Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
2nd International Wheat Stripe Rust Symposium
Izmir, April 28 – May 1, 2014
K. Nazari, A. Osman, M. Keser
1
Kumarse Nazari
k.nazari@cgiar.org
INTERNATIONAL CENTER FOR AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH IN THE DRY AREAS (ICARDA), ALEPPO, SYRIA
...
Driving Forces of Regional/ And
International Stripe Rust Epidemics
• Pathogenic variability?
• Narrow genetic basis of
re...
Control strategies
Chemical control
Resistance control
The International Wheat Stripe
Rust Symposium was organized
by:
ICARDA – the International Center
for Agricultural Researc...
A call for Global Mitigation of Stripe Rust
Epidemics
1. Long-term investment to reduce the threat of stripe rust
Summary ...
A call for action?
7
• Capacity
development
• Fast-track
variety release
• Accelerated seed
multiplication
and seed
delivery
• International an...
2. Strategies to address wheat stripe rust disease
• Surveillance and information exchange between countries.
• Planning, ...
3. Approaching stripe rust as a social disease
• stripe rust does not respect national borders
• The rusts are ‘social dis...
4. Encouraging the development of national action
plans
• A multi-faceted approach is needed by
countries to combat wheat ...
5. Reducing the impacts of narrow range variety
dependence
• Diversified cropping of wheat (DW & BW)
• Use of non-race spe...
6. Coordinated effective seed system
• Developing a clear approach to seed
multiplication and farmer engagement with new,
...
A Regional Platform for Cereal Rust Research
14
15
• Race analysis
• International TNs
Pathogenic
Variability
• Seedling & Adult-plant
• Molecular Markers
Resistance
scre...
Testing sites of InternationalTrap Nurseries 2013-14
RCRRC
Susceptible genotype Resistant genotype
Regional Resistance Screening Facilities
• 2012-13
– 10,000 (ICARDA, IWWIP
Turkey)
• 2013-14
– 16,000 (ICARDA, IWWIP,
Turk...
• General Directorate of Agricultural Researches and
Policies (TAGEM)
• The Borlaug Global Rust Initiative (BGRI)
• Intern...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

2nd iwsrs kn

274 views

Published on

Published in: Business, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

2nd iwsrs kn

  1. 1. 2nd International Wheat Stripe Rust Symposium Izmir, April 28 – May 1, 2014 K. Nazari, A. Osman, M. Keser 1
  2. 2. Kumarse Nazari k.nazari@cgiar.org INTERNATIONAL CENTER FOR AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH IN THE DRY AREAS (ICARDA), ALEPPO, SYRIA 2011 BGRI Technical Workshop, JUNE 13-16, 2011 Yellow Rust in CWANA in 2010-2011 “The situation and Measures Taken” CWANA Highly Diverse & Challenging Region Population: >1 Billion people 2
  3. 3. Driving Forces of Regional/ And International Stripe Rust Epidemics • Pathogenic variability? • Narrow genetic basis of resistance? • Adaptation to climate change? • Host preference change?
  4. 4. Control strategies Chemical control Resistance control
  5. 5. The International Wheat Stripe Rust Symposium was organized by: ICARDA – the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas — in collaboration with the Borlaug Global Rust Initiative (BGRI), the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) of the UN, the International Development Research Center (IDRC, Canada), the Association of Agricultural Research Institutions in the Near East & North Africa (AARINENA), and the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD). 5
  6. 6. A call for Global Mitigation of Stripe Rust Epidemics 1. Long-term investment to reduce the threat of stripe rust Summary Status Component Stem rust Stripe rust Coordinated Global Response X = Clearly defined target X ? Information systems + Data Management X not global Surveillance Network + Tools X Spillover from stem rust (timeliness?) Pathotyping capacity X with limitations (GRRC with some limitations) Ahead of disease progress? X - Source: Dave Hodson, CIMMYT6
  7. 7. A call for action? 7
  8. 8. • Capacity development • Fast-track variety release • Accelerated seed multiplication and seed delivery • International and national training courses • Long & short - term training • Graduate student • Regional traveling workshop • International program • National program • Utilization of genetic resources • Race analysis • GRRC • National rust laboratory • Trap Nurseries • Exchange information Co-ordinated pathogen monitoring and awareness Co-ordinated breeding for durable resistance Effective seed system Capacity building and training 8
  9. 9. 2. Strategies to address wheat stripe rust disease • Surveillance and information exchange between countries. • Planning, awareness, and preparedness to rapidly deliver appropriate seeds and fungicides where they are needed to arrest the spread of wheat rust diseases. • New capacity and skills in ministries, extension services, and at the farm level to develop effective strategies for managing rust diseases. • Crop research for a continued, long-term effort in developing new varieties that are resistant to the emerging pathotypes of wheat rust. 9
  10. 10. 3. Approaching stripe rust as a social disease • stripe rust does not respect national borders • The rusts are ‘social diseases’ • The fight against rust requires good neighbors, working together • The role of policy makers and global leadership is crucial if we are to take a significant step forward in minimizing the impacts of Pst • to build a cooperative attitude for information sharing, the mutual sharing of risk analyses, and trust at Regional and international level 10
  11. 11. 4. Encouraging the development of national action plans • A multi-faceted approach is needed by countries to combat wheat rusts. • Immediate action to combat new rust pathotypes is often the use of fungicides • Reducing the cropping of susceptible mega- cultivars across vast wheat growing areas is perhaps the best insurance policy against widespread rust damage 11
  12. 12. 5. Reducing the impacts of narrow range variety dependence • Diversified cropping of wheat (DW & BW) • Use of non-race specific durable resistance genes • Maintenance breeding as short-term strategy • Better understanding of genetic basis of resistance of current cultivars and candidate advanced lines • Search and utilization of new sources of resistance from land races and wild relatives 12
  13. 13. 6. Coordinated effective seed system • Developing a clear approach to seed multiplication and farmer engagement with new, diverse varieties • Strengthening NARS in capacity development • To establish fast-track variety release systems • Participatory demonstration and accelerated seed multiplication of newly released wheat varieties • fast replacement of existing vulnerable commercial varieties 13
  14. 14. A Regional Platform for Cereal Rust Research 14
  15. 15. 15 • Race analysis • International TNs Pathogenic Variability • Seedling & Adult-plant • Molecular Markers Resistance screening • Short and long term training • Studentship Capacity building
  16. 16. Testing sites of InternationalTrap Nurseries 2013-14 RCRRC
  17. 17. Susceptible genotype Resistant genotype
  18. 18. Regional Resistance Screening Facilities • 2012-13 – 10,000 (ICARDA, IWWIP Turkey) • 2013-14 – 16,000 (ICARDA, IWWIP, Turkey, CIMMYT) 18
  19. 19. • General Directorate of Agricultural Researches and Policies (TAGEM) • The Borlaug Global Rust Initiative (BGRI) • International Winter Wheat Improvement Program (IWWIP) • Aegean Agricultural Research Institute (AARI) • The Central Research Institute for Field Crops • ICARDA • ICARDA Rust Pathology Team Acknowledgements: Thanks you for your attention

×