Vilnius pres abdul razak dzulkifli


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Vilnius pres abdul razak dzulkifli

  1. 1. IAU International Conference, 25-26 June 2010, Vilnius, Lithuania Ethics and values in Higher Education in the Era of Globalisation: What role for the disciplines? The business of bioscience Dzulkifli Abdul Razak, Universiti Sains Malaysia &Values© DAR 2010
  2. 2. Towards a Bio-Era Towards a Bio-Era -erra a e Biio - Bo Age of Biology - Naisbitt Increasing competition (1990) Megatrend 2000 Biotechnology era IT era Technological era Hot 21st Agricultural Spots Primitive era century era & future 650 1750 1950 2000© DAR 2010 Modified from Richard W Oliver, The shape of things to come
  3. 3. The Bio-era?© DAR 2010 Worlds Largest Wooden Wind Spinning Helix
  4. 4. • BIOethics deals with ethical issues arising in the fields of health care, medicine and biology. It may include issues that arise in: delivering health care (e.g., decision-making at the end of life) promoting health (e.g. funding preventative vs. acute care) conducting health research (e.g., gene therapy, informed consent), and the relationship between people and the natural environment (e.g. genetically modified foods) An ethical issue arises in any situation in which people face choices about how to act that will have an impact on others.© DAR 2010
  5. 5. …the Is treatment? that... right… CODE OF BANKER ETHICS© DAR 2010
  6. 6. A set of principles and values that govern behaviour to accord with a notion of morality. A system of moral principles, rules and standards of conduct.© DAR 2010
  7. 7. Codes and Guidelines 1949 - International Code of Medical Ethics of the World Medical Association 1964 - Declaration of Helsinki 1998 - Human Genetic Commission 2002 - Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences: International ethical guidelines for biomedical research involving Human subjects, and the WHO© DAR 2010
  8. 8. UNESCO adopts Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights• 20 October 2005 – Beyond the well-established principles of informed consent and confidentiality, social responsibility, including improved access to quality health care, figures high in a new Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights, adopted by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).• …the proliferation of practices that go beyond national borders, often without a regulatory framework such as biomedical research projects carried out simultaneously in different countries and the importing and exporting of embryos, stem cells, organs, tissue and cells.• The first principle established by the Declaration is the respect of human dignity and human rights, emphasizing the priority of the interests and welfare of the individual over the sole interest of science or society. © DAR 2010
  9. 9. The ‘Business’ of Bioscience© DAR 2010
  10. 10. Publish or Perish!© DAR 2010 (modified)
  11. 11. "I was blinded by work and my drive for achievement." KIM KYUNG-HOON / REUTERSDr Hwang Woo-suk leaves his office, SNU Somatic cell nuclear transfer technique– Dec 2005 used by Hwang in his research© DAR 2010
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  17. 17. (10 July 2005) • U.S. Fielded Record 274 Scientific Misconduct Complaints Last Year, 50 Percent More Than in 2003 - by M Mendoza (AP) • US Department of Health and Human Services received 274 complaints 50 percent higher than 2003… • Research suggests this is but a small fraction of all the incidents of fabrication, falsification and plagiarism. • In a survey published June 9 in the journal Nature, about 1.5 percent of 3,247 researchers who responded admitted to falsification or plagiarism. (One in three admitted to some type of professional misbehavior.) • [It] tells a story of …struggle with power, lies and the crushing pressure of academia.© DAR 2010
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  19. 19. Today, the ethics of education is no different from the ethics of the marketplace The new ‘education’ Factual content +commercialism +marketisation -ethics/integrity marketable UNIVER ITY (moving up the ‘v $ degree alue’ chain!) (modified)© DAR 2010
  20. 20. …up the ‘value’ chain…© DAR 2010
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  22. 22. Jeffrey E Garten Dean, Yale School of Management …I frequently asked by people outside the university…whether business schools were doing enough to instill the right values in their students. My answer: “..not nearly far enough.” BusinessWeek, Sept 5/12, 2005, p. 87© DAR 2010
  23. 23. B-Schools: Only a C+ in Ethics BusinessWeek, Sept 5/12, 2005, p. 87 “Enron’s former chief financial officer, Andrew Fastrow, would likely have turned out to be a bad apple no matter what he was taught in graduate school…That kind of character must be developed much earlier than the typical age of a B-school student, about 27.” - Jeffrey E Garten, Juan Trippe professor, Dean, Yale School of Management© DAR 2010
  24. 24. What is missing? Ethics Ethics UNSUSTAINABLE EDUCATION© DAR 2010
  25. 25. Harvard Rules: The Struggle for the Soul of the Worlds Most Powerful University (2005) University Inc. The Corporate Corruption Of Higher Education (2005) Universities in the Marketplace: The Commercialization of Higher Education (2003) Winner of 2003 "Silver" Frandson Award for Literature in Higher Education© DAR 2010 Winner of Alice L. Beeman Research Award in Communications for Educational Advancement
  26. 26. John Phillips creator of “Earth Journey” course at UC Berkeleys Haas School of Business since 2000 In our own evolutionary journey, the human species has attained godlike power. We are no longer just a species among species. We now have this macrophasic power, driven bymicrophasic, biological strategies. But if we dont step back and use our intelligence for self reinvention, we will become like the cancer that kills its host.© DAR 2010 EarthLight Magazine #42, Summer 2001
  27. 27. ethical Warning: Time for an change Warning I must realign the I need a new values and ethical worldview priorities in education ethics (modified)© DAR 2010
  28. 28. Transformative Education • Our university today flounder for want of a larger and more comprehensive context. Having no adequate larger context in which to function, our higher educational institutions operate within a splintered and fractionated world view.• One of the most common solutions to this vacuum is in the reinstatement of past forms of humanistic studies in a core curriculum,a curriculum which includes philosophy, ethics, history, literature, religious studies and some general science. E O’Sullivan (2001) Transformative Learning – Educational© DAR 2010 Vision for the 21st Century (London: Zed Books), p. 93.
  29. 29. © DAR 2010
  30. 30. Acknowledgement & Disclaimer This presentation and the opinions expressed are those of the author as of the date of writing and are subject to change. It has been prepared solely for purposes of education, information and discussion by the recipients. Any reference to past data/indicators are not necessarily a guide to the present and future. The information and analysis contained in this publication have been compiled or arrived at from sources believed to be reliable, and are duly acknowledged. The author does not make any representation as to their accuracy or completeness and does not accept liability for any loss arising from the use hereof. Neither this document nor any copy thereof may be sent to or taken into territories/places where the use and the distribution may be restricted by local law and/or regulation. This document may not be reproduced either in whole, or in part, without the written permission of the author © DAR 2007-2010© DAR 2010