeds: Major constraints
Resistance is not given enough emphasis (awareness, better
publicity means and incentives could help),
Formal seed systems are not strong everywhere (support
needed also for informal seed production),
Extension systems and institutions weak (capacity
development, training needed on technology transfer)
Engagement of farmer organizations, cooperatives and
(Capacity development, policy support, incentives ..)
Seed availability and cost (support mechanisms for certified
Many government institutions do
not pay attention to rusts,
Awareness raising is essential at all
levels emphasizing the essential
- Cultivar resistance
- Seed systems
- Rapid response
Contingency Planning ?
Integrated planning ahead of crisis / epidemics for
prevention and rapid response
Develop a strategic long term vision and identify prioritized
A process to find answers to a number of questions:
What are strengths and challenges?
What to do?
With whom ?
With what ?
Coordination / Process ?
Contingency planning:Things to consider
Engagement of all relevant stakeholders and
institutions, identification of their roles and
Establishment of a platform for information
exchange, evaluation and decision making,
Situation analysis and identification of
strengths and gaps,
Development of a collective action plan for
Themes / Task forces and leads
Planning, monitoring and finance
Surveillance and early warning
Research and cultivar development
Seed production and distribution
Fungicide use and IPM
Farmer training and extension
Support to Global Rust Monitoring
Collaboration with CIMMYT, ICARDA
and AARHUS University on Global
Rust Monitoring system,
Support to countries for field
Speedy surveys for rapid response!
Why go mobile?
Rapid response requires
Effective coordination and planning,
Speedy access to field information,
Early warning and decision making,
Field data must be
How far ?
How many times ?
How many districts ?
Surveying for rusts !
SMS gateway tool and software,
An operation unit based at Ministry,
extension officers in districts
researchers at institutes
Presence and species of rusts in fields,
Percentage of infected plants,
Any other relevant information such as field size or name
of the cultivar.
More than a survey system !
Utilization of extension offices in districts,
Real time access to field data,
Exchange of information among extension,
offices, operation unit, research institutes and
Early warning and decision-making tool to
facilitate timely interventions,
Assists research institutions to design their
scientific surveys in the most appropriate
locations and routes,
Can accommodate other pests and diseases,
Can be considered as a component of wider crop
Effective tool for rapid response,
Information sharing, coordination and
collaboration platform for research, crop
protection and extension institutions.