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Dr. Matthias Kaiserswerth
Director and Vice President, IBM Research - Zurich




Nano, SuperMUC and
Photovoltaics:
A Day in the Life of
IBM Research - Zurich




                                                     © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


IBM Research: The World is Our Lab




                                               Dublin

                                                   Zurich                   China
       Almaden                   Watson (NY)
                                                            Haifa                   Tokyo
                                                                    India
                        Austin




                                         Brazil

                                                                                      Melbourne


       IBM Research labs
       Labs added since 2010



                                                                                     © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


IBM Research - Zürich

                        -Founded in 1956

                        -45 Nationalities

                        -90 Collaborations with
                         Partners

                        -Two Nobel Prizes
                         (1986 and 1987)

                        -Recently opened the
                         Binnig and Rohrer
                         Nanotechnology Center
                         with ETH Zürich

                                            © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich




                        Computer Science: Security and Privacy,
                              Business Integration Technologies,
                        Distributed Computing, Systems Management


                          Systems: Server Technology, Accelerator
                             Technology, I/O Link Technologies,
                           System Software, Energy Management


                              Storage: Tape Technologies,
                          Heads and Actuators, Storage Systems,
                             Memory and Probe Technologies


                        Math & Computational Sciences: Business
                          Optimization, Computational Sciences,
                                    Big Data Analytics


                         Science & Technology: Semiconductors,
                             Systems, Beyond the Transistor,
                             Nanotechnology, Biotechnology
                                                                    © 2012 IBM Corporation
Nanotechnology is...
IBM Research - Zurich




                        © 2012 IBM Corporation
Nano in Nature
IBM Research - Zurich



This colors of this peacock
feather come from a
surface structuring which
is at the nano scale.




                              © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


The Scale of Things




                        © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM’s Nano Interests:
IBM Research - Zurich


Transistors/The Next Big Switch




     Semiconductor Nanowires      Carbon Nanotubes
11                                               © 2010 IBM Corporation
IBM’s Nano Interests:
IBM Research - Zurich


How will we manufacture at the
nanometer scale?




                   TOP DOWN:                     BOTTOMS UP:
              Machining, Lithography   Chemical Synthesis , Self-Assembly
13                                                                 © 2010 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich

Binnig and Rohrer
Nanotechnology Center




10                      © 2010 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


Green Datacenter
Market Drivers and
Trends

Increased green consciousness
and rising cost of power IT
demand outpaces technology
improvements
Server energy use doubled
between 2003-2008; resumed
growth is not sustainable
Koomey Study: Server use
1.2% of U.S. energy, ICT
industries consume 2% of the
world’s energy
Carbon dioxide emissions from
data centers is similar to global
aviation

                                    © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich




                        Meet SuperMUC
                                © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


SuperMUC

Previous Fastest
Supercomputer in Europe,
4th in the World

More than 110,000 cores
and a peak performance
of about 3 petaflops

14,000 Intel Xeon
processors running in
IBM iDataPlex servers

Hot-water to cool the
processors will reduce
electricity usage by 40%
and save $1.25 million in
energy costs per year

                            © 2012 IBM Corporation
IBM Research - Zurich


 Concentrated
 photovoltaic (CPV)
 thermal packaging
0.04% of the solar energy
from the Sahara desert to
cover the electricity
demand of Europe.*

CPV allow the conversion
of sunlight into electricity
with higher efficiencies.

Goal: improve CPV chips
to minimize overheating,
while the thermal waste
energy is collected for a
multi-effect boiling
desalination process.

Collaboration with Egypt
Nanotechnology Center
                               © 2012 IBM Corporation
*Greenpeace International
IBM Research - Zurich




15                      © 2012 IBM Corporation

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Nano, SuperMUC and Photovoltaics:A Day in the Life of IBM Research - Zurich

  • 1. Dr. Matthias Kaiserswerth Director and Vice President, IBM Research - Zurich Nano, SuperMUC and Photovoltaics: A Day in the Life of IBM Research - Zurich © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 2. IBM Research - Zurich IBM Research: The World is Our Lab Dublin Zurich China Almaden Watson (NY) Haifa Tokyo India Austin Brazil Melbourne IBM Research labs Labs added since 2010 © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 3. IBM Research - Zurich IBM Research - Zürich -Founded in 1956 -45 Nationalities -90 Collaborations with Partners -Two Nobel Prizes (1986 and 1987) -Recently opened the Binnig and Rohrer Nanotechnology Center with ETH Zürich © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 4. IBM Research - Zurich Computer Science: Security and Privacy, Business Integration Technologies, Distributed Computing, Systems Management Systems: Server Technology, Accelerator Technology, I/O Link Technologies, System Software, Energy Management Storage: Tape Technologies, Heads and Actuators, Storage Systems, Memory and Probe Technologies Math & Computational Sciences: Business Optimization, Computational Sciences, Big Data Analytics Science & Technology: Semiconductors, Systems, Beyond the Transistor, Nanotechnology, Biotechnology © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 5. Nanotechnology is... IBM Research - Zurich © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 6. Nano in Nature IBM Research - Zurich This colors of this peacock feather come from a surface structuring which is at the nano scale. © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 7. IBM Research - Zurich The Scale of Things © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 8. IBM’s Nano Interests: IBM Research - Zurich Transistors/The Next Big Switch Semiconductor Nanowires Carbon Nanotubes 11 © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 9. IBM’s Nano Interests: IBM Research - Zurich How will we manufacture at the nanometer scale? TOP DOWN: BOTTOMS UP: Machining, Lithography Chemical Synthesis , Self-Assembly 13 © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 10. IBM Research - Zurich Binnig and Rohrer Nanotechnology Center 10 © 2010 IBM Corporation
  • 11. IBM Research - Zurich Green Datacenter Market Drivers and Trends Increased green consciousness and rising cost of power IT demand outpaces technology improvements Server energy use doubled between 2003-2008; resumed growth is not sustainable Koomey Study: Server use 1.2% of U.S. energy, ICT industries consume 2% of the world’s energy Carbon dioxide emissions from data centers is similar to global aviation © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 12. IBM Research - Zurich Meet SuperMUC © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 13. IBM Research - Zurich SuperMUC Previous Fastest Supercomputer in Europe, 4th in the World More than 110,000 cores and a peak performance of about 3 petaflops 14,000 Intel Xeon processors running in IBM iDataPlex servers Hot-water to cool the processors will reduce electricity usage by 40% and save $1.25 million in energy costs per year © 2012 IBM Corporation
  • 14. IBM Research - Zurich Concentrated photovoltaic (CPV) thermal packaging 0.04% of the solar energy from the Sahara desert to cover the electricity demand of Europe.* CPV allow the conversion of sunlight into electricity with higher efficiencies. Goal: improve CPV chips to minimize overheating, while the thermal waste energy is collected for a multi-effect boiling desalination process. Collaboration with Egypt Nanotechnology Center © 2012 IBM Corporation *Greenpeace International
  • 15. IBM Research - Zurich 15 © 2012 IBM Corporation