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THE LAND OF RED RIVERS AND BLUE HILLS
Table of Content
Assam – An Introduction….…….…..……..6
Doing Business in Assam…...….......……53
State Acts & Policies…….………......……55
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At current prices, the gross state domestic product (GSDP) of Assam was US$ 34.08 billion in 2016-17.
The GSDP of the state grew at a CAGR of 10.3% from 2011-12 to 2016-17.
Source: Government of Assam, PRS India, Aranca Research estimates
Assam has the single largest tea growing area in the world, constituting around one-seventh of the global tea
production. The state accounts for over 50% in the country’s overall tea production.
The state houses Guwahati Tea Auction Centre (GTAC), one of the largest CTC tea auction centres of the world.
World’s single largest
tea growing area
With its pleasant climate and scenic landscape, Assam is a popular tourist destination.
Assam is the most popular tourist destination among the north-eastern states.
The state has adopted numerous investor-friendly policies to attract investments & accelerate industrial
North East Industrial Investment Promotion Policy & Industrial Policy of Assam facilitate business through
fiscal incentives & multi-year concessions to investors.
IT Policy and Tourism Policy of Assam have given special attention towards specific sector development.
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Largest economy in Northeast India
GSDP grew at a CAGR of 10.3% between 20011-12 &
Assam is the largest economy in the Northeast region.
Owing to its relative proximity to the rest of the country &
availability of quality infrastructure, the state offers a
favourable environment for industry.
It is the largest economy in the North-East & is known for
its large industries in the tea & petroleum sector. Assam
has one of the largest networks of higher education in
the entire North East.
Avenues of investments
The state is rich in water resources & has vast tracts of
fertile land. Other potential areas of investment include
power & energy, mineral-based industries, tourism &
crude oil refining.
Assam to get investment of around US$ 730.36 million
from 27 companies, such as Asian Paints, Ajanta
Pharma, Sun Pharma, etc.
In June 2017, India signed a loan agreement worth
US$ 39.2 million with the World Bank for the 'Citizen
Centric Service Delivery' project in Assam.
Policy and infrastructure support
Assam is India’s gateway to the Northeast & acts as a
vital link for trade with Southeast Asian countries. It is
well connected by rail, road, ports & airports.
Under the 12th Five Year Plan, all remaining gravel
roads will be blacktopped & timber bridges will be
converted to RCC. Public Private Partnership Policy
2008 aims to stimulate private sector investments in
Several concessions & incentives have been provided
to attract investors & support development including
Tourism Policy 2008, IT Policy 2009 & Industrial Policy
Rich resource pool
Assam is rich in natural resources such as natural oil
and gas, rubber, tea, and minerals such as granite,
limestone and kaolin. Assam contributed about 52.95%
in India’s total tea production in 2015-16. In 2014-15,
349.40 thousand hectares of land was under tea
cultivation in Assam, and tea production in the state
stood at nearly 652.95 million kg, during 2015-16.
The state has a large skilled workforce. A substantial
portion of the state’s population (which is in the age
group of 15-25) is computer literate
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Targeting over 10% GSDP
growth in 12th Five Year Plan
Agriculture & industrial
development likely to drive
Making the state a preferred tourist
Promote eco-tourism & river cruise
development & beautification of
7% growth targeted in 12th Five
development in agriculture
Use of technology and skill
Connectivity by all-weather roads
Improvement of state highways &
major district roads
Improvement of power infrastructure
in the state
Growth of 9% in industry & 13%
in services projected in the 12th
five year plan
Emphasis on MSME sector
Infrastructure development &
establishing plastic, banana,
bamboo & jute parks
Skill development of unemployed
Creation of health service
corporations for free supply of
Establishment of medical
Source: Government of Assam
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ASSAM FACT FILE
Source: Government of Assam, Census 2011
Assam is located in Northeast India. The state shares its borders
with Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Meghalaya,
Tripura & West Bengal. The state shares international borders with
Bangladesh, Burma & the Kingdom of Bhutan.
Assamese & Bodo are the official languages. Bengali holds the
official-language status in the 3 districts of the Barak Valley & is the
2nd most spoken language in the state. Assam also has a number of
schools with English as the medium of education.
The state is a gateway to Northeast India. Guwahati is the largest
city of the state.
Assam is known for its tea, petroleum resources, Muga silk and bio-
The state has conserved the one-horned Indian rhinoceros from
near extinction, along with the Pygmy hog, tiger & various species of
birds. It provides one of the last wild habitats for the Asian elephant.
Assam is becoming an increasingly popular destination for wildlife
tourism. Kaziranga National Park & Manas National Park are
registered as world-heritage sites.
Source: Maps of India
Geographical area (sq km) 78,438
Administrative districts (No) 27
Population density (persons per sq km) 398
Total population (million) 31.2
Male population (million) 15.9
Female population (million) 15.3
Sex ratio (females per 1,000 males) 958
Literacy rate (%) 73.18
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ASSAM IN FIGURES … (1/2)
Parameter Assam All states Source
Economy 2016-17 2016-17
GSDP as a percentage of all states’ GSDP 1.69 100.0
Directorate of Economics & Statistics of Assam,
Central Statistics Office
GSDP growth rate (%) 15.21 11.52
Directorate of Economics & Statistics of Assam,
Central Statistics Office
Per capita GSDP (US$) 1285 1788
Directorate of Economics & Statistics of Assam,
Central Statistics Office
Installed power capacity (MW) 1,599.65 330,273.65 Central Electricity Authority, as of June 2017
Wireless subscribers (No) 21,809,787 1,170,178,305
Telecom Regulatory Authority of India, as of March
Internet subscribers (No) 8,070,000 391,500,000
Telecom Regulatory Authority of India, as of March
National Highway length (km) 3,811.67 10,0087.08 NHAI & Roads and Building Department
Airports (No) 6 125 Airports Authority of India
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ASSAM IN FIGURES … (2/2)
Parameter Assam All states Source
Literacy rate (%) 73.18 73.0 Census, 2011
Birth rate (per 1,000 population) 22.4 21.4 SRS Bulletin
FDI equity inflows (US$ billion) 0.0961 332.11
Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion, From
April 2000 to March 2017
PPP projects completed & operational (No) 13 1,246
DEA, Ministry of Finance, Government of India,
1 FDI inflows for RBI’s Guwahati region, which includes Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura, PPP: Public-Private Partnership, SRS: Sample
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ECONOMIC SNAPSHOT – GSDP
GSDP of Assam at current prices (in US$ billion) Per capita GSDP of Assam at current prices (in US$)
At current prices, the gross state domestic product (GSDP)* of
Assam was US$ 30.72 billion in 2015-16.
The GSDP of the state grew at a CAGR of 8.57% from 2005-06 to
At current prices, the state’s per capita GSDP^ was US$ 984.47 in
The per capita GSDP increased at a CAGR of 7.63% between
2005-06 and 2015-16.
Source: Directorate of Economics & Statistics of Assam, Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation, Central Statistics Office GSDP* - Assam Budget Estimates 2016-17 Per
Capita GSDP^ - calculated using GSDP million US$ / Population in million
CAGR 8.00% CAGR 7.63%
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ECONOMIC SNAPSHOT – NSDP
NSDP of Assam at current prices (in US$ million) Per capita NSDP of Assam at current prices (in US$)
The net state domestic product (NSDP)# of Assam was US$ 26.16
billion in 2015-16.
The NSDP of the state grew at a CAGR of 8.20% from 2005-06 to
At current prices, the state’s per capita NSDP^ was US$ 838.51 in
The per capita NSDP increased at a CAGR of 7.24% between
2005-06 and 2015-16.
Source: Directorate of Economics & Statistics of Assam, Central Statistics Office
NSDP - Assam Budget Estimates 2016-17
per capita NSDP& - calculated using NSDP million US$ / Population in million
CAGR 8.20% CAGR 7.24%
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ECONOMIC SNAPSHOT – PERCENTAGE
DISTRIBUTION OF GSDP
In 2015-16, the tertiary sector contributed 56.85% to the state’s
GSDP at current prices, followed by the primary sector with a share
of 22.18% & secondary sector contributing a share of 20.97%.
At a CAGR of 15.07%, the tertiary sector recorded the fastest growth
among the 3 sectors from 2004-05 to 2015-16. The growth has been
driven by trade, hotels, real estate, finance, insurance, transport,
communications & other services.
Between 2004-05 & 2015-16, the primary sector expanded at a
CAGR of 11.62% and secondary sector grew at a CAGR of 10.31%.
