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1
Dr. OUJI Ali
Project Title"Enhanced small-holder wheat-legume cropping systems to improve food
security under changing c...
2
Major Focus Areas of Project Activities in Tunisia
* Jendouba Governorate: (Fernana/Baldyia/Boussalem/Balta)
North-West ...
3
Varieties Released
• Faba bean: 1 variety registered (Chourouk) and 1
variety proposed for registration (Chams)
• Chickp...
4
Technologies Produced
* Adopted Methodology for Technology Transfer and Variety
Dissemination : Leader farmer and Satell...
5
Fungal Disease Surveillance and Control
* IPM package
Project Outputs
6
* Supplemental irrigation
Project Outputs
7
Participatory Variety Selection
* Participatory varietal selection (PVS) : Improved advanced lines of durum wheat, chick...
8
Seed Produced
* The project supported food legume and wheat
breeding programs for early generation seed increase
and var...
Type of the activity Number Number of
Participants
Field Days 24
(Disease diagnostics and control, seeding,
Weed control, ...
Capacity Development of Research and Support Staff
Regional Courses (2013-2014-2015)
Courses Number of Participants
Food l...
In-Country Courses
Course Title
1- Farm Field School Facilitation
2- Uses of molecular tools in cereal and food legume bre...
12
Total number of small farmers in the project area
Amdoun (Beja Governorate) 2 300
Nebeur (Kef Governorate) 2 000
Baldia...
13
* Project site : Amdoun (Beja):
2010-2011 2013-2014 Variation %
Durum wheat 2.80 3.20 +14
Faba been 1.50 2.00 +33
Chick...
14
*Project site : Hamrounia (Beja)
2010-2011 2013-2014 Variation %
Durum wheat 2.30 2.40 +4
Faba been 1.50 1.80 +20
Chick...
15
Project site : Nebeur (Kef)
2012-2013 2013-2014 Variation %
Durum wheat 1.40 2.20 +57
Faba been 0.90 1.00 +11
Chickpea ...
Income increase
The project proposed package had a significant effect on income and on loss to win of
income of Béjà1and N...
New enterprise
The project contributes to the development of a Basic Company mutual of
Agriculture Services (CMSA at Bousa...
EU-IFAD project allowed to introduce and consolidate the presence
of food legume crop with improved varieties with recomme...
19
Project Upscaling and Outscaling
• The successful case of seed processing for farmer’s community at
Boussalem will be g...
Lessons learnt from shortfalls
* The short period of the Project is not enough to see its impact
* Implication of woman an...
21
Policy, Regulations & Market Constraints
• Ministry of Agriculture ordered a study for the development of food and
fora...
THANK YOU
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Tunisia – Successes, Lessons Learnt & Challenges Ahead: Enhanced small-holder wheat-legume cropping systems to improve food security under changing climate in the drylands of west Asia and North Africa

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Tunisia Country Presentation by Dr. Ouji Ali at the International Conference on Pulses in Marrakesh, Morocco, 18-20 April 2016

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Tunisia – Successes, Lessons Learnt & Challenges Ahead: Enhanced small-holder wheat-legume cropping systems to improve food security under changing climate in the drylands of west Asia and North Africa

