Effective inter-regional networking:
A roadmap to mitigate rust epidemics
2nd. INTERNATIONAL WHEAT STRIPE RUST SYMPOSIUM
R...
2002 APS-Annual Meeting Milwaukee, 7/31,02
Virulence of wheat yellow (stripe) rust disease
in Western and Central Asia
Ide...
Virulence trends;
Yr 9 (1980’s)
Yr 27 (2009-2010)
Yr??
Lesson learned
Ug99 east-west movement
Yr9 east-west movement
1. Ea...
ICWIP
Examples of Yellow Rust Epidemics
Frequent reoccurrences
Wider areas
Noticeable production
losses
Yellow (Stripe) ru...
Regional Rust Networks
Nile Valley and Red Sea
Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan, and Yemen
West Asia Rust Network
Lebanon, Iran, Ira...
Cereal Rust Net Work
NVRS-Cereal Rust Net work
WA-Cereal Rust Net Work
Objectives:
 Monitor virulence changes
 Identif...
ICWIP
Meeting the Challenge of Yellow Rust in Cereal Crops
Regional YR Conferences
 Iran (2001),
 Pakistan (2004),
 Uzb...
Conference Proceedings
“Meeting the Challenges of Yellow Rust in Cereal Crops”.
Regional Yellow Rust Network
 Proceedings...
Regional rust networks focused
Race analyses at limited locations,
Surveillance (trap nurseries)
Resistance gene effective...
Regional Yellow Rust Network
Yellow Rust Global Reference Center
GRRC- AARHUS, Denmark (2008)
 Complement the field surve...
Desert Locus & Wheat Rusts
2. Trans-boundary Pests
Lesson learned
2008: FAO’s Wheat Rust Disease Global Programme
(WRDGP)
The Way ahead
A roadmap to mitigate rust epidemics
Build on the success & understand the limitation
Progress made in CAC-Countries thru. resistance breeding
Yuna, Intensivnay
a
Spartanka, Berme
t,
Mirbashir, Dostyk,
Sanzar...
BOOM
BUST
Wheat Rust
Why so much focus on wheat rust ?
Stem rust 50’s
Ug99 + as of 2000..
Virulence Yr6, 7, 8 late 70 ’s
V...
ICWIP
Green Bridge:
Wheat crop all Year
 Important overlap periods
in East Africa, Yemen, CWA
• Winter & Spring wheat (C...
1999
2005
Ug99 Spread 1999-2007
Shifting directions
NASA 2006
A roadmap to mitigate rust epidemics
A roadmap to mitigate rust epidemics
East-West Movement Dominant
but other pathway possible
White bucking bull movement
 Surveillance (especially by national
governments, NGO’s ),
A roadmap to mitigate rust epidemics
Sustainable Funding
 Es...
Wheat area
(1000 ha)
 93.9
 25.0
 3-5
 10-17
Rust East-West Movement
Key Entry Point “Bab Al Mandab”
A roadmap to miti...
 Better collaboration
(Research, plant protection, and
extension Services within countries
)
A roadmap to mitigate rust e...
A roadmap to mitigate rust epidemics
 Enhance development and release of resistant Varieties
Effective inter-regional net...
BGRI and Borlaug Summit
THANK YOU
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Amor yahyaoui 2nd. iws izmir 2014

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Amor yahyaoui 2nd. iws izmir 2014