Visakhapatnam port traffic (million tonnes)GSDP composition by sector
Primary Sector Secondary Sector Tertiary Sector
Source: Directorate of Economics & Statistics of Assam, Central Statistics Office Sector-wise % share of GSDP -Geometric mean of YoY calculation from 2004-05 to 2015-16
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ECONOMIC SNAPSHOT – AGRICULTURE
Rice, mustard seed, jute, potato, sweet potato, banana, papaya,
areca nut, sugarcane & turmeric are some of the major crops in the
The production of rice in Assam was recorded to be 5,123.0
thousand metric tonnes during the year of 2015-16. Similarly, the
production of pulses as well as oilseeds reached 195.0 & 13.0
thousand metric tonnes during the same period.
18,208.05 hectares of land was developed by the state government
during 2001-02 & 2015-16. Financial involvement of US$ 2.0137
million was made by the government for making the land appropriate
As of March 2016, the funds allocated & released under NFSM for
the pulses were recorded to be US$ 5.02 million & UD$ 4.14 million,
respectively. Various schemes related to soil & water conservation
are being implemented for improving the productivity & intensity of
cropping in the state.
Source: Ministry of Agriculture Department of Agriculture & Cooperation
Note: 12014-15 *2015-16
Annual production – 2016-17
Total pulses 195.0*
Plantation crops 193.38
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ECONOMIC SNAPSHOT – FDI INFLOWS &
According to the Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (DIPP),
cumulative FDI inflows during April 2000 to March 2017 totalled to
US$ 96 million.
The state ministry has promoted Assam as an investment destination
and manufacturing hub, at St. Petersburg International Economic
Forum at Russia. The state has received US$ 966.83 million worth of
investment since 2016 & generated over 40,000 jobs as well.
To boost infrastructure in the state, Assam state government has
approved various infrastructure projects during 2014-15 to 2018-19.
• Commercial & business hub involves investment of US$ 9.62
• Logistic hub involves investment of US$ 6.64 million
• Jute park involves investment of US$ 3.30 million
• Agro hub involves investment of US$ 33.18 million
• Corporate complex at AIDC Campus involves investment of US$
• Chemical hub involves investment of US$ 2.49 million
• IDP Moran involves investment cost of US$ 1.99 million
Government of Assam is organising a Global Business Summit in
2017, to encourage the Non-Resident Indians from Assam, to invest
in the state
Visakhapatnam port traffic (million tonnes)FDI equity inflows1, 2008-09 to 2016-17 (US$ million)
Source: Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion 1Including Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Assam and Tripura
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ASSAM STATE BUDGET 2016-17
Source: State Finance Commission Cell
Assam Budget 2016-17 (Major Details)
Total budget size: US$ 11.95 billion
Total estimated plan expenditure: US$ 4.49 billion (38% of total budget)
Total estimated non-plan expenditure: US$ 7.47 billion (62% of total budget)
Estimated capital expenditure: US$ 2.41 billion
Estimated revenue expenditure: US$ 9.54 billion
Estimated state tax revenue: US$ 2.39 billion
Estimated non-tax revenue: US$ 893.14 million
Estimated share of central taxes: US$ 2.89 billion
Anticipated state plan grants US$ 3.09 billion
Non-plan grants from centre: US$ 538.86 million
Estimated internal debt: US$ 1.59 billion
Consolidated fund receipt: US$ 11.38 billion
Contingency fund receipt: US$ 15.28 million
Public account receipt: US$ 27.05 billion
Fiscal deficit: (-) 8.29% of state GDP.
Revenue surplus: (-) US$ 1035.5 million
Budget deficit: US$ 440.10 million
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PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE – ROADS … (1/2)
The road network in Assam in terms of road density (road length per
thousand sq km of all roads) is extensive.
The Assam State Transport Corporation (ASTC) has been providing
state road transport services since its establishment in 1970.
In order to enhance infrastructure in the state, 13 new National
Highways have been announced by the government during 2015-16.
Additionally, the construction of 9 Bypasses at different places of the
state is under progress
During 2015-16, NHIDCL initiated 4-laning of NH-37, of length 179
km, from Numaligarh to Dibrugarh. Further, under CM’s special
package for manufacturing of border area bridges & roads, 158 km
of roads was constructed.
In May 2015, the government of Assam sanctioned an amount of
US$ 883.3 million for the construction of a 4-lane highway in Pulibor
in the Jorhat region.
Development of around 1,129 km of national highways has been
undertaken in the state from 2006-07 till 2015-16. The 4-laning of
NH-37 from the LGBI airport to Jalukbari is among such
Source: Maps of India
Road length (km)
National highways 3,811.67
State highways 3,134
Major district roads 4,413
Rural roads 36,544
Source: Ministry of Road Transport & Highways, Economic Survey of Assam, 2014-15, State Interim Annual Financial Statement and Demand for Drafts, 2016-17
Note: 3,811.67(1): for 2015-16
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PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE – ROADS … (2/2)
Construction work of 500 Km (paki path) all weather roads will be done within the next 2 years.
In State Interim Annual Financial Statement and Demand for Drafts, 2016-17, the state government has announced its plans to construct 13 new
national highways in the state for enhancing the communication infrastructure in the state during 2016-17.
Also, the state government is targeting to complete the major ongoing building projects by 2016-17, which include Judicial Academy at Amingaon,
Women University at Jorhat, etc.
The state government came up with “Swahid Kushal Kowar Paki Path Nirman Achani” & “Fakhrudin Ali Ahmed Scheme” for fulfilling the
construction of interlocking concrete roads across each constituency of the state, during 2015-16.
Further, under the CM’s Special Package for Barak Valley, a total of 248 km roads were completed during 2015-16. Similarly, the works on 158
km roads under CM’s Special Package for Special Focus were also completed during the same time period.
To improve infrastructure in the state, the Central Government has planned to invest US$ 14.94 billion to boost Road & Inland waterways network
In December 2016, the Central Government announced an investment of US$ 769.23 million for the construction of a 12 km-long elevated railway
corridor inside Guwahati, contributing to the smart city project.
In a meeting with Union Road Transport Highways & Shipping Minister, Nitin Gadkari, in February 2017, the state government discussed issues
related to fast-tracking pending road & highway projects in the state.
India’s longest bridge over the Brahmaputra river in Assam was inaugurated on 26 May 2017 by Prime Minister Modi. The 9.15-km long Bhupen
Hazarika Bridge will reduce the travel time between Assam and Arunachal Pradesh from six hours to just one hour as the distance will shrink by
Source: State Interim Annual Financial Statement and Demand for Drafts, 2016-17
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PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE – RAILWAYS
In 2014-15, Assam had a total railway route length of approximately
2,458.9 km, comprising 1,470.1 km under broad gauge and 988.9
km under metre gauge.
The headquarters of the North-East Frontier Railways is located at
Maligaon, on the outskirts of Guwahati. Within the state, all major
towns such as Dibrugarh, Tinsukia, Jorhat, Nagaon, Guwahati,
Tezpur, Barpeta & Bongaigaon are well connected by the railway
The BG Lumding-Silchar track was inaugurated in November 2015
by the Union Railways Minister. As per the railway budget 2016-17,
this track will help in linking the Barak valley with rest of the country.
The main rail track on Barauni-Katihar-Guwahati will be electrified
for faster movement. For improving the freight movement through
railways & for faster & reliable goods movement rolling stock
examination facilities have been created.
Source: Maps of India
Source: Economic Survey of Assam, 2014-15
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PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE – AIRPORTS
Assam has 6 operational airports including an international airport,
Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport, at Guwahati &
domestic airports each at Guwahati, Tezpur, Jorhat, Dibrugarh,
Silchar & North Lakhimpur.
Some of the tea gardens have their own air-strips & aircraft. Flights
to & from the South East Asian cities are in the offering through the
LGB International Airport at Guwahati.
The state government had announced plans to establish a
Greenfield project at Kokrajhar. Moreover the government is also
planning to up-grade existing airports, anticipating the future
increase in demand of airports.
Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport & Dibrugarh Airport
are the highly popular airport in the state. Aircraft movement from
Guwahati & Dibrugarh airports stood at 29425 & 3213, respectively
during 2015-16. Passenger traffic at Guwahati and Dibrugarh
airports during 2015-16 was 2784315 & 319646 respectively. Freight
handled at Guwahati & Dibrugarh airport was 15628 tonnes & 389
tonnes, respectively, during 2015-16
Guwahati 2,611 250,736 1,300
Silchar 292 16,743 27
Lakhimpur 36 801 0
Jorhat 86 4408 6
Dibrugarh 247 27,077 41
Airport indicators (March 2016)
Airport indicators (March 2015)
Guwahati 2,319 203,698 1,157
Silchar 346 20,276 27
Lakhimpur 34 561 0
Jorhat 78 5566 0
Dibrugarh 380 25,102 35
Source: Airports Authority of India, N.A. Not Available
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PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE – INLAND WATERWAYS
To further boost development of the inland waterways project in
Assam, a total of 871 km of Brahmaputra will be dredged. The
government has announced plans to start water taxi services in
Assam by the end of 2017, utilising the US$148.7 million allotted by
the World Bank for the development for inland waterways in the
Container Corporation of India Ltd (CONCOR) operates an ICD at
Amingaon, 10 km from Guwahati having 1 Reach Stacker with 50
MT capacity & 2 sling cranes with 35 MT capacity. 2 bonded
warehouses of CONCOR along with a private warehouse adding up
a total area of 6400 sq m operate from the ICD.
