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Bangladesh - Successes, Lessons Learnt & Challenges Ahead

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Bangladesh Country Presentation by Dr. Md. Omar Ali at the International Conference on Pulses in Marrakesh, Morocco, 18-20 April 2016

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Bangladesh - Successes, Lessons Learnt & Challenges Ahead

  1. 1. Dr.Md.Omar Ali Principal Scientific Officer BARI, Bangladesh
  2. 2. Introduction to Pulses Pulse, the 3nd important and widely used crop in Bangladesh- A Nutritional Security Crop Demand of Pulses is increasing @ 2.24% per year Present demand is 2.5 MMT against 0.89 MMT production with a deficit of about 1.61 MMT (Based on 45 g/day/head)
  3. 3. Importance of pulses in Bangladesh Nutritional security Cattle health improvement Soil health improvement 4
  4. 4. Major Pulses 1. Lentil 2. Chickpea 3. Blackgram 4. Mungbean 5. Grass pea Minor pulses 1. Cowpea 2. Fieldpea 3. Fababean 4. Pegion pea Pulse Crops Growing in Bangladesh 5
  5. 5. Average of 4 years total pulses area, production and yield 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1985 1991-95 1996-00 2001-05 2006-09 2010-14 area in thousand ha production in thousand tons yield in kg/ha Source: AIS, DAE, Bangladesh, 2015
  6. 6. Crop BARI BINA BSMRAU Total no. of varieties Lentil 8 9 - 17 Chickpea 9 6 - 15 Mungbean 8 8 4 20 Blackgram 3 1 - 4 Grasspea 4 1 - 5 Cowpea 2 - - 2 Fieldpea 2 - 2 Total 36 25 4 65 Number of varieties of pulses released by the different institutes of Bangladesh
  7. 7. BARI –ICARDA collaboration and achievements/success: Varieties along with production technologies Bio-fortification of lentil Capacity building Technology transfer activities
  8. 8. Name of variety Year of released Yield (kg/ha) Diseases reaction Collaboration Fe (mg/kg) Zn (mg/kg) Se (microgra m /kg) BARI Masur-2 1993 1800-1900 Tolerant to STB and rust BARI-ICARDA - - - BARI Masur-4 1996 1900-2000 Resistant to STB and rust BARI-ICARDA 58.23 52.24 359 BARI Masur-5 2006 2100-2200 Resistant to STB and rust BARI-ICARDA 80.54 60.87 255 BARI Masur-6 2006 2200-2300 Resistant to STB and rust BARI-ICARDA 87.42 65.15 387 BARI Masur-7 2011 2200-2300 Resistant to STB and rust BARI-ICARDA 77.78 61.57 308 BARI Masur-8 2015 2200-2300 Resistant to STB and rust BARI-ICARDA 72.5 56.5 - Binamasur-7 2013 2000-2200 Resistant to STB and rust BARI-ICARDA - - - Developed biofortified lentil varieties under Bangladesh-ICARDA Collaboration STB= Stemphylium blight
  9. 9. • High tolerance to Stemphylium blight • Fe- 87.42 ppm, Zn- 65.15 ppm • High Yield (2200-2300 kg/ha)
  10. 10. BARI Masur- 8 • High tolerance to Stemphylium blight • Late potentiality (last week of Nov.) • Fe- 70-75 ppm, Zn- 55-58 ppm • High Yield (2200-2300 kg/ha) Lentil 11 Susceptible check BARI Masur- 8
  11. 11. Crop management  Optimum management packages for the new varieties of lentil have been developed.  Seed priming ( 8-10 hours) and irrigation water management for lentil in the dry areas have been developed.  Pulses production through conservation agriculture like- relay cropping and minimum tillage options have been developed for medium high to medium low lands of rice based cropping systems.  New cropping patterns: Monsoon rice-relay lentil/pea- mungbean is a profitable cropping pattern for medium high– medium low lands.  Insect and disease management packages for theier control
  12. 12. Lentil relay cropping with transplanted aman rice Land type: medium high to medium low land Soil type: Clay loam to loam Yield: 1.6-2.0 ton /ha Breaking monoculture Improvement of soil health by adding N Production cost: 45% less than tillage cultivation Location: Atgharia., Pabna One of the best technology which is extensively adopted by Local farmers in Pabna Success through Demonstration 13
  13. 13. 14 Lentil relay cropping with transplanted aman rice Lentil relay cropping with transplanted aman rice Farmers are harvesting Lentil relay crop
  14. 14. Lentil cultivation through Strip tillage
  15. 15. TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER ACTIVITIES  Seed Production and Distribution  Front Line Block Demonstration  Training  Field Day 16
  16. 16. Topic Results Seed Production (Lentil) 50.00 ton Seed Distribution 48.00 ton Beneficiary farmers 15000 Total No. of farmers’ training 170 batch @ 30 No. of farmers achieved training 5100 Total no. of demonstrations 100 @ 1 ha No. of Field days 50 @ 100 Total participants in Field days 5000 Seed production, Distribution and Technology Transfer Activities by PRC, 2010-15 17
  17. 17. Breeder seed production of lentil at PRC, Ishwardi
  18. 18. Demonstration plot visit by foreign and native delegates 19
  19. 19. Demonstration plot of relay lentil visit by foreign and native delegates
  20. 20. Field Visit of Lentil Block Demonstration by BARI Masur-6 Local variety
  21. 21. Capacity Development
  22. 22. Type of training No of batch Participants/ batch Total no of Participants TOT 5 30 150 Field Staff 15 30 450 Farmers 170 30 5100 Farmers motivation/ Field day 50 100 5000 Total 10700 CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT ON LAST TEN (2010-2015) YEARS
  23. 23. Training on pulses 24
  24. 24. SEEDS AND FERTILIZERS DISTRIBUTION 25
  25. 25. FIELD DAY ON LENTIL AND MUNGBEAN 26
