The importane of universities for a National Scientific Community The Future of Research in Higher Education IAU General C...
SAREC’s mandate              Assist developing                countries in1975 - 2008              • building national    ...
Reluctance to support research in       low income countries• Other pressing priorities• Basic needs• Results and impact i...
SAREC’s mandate              Assist developing                countries in1975 - 2008              • building national    ...
Why research?• Can poor countries limit their ambition to  using knowledge?• Is it possible to identify , select and adapt...
National Research Communityy•   Contact with international research•   Local analysis and advice•   Relevant research agen...
New push for investing in R&DAt the 8th summit of AU in January 2007• African Heads of State pledged  to spend 1% of GDP o...
Trends weakening chances of    building a basis for research• Dilution of resources for research
National Research capacity                                      National research policy & strategy                       ...
Trends weakening chances of    building a basis for research• Dilution of resources for research• Rapid expansion of highe...
Options in Higher Education• Focusing resources into at least one  research based university,  with capacity for research ...
External capacity efforts• Agencies tend to offer individual  scholarships for research training in our  institutions• Rat...
Options• SAREC supports ”sandwich” PhD training  of academic staff• Followed by support for local PhD capacity• Ethiopia p...
Trends weakening chances of    building a basis for research• Dilution of resources for research• Rapid expansion of highe...
Research priorities• A push for ”useful research”
Useful knowledge?• Pathways of migrating  birds• Mapping geological  structures• World religions
Useful knowledge?• Pathways of migrating   • Avian flue  birds• Mapping geological      • Storage of nuclear  structures  ...
Research co-operation           on global issues• Interacts with and benefits from research  activities at the national le...
Research co-operation           on global issues• Interacts with and benefits from research  activities at the national le...
Sustained capacity?• The basis for research in low income  countries will not be built or sustained  merely through vertic...
UNESCOForum on Higher Education,Research and KnowledgeGathers research on systemsDevelops template and indicatorsWill coll...
National strategies for research• Guide the organisation for research• Guide the use of available resources• Guide dialogu...
National strategies for research• Guide the organisation for research• Guide the use of available resources• Guide dialogu...
• “If we are earnest in our ambitions of  supporting developing countries, and in  regarding them as equal partners, suppo...
Thank You!
Bilateral Donor Support to      Tanzania, 2000Source: Foreign Policy, Ranking the Rich 2004
procurement and supply      Medicines supply system in Kenya,   Commodity Logistics System in Kenya (as of April 2004)    ...
Capacity impact• Depends on the extent cooperation offers  are aligned with research strategies and  plans of the institut...
The “Paris Agenda”From donorship to ownership        Ownership        Alignment       Harmonisation
African realities• 340 million lack access to safe drinking water• 500 million lack adequate sanitation• energy from bioma...
Africa risks:• millions more exposed to water stress  risk of conflicts• sea-level rise affects large populations• health ...
African AssetsNATURAL RESOURCES• Potential for hydropower - only 7% utilized• Oil, fastest growing sources. Minerals.  Bio...
Comission on Health Research for       Development, 1990• Children die from conditions which are  preventable and may be c...
ENHR• The comission coined the concept:• Essential National Health Research, ENHR• And recommended that    - countries all...
Many health initiatives…..• Global funds• Global diseases• Global research, butFew fund research in low income countries
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Utrecht sb- berit olsson

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Utrecht sb- berit olsson

  1. 1. The importane of universities for a National Scientific Community The Future of Research in Higher Education IAU General Conference, Utrecht, July 2008 Berit Olsson Director, SAREC
  2. 2. SAREC’s mandate Assist developing countries in1975 - 2008 • building national research capacity • supporting their access to relevant research findings
  3. 3. Reluctance to support research in low income countries• Other pressing priorities• Basic needs• Results and impact in distant future• ”we can solve it for them”
  4. 4. SAREC’s mandate Assist developing countries in1975 - 2008 • building national research capacity - research in and by low income countries • supporting their access to relevant research findings - research on and for development
  5. 5. Why research?• Can poor countries limit their ambition to using knowledge?• Is it possible to identify , select and adapt new knowledge without an essential basis for research?