Assam’s major river routes are along the Brahmaputra & Barak
rivers, with a navigable length of 891 km & 121 km respectively. 7
port locations are operational in the state for import & export to the
Kolkata & Haldia ports. The Brahmaputra river is known as the
National Waterway (NW) No.2 (the Ganges is known as the National
The Directorate of Inland Water Transport (IWT) & Central Inland
Waterways Corporation of Assam operate water transport services
along the Brahmaputra and Barak rivers on a commercial basis.
These services are used to transport passengers & goods across the
state & to West Bengal. The chief goods that are transported include
jute, coal, fertilisers, cement, machinery, forest & agricultural
products. The present cargo handling capacity of the fleet is nearly
10000 metric tonnes.
Container Corporation of India Limited (CONCOR) operates an
Inland Container Depot (ICD) at Amingaon, 10 km from Guwahati. 2
bonded warehouses of CONCOR along with a private warehouse
(total area of 6,400 sq m) operate from the ICD. As per the state
budget 2016-17, the state government has initiated work over
projects which are to be financed by the Asian Development Bank
during 2015-16. Moreover, the “Brahmaputra Gallery” is also planned
to be established at Water Research & Management Institute of
Guwahati during the same period.
Source: Directorate of Inland Water Transport of Assam ICD - Inland Container Depot
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PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE – POWER … (1/2)
As of June 2017, Assam had a total installed power generation
capacity of 1,599.65 MW, of which 1045.81 MW was under central
utilities, 513.46 MW was under state utilities and 40.38 MW was
under the private sector.
The private sector controlled capacity comprises gas-based power
Of the total installed power generation capacity, thermal power
contributed 1,122.30 MW, hydropower contributed 431.23 MW &
renewable power contributed 45.89 MW.
Visakhapatnam port traffic (million tonnes)Installed power capacity (MW)
Source: Central Electricity Authority, As of August 2016
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PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE – POWER … (2/2)
As per state budget 2015-16, at a cost of US$ 129.85 million, the state government initiated the work of improving electricity infrastructure of 67
towns of the state.
With the implementation of Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY) every village in the state is to be electrified. During 2015-16, the
electrification work on 8,348 un-electrified villages as well as 12,841 partially electrified villages was completed under RGGVY.
With the completion of 1,072.11 km transmission line & addition of 1,516 MVA in 2016, the handling capacity of AEGCL grid increased from 1,617
MW to 1,950 MW.
As per the state budget 2016-17, a total of 24,000 villages 1,924 thousand rural households have been electrified, as of 2015, However, the
number stood at 12.8 thousand villages and 698 thousand rural households in 2001.
As of November 2016, Asian Development Bank (ADB) sanctioned a loan of US$ 48 million to boost the power sector in the state. This is the 2nd
tranche of the US$ 300 million Assam Power Sector Investment Program (APSIP) that was approved by ADB in July 2014.
Source: Central Electricity Authority, State Budget 2016-17
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PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE – TELECOM
Telecommunication network is one of the fastest growing sectors in
the state. Individuals & industries alike face no problems in procuring
telephone & other telecommunications facilities. The penetration of
landlines as well as cell phone telephony is high & is steadily
According to the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI),
Assam had nearly 21.80 million wireless subscribers and 0.16 million
wireline subscribers, as of March 2017.
By the end of March 2017, 1,402,066 subscribers had submitted
requests for mobile number portability in Assam.
Telecom Infrastructure (As of March 2017)
Wireless subscribers 21,809,787
Wire-line subscribers 160,000
Tele density 66.89
Performance status of NOFN Project (As of April 2016)
No. of GPs in Phase-I 1,013
Pipe laid (km) 1,955
Cable laid (km) 1,763
GPs for which cable laid 682
No of GPs lit 128
Postal facilities (2015-16- up to December 2015)
Head post offices 19
Sub post offices 607
Branch post offices 3,386
Total Post Offices 4,012
Source: Telecom Regulatory Authority of India, 1As of December 2016
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DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS: URBAN
The state has launched Assam Urban Infrastructure Investment Program (AUIIP) to improve water supply, sewerage & urban transport systems in
Guwahati. The program also includes storm water drainage & solid waste management system in Dibrugarh. The Project-I of AUIIP is being
implemented at an estimated cost of US$ 115.5 million.
Various master plans are being prepared at different urban centres. Drafts of around 45 master plans are under process & other 15 final master
plans are being prepared by using GIS mapping. Further, the Directorate of Town & Country Planning has prepared 29 final & draft master plans.
Moreover, 109 infrastructure projects worth US$ 147.98 million will be implemented via development authorities & urban local bodies. Also, high
emphasis is being laid on infrastructural development for truck terminus, hawkers & vendors, multi-utility building, storm water drainage, roads,
commercial complexes, etc.
Construction of 2,988 houses for urban poor in 16 towns has been completed under the Integrated Housing & Slum Development Program of
Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission with an investment of US$ 5.33 million during 2015-16. Further, construction of 978 housing
units was started by the Assam State Housing Board. In 50 towns, 58 urban water supply schemes were taken up by the Assam Urban Water
Supply & Sewerage Board during 2015-16.
Storm water drainages of 133.58 km in length have been constructed during 2015-16 in 15 towns under the ‘Urban Infrastructure Development
Scheme for Small and Medium Towns’. Further, under the 10% central pool fund, storm water drainages of 48.88 km in length as well as 8 market
buildings have been constructed. The government has also allocated funds of US$ 16.61 million for building of business centres, road
development, office complexes, etc. and US$ 15.09 million for service delivery of storm water drainage, road, sewerage, water supply, etc.
A Land Pooling policy is to be initiated during 2016 to overcome the scarcity of land availability where the owners of the land may participate as
partners for the development process. Further, under GMC, an organic waste converter proposal is under process. Also, an initiative to take care
of water supply, solid waste water & drainage has been taken up by the state government for addressing the challenges related to infrastructure &
enhancing service quality across the cities of Dibrugarh & Guwahati, which is to be executed in 2 tranches. The 1st tranche has been initiated in
March 2012 till June 2018, while the 2nd will be implemented from 2016 to 2020.
Source: JNNURM, Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India
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DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS: KEY PUBLIC PRIVATE
Project name PPP type Sector Stage
Integrated Solid Waste Management
Organic Agriculture Produces Market
Social and commercial
Operation and maintenance of North
East Tribal Museum and Cultural Centre
at Nazirakhat, Sonapur, Kamrup
Social and commercial
Under construction 1.53
Champamati Hydro Power Project 4MW
Bodrikarai Hydro Power Project
Energy Under construction 7.17
60 MW thermal Power Project
Energy Under construction 36.39
2MW Hydel Power
Energy Under construction 2.17
Solid Waste Management (Guwahati)
Water sanitation Under construction 5.37
Bridge (Dhola-Sadia Ghats) Project
Transport Under construction 106.94
Source: Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, BOT: Build-Own-Transfer, BOOT: Build-Own-Operate-Transfer
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SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE – EDUCATION … (1/2)
Assam has a literacy rate of 73.18&; the male literacy rate is 77.85%
& the female literacy rate is 66.27%. In 2014-15, the state had 53744
total schools, 40355 primary schools, 7,646 middle school & 5,743
The state government is taking several steps to encourage setting up
of various educational complexes for skill development. It has formed
a steering committee & 27 institute management committees to
facilitate close coordination between industry & academia.
In February 2017, the state government announced its plans to give
special impetus to its initiatives of empowering women in the state,
through its special programs such as Beti Bachao Beti Padhao, etc.
Literacy rates, 2015-16 (%)
Source: Economic Survey of Assam 2014-15
Literacy rate 73.18
Male literacy 77.85
Female literacy 66.27
Assam’s School Education Statistics As of 2015-16
Source: National University of Education Planning and Administration, Plan Assam
Premier Institutions in Assam
Gauhati University, Guwahati
Assam University, Silchar
Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat
Dibrugarh University, Dibrugarh
Tezpur University, Tezpur
K.K. Handique State Open University
Assam Engineering College, Guwahati
Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati
Jorhat Engineering College, Jorhat
National Institute of Technology, Silchar
Assam Medical College, Dibrugarh
Gauhati Medical College and Hospital, Guwahati
Silchar Medical College and Hospital, Silchar
Number of schools
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SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE – EDUCATION … (2/2)
During 2015-16, the state government allocated an amount of US$ 0.46 million under the Gyanjyoti scheme for creating awareness among the
students of class VIII to XII, through educational excursions across various places. Further, 219 Aryabhatta Science Centres have been
constructed to boost growth across the science & technology sector in the state. Also, an amount of USD1.15 million was apportioned for the
hostels of ST, SC, OBC boys and girls during 2015-16.
