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Y R Pandey, PhD
Project Title: Harvest plus Challenge Program of CGIAR “Development of lentil lines
with high concentratio...
2
Major Focus Areas of Project Activities
• Development of Micro-nutrient Rich Lentil Varieties (Specially higher
concentr...
3
Project Outputs
• Varietal Development:
– 14 reciprocal crosses were made and harvested a total of 9
crossed pods (F1)
–...
4
Project Outputs
 Germplasm exchange: received >2700 exotics
lines of lentil, chickpea, grassspea and fababean
from ICAR...
5
Project Outcomes
 Released Varieties of lentils
SN Name Acc # Origin Source Year Domain
1 Sindur Lo-111-25 Nepal Nepal ...
6
Project Outcomes
• RL-4 (ILL 6037 x ILL 8007) variety proposed for release
– Well adopted to terai to mid hill
– Has bol...
7
Project Outcomes: Capacity Building
• 187 (80 female) farmers were trained in technical matters and seed
production: 4 e...
8
Project Upscaling and Out-scaling
2014-15
• Varieties (Fe and Zn rich): Maheswor Bharati, Bari-4, ILL-7723, Sisir, Simal...
9
Lessons Learnt from the Project
• Dissemination through participatory programs: PVS, Large Plot
Demonstrations, fairs, e...
10
Supportive Policy, Regulations & Market Forces
• High Government’s Priority because of export potentiality
• Agricultur...
11
Policy, Regulations & Market Constraints
• Technical Constraints: biotic stresses, labor shortage, no-mechanization
and...
THANK YOU
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Nepal – Successes, Lessons Learnt & Challenges: Harvest plus Challenge Program of CGIAR “Development of lentil lines with high concentration of zinc and iron”

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Nepal Country Presentation by Y.R. Pandey at the International Conference on Pulses in Marrakesh, Morocco, 18-20 April 2016

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Nepal – Successes, Lessons Learnt & Challenges: Harvest plus Challenge Program of CGIAR “Development of lentil lines with high concentration of zinc and iron”

  1. 1. Y R Pandey, PhD Project Title: Harvest plus Challenge Program of CGIAR “Development of lentil lines with high concentration of zinc and iron” Nepal – Successes, Lessons Learnt & Challenges Ahead Nepal Agricultural Research Council (NARC)
  2. 2. 2 Major Focus Areas of Project Activities • Development of Micro-nutrient Rich Lentil Varieties (Specially higher concentration of Iron and Zinc) • Dissemination of Fe and Zn rich lentil varieties through – Participatory Varietal Selection (PVS) – Large plot demonstration – Participatory seed multiplication • Seed production through Village Based Seed Production Entrepreneurs (VBSE) and seed storage bin support • Capacity Building: farmers’ training, fairs, field days and exposure visits
  3. 3. 3 Project Outputs • Varietal Development: – 14 reciprocal crosses were made and harvested a total of 9 crossed pods (F1) – 3 F2 Population Developed – Intermediate product Development: • 3 F3, 27 F4 and 4 F5 populations were advanced • A total of 139 single plants progenies were selected from 17 crosses based on better agronomical trait • Final Product Development: 38 new lines selected and advanced in yield trials • Extension: 15 Lines were disseminated through participatory programs
  4. 4. 4 Project Outputs  Germplasm exchange: received >2700 exotics lines of lentil, chickpea, grassspea and fababean from ICARDA in the forms international nurseries: disease tolerance, early, micronutrient, grain quality etc.  More than 100 researchers have already been trained by ICARDA in different areas like breeding techniques, advanced biometrical techniques for crop improvement research etc.
  5. 5. 5 Project Outcomes  Released Varieties of lentils SN Name Acc # Origin Source Year Domain 1 Sindur Lo-111-25 Nepal Nepal 1979 Terai, midhill 2 Sisir P43 India ICARDA 1979 ” 3 Simrik T36 India ICARDA 1979 ” 4 Sikhar ILL 4404 Pakistan ICARDA 1989 ” 5 Simal LG 7 India ICARDA 1989 ” 6 Khajura Masuro-1 LG 198 India ICARDA 1999 Western terai 7 Khajura Masuro-2 PL 639 India ICARDA 1999 ” 8 Shital ILL 2580 India ICARDA 2004 Terai, midhill 9 Sagun ILL 6829 ICARDA ICARDA 2009 Midhill, Valley 10 Maheswor Bharati ILL 7982 ICARDA ICARDA 2009 ”
  6. 6. 6 Project Outcomes • RL-4 (ILL 6037 x ILL 8007) variety proposed for release – Well adopted to terai to mid hill – Has bolder seed size compared to existing varieties – Good in Fe and selenium content • Wider dissemination 15 micronutrient dense lentil cultivars viz. Simal, Shikhar, Shital, Khajura Masuro-1, Khajura Masuro-2, Sisir and promising cultivars ILL7723, ILL8006, RL-4, Black Masuro, ILL7715, ILL3490, LG-12, ILL7164, HUL-57 in 17 districts • PVS: Genotypes Black Masuro, RL-4, ILL-8006 & RL-12 were the best yielder and farmers preferred cultivars
  7. 7. 7 Project Outcomes: Capacity Building • 187 (80 female) farmers were trained in technical matters and seed production: 4 events in 4 locations • A flyer on “Development of micro-nutrient rich lentil in Nepal” developed and disseminated in 500 copies • A leaflets on Lentil production technology developed and disseminated in 1000 copies
  8. 8. 8 Project Upscaling and Out-scaling 2014-15 • Varieties (Fe and Zn rich): Maheswor Bharati, Bari-4, ILL-7723, Sisir, Simal, shital • Total Districts Reached: 17 (specially 22 terai districts are popular for lentil cultivation) • Coverage area: 70 ha • No of Farmers Reached: 1050 • Total Production: 11.23 mt 2015-16 Varieties (Fe and Zn rich): ILL-7723, Shital, Khajura Masuro-1, Black Masuro Distributed to 900 farmers (15 districts, area coverage 37 ha).
  9. 9. 9 Lessons Learnt from the Project • Dissemination through participatory programs: PVS, Large Plot Demonstrations, fairs, exposure visits were effective in creating demand for the varieties • VBSE made availability of seeds at local levels • Dissemination was rapid and wider when more women were encouraged to participate the project activities • Women were more attracted to the micronutrient rich varieties: because they know importance of Fe and Zn in their diets
  10. 10. 10 Supportive Policy, Regulations & Market Forces • High Government’s Priority because of export potentiality • Agriculture Development Strategy: has identified lentil as one of the prioritized commodity • National Trade Integration Strategy – Support in commercial scale production – Seed supply chain strengthening – Market diversification
  11. 11. 11 Policy, Regulations & Market Constraints • Technical Constraints: biotic stresses, labor shortage, no-mechanization and higher cost of production hence less competitive • Lack of organized market for grain legumes • Inadequate infrastructure/ mechanization/ processing/ value addition • Lack of commercialization of legume cultivation • Lack of adequate importance on the part of growers too • Lack of awareness in farmers regarding grain legume technologies • Low adoption of disease pest management technology • Insufficiency in quality seeds
  12. 12. THANK YOU

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