  1. 1. 1 Dr. OUJI Ali Project Title"Enhanced small-holder wheat-legume cropping systems to improve food security under changing climate in the drylands of west Asia and North Africa" Country – Successes, Lessons Learnt & Challenges Ahead PRRDANOSA Field Crops Laboratory- INRAT - Tunisia
  2. 2. 2 Major Focus Areas of Project Activities in Tunisia * Jendouba Governorate: (Fernana/Baldyia/Boussalem/Balta) North-West (close to the border with Algeria). Humid region: annual rainfall 600-700 mm. Soil: Fertile (black clay). Cropping system: Wheat/F. Legumes/Vegetable Farmers: mostly small holders Main constraints: foliar diseases, weed control, … *Béja Governorate: (Amdoun / Hamrounia) North-west of Tunisia. Humid region: annual rainfall around 600 mm. Soil: generally fertile (vertisol) Cropping system: wheat/food legume or sunflower Farmers: small holders Main constraints: foliar diseases, Orobanche infestation on faba bean and sunflower and septoria leaf blotch on wheat. *Kef Governorate (Neber) North-West of Tunisia. Semi arid: 400-450 mm Soil: fertile Cropping system: wheat /fallow Farmers: Mostly small holders
  3. 3. 3 Varieties Released • Faba bean: 1 variety registered (Chourouk) and 1 variety proposed for registration (Chams) • Chickpea : 2 varieties registered (Nour and Rebha) • Lentil: 2 varieties registered (Boulifa and Ebba) • Durum wheat: 2 varieties proposed for registration (INRAT 100 and Dhahbi) • Bread wheat: 2 varieties proposed for registration (Neapolis and Bellarugia) Project Outputs Chourouk Badï Chams Badï
  4. 4. 4 Technologies Produced * Adopted Methodology for Technology Transfer and Variety Dissemination : Leader farmer and Satellite farmers (10-15) Project Outputs * Variety Popularisation : concerned mainly Chickpea, Faba Bean and Durum Wheat
  5. 5. 5 Fungal Disease Surveillance and Control * IPM package Project Outputs
  6. 6. 6 * Supplemental irrigation Project Outputs
  7. 7. 7 Participatory Variety Selection * Participatory varietal selection (PVS) : Improved advanced lines of durum wheat, chickpea and lentil were implemented Project Outputs
  8. 8. 8 Seed Produced * The project supported food legume and wheat breeding programs for early generation seed increase and variety maintenance particularly those recently registered (Morneg, Kef, Beja, Oued Mliz, El Gantra) *The project provided INGC/SMSA El Falah Boussalem (Basic Company mutual of Agriculture Services) with seed cleaning and conditioning unit Project Outputs
  9. 9. Type of the activity Number Number of Participants Field Days 24 (Disease diagnostics and control, seeding, Weed control, Fertilisation, Irrigation, Crop management, harvesting, seed production ...) 550 In-country courses 5 134 Farm Field School 3 15-23 in each group In country Travelling Workshop with Stakeholders 1 65 Capacity Development of Farmers and Extension Staff (2013-2014-2015)
  10. 10. Capacity Development of Research and Support Staff Regional Courses (2013-2014-2015) Courses Number of Participants Food legume breeding 4 Classical and Molecular approaches in Wheat 3 Seed Production 3 Supplemental Irrigation 2 GIS 5 Innovation Platforms; On-farm Trials – Design and Analysis 2 IPM for legume and wheat 2 Total 21
  11. 11. In-Country Courses Course Title 1- Farm Field School Facilitation 2- Uses of molecular tools in cereal and food legume breeding 3- Supplemental irrigation 4- Seed production and variety maintenance 5- Diagnosis and management of wheat and food legume diseases
  12. 12. 12 Total number of small farmers in the project area Amdoun (Beja Governorate) 2 300 Nebeur (Kef Governorate) 2 000 Baldia (Jendouba Governorate) 310 Hamrounia (Beja Governorate) 400 Total 5010 Project Outcomes
  13. 13. 13 * Project site : Amdoun (Beja): 2010-2011 2013-2014 Variation % Durum wheat 2.80 3.20 +14 Faba been 1.50 2.00 +33 Chickpea (Amdoun) (Beja governorate ) 1.20 1.26 1.80 1.54 +50 +22 Regional statistics 2015 Evolution of Yields (t/ha) The increase of Faba bean area is coupled with the increase of livestock in Amdoun (86000 beef and sheep heads in 2013/2014 against 78000 in 2013/2014).
  14. 14. 14 *Project site : Hamrounia (Beja) 2010-2011 2013-2014 Variation % Durum wheat 2.30 2.40 +4 Faba been 1.50 1.80 +20 Chickpea 1.00 1.20 +20 Evolution of Yields (t/ha)
  15. 15. 15 Project site : Nebeur (Kef) 2012-2013 2013-2014 Variation % Durum wheat 1.40 2.20 +57 Faba been 0.90 1.00 +11 Chickpea 1.00 1.20 +20 Evolution of Yields (t/ha)
  16. 16. Income increase The project proposed package had a significant effect on income and on loss to win of income of Béjà1and Neyer. Béjà 1 The loss to win was of 505 US $/ha for Béjà 1 The loss to win was of 472 US $/ha for Neyer Neyer
  17. 17. New enterprise The project contributes to the development of a Basic Company mutual of Agriculture Services (CMSA at Bousalem)
  18. 18. EU-IFAD project allowed to introduce and consolidate the presence of food legume crop with improved varieties with recommended package in some regions particularly in Kef governorate The seed unit that was purchased in 2014 serve project farmers and their neighboring for cleaning and treatment of self produced of improved wheat and food legume varieties. The project consolidate the relationships between farmers, technical agents, researchers and economic operators Outstanding Project Result
  19. 19. 19 Project Upscaling and Outscaling • The successful case of seed processing for farmer’s community at Boussalem will be generalized progressively for other communities to enhance the use of better seed quality and develop the utilization of improved varieties recommended by the research system • Other communities claims to be involved in the project to access to the technologies disseminated
  20. 20. Lessons learnt from shortfalls * The short period of the Project is not enough to see its impact * Implication of woman and young is quite low Lessons learnt from successes The participative approach appreciated and showed its efficiency for dissemination of improved varieties and technologies Lessons Learnt from the Project
  21. 21. 21 Policy, Regulations & Market Constraints • Ministry of Agriculture ordered a study for the development of food and forage legumes in Tunisia (enhanced in 2015 and will be finished in 2016) • Minister of Agriculture declares in April 13, 2016 that he will wait the recommendation of the study to take measures to develop food and forage legumes (support the seed production, collect the production, …)
  22. 22. THANK YOU

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