In collaboration with Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan and UNICEF, 2 Mobile Science Laboratories have been established in the state for
providing science practical classes to students.
As of 2016-17, the state had a total of 219 Aryabhatta Science Centres, which have been established for encouraging students in science and
As per the state budget 2017-18, the government proposed an investment of US$ 1.2 million for establishment of new hostels for working women
In May 2017, the state government announced the dissolution of Assam’s Madrasa Board & Sanskrit Board, and will make these boards a part of
the Board of Secondary Education.
Source:Aryabhatta Science Centre Assam, RMSA Assam, State Budget 2017-18, Economic Survey 2015-16
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SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE – HEALTH … (1/2)
Assam has 37 district hospitals, 19 sub-divisional civil hospitals,
1,434 primary health centres (PHCs), 261 dispensaries, 5,732 sub-
centres and 217 community health centres (CHCs).
Detailed reports for 3 new medical colleges at North Lakimpur,
Nagaon & Dhubri were submitted to GOI for consideration. Also,
MoUs for setting up new medical colleges at North Lakimpur,
Nagaon, Dhubri & Diphu have already been signed from the GOI.
Establishment of 50 beds in the cancer wing of all the medical
colleges will be done. Also, in the 2015-16 state budget, the state
government announced plans to build a B.Sc. nursing college, dental
college, Institute of Physiotherapy & Rehabilitation Centre at Jorhat
& Institute of Paramedical Science at Barpeta
Also, free healthcare scheme for BPL students below 18 years of
age will be launched. For rural areas, a mobile laboratory for cancer
check-up will also be started. These will include, diagnostic tests
such as– X-rays, blood tests, etc.
The Mamata program will be restarted, under which the state
government will distribute free baby kits to new born babies in
hospitals. A Directorate of Nursing will be formed. The state
government also plans to support the paramedical institutions. The
state government also announced plans to take necessary regulatory
steps for registration of all clinics in the state to maintain minimum
standards of services & facilities
Central Government is planning to invest US$ 149.36 million for
setting up of 750-bedded All India Institute of Medical Sciences in
State-level hospitals 1
District hospitals 37
Sub-divisional civil hospitals 13
Primary health centres 1,014
Community health centres 151
Health indicators of Assam (2015-16)
Birth rate (per thousand persons) 22.4
Death rate (per thousand persons) 7.8
Infant mortality rate (per thousand live births) 54
There has been an increase in the construction of medical college as
well as hospitals in the state during past few years. In 2015, the
Medical College & Hospital in Tezpur became operational. However,
the building of new infrastructure in Diphu is under construction.
Government of Assam has also signed a MoU with the Indian
government to develop 3 new medical colleges at North Lakhimpur,
Dhubri and Nagaon districts of the state. Also, during 2015-16, the
number of MBBS and post graduation seats have amplified to 726
and 339, respectively.
Source: Economic Survey of Assam, 2015-16
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SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE – HEALTH … (2/2)
During 2015-16, 2028 regular & 1390 contractual employees were recruited by the state government including nurses, doctors, etc. Also, an
initiative for development of 50 bedded cancer wings across each & every medical college of the state, was taken by the government during 2015-
16 on account of growing incidences of cancer in the state.
To expand health services in Assam, state government will develop 3 medical colleges in Lakhimpur, Dhemaji & Nagaon districts with an
investment of around US$ 36.66 million each, along with six 200 bedded district hospitals & 62 models hospitals in the newly created districts.
Health department will construct 60 public health centres & 1000 sub centres
The state government is taking initiatives towards extending a legislative cover to the senior citizens in the state. As per the legislation, if young
earning members of the family are unable to look after the elderly parents, then they would have to forfeit a portion of their salary, which would be
given to the parents.
Source: Economic Survey of Assam, 2014-15, State Interim Annual Financial Statement and Demand for Drafts, 2016-17
Key Health Schemes Launched by Assam Government
‘Maram’ (Assamese for financial help to patients)
‘Mamata’ (Assamese for new born and mothers)
‘Majoni’ (Assamese for little girls)
• A newborn girl child gets a fixed deposit instrument worth US$ 109.
• A would-be mother gets US$ 10.4 for each of the first two check-ups.
‘Morom’ (Assamese for compassion)
• Patients in medical college hospitals receive US$ 1.6 per day for seven days.
• Patients in civil hospitals get US$ 1.04 per day for five days.
• Pregnant women are encouraged to undergo three ante-natal checkups to detect any danger signs during pregnancy.
• During the 2nd & 3rd ante-natal checkups, pregnant women receive US$ 18.4 for expenses related to nutritional food & supplements.
For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgASSAM29
Assam is home to many ethnic groups and different cultures. The state is rich in folk music; different styles include regional folk music, ethnic folk
music and bihu songs, among others. There are diversified important traditional festivals in Assam. Bihu is the most important and common and
celebrated all over Assam. It is the Assamese new year celebrated in April of the Gregorian calendar. Assam has a rich tradition of performing
arts. Ankiya Nat (Onkeeya Naat) is a traditional dance-drama (bhaona) form, popular since the 15th century AD. The Bihu dance, Kushan Nritya,
Sattriya and Banjar Kekan are some of the popular dance forms of Assam. The culture has a variety of traditional musical instruments including
several types of drums, string instruments, flutes, cymbals, and pipes. Guwahati is the major centre for sporting facilities. The sports infrastructure
in the city includes the Nehru Stadium and the Kanaklata Indoor Stadium. Additional sports infrastructure has been constructed in the city,
especially for the 33rd National Games. This includes a large stadium at Sarusajai (Indira Gandhi Athletic Stadium), the Dr Zakir Hussain Aquatic
Complex and the Karmabir Nabin Chandra Bordoloi AC Indoor Hall.
Other new sports structures in the city include the Maulana Md. Tayabullah Hockey Stadium, the Deshbhakta Tarun Ram Phookan Indoor
Stadium, the Rajiv Gandhi Indoor Stadium in Amingaon and the Chachal Tennis Complex in Guwahati. The Assam State Museum is one of the
biggest multi-purpose museums in the country. Instituted in 1940, the museum has some of the most authentic prehistoric sculptures, metal, ivory
paintings, woodwork and costumes. The museum has organised several cultural events and reflects the legacy of the entire Northeast region. As
per the state budget 2016-17, in order to expand the system’s capabilities to provide effective skill training to the students for their employment,
the state government constituted a new “Assam Skill Development Mission” during 2015-16.
The state government also proposed setting up of State Vivekananda Youth Development Centre in the state, which is expected to commence
functioning from 2016 in Guwahati. The centre is being established for the enhancement and development of youth to guide them in developing
their value system and encouraging them to contribute towards the society’s welfare. Further, the establishment of NCC academy at Jorhat is
proposed by the Government of Assam, which is anticipated to be finished in during 2016-17.
The state has been selected for hosting FIFA U-17 World Cup India, 2017. The city of Guwahati became the fifth Indian city after Kochi, Navi
Mumbai, Goa and New Delhi to be ratified as a venue for the FIFA U-17, 2017 games.
Source: Economic Survey of Assam, 2014-15, State Interim Annual Financial Statement and Demand for Drafts, 2016-17
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INDUSTRIAL INFRASTRUCTURE … (1/3)
Source: Department of Industries & Commerce Government of Assam
To facilitate infrastructure support, the State Industries & Commerce
Department has sponsored 3 projects as industrial growth centres at
Chariduar, Matia & Chaygaon-Patgaon.
• Chariduar Growth Centre: Cost of US$ 4.7 million shared by
central and state government.
• Matia Growth Centre: Cost of US$ 4.0 million shared by central
and state government.
• Chaygaon-Patgaon Growth Centre: Cost of US$ 3.0 million
shared by central and state government.
During 2016-17, US$ 4.73 million has been proposed as state’s
share for construction of plastic park in the state. Further, an amount
of US$ 1.52 million has been proposed for the development of the
2nd phase of Maniram Dewan Trade Centre in Guwahati, during
As per Budget 2017-18, in order to promote inclusive industrialization
of the State, “Primary Production Centres” are being proposed to be
set up at the point of production for primary processing of
Also, the digitization of offices as well as initiation of solar power
energy based systems is expected to be taken up during 2016-17.
Construction of Handicraft Development Centre in Ambari has been
targeted for completion during 2016-17. The Government of Assam
has also proposed US$ 4.73 million for skill development in the state.