  1. 1. Effective inter-regional networking: A roadmap to mitigate rust epidemics 2nd. INTERNATIONAL WHEAT STRIPE RUST SYMPOSIUM REGIONAL CEREAL RUST RESEARCH CENTER, IZMIR, TURKEY APRIL 28-MAY 01, 2014 Amor Yahyaoui Global Wheat Program-CIMMYT A roadmap to avert rust epidemics
  2. 2. 2002 APS-Annual Meeting Milwaukee, 7/31,02 Virulence of wheat yellow (stripe) rust disease in Western and Central Asia Identification of Resistance to Rusts in Wheat Wild Relatives 2003 APS Annual Meeting Charlotte, NC 8/13, 03 Effective inter-regional networking: A roadmap to mitigate rust epidemics 2nd. International Wheat Stripe Rust Symposium, Izmir 4/28-5/1, 14 Conferences & Target Audience
  3. 3. Virulence trends; Yr 9 (1980’s) Yr 27 (2009-2010) Yr?? Lesson learned Ug99 east-west movement Yr9 east-west movement 1. East-West Rust movement
  4. 4. ICWIP Examples of Yellow Rust Epidemics Frequent reoccurrences Wider areas Noticeable production losses Yellow (Stripe) rust is recognized since long time as a major disease of wheat. Lesson learned
  5. 5. Regional Rust Networks Nile Valley and Red Sea Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan, and Yemen West Asia Rust Network Lebanon, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Pakistan, Syria Central Asia & Caucasus net Work Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan North Africa Rust Network Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia Lesson learned
  6. 6. Cereal Rust Net Work NVRS-Cereal Rust Net work WA-Cereal Rust Net Work Objectives:  Monitor virulence changes  Identify new sources of res.  Strengthen NARS capabilities  Develop warning system- Defeated genes Net work activities: Monitoring of CRTN-CWA Annual disease survey Individual training Cereal Rust Collaborative Research in CWANA CAC-Cereal Rust Net Work NA-Cereal Rust Net Work Ref. ICARDA 2002 RCM-NVRS Lesson learned
  7. 7. ICWIP Meeting the Challenge of Yellow Rust in Cereal Crops Regional YR Conferences  Iran (2001),  Pakistan (2004),  Uzbekistan (2006),  Turkey (2009) Regional Conferences on Yellow Rust  Launched by ICARDA in 2001  Discuss, review countries info on YR  update rust networks plan of work Regional yellow rust conference in Iran, May 8-14, 2001 Regional Yellow Rust Network Lesson learned Inter. WSR Symp.  1st.Syria 2011,  2nd.Turkey 2014
  8. 8. Conference Proceedings “Meeting the Challenges of Yellow Rust in Cereal Crops”. Regional Yellow Rust Network  Proceedings First Regional Yellow Rust Conference for Central and West Asia and North Africa (eds 2002): R. Johnson, A. Yahyaoui, C. Wellings, A, Saidi and H. Ketata). 8-14 May 2001, Karaj, Iran  Proceedings of the Regional Conferences on Yellow Rust in the Central and West Asia and North Africa (CWANA) Region 2nd (Islamabad, Pakistan 2004), 3rd (Tashkent, Uzbekistan 2006) and 4th (Antalya, Turkey 2009 ) (eds 2012); Amor Yahyaoui and Sanjaya Rajaram) Lesson learned www.icarda.org/striperust2014
  9. 9. Regional rust networks focused Race analyses at limited locations, Surveillance (trap nurseries) Resistance gene effectiveness Training Regional Yellow Rust Network Lesson learned
  10. 10. Regional Yellow Rust Network Yellow Rust Global Reference Center GRRC- AARHUS, Denmark (2008)  Complement the field surveillance  Assist in race analysis (countries lacking facilities)  Confirming reports of new races  Train NARS scientists. DANIDA Project Lesson learned
  11. 11. Desert Locus & Wheat Rusts 2. Trans-boundary Pests Lesson learned 2008: FAO’s Wheat Rust Disease Global Programme (WRDGP)
  12. 12. The Way ahead A roadmap to mitigate rust epidemics Build on the success & understand the limitation
  13. 13. Progress made in CAC-Countries thru. resistance breeding Yuna, Intensivnay a Spartanka, Berme t, Mirbashir, Dostyk, Sanzar8… 2002: Dustlik (Uz) 2004: Azametli95; Nurlu99 (AZ), Zubkov (Ky) 2005: Almira, Djamin (Ky); 2006: Armcin(Ar) Gobustan(Az) 2007: Alex, Norman (Tj) Egemen(Kz) 36 Varieties submitted for registration in 2009 1999 2007 Turkey-CIMMYT-ICARDA Inter. Winter Wheat Improvement Program. Untold story: Success’s Of TCI-WFWW
  14. 14. BOOM BUST Wheat Rust Why so much focus on wheat rust ? Stem rust 50’s Ug99 + as of 2000.. Virulence Yr6, 7, 8 late 70 ’s Virulence Yr9-1990’s Virulence Yr27-2010 BGRI new dimension for international collaboration in containing the spread of new pathogen races New rust races evolving…
  15. 15. ICWIP Green Bridge: Wheat crop all Year  Important overlap periods in East Africa, Yemen, CWA • Winter & Spring wheat (CA) • Continuous planting in EA & Yemen A roadmap to mitigate rust epidemics Rust Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug YR Alg. Mor. Tun F +/- Eth, Erit F + S + Yemen S + F + Egypt S + Syria F + Turkey F + S Azerbaijan F + S Uzbekistan F + Central Asia W. Asia Caucasus Vegetative Period GHCountry Horn of Africa N.Valley Maghreb
  16. 16. 1999 2005 Ug99 Spread 1999-2007 Shifting directions NASA 2006 A roadmap to mitigate rust epidemics
  17. 17. A roadmap to mitigate rust epidemics East-West Movement Dominant but other pathway possible White bucking bull movement
  18. 18.  Surveillance (especially by national governments, NGO’s ), A roadmap to mitigate rust epidemics Sustainable Funding  Establishment of a permanent surveillance post in Yemen (Early detection/interception of east-west rust spore movement)  Enhance training on breeding, pathology, and physiology, …  Regional Cereal Rust Research and Global Reference Centers
  19. 19. Wheat area (1000 ha)  93.9  25.0  3-5  10-17 Rust East-West Movement Key Entry Point “Bab Al Mandab” A roadmap to mitigate rust epidemics: Yemen Gate ? ?
  20. 20.  Better collaboration (Research, plant protection, and extension Services within countries ) A roadmap to mitigate rust epidemics Collaboration & Awareness  Revisit seed production and distribution systems (New ways to permit rapid replacement of susceptible varieties)  Enhance’ participation (Farmers and relevant private organizations)  Raise awareness (Stakeholders: Policy makers, Extension, Farmers, Private sectors, NGO
  21. 21. A roadmap to mitigate rust epidemics  Enhance development and release of resistant Varieties Effective inter-regional networking The strength of a Chain depends on its weakest link TAKE IT TO THE FARMER  Reduction of areas planted to Susceptible varieties (a must)  Promote national, regional and international cooperation.  Advocate good sciences  New generation of breeders, pathologists, etc..  Enhance R&D research (Integrated crop pest management)
  22. 22. BGRI and Borlaug Summit THANK YOU

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