International Conference
Emerging Oil, Gas and Mining countries
Peru as a mining, gas and oil country:
New tendencies and ...
Peru in world rankings of mining production
Mining in Peru
Exports: 61% Mining 12% Oil and Gas
Mining in Peru
Investment in mining (US$ millions)
Mining in Peru
Map of Mining Units
2016 - 2030
 Operation
 Extension
 Exploration
Socio-enviromental Conflicts
Mining in Peru
Mining Oil and Gas Other
The paradox of resource wealth vs. development
Poverty in mining regions
Human Development Index
Regions in Peru
Mining in...
 Growth of the extractive sector (mining) driven by foreign
investment and high price cycle from 2004 onwards. Rising
pri...
Contribution of mining and hydrocarbons to tax revenues 2001- 2013
Extractive revenues
Canon: 50% of income tax is transferred to areas of operation
Extractive revenues
 The mining canon in 2014 has been reduced to 50%
compared to 2012. This occurs in the absence of
stabilizing mechanisms/...
Canon transferred to subnational governments (S/. Millions)
Extractive revenues
 The current distribution
scheme that favors the
provinces and regions is
no longer sustainable due
to inequity: intra-re...
Redistribution and use must be discussed considering:
 Improving equity in budget allocation.
 Stabilization of expendit...
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Peru as a mining, gas and oil country: New tendencies and old mistakes

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Fernando Rodolfo Bejarano Bernal, Network Specialist, LATINDADD

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Peru as a mining, gas and oil country: New tendencies and old mistakes

  1. 1. International Conference Emerging Oil, Gas and Mining countries Peru as a mining, gas and oil country: New tendencies and old mistakes Rodolfo Bejarano May 14, 2014
  2. 2. Peru in world rankings of mining production Mining in Peru
  3. 3. Exports: 61% Mining 12% Oil and Gas Mining in Peru
  4. 4. Investment in mining (US$ millions) Mining in Peru
  5. 5. Map of Mining Units 2016 - 2030  Operation  Extension  Exploration
  6. 6. Socio-enviromental Conflicts Mining in Peru Mining Oil and Gas Other
  7. 7. The paradox of resource wealth vs. development Poverty in mining regions Human Development Index Regions in Peru Mining in Peru
  8. 8.  Growth of the extractive sector (mining) driven by foreign investment and high price cycle from 2004 onwards. Rising prices explain between 70% to 80% growth in the value of mining production.  A set of tax benefits and exemptions protected by legal stability contracts to favored companies in the appropriation of income: debate on the windfall tax, results Voluntary Contribution Miner (2006). In 2011 the Special Tax and Special Assessment miners are given.  The companies have been the main winners with incomes that allowed the extraordinary high prices. The mining profitability (net income / sales) 30% in 2013.  Revenues from mining activities are very volatile due to international crises: affecting mining and petroleum Canon. Extractive revenues
  9. 9. Contribution of mining and hydrocarbons to tax revenues 2001- 2013 Extractive revenues
  10. 10. Canon: 50% of income tax is transferred to areas of operation Extractive revenues
  11. 11.  The mining canon in 2014 has been reduced to 50% compared to 2012. This occurs in the absence of stabilizing mechanisms/compensation are generating complaints from authorities and social protest.  Falling revenues affects canon regions differentiated manner. La Libertad, Arequipa, Cajamarca, Ancash, Moquegua and Tacna would be the most affected regions.  Ministry of Economy answer: compensation (290 million) + offer loans (up to 500 million) by 2013.  By 2014: reduction of canon + re-centralization budget. The budget of the national government increased by 15% and local governments will be reduced. Extractive revenues
  12. 12. Canon transferred to subnational governments (S/. Millions) Extractive revenues
  13. 13.  The current distribution scheme that favors the provinces and regions is no longer sustainable due to inequity: intra-regional and inter-regional.  Redistribution of canon is necessary but insufficient for the little weight that canon represents in total investment budget (20%). We must discuss the distribution of the total budget. Extractive revenues
  14. 14. Redistribution and use must be discussed considering:  Improving equity in budget allocation.  Stabilization of expenditure in medium term (stabilization funds, savings funds)  Improved allocation and quality of spending.  Public participation in defining use of resources.  Transparency in incomes and expenditures.  Promote and development alternatives and sustainable productive activities . Extractive revenues
  15. 15. Thanks

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