Assam industrial infrastructure (as of December 2015)
Export promotion industrial park 1
Industrial growth centres 3
Integrated infrastructure depots 10
Industrial estates 16
Industrial areas 17
Growth centres 11
Mini industrial estates 6
Commercial estates 64
Common service workshop 2
Further, amounts of US$ 0.9 million, US$ 0.05 million and US$ 0.06
million have been proposed for building up Quality Testing
Laboratory at Cachar and Tinsukia, Gem Testing Centre and On-site
Testing facility, respectively, by the state government for 2016-17.
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INDUSTRIAL INFRASTRUCTURE … (2/3)
Source: Government of Assam website (www.assam.gov.in), Software Technology Parks of India, Guwahati, Assam Industrial Development Corporation Ltd, Assam Small Farmers' Agri-
Business Consortium, Guwahati BioTech Park
Software Technology Park
A software technology park has been set up at Guwahati, near the Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport,
by the Software Technology Parks of India Limited (STPI).
Food Processing Park
India’s government has sanctioned a food processing park with a total project cost of US$ 1.2 million. The park is
being set up near Chaygaon in the district of Kamrup (rural). The implementing agency is Assam Small Industries
Development Corporation Limited.
Agri-Export Zone for Ginger
India's government has sanctioned an agri-export zone for the state for fresh and processed ginger. The nodal agency
for implementing this project is Assam Industrial Development Corporation Limited. The zone is located in eight
districts: Kamrup, Nalbari, Barpeta, Darrang, Morigaon, Nagaon, Karbi Anglong and North Cachar (NC) hills of
Considering the importance of biotechnology, an integrated park to provide all infrastructural and other related
services has been developed in Guwahati. The Guwahati Biotech Park undertakes research activities in
biotechnology. The park was inaugurated on 25 February 2011.
A tea park is being set up at Chaygaon by AIDC in Kamrup District in an area of approximately 100 acres of land. The
park would provide facilities for blending, storage and transshipment of Assam tea for the world market.
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INDUSTRIAL INFRASTRUCTURE … (3/3)
Assam's proximity to SAARC countries like Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan gives it the investment potential considering the advantage of border
trade with these countries
Assam’s has 11 integrated infrastructure development centres across the state of which 2 are under construction. The Government of India has
approved 2 more projects under MSE-CDP at Pathsala (Barpeta) & Moran (Dibrugarh).
Under the current Five Year Plan, a new Institute of Information Technology (IIT) has been set up in Guwahati through the public-private
partnership (PPP) model. It would help promote research & industrial partnership in technical education
Source: Government of Assam website , Assam Industrial Development Corporation Ltd, Economic Survey of Assam, 2014-15
Export Promotion Industrial
Assam Industrial Development Corporation (AIDC) has implemented an Export Promotion Industrial Park (EPIP) at
Amingaon, near Guwahati, in the district of Kamrup, at an estimated cost of US$ 3.0 million. The total area of the park
is 68.1 acres. AIDC has constructed 3 industrial sheds and allotted them to 3 industrial units. There are 38 companies
in the park, offering direct employment opportunities to 4,000 people & indirect employment opportunities to about
Industrial growth centres
Industrial growth centres with supporting infrastructure have been set up at Balipara in the Sonitpur district and Matia
in Goalpara. The Matia industrial growth centre has been set up with a total project cost of US$ 4.5 million & spans
700 acres. The Balipara industrial growth centre has been set up with a total project cost of US$ 5.3 million and is
spread across 400 acres.
Development (IID) Centres
IID centres have been planned at Parbatpur, Serphangguri, Dalgaon, Demow, Bhomoraguri, Malinibeel, Dahudi,
Silapathar, Rangia, Banderdewa & Titabar. The projects at Bhomoraguri, Dalgaon, Malinibeel, Titabar, Demow,
Dahudi, Banderdewa, Silapathar and Rangia are already completed & the other projects are also on the verge of
Border Trade Centres
BTCs are located at Mankachar (Dhubri), Sutarkandi (Karimganj) & Darranga (Kamrup).
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The state will be developing city of Guwahati under the proposed
smart city program.
The cities proposed under AMRUT include Guwahati, Silchar,
Dibrugarh and Nagaon.
In July 2015, a total amount of US$ 0.87 million A&OE
(Administrative & Office Expenses) funds were released for the
state of Assam under AMRUT. Of this amount, US$ 0.17 million
has been paid in advance.
In 2016, Guwahati was included in the center's smart city list of 20
cities where smart city plan would be implemented.
Smart cities in Assam
Cities Population Area (sq. Km) Literacy rate
Guwahati 963,429 216 91.47%
Source: Aranca Research
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STARTUP POLICIES & EMPLOYMENT GENERATION
In September 2014, the government launched an ‘Angel Fund’ to help first generation entrepreneurs of the state to start up businesses. Under this
fund, a maximum amount of US$ 7,760 is extended at an interest of 5% per annum and with a moratorium period of 10 months for setting up new
In March 2017, the state government launched Sarothi. The scheme offers financial assistance in form of loans from bank with a subsidy on
interest rates. Under Sarothi, applicants who have undergone skill development training will be given preference. The initiative has been
undertaken to remove hurdle of equity or funds crunch. The scheme will be valid for five years.
For boosting employment in rural areas, state government has allocated US$ 164.5 million in the budget of 2017-18.
As per the budget of 2017-18, a one time grant of US$ 15,520.7 will be made available Rural Self Employment Training Institute.
In association with PM Kaushal Vikas Yojana, 33 skill development centres will be established. An allocation of US$ 1.5 million has been made in
2017-18 budget, for the same.
US$ 0.3 million have been allocated for undertaking preparatory works of establishing Skill City in association with ITE, Singapore.
In the 2017-18 budget, government highlighted the importance of Assam’s fishery sector in generating employment for the rural youth.
Source: Government of Assam Industries & Commerce website , Startup Assam, State Budget,
For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgASSAM35
Source: Economic Survey of Assam, 2013-14, Ministry of Mines, Government of Assam
Barpeta Metal, mustard oil
Bongaigaon Textiles, dairy, aluminium, oil and natural gas
Dibrugarh Fertilizer, petroleum and natural gas
Tea, cement, pharmaceuticals, aluminium and
North Cachar Hills Cement
Sivasagar Tea, oil and natural gas
Tinsukia Tea, coal, oil and natural gas
Kamrup Metropolitan Cement, tea and textiles
Assam accounts for a share of over 55% in the country’s overall tea
production. Assam has huge reserves of crude petroleum, natural gas, coal,
limestone & minor minerals.
Coal mined from Assam has high sulphur content and is mainly utilised by
local railways, hydro power stations and steamers. The state is the 3rd
largest producer of petroleum & natural gas in the country. Major state
refineries are located at Digboi, Guwahati, Bongaigaon & Numaligarh.
Ample availability of limestone has attracted several cement & chemical
industries within the state.
In February 2017, India’s largest dry cell battery maker, Eveready
Industries, began operations at its new battery and LED flashlight plant at
Goalpara, Assam, with an investment of US$ 16.36-17.85 million. The unit
has an annual manufacturing capacity of 500 million batteries & 9 million
In the 2017-18 budget, government announced an allocation of US$ 12.1
million for the IT sector.
Government has announced formulation of a project “Making Assam IT
Nucleus and Electronics Hub” (MAIN-eHub) incorporating components for
High Performance Computing, hub for electronics manufacturing and allied
infrastructure for external assistance.
Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Govt. of India has
proposed 688 MW of generation capacity from the renewable energy
sources in Assam till 2021-22 out of which 663 MW will be from Solar and
25 MW will be from small hydro electric power projects.
For Financial Year 2017-18, government has announced setting up of 2
solar power plants with capacities of 69 MW at Amguri in Sibasagar district
and of 20 MW at Chandrapur in Kamrup district of Assam respectively and
also for providing 24x7 power supply to 5(five) towns in Assam namely,
Guwahati, Dibrugarh, Sualkuchi, Rangapara and Jorhat.
Key Industries in Major Districts
Key Industries in Assam
Coal, Oil and Gas
Limestone and Cement
Agriculture and Horticulture
Traditional Cottage Industry
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KEY INDUSTRIES – TEA … (1/3)
Tea occupies an important place among the agriculture-based industries in Assam. About 17% of the workers of Assam are engaged in the tea
industry. There are more than 765 tea gardens in the state of Assam.
Under the PLA (Plantation Labour Act), 1951, it has been made mandatory to supply basic services such as primary education, water supply,
health facilities, sanitation, etc. for the prosperity of tea workers in the state. Moreover, the building & upkeep of roads will be taken care by the
Government of Assam.