  26. 26. Year Training Visit/workshop/ conference Venue 2011 Ph.D.(2) completed 7 days Bangladesh, India 2012 - 3 days (1) 5 days (1) Japan India 2013 15 days (1) MS(1)- completed 5-12 days (11) Bangladesh, Nepal 2014 - 7 days (1) Canada 2015 15 days (4) MS (1)-on going PhD (1)-on going 3-9 days (11) ICARDA, Lebanon, Morocco, India, Bangladesh Human Resource Development last 5 years MS & Ph.D program mainly based on biofortified lentil & one Ph.D on conservation agriculture
  27. 27. Adoption of Improved Pulses Varieties Source: Baseline survey under ACIAR rice pulse project in 2014-15 86% 95% 64% 35% 2% 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Lentil Mungbean Chickpea Blackgram Field pea %Adoption Crop 28
  28. 28. 1.4 1.45 1.65 1.65 1.82 2 1.56 1.68 2.1 2.1 2.32 2.6 1.11 1.2 1.27 1.27 1.28 1.3 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012 2012-2013 2013-2014 2014-2015 Area, production & Yield of lentil Area (Lac in ha) Production (Lac in MT) Seed Yield (t/ha)
  29. 29. 30 Availability of Pulses (gm/person/day) 5 7 9 11 13 15 17 19 1971-73 1981-83 1991-93 2003-05 2006-08 2013-15
  30. 30.  Availability of improved seed increased by 35% farmers  Improved production technologies use increased by 28%  Area increased 86% (172000 ha out of 200000 ha) by modern varieties which increased production and yield by 28% of lentil farmer.  Financial benefit of lentil farmers increased by 49%.  Consumption rate increased by 23%.  About 10,00000 farm family are benefited.
  31. 31. Financial Enhancement Item Seed Straw Total lentil area (2014-15) 200000 ha Areas covered by improved variety 172000 ha (86%) Increased yield (Kg/ha) 240 kg 510 kg Increased production 41280 ton 87720 ton Extra income 33.5 M US $ 4.38 M US $ Total 37.88 M US $
  32. 32. Lessons learnt behind the success  Development of disease resistant/tolerant improved varieties along with production technologies under profitable cropping pattern.  Capacity building of scientists and end user specially farmers including women to create awareness build up on pulses production.  Quality seed production and distribution, and enhance seed production by VBSE.  Strengthening technology transfer activities through training, large scale demonstration, field day and motivational tour etc.  Introduction of pulses in the new niches specially medium high – medium low lands of rice/rice fallows by conservation agriculture (relay cropping/minimum tillage).  Yield gap minimized through introduction of improved technologies,  Proper monitoring and evaluation.  Higher and stable price support, national and international project activities and Government incentives to the pulse growers have led the farmers growing more pulses in recent times. 33
  33. 33. Constraints for Pulses Production in Bangladesh Abiotic  Resurgence of new diseases and insects and lack of resistance source against pest and diseases  Poor response to input  Drought or excess moisture  Soil salinity and acidity  Depletion of organic matter and micronutrient in the soil  High competition with spring rice (boro rice) & rabi crops  Delayed sowing  Less productivity compared to other crops 34
  34. 34. Biotic Stresses Dieases: FW, Rust, SB, Coll. rot, BGM, YMV, PM, CLS, White mold etc. Insects: Pod borer, Thrips, Aphids, Bruchids, Flea beetles, Stem fly etc. 35
  35. 35. Scope and opportunities for increasing pulses production in Bangladesh
  36. 36. The scope of expansion of pulses as a sole crop is very limited. Therefore the strategy should be (I) increase productivity through the adoption of improved varieties along with cultural practices (vertical expansion). (2)increase area through introduction of new cropping patterns and utilization of fallow lands specially rice fallows (horizontal expansion)
  37. 37. Coastal area: 0.88 M ha Fallow Hilly areas: 1.56 M ha Fallow Char land: 0.83 M ha Fallow High Barind tract: 0.30 M ha Horizontal Expansion of Pulses in Bangladesh 38
  38. 38. Pulses can be grown in Non-traditional Fallow Lands 39
  39. 39. Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Aman rice 1Aug-26 Oct BLX-05008-15 1 Nov- 25Jan DM: 80-85 days Boro 31 Jan. Transplant BR 33 BR28 Pattern: T.aman - Lentil -Boro
  40. 40. Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Aman rice Boro rice New pattern: Aman rice -Pulses- Boro rice 41 Pea, Grasspea, Super-early lentil
  41. 41.  Development and introduction of appropriate pulse, varieties (multiple stress tolerance, short duration, biofortified, machine harvestability, herbicide tolerance) along with matching production technologies for specific niches.  Grasspea varieties contain low BOAA (0.04-0.08 %) & high biomass and hull-less barley varieties.  Research activities should be strengthen to develop new technologies with new science to break yield barriers- Molecular breeding.  More thrust should be given in new areas specially rice fallows. Future Need
  42. 42.  Adoption of CA technologies and establishment of VBSE  More production of breeder and quality seed  More trainings and demonstrations are to be organized to update the knowledge of the farmers and other stakeholders on modern production technologies. In addition, farmers will be empowered through post and pre-harvest trainings.  Training and higher study will be pursued by involved scientist as per requirement under changing climate
  43. 43. THANKS TO ALL

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