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Utrecht sb- john c. maviiri 2


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Utrecht sb- john c. maviiri 2

  1. 1. Trading or Sharing – EmergingOpportunities and challenges forCross Border Higher Education in East Africa Presentation at the IAU 13th General Conference Utrecht, 15 – 18 July 2008 Rev. Prof. John C. MAVIIRI Vice Chancellor The Catholic University of Eastern Africa, P.O Box 62157 00200 Nairobi, KENYA.
  2. 2. Outline of Presentation1. Introduction2. Need and opportunities for Cross-BorderHigher Education in the E. African context3. Status of Cross-border HE in E. Africa4. Challenges faced in the provision of cross-border Higher Education in East Africa5. Important issues of concern to stakeholders6. Way Forward7. Conclusions
  3. 3. Essentials of cross border educationSynonymous with transnational and/or borderlesseducationWide range of educational activities: internationalacademic linkages, development/aid projects orcommercial trade initiativesCharacterized by: movement across national borders ofstudents and teachers, institutions with a wide range ofcurricula and programmes and a variety of modes ofdeliveryStudents follow a course or programme of study producedand delivered in a country different from the one in whichthey are residing
  4. 4. Stakeholders in higher educationGovernmentHigher education institutionsStudent bodiesQuality assurance and accreditationbodiesAcademic recognition bodiesProfessional bodies
  5. 5. Two main approaches in CBECollaboration and partnership– Countries, through their higher education agencies collaborate with each other in order to promote cooperationCompetition and commercialization– Higher education: a trade commodity that should respond to market forces of supply and demand.
  6. 6. Opportunities for CBE in the EA context1970’s, collapse of the East AfricanCommunity, ended cooperation in transport,posts and telecommunications.Inter – University Council for East Africacontinued to function, sustained byUniversities.Re - establishing the EAC: Treaty of the EastAfrican Community (TEAC) 1999
  8. 8. Treaty of E.A.C. HighlightsDevelop policies and programs for cooperation inpolitical, economic, social and cultural fields,research and technologyCooperation in education and trainingCoordination of human resource policies andprogramsStrengthen existing and establish new researchand training institutes and centers of excellenceCooperate in industrial trainingDevelop programs to have well trained personnel inall sectors relevant to the aims of the Community
  9. 9. Harmonize curricula, examinationcertification and accreditation of educationand training institutesEncourage and support>Student and teacher mobility>Exchange of information and experience>Participation of private sector in the devof human resources through educationand training
  10. 10. Responses to market opportunitiesUpsurge of private universitiesLiberalization of education policies toaccommodate the inevitable global trend ofcross-border education
  11. 11. Individual states in East Africa do not haveenough tertiary institutions, or vacancies inthe already existing institutions and alsostaff to meet the domestic demand forhigher education.The role and importance of CBE in EastAfrica lies in the need to produce a highlyskilled human workforce that will contributeto the development of this region.
  12. 12. CBHE: Benefits in EAMore opportunities forcandidates to accessCBHEE.g. USIU Nairobienrolled studentsfrom 40 nationalities(2008)
  13. 13. CBHE: Benefits in EAMore access to specificknowledge/skill-based education andtrainingCreates more socio – economic,cultural and political alliances
  14. 14. CBHE: Benefits in EAImportant tool for promotingprofessional diversity within East AfricaEnhances collaboration and mutualtrust among academics andresearchersRetains foreign exchange within theregion
  15. 15. Status of CBHE in EA– High level of interaction not much integration– HE Institutions are still in competition for students– Market driven programmes main factor in student enrolment
  16. 16. Status of CBHE in EADifferent universities are at different levels ofcross-border education e.g. 2007/8USIU recorded 11.4% CBS of 4200 totalCUEA recorded 7.2% CBS of 5438 total
  17. 17. Challenges faced in the provision of CBHE in EADiversity in the system of education, KE 8-4-4; TZand UG 7-4-2-3Accessibility and AffordabilityDiversity in the currencies of the East AfricancountriesEvaluation of credentials of CBSLack of harmonized means of accreditation
  18. 18. Challenges faced in the provision of CBHE in EACourses with high market demand atthe cost of less popular courses crucialfor social-economic and politicaldevelopmentProviders of cross-border highereducation have diverse cultural values
  19. 19. Proposed approach forprovision of CBHE in EA Accessibility Collaboration Affordability Stakeholders
  20. 20. Way ForwardMore collaboration for Strengthen IUCEAuniversities in theregion. Pay more attention to promoting quality inDev of necessary CBHEframework to participateeffectively in the Strategic plan toprovision of CBHE coordinate efforts for mutual benefit
  21. 21. ConclusionsCBHE in EA, has to some extent, takenthe collaboration and partnershipapproachFull integration of this approach has yetto take root
  22. 22. Thank you!!