Assam contributed about 50.60% in India’s total tea production in 2014-15. In 2014-15, 349.40 thousand hectares of land was under tea cultivation
in Assam & tea production in the state stood at nearly 610.97 million kg, during the same period. During 2015-16, tea production in the state stood
at 652.95 million kg.
Tea is grown in the Brahmaputra & Barak plains. Tea gardens are mostly found in the districts of Tinsukia, Dibrugarh, Sibsagar, Jorhat, Golaghat,
Nagaon & Sonitpur.
The government has secured a Geographical Indication (GI) for the tea produced in the state. As a result ‘Assam Tea’ is known as ‘Assam
The Government of India has created a Special Purpose Tea Fund (SPTF) for rejuvenation of the tea bushes. This would benefit 700-800 tea
gardens of the state.
For betterment of R&D in tea industry, Tocklai Experimental Station at Jorhat – the oldest & largest tea R&D Centre of its kind is managed and
operated under the guidance of Tea Research Association (TRA). Research on all aspects of tea cultivation & processing is carried out at this
station which is the oldest & the largest research station of its kind in the world.
In February 2017, Goodricke Group announced plans to acquire tea estates in Assam for an investment of US$ 5.95 million to produce 1 million
kg of tea, annually. The brand is keen to expand tea production in Assam as the tea from the region is of premium quality and is very popular in
both domestic as well as international markets.
Source: Economic Survey Assam 2014-15, Tea Board of India
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KEY INDUSTRIES – TEA … (2/3)
Tea production in Assam (’000 tonnes)
Source: Tea Board of India, Economic Survey of Assam 2014-15, State Interim Annual Financial Statement and Demand for Drafts, 2016-17
During 2015-16, the state government provided Assam State
Electricity Board (ASEB) with US$ 1.52 million for the electrification
of quarters of the Tea Workers.
Also, for increasing tea exports through ICD (Inland Container
Depots), the government will extend the benefit of US$ 0.1 per kg of
made tea from Agricultural Income Tax till 2017-18.
During 2015-16, a total of 0.2 million beneficiaries were provided
grants under Family Oriented Income Generating Scheme.
During 2016-17, the state government has proposed to construct a
Tea Museum in Dibrugarh. A provision of US$ 2.32 million was
made for the tea musuem in the 2017-18 state budget.
Some Key Players
Assam Tea Corporation Ltd
Assam Company India Ltd
Apeejay Tea Ltd
Williamson Magor Group
Source: Tea Board of India
Source: Tea Board of India * Production during April 2017 – May 2017
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KEY INDUSTRIES – TEA … (3/3)
Established in 1972, the company is a wholly owned undertaking of the Government of Assam.
The company has 14 tea estates that are spread in over 13,000 hectares of land in six districts of Assam. Based
in Dispur, the firm provides direct employment to more than 16,000 workers.
Formed in 1839, the company operates 15 factories and 15 tea estates and gardens spread over 14,000 hectares.
It was the first to have an organic tea estate (Rembeng Estate) in Assam.
The firm has over 32,000 employees and produces around 15 million kg of tea annually. The company recorded
revenue of US$ 16.24 million during the third quarter of 2015-16.
The company was established as Assam Frontier Tea Limited in 1889.
It has 17 estates spread over 50,000 acres in Assam, which together produce around 25 million kg of tea.
Besides domestic auction, the company sells directly to international customers such as Unilever, Tetley, Tazo
The known brands are Typhoo, Mantra and Maha Mantra.
The company was established in 1949 and produces over 65 million kg of tea every year, of which around 30
million kg is from its 23 tea estates in Assam.
Tez, Premium Gold and Jaago are the packet tea brands.
During the third quarter of 2015-16, ending December 2015, the company recorded a total revenue of US$ 1.05
Assam Tea Corp Ltd
Assam Company India
Apeejay Tea Ltd
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KEY INDUSTRIES – ENERGY: COAL, OIL AND GAS …
Coal ('000 MT) Natural Gas Utilised (MCM) Crude Oil ('000 MT)
Source: assamgovt.nic.in, US Energy Information Administration
Coal, Oil & Gas production in Assam (’000 tonnes)
The Assam-Arakan Basin in Northeast India is an important oil-producing region & contains more than 15% of the country’s reserves. Assam has
over 1.3 billion tonnes of crude oil & 156 billion cubic metric tonnes of natural gas reserves.
Assam is the 2nd place in the world where petroleum was discovered.The state also has a substantial reserve of coal bed methane (CBM) and
about 1,200 million metric tonnes (MT) of coal reserves. The wells at Digboi, Duliajan and Sivasagar, among others, also produce natural gas,
accounting for about 50.0% of India's total onshore production.
As of March 2017, ONGC made new discovery of 10 million metric tonnes (MMT) of oil in the state. Two wells, one each at Sufayam and
Dayalpur, have been drilled to exploit this 10 MMT oil reserve.
Coal occurs mainly in the upper Assam districts of Tinsukia & Dibrugarh in the Makum & Dilli – Jeypore coalfields. Small coal deposits occur
sporadically in the central Assam districts of Karbi Anglong & North Cachar Hills. The proven reserve of coal in this belt is about 340 million
tonnes. Margherita town in Tinsukia district is known as the ‘Coal Queen of Assam’. The state has a refining capacity of 150,000 barrels per day at
Numaligarh, Bongaigaon, Guwahati & Digboi.
Region Capacity (million MTPA)
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KEY INDUSTRIES – ENERGY: COAL, OIL AND GAS …
Indian Oil Corporation is an Indian petrochemical company with over 100 years of experience in oil refining & marketing for the
nation. Total revenue of the company stood at US$ 15.5 billion at the end of March of 2017.
In 2015, Indian Oil is ranked at 119th position among the largest corporates around the globe in the Fortune ‘Global 500’
listing. IOCL controls 10 of India’s 22 refineries and has a refining capacity of 65.7 million metric tonnes per annum (MMTPA),
representing 31% of the country’s refining capacity. The company has refineries at Digboi, Guwahati and Bongaigaon. The
Digboi Refinery is India's oldest and was commissioned in 1901. It has a capacity of 0.65 mmtpa.IOCL
ONGC is India’s leading oil and gas, exploration & production company.
The company has 240 onshore production installations, 77 drilling rigs and a 26,598 km pipeline network. The oil major has 42
oil wells in Jorhat and Golaghat districts. In 2012, the company was crowned the most admired company of the Northeast
At the end of 3rd quarter of 2015-16, the company recorded revenues of 2.82 billion.ONGC
OIL, a wholly owned Government of India enterprise, is a fully integrated upstream petroleum company. It was established in
1959 to expand & develop the newly discovered oil fields of Naharkatiya & Moran in Assam.
Almost 90% of OIL’s crude oil & gas production comes from Northeast India, while Rajasthan and onshore areas of Ganga
and Mahanadi constitute the rest of the exploration sites.
OIL owns and operates 13 drilling rigs & 14 work-over rigs. The company’s registered office is located in Duliajan, and the
pipeline headquarter is in Guwahati. The company recorded a revenue of US$ 451.65 million at the end of second quarter of
Source: IOCL - Indian Oil Corp Ltd, ONGC - Oil and Natural Gas Corp Ltd, OIL - Oil India Ltd, CIL- Coal India Ltd
CIL is a Government of India undertaking and the single-largest coal-producing company in the world.
CIL operates through 81 mining areas and 470 mines, of which 275 are underground. It commands nearly 81.0% of the Indian
North Eastern Coalfields, a unit of CIL, is located at Margherita, Assam. CIL registered a total revenues of US$ 2.99 billion at
the end of third quarter of 2015-16.CIL
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KEY INDUSTRIES – LIMESTONE AND CEMENT … (1/2)
Limestone is an important mineral, which is used in the
manufacturing of cement.
Several cement factories have come up in the Dima Hasao district in
Assam due to the availability of high-quality limestone in the region.
Medium and large industries have significant potential in the state
because of availability of raw materials like hydrocarbon, coal,
limestone, etc. Government will provide all possible support for
setting up of medium and Large Industries in the state.
Good quality cement-grade limestone is found in central Assam
districts of North Cachar Hills and Karbi Anglong, where a total
reserve of about 670 million tonnes is available. The China clay of
Karbi- Anglong district is a vital input for the Ceramic industries.
Source: Economic Survey of Assam, 2014-15
Cement Corporation of India Ltd
Barak Valley Cements Ltd
Jaypee Cements Ltd
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KEY INDUSTRIES – LIMESTONE AND CEMENT … (2/2)
CCI was incorporated in 1965 as a wholly-owned Government of India company.
It has 10 units spread over eight states with a total annual installed capacity of 3,848,000 metric tonnes.
In Assam, the corporation has a plant at Bokajan, which has a capacity of 198,000 MT, and a regional office at
Cement Corp of India
BVCL was incorporated as a public limited company in 1999.
