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Achievements and Key Findings (Syria)

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Achievements and Key Findings (Syria)

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Achievements and Key Findings (Syria)

  1. 1. N. JOUNI M. HAYEK A. HIJAZI M. DOGHOZ PROGRAM FOR THE DEVELOPMENT AND DISSEMINATION OF SUSTAINABLE IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT IN OLIVE GROWING ACHIEVEMENTS AND KEY FINDINGS - SYRIA 2010-2014 PROJECT FINAL MEETING MARRAKECH OCTOBER 8-10, 2014
  2. 2. Objectives: Determining olive water requirement for different irrigation treatments Find out irrigation efficiency and water use efficiency Study the relationship between yield and water for the different treatments
  3. 3. Year Location Treatment Water applied (mm) Olive yield (kg/ha) Water productivity (kg/m3 applied) Oil yield (kg/ha) Sorani cv. Jlout cv. Sorani cv. Jlout cv. Sorani cv. Jlout cv. 2011 Daraa research station 100% ETc 230 12012 9282 5.18 4.03 50% ETc 115 9360 7644 8.12 6.63 Rainfed 316 4375 Daraa farmer's field 100% ETc 256 12250 4.78 50% ETc 128 9950 7.75 2012 Daraa research station 100% CWR 678 11076 9984 1.63 1.47 2437 1268 50% CWR 515 9828 7956 1.91 1.54 2345 1218 Rainfed 353 7368 4056 2.09 1.15 1178 769 Daraa farmer's field 100% CWR 695 9100 1.31 2067 50% CWR 524 7400 1.41 1810 Rainfed 353 3900 1.10 1065 2013 Daraa research station 100% CWR 700 9984 8892 1.42 1.27 2671 1010 50% CWR 558 8580 7332 1.53 1.31 2544 928 Rainfed 416 4836 4056 1.16 0.98 1103 497 Daraa farmer's field 100% CWR 715 7500 1.05 1751 50% CWR 565 6400 1.13 1648 Rainfed 416 3600 0.87 908
  4. 4. Jlout cv. Yields increased by 81% (from 4,446 kg/ha under rainfed treatment to 8,060 kg/ha under 50% CWR treatment) when 142 mm of irrigation was applied (in addition to 416 mm rainfall) by drip system; A further increase of 1,690 kg/ha (21%) was achieved by applying additional 142 mm of irrigation (100% CWR) in addition to the rainfall KEY FINDINGS
  5. 5. Sorani cv. Yields increased by 78% (from 4,816 kg/ha under rainfed treatment to 8,586 kg/ha under 50% CWR treatment) when 142 mm of irrigation was applied (in addition to 416 mm rainfall) by drip system; A further increase of 1,734 kg/ha (20%) was achieved by applying additional 142 mm of irrigation (100% CWR) in addition to the rainfall KEY FINDINGS
  6. 6.  An increase of 85% in olive oil yield when farmer switched from rainfed treatment to 50% CWR treatment. For rainfed treatment, the farmer earned SYP 57,328/ha (USD382/ha). Whereas, for 50% CWR treatment, farmer earned SYP115,500 (USD770/ha). A profit increase of 101%.  Input costs in case of 100% CWR treatment were higher. Yields too are higher but the net profit was not as high as the 50% CWR treatment.  Switching from rainfed to 100% CWR treatment, increased profit by 52% with an oil yield increase of 93%. Farmer earned SYP87,530 (USD584) per hectare for 100% CWR treatment compared to only SYP57,328 (USD382) per hectare for rainfed treatment. COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS
  7. 7. Presently 695,711 ha area is under olive plantation Based on project results, if 25% of this area (173,928 ha) starts applying supplemental irrigation, there will yield increase of 119% (922,514 ton) for Jlout variety and 114% (957,392 ton) increase for Sorani variety. At USD 0.7/kg olive, this translates into approx. USD 646 million additional income for Jlout variety and USD 670 million for Sorani variety. OUT-SCALING PROJECTIONS
  8. 8. Training Courses and Technology Dissemination
  9. 9. March 10-14, 2013: Training course for 15 extension agents from GCSAR-Daraa on irrigation water management for olive growing June 16-20, 2013: Training course for 15 extension agents from GCSAR-Daraa and Extension Directorate on irrigation water management for olive growing February 9-13, 2014: Training course on increasing olive trees’ productivity by applying advanced irrigation techniques, Dept. of Agricultural Extension, Damascus, 20 engineers from GCSAR centers in olive production provinces participated June 15-19, 2014: Training course on improving olive productivity, Agricultural Research Center, Tartous Province, 16 extension agents of GCSAR were trained Sept 28-Oct 2, 2014: Training course on application of advanced techniques in olive irrigation and fertigation, Agricultural Research Center, Latakia Province, 20 extension agents from GCSAR were trained
  10. 10. FIELD DAYS  Daraa experimental station, May, 2013, 30 farmers participated  Daraa Research Station, May 2014, 35 farmers participated  Daraa Research Station, July 2014, 29 farmers participated  Daraa Research Station, Sept 2014, 39 farmers participated
  11. 11. 100 posters and 500 flyers were printed and distributed among Extension units and Olive farmers in several famous provinces in Olive growing.
  12. 12. Poster 1
  13. 13. Poster 2
  14. 14. Flyer 1-1
  15. 15. Flyer 1-2
  16. 16. Flyer 2-1
  17. 17. Flyer 2-2
  18. 18. SYRIAN TV COVERAGE
  19. 19. CHALLENGES FACED  It was a challenging period because of the civil unrest in the country. Scientists had to manage research under such difficult circumstances. However, they were able to conduct farmer field days, make posters and flyers, conduct trainings and workshop and cost-benefit analyses.  Also, cost of operations went up and the team had to manage in the limited budget allocated to them to achieve the project objectives. It was a learning experience for all to overcome such conditions to achieve project objectives.  The team was unable to attend majority of project meetings, which were held in Marrakech, and trainings in Jordan and Spain because of inability to get visa in time. This was a challenge and caused many difficulties to the Syrians as well as the organizers of the event.
  20. 20. THANK YOU

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