Vilnius pres simon ho

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Vilnius pres simon ho

  1. 1. IAU 2010 Annual ConferenceValue-Based Education and University Ethical Leadership Simon S.M. Ho Vice Rector The University of Macau June 2010 1
  2. 2. Major Sins of our Time (M. Gandhi)1. Politics without principles2. Wealth without work3. Pleasure without conscience4. Knowledge without character5. Commerce without morality6. Worship without sacrifice7. Science and technology without humanity 2
  3. 3. The Global Challenges/CrisesIsolated unyielding challenges confrontingthe world community will be merging intoa tight and unyielding web of crisis: Financial/economic Ecological/ environmental Socio-cultural Identity/ spiritualReaching critical thresholds in the nextdecade? A whole human system crisis? 3
  4. 4. The Global Challenges/CrisesGlobally observing the lowest level of trust, with the highest level ofcynicismValues are blurred, always just slogansPersonal success is often defined by the power or the wealth that oneholdsEconomic growth exist side by side with social injustice and all sorts ofsocial problems like drugs, divorce, abortion, suicides, isolations, etc.Decreasing moral standard, pollution, corruption, fraud, discriminations,etc.Tearing the fabrics of our societies apart, and the need for moralregeneration 4
  5. 5. Addressing the Global Challenges/CrisesNeed a human choice for a sustainable, satisfying &soulful society => facing this world with a soul thatdreams in hope.What is the role & functions of higher education in thisreform process?It becomes critical for us as higher education leaders tostep back and to think in terms of what we should do tochange this world community. 5
  6. 6. Knowledge as Power to ReformUniversities create, keep and disseminateknowledgeGateway to power, significantly affectingthe socio-economic life quality throughoutthe world.Thus with moral responsibilities to maintainthe well-being of a society. 6
  7. 7. Knowledge as Power to ReformKnowledge does not give people real power.Real power is being able to make the choicebetween right or wrong, good or evil, lifeand death, love or hate, wait or act, etc.Many teachers & students are notconcentrating on continuouslearning/knowing but try to prove howknowledgeable (ignorant) they are. 7
  8. 8. Other Problems of Today’s HigherEducationFocus too much on research overlooking teachingTeachers’ insufficient interaction with studentsoutside classroomsToo narrow major programme curriculumDisciplinary fragmentation & academic separationsEmphasis too much on science & technologyoverlooking humanity 8
  9. 9. Other Problems of Today’s Higher EducationMany universities these days more like businesscorporations focusing on figures, size, resources,reputations, rankings, etc.A degree often viewed as the exit route to a better life stylerather than the beginning of a life journey to know and toserve.Individual isolation lacking inter-personalconnectionsLacks a sense of ‘learning community’ 9
  10. 10. Role of Higher Education in Re-stalling Core ValuesHigher education needs to recognize and re-build the core values of a modern free society.University education is to train a responsible,satisfying & soulful person, not a smartermanager/professional who can just make moremonies.We are about the teaching of hope; the incubatorfor reconciliation/connection. 10
  11. 11. Some Core Values of a Modern SocietyFreedomCredibility/IntegrityJustice/FairnessTrust/RespectOpen communicationEmbrace of diversity/differenceToleranceHopeLoveSocial Citizenship & responsibilityHarmony/unityHuman dignity of everyone 11
  12. 12. Value-based Education“We teach because we shape the future.”William Butler Yeats: “Education is not the filling ofa pail but the lighting of a fire”.Changing hearts, changing minds, changing livesIgnite a revolution of rising expectations 12
  13. 13. Value-based Educationthe formation of qualities to help studentsbecome decent human beings.nurturing the human spirit and freedom inthe service of humanity.on the quality of life and on the ability tosustain a connected view of thingscharacterized by many of the core values 13
  14. 14. Value-based EducationTrust should characterize administrators-faculty-student relationshipsAcademic knowledge is not private but commonpublic, using for the good of the societyIssues facing higher education, such as humanright & dignity, discriminations, power abuse,conflicts of interests, academic dishonesty, andinterpersonal isolation argue for the pursuit of anethical context 14
  15. 15. Value-based EducationEducation without ethics is snobbish and dangerous.Unethical behavior exist when institutional leaderstolerate.Educational institutions at all levels should take amajor role in ethical leadership development.To foster teachers’ & students’ awareness of ethicsissues and to equip with them an ethical framework 15
  16. 16. Challenges for Ethical LeadershipLeadership is crucial to universities’sensitivity to values in higher educationThe leadership values and ethics arethe same as before, but the recent newenvironment changes rapidlyUniversities can be leaders to leadother institutions 16
  17. 17. Important Attributes of Ethical LeadershipCharacter/virtueIntegrity/honestyTrust/RespectCompetence/KnowledgeCommitmentVisionaryOptimismInspirationCaringCompassion/HumilityResponsibility/AccountabilityTransparency 17
  18. 18. Sustaining Ethical LeadershipTo identify university leaders’ beliefs and principleswith reference to ethical leadership in the contextof higher educationMoral issues are not always clear cut, yet, it isimportant that they be addressed in the teachingand practice of all disciplinesTo provide equal access to opportunity for learning,growth and participation to all students, faculty,and staff 18
  19. 19. Sustaining Ethical LeadershipThis would become possible when the people, thesystem, the policies, the activities, the process andthe culture are alignedWe can change the world only if we have thatgood alignmentWe need an effective institutional culture and ethosof higher education ethics 19
  20. 20. The Learning CommonThe current lack of a sense of ‘community’,‘connectedness’, ‘shared values’ and ‘mutualresponsibilities’ that give direction and purposeUniversity strategic planning should emphasize the‘learning common’ concept as theinstitutionalization of an environment whichaddresses concern for values and ethics in highereducation.Recognized as an effective approach resolvingcurrent deficiencies in higher education. 20
  21. 21. The Learning CommonEmbraces a distinctive ethos or culture, loadedwith values and sustains a context for ethicalbehaviourCurriculum addressing social concernsEnables discipline-isolated faculty members toapproach other disciplines without losing academicfreedomAddressing the growing diversity among studentsin terms of age, race, religion, martial status, & 21admission criteria, etc.
  22. 22. The Learning CommonConnect leadership, faculty members, staffand studentsHelp resolve the gap betweenscience/technology and humanityHelp resolve the tension among research,teaching, and student mentoring‘Residential colleges’ concept gives directionto students and anchors their learningexperience in the intellectual life 22
  23. 23. Questions & Views are Welcome 歡迎提問 23

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