The company is located in Assam and all its operations are concentrated in Northeast India.
The manufacturing unit of the company is located at Badarpurghat, Assam. Its subsidiary, Badarpur Energy
Private Limited, has set up a 6 MW biomass captive power plant at Badarpurghat in Assam. At the end of the year
2015-16, the company recorded total income of US$ 16.99 million.
Barak Valley Cements
The group is engaged in the businesses of engineering and construction, expressways, sports, agri-business,
power, real estate, hospitality and cement.
It has announced an investment of US$ 228 million to set up a greenfield cement plant in the North Cachar Hills
district with an annual capacity of 2 million tonnes. This is a joint venture with Assam Mineral Development
Corporation Limited. Jaiprakash Associates reported an operating income of around US$ 2.21 billion at the end of
the year 2016-17.Jaypee Cements Ltd
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KEY INDUSTRIES – MEDICINAL HERBS AND PLANTS
Assam, with its vast area under hills and forests, is home to a variety
of medicinal herbs and plants. About 300 types of medicinal herbs
and plants are found in abundance in the state with the Brahmaputra
valley alone having 150 varieties of herbs and plants of commercial
An estimated 5-10% of the plants & herbs have been commercially
exploited, offering vast potential for further investments. Major
medicinal herbs and plants in the state include Sarpagandha
(Rauvolfia serpentine Benth.ex.Kur), Pippali (Piper longam Linn),
Amlakhi (Emblica officinalis Gaertn), Hilikha (Terinalia chebula
Retz.), Bhomora (Terminalia belerica) and Arjuna (Terminalia arjuna
Wight & Arn.).
Source: Economic Survey of Assam, 2015-16 Ministry of AYUSH, National Medicinal Plants Board
Year Funds (US$ million)
Funds allocated (US$
2015-16 0.02 0.02
Funds released for development and sustainable management
of medicinal plants
National Medicinal Plants Board (NMPB) (centrally sponsored
Funds allocated (US$
2014-15 1.77 1.10
2015-16 2.10 0.66
National AYUSH Mission (centrally sponsored scheme)
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KEY INDUSTRIES – AGRICULTURE AND
An agrarian economy since time immemorial, agriculture is the major contributor to the state economy. It also provides livelihood to a significant proportion of the
population of the state. The agro-climatic conditions support cultivation of a wide range of horticultural crops, including plantation crops and various fruits and
vegetables, flowers, spices, medicinal and aromatic plants, nut crops and tuber crops.
During 2014-15, the state accounted for an area of 652.1 thousand hectares under horticulture crops. Total production of horticulture crops in 2014-15 stood at
7,568.1 thousand metric tonnes. In 2015-16, total production of rice was recorded to be 5,123 thousand metric tonnes. Similarly, the production of pulses and
oilseeds reached 195 thousand metric tonnes and 13 thousand metric tonnes during 2015-16, respectively. In 2017-18, US$ 31.4 million were allocated under
Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana for the development of the agriculture sector of the state.
Pineapple, banana, cauliflower, Broccoli, rose and Bougainvillea are among high yielding varieties of horticulture crops in Assam. It also includes traditional fruits
like Carambola, Leteku, Paniyal Thekera, Au tenga etc.
The state government has set up one ‘V’ type automated nursery in Guwahati for producing 50 lakh planting material per year. Further, the work for development
of a horticulture college in Nalbari has also been initiated with a cost of US$ 1.33 million. The government has also ensured protective afforestation of 2,423.42
hectares of land from 2001-02 to 2015-16.
Patanjali Ayurved had invested US$ 194.17 million for opening a food park in the state of Assam. The construction of this park was completed in March 2017.
The facility has created a direct employment for 5000 people and is expected to create an overall production facility worth US$ 15.52 billion in the next five years..
Assam and the North East are mostly organic by default – according to government figures, of the net cultivated area of 4.3 million hectares, around 30.92 lakh
hectares have never seen the use of chemical or inorganic fertilizers. Assam has been using 56 kg of chemical fertilizer per hectare on an average. Assam is
embracing organic farming in a big way with the help of the central government.
Source: Department of Agriculture, Assam, Economic Survey of Assam, 2014-15, National Horticulture Board-AE 2015-16, RKVY
Year Total fruits Total vegetables Total plantation Total spices Loose flowers
2011-12 12.97 11.45 2.84 2.81 -
2012-13 13.76 12.25 1.87 2.97 6.5
2013-14 13.88 10.77 1.78 3.00 6.67
2014-15 14.42 13.75 2.44 3.00 6.67
2015-16 14.59 12.3 1.85 3.32 6.67
2016-17 14.66 12.41 1.89 2.45
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KEY INDUSTRIES – TOURISM … (1/2)
Assam is popularly known for its natural beauty and pristine tea
gardens, attracting photographers from all over the world.
Under the Swadesh Darshan Scheme, amount sanctioned by the
government as of March 2017, for a heritage circuit was US$ 15.26
million. Under the Prasad Scheme, for the expansion of Kamakhya
temple along with pilgrimage destinations in and around Guwahati,
the government sanctioned US$ 5.19 million during the same period.
The key tourist destinations in the state are:
• Wildlife sanctuaries: Bhejan-Borajan-Padumoni, Panidehing,
Nambor-Doigurung, Nambor, Sonai-Rupai, Laokhowa, Pobitora,
Marat Longri, etc.
• National parks: Kaziranga, Manas, Orang, Nameri and Dibru-
• Leisure/scenic beauty spots: Chandubi, Bhairabkunda, Daranga,
Bhalukpung and Haflong.
• Pilgrimage sites: Guwahati, Hajo, Majuli and Batadrawa.
• Golf courses with air strips: Narengi, Borsola and East Boraoi.
• Historical places: Rang Ghar, Talatal Ghar, Kareng Ghar,
Agnigarh and Madan Kamdev archeological site.
Total tourist arrivals in Assam (in million)
4.51 4.68 4.82
5.50.02 0.02 0.02
2012 2013 2014 2015
0.24 0.23 0.25
2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
Source: Ministry of Tourism, Government of India
Funds released under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme
“Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats” (in US$ million)
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KEY INDUSTRIES – TOURISM … (2/2)
Besides the existing national tourism circuit within Assam, the state plans to add several thematic and eco-tourism circuits. The subsidiary and
regional circuits would boost domestic tourism.
Due to the high potential for development of wildlife tourism in the state, the central government has increased the funds under the centrally
sponsored “Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats” scheme towards the state.
During 2015-16, the Tourism Department started draft work on a policy of incentives for the tourism industry.
During 2015-16, various projects related to the tourism sector were completed, which include “Development of Tourist Arrival cum Reception
Centre, Guwahati”, “Development of Heritage and Eco-Tourism Resort at Majuli”, “Destination Development of Brahmaputra River Front and
Cruise Vessel on Brahmaputra”, etc.
Further, the state government has proposed to handle more road shows across the National and International level and will also be constructing a
Tea Museum in Dibrugarh, during 2016-17.
In January 2017, Assam Tourist Development Corporation signed a MoU in Guwahati with Rightstay, a subsidiary of MakeMyTrip, to promote the
concept of homestay in the state.
As of April 2017, the Indian Tourism Development Corporation has given the charge of Hotel Brahmaputra Ashok in Guwahati to the Assam
Government. Along with this development, the Union Tourism Ministry has also sanctioned US$ 14.63 million for the development of the heritage
tourism circuit in the state, comprising Tezpur-Majuli-Sivasagar. The financial support will be given under the Swadesh Darshan scheme of the
Ministry of Tourism.
Source: Ministry of Tourism, State Interim Annual Financial Statement and Demand for Drafts, 2016-17
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KEY INDUSTRIES – FOREST RESOURCES
Assam is one of the richest biodiversity zones in the world and comprises of tropical rainforests, etc. Most of the biodiversity-rich areas are
preserved as national parks and reserved forests.
Since this region has the highest concentration of bamboo, which accounts for around 60.0% of the total bamboo of the country, Assam has ample
scope for bamboo-based industries such as paper manufacturing. The objective of the Government of Assam is to promote bamboo as a
substitute for wood and make it the timber of the 21st century.
Assam has rich forests covering nearly a third of its land area. The forests in the state act as a reserve for commercially useful products such as
timber, bamboo, stone, and cane.
In the 12th Five-Year Plan, the Government of Assam announced plans to invest US$ 2.57 million for the growth of the forest sector in the state.
The basic infrastructure for conserving and protecting forest and wildlife in the state has also witnessed improvements over the past years. These
improvements include the maintenance and renovation of 1,435 km length of forest roads, enhancements of 458 culverts and bridges,
manufacturing of 585 buildings, etc.
During 2014-15, in order to protect the forest, the state government raised the 2nd Assam Forest Protection Force Battalion, headquartered at
Seconee (Nagaon). There has also been an increase in the number of wild animals in the state during 2015-16. Further, there has also been an
increase in the amount of ex-gratia for the loss of human lives taken by the wild animals.
A new scheme will be launched to aid problems being faced due to climate change. For this purpose, high emphasis would be given on
technology and forestry.
An amount of US$ 2.3 million for improvement of forest cover through restoration and afforestation was sanctioned by the Government, as per
2017-18 budget.. Further, an amount of US$ 0.77million has been set aside for taking up a greening initiative for greater Guwahati city.
Source: Economic Survey of Assam, 2014-15
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KEY INDUSTRIES – SERICULTURE … (1/2)
2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16
2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 ⁽¹⁾
Source: Ministry of Textiles, Government of India (1) Refers to April-May, 2016
The climate & general environment of Assam is well suited for sericulture.
Traditional varieties of silk cultured in the state include Eri, Muga &
mulberry. Muga silk, known for its fine sheen & golden colour, is used by the
local silk-weaving industry, which has contributed to the development of
Muga in the state.
Assam enjoys global monopoly in terms of Muga silk (also known as golden
silk) production. The state accounts for around 95% of global Muga
production. Moreover, Assam is the country’s major Eri silk producer
(accounts for 65% of the country’s Eri silk production). Raw silk production
in the state during 2015-16 was recorded to be 3,325 MT whereas during
2016-17 (up to May 2016), raw silk production in the state stood at 1,137
The state government has announced that it will create a special fund to
boost production of Muga, Eri & Pat yarn. Furthermore, the creation of
exclusive branded products for Eri & Muga silk of Assam as part of the
project has been proposed.
Seneh Jori, an Assam Silk Outreach Mission, was proposed by the state
government during 2015-16. This mission will be for a duration of 10 years &
will aim at increasing eri silk production by 5 times & the Muga silk
production by 10 times. By 2025, this mission aims to produce 1 million kg of
Muga silk & 10 million kg of Eri Silk.
In the 2017-18 budget, Government announced Mission Muga as one of
their flagship programmes and allocated US$ 15.52 million towards this.
This project would cover the entire process, from the production to the
development of marketing outlets.
As per the state budget 2016-17, marketing incentives have been delivered
to a total of 2,273 Weavers’ Cooperative Societies, during 2015-16, by the
Production of raw silk (in MT)
Financial assistance to the handloom weavers (in US$ million)
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KEY INDUSTRIES – SERICULTURE … (2/2)
For the development of Eri and Muga silk industries in the state, the government will take up Assam Silk Outreach Mission from 2016 at an
estimated cost of US$ 366.63 million for a total period of 10 years. Further, in 7 districts of the state, Integrated Sericulture Development Project is
being applied, out of which 3 districts are for Eri whereas 4 districts are for Muga.
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KEY APPROVALS REQUIRED … (1/2)
List of Approvals and
Departments to be Consulted Estimated Time Taken (Days)
Incorporation of the
Registrar of Companies
Micro and small-scale enterprises: Same day
Other applications: Within 90 days
Registration of new units under VAT Act: Within 15 days
of the receipt of application
Allotment of land/shed
A committee headed by Managing Director, Assam
Industrial Infrastructure Development Corporation
(AIIDC)/Assam Industrial Development Corporation
(AIDC)/Assam Small lndustries Development
Corporation (ASIDC), would allot land/shed of up to
one acre under their respective control within the
prescribed time period.
The land requirement beyond 500 sq m would be
allotted by a state-level committee governed by the
Principal Secretary/Commissioner and Secretary,
Industries and Commerce Department, with
representatives from the Finance Department,
Government of Assam, and Revenue Department,
Government of Assam.
Allotment of land up to the limit of one acre and shed up
to 500 sq m in industrial estates/ industrial areas/ IIDC/
growth centres, etc: Within 30 days
Others: Within 60 days
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KEY APPROVALS REQUIRED … (2/2)
The State Investment Promotion Board (SIPB), headed by the Chief Minister, has been constituted to act as the final authority in matters of policy
concerning industrial development of the state.
The board meeting is held once in every quarter of the year to review the industrial and related policies of the state, and to oversee the process of
simplification of government rules and regulations for rapid industrial development.
List of Approvals and
Departments to be Consulted Estimated Time Taken (Days)
Power Assam Electricity Regulatory Commission
Low-tension connection: 30 to 107 days
High-tension connection: 34 to 114 days
Extra-high-tension connection: 197 days
Pollution Pollution Control Board
Non-polluting industries classified as green category: No
District-level committee (for micro enterprises)
State-level committee (for small-scale undertakings)
AIDC committee (for medium- and large-scale
Within 90 days
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COST OF DOING BUSINESS IN ASSAM
Cost Parameter Cost Estimate Source
Hotel costs (per room per night) US$ 40–150 Leading hotels in the state
Residential Space Rent
(Per sq ft per month)
US$ 0.14–0.29 Industry sources
Power Cost (per kWh)
Commercial: US$ 0.10
Industrial: US$ 0.06–0.08
Assam Electricity Regulatory Commission
(minimum wages per day)
Unskilled: US$ 3.0
Skilled: US$ 5
Ministry of Labour and Employment,
Government of India
Note: kWh: kilo-Watt hour
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Agency Contact Information
Assam Industrial Development Corporation Ltd
R.G Baruah Road, Guwahati-781024
Phone: 91-361- 2201215/2202216
Fax: +91 361 2200060
Assam Small Industries Development Corporation Ltd
Phone: 91- 361- 2550 264/2550 265
Assam Hills Small Industries Development Corporation Ltd
Dilajee, District Karbi Anglong
Diphu - 782460
Phone: 91- 3671- 272 648
Assam Agro Industries Development Corporation Ltd
Khanapara, Guwahati - 781 022
Phone : 0361 2332215, 2333877
Assam Financial Corporation
Vittiya Bhavan, M.S Road
Guwahati - 781008
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STATE ACTS AND POLICIES
IT Policy of Assam 2009
To facilitate the growth of the IT sector in the state.
To accelerate the use of information technology in the government at all possible levels to improve efficiency,
transparency, accountability and increased productivity.
To generate economic development by accelerating industrialisation including the manufacturing and service
sectors in the state.
To make agro and rural area linked investment a focused program.
Industrial and Investment
Policy of Assam 2014
To make tourism an important tool for socio-economic development of the state and place the tourism sector on a
high priority in the economic development of the state.
Tourism Policy of Assam
Bamboo and Cane Policy
To promote and support the development of the bamboo sector in a comprehensive manner through a multi-
disciplinary, multi-departmental and multi-dimensional integrated approach to provide economic benefits to the
people of the state.
To promote the development of the hydropower sector in the state, which serves as an engine to achieve the
objective of promoting all-round development of the region by inducting private participation.
Small Hydropower Policy
Promote the Northeast as an attractive investment region through concessions and incentives promoting growth in
North East Industrial and
Policy (NEIIPP) 2007
To attract private sector investment in infrastructure projects in the state with the best possible terms.
Partnership Policy 2008
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CONFERENCES/SUMMITS FOR 2016-17
Summit Venue of Summit Date
Indian Geotechnical Conference , 2017 for "Geotechnics for Natural and
Engineered Sustainable Technologies" (GeoNEst)
IIT Guwahati 14th -16th December 2017
International Conference of Applied and Engineering Mathematics ,2017 Vishwaratna Hotel, Guwahati 25th June 2017
Source: India Conference Alerts, Conference Alerts
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ACHIEVEMENTS & INITIATIVES UNDER GOVERNMENT
Under the Swachh Bharat Mission, Guwahati ranked 134th in the survey of 2017. Citing the state’s poor performance, the government, in the state
budget of 2017-18, set a goal for Open Defecation Free & Clean State under the Swachh Bharat Mission, by 2nd October.
In order to improve the Urban Sanitation scenario, under the Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) Assam, all 97 Urban Local Bodies of Assam will be
declared Open Defecation Free (ODF) before Oct 2nd 2017. For this, 66,624 Individual Household Latrines and 2,280 seats of community &
Public Toilets will be constructed.
As per the 2017-18 budget, the state government is investing in creating Cyber Dome project which would increase the technical intelligence
gathering capabilities of the state using cutting edge technology and trained manpower. It will also includes cyber security, cyber forensics and
social media monitoring cell. A budgetary provision of US$ 0.3 million is proposed for the same.
In order to realise the dream of Digital India, Assam has come up with Digital Assam to transform Assam into a digitally empowered society and
knowledge hub for better economy.
For updated information, please visit www.ibef.orgAndhra Pradesh57
Source: Reserve Bank of India
Exchange rates (Fiscal Year)
Year INR equivalent of one US$
Q1 2017-18 64.46
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