  6. 6. National Research Communityy• Contact with international research• Local analysis and advice• Relevant research agenda• Critical thinking in higher education• Evidence based critique and debate• Capacity for research training• Stimulates innovation
  7. 7. New push for investing in R&DAt the 8th summit of AU in January 2007• African Heads of State pledged to spend 1% of GDP on research by 2010
  8. 8. Trends weakening chances of building a basis for research• Dilution of resources for research
  9. 9. National Research capacity National research policy & strategy National commitment to research Budget line for National research Culture of inquiry Improved teaching-questioning mindsNational Skills for carrying out research Researchresearch University as a hub Asking nationally relevant questionscapacity Capacity for analysis Capacity to generate own knowledge Capacity for evaluation Capacity to utilise external research/knowledge Innovation systems Agents of Change: Using evidence to question Capacity to be part of international research community
  10. 10. Trends weakening chances of building a basis for research• Dilution of resources for research• Rapid expansion of higher education
  11. 11. Options in Higher Education• Focusing resources into at least one research based university, with capacity for research training• Other institutions of higher learning• Professional training
  12. 12. External capacity efforts• Agencies tend to offer individual scholarships for research training in our institutions• Rather than target training efforts to enhance the capacity of partner institutions to develop their own capacity for research training
  13. 13. Options• SAREC supports ”sandwich” PhD training of academic staff• Followed by support for local PhD capacity• Ethiopia plans for ”fast track” PhD using support from external faculties
  14. 14. Trends weakening chances of building a basis for research• Dilution of resources for research• Rapid expansion of higher education• Fragmentation of efforts due to - push for immediate returns - application driven project funding - problem oriented research cooperation - vertical support programmes.
  15. 15. Research priorities• A push for ”useful research”
  16. 16. Useful knowledge?• Pathways of migrating birds• Mapping geological structures• World religions
  17. 17. Useful knowledge?• Pathways of migrating • Avian flue birds• Mapping geological • Storage of nuclear structures waste• World religions • Conflicts
  18. 18. Research co-operation on global issues• Interacts with and benefits from research activities at the national level• Adds situated perspectives
  19. 19. Research co-operation on global issues• Interacts with and benefits from research activities at the national level• Adds situated perspectives• Depends on partner country having a functioning basis for research –• Does not automatically contribute to an institutional basis for research
  20. 20. Sustained capacity?• The basis for research in low income countries will not be built or sustained merely through vertical programmes focussing on particular issues or problems.
  21. 21. UNESCOForum on Higher Education,Research and KnowledgeGathers research on systemsDevelops template and indicatorsWill collect and analyse experiences
  22. 22. National strategies for research• Guide the organisation for research• Guide the use of available resources• Guide dialogue with external partners
  23. 23. National strategies for research• Guide the organisation for research• Guide the use of available resources• Guide dialogue with external partners• Donors can support a basis for research• Align their support with plans• Agree to harmonise reporting requirements
  24. 24. • “If we are earnest in our ambitions of supporting developing countries, and in regarding them as equal partners, support for the development of their research community is an important ingredient of the Swedish development co-operation”.
  25. 25. Thank You!
  26. 26. Bilateral Donor Support to Tanzania, 2000Source: Foreign Policy, Ranking the Rich 2004
  27. 27. procurement and supply Medicines supply system in Kenya, Commodity Logistics System in Kenya (as of April 2004) Constructed and produced by Steve Kinzett, JSI/Kenya - please communicate any inaccuracies to skinzett@cb.jsikenya.com or telephone 2727210Commodity Type(colour coded) April 2004Contra- ceptives and Condoms for STI/ STI Essential Vaccines TB/Leprosy Blood Safety Reagents Malaria Anti- Retro MOH Equip- Labor- atory RH HIV/AIDS and Drugs Drugs (inc. HIV Virals supp- equipment prevention Vitamin A ment tests) (ARVs) liesOrganization Key Government World Bank Loan Bilateral Donor Multilateral Donor NGO/Private U U D Source of D J C G K S A Global S K N W B G funds for E F I I A N I N GOK, WB/ US Fund for A f F H GOK T V UNICEF D I MSFcommodities U I C D C D IDA Gov AIDS, TB I W P O C I F D D A A V A and Malaria D A A U U C TheProcurement E GTZ S K U N Crown Government Japanese "Consortium"Agent/Body A f R F Private UNICEF MEDS (procurement D O Agents of Kenya Company implementation (Crown Agents, MSF I W P P unit) C GTZ, JSI and A D A KEMSA) KEMSAPoint of first Regional KEPI Cold KEMSA Central Warehouse MEDS NPHLS storewarehousing Depots Store Organization Provincial and NLTP KEMSA and KEMSA Regional Depots JSI/DELIVER/KEMSA Logistics KEPI responsible MEDS District Privatefor delivery to (TB/ (essential drugs, malaria drugs, Management Unit (contraceptives, (vaccines (to Mission Hospital Drug Leprosy condoms, STI kits, HIV test kits, TB and facilities) Laboratory Sourcedistrict levels drugs consumable supplies) vitamin A) drugs, RH equipment etc) Staff Organizationresponsible for Mainly District level staff: DPHO, DPHN, DTLP, DASCO, DPHO, etc or staff from the Health Centres,delivery to sub- Dispensaries come up and collect from the District level district levels
  28. 28. Capacity impact• Depends on the extent cooperation offers are aligned with research strategies and plans of the institution and on the degree of harmonisation with institutional practice
  29. 29. The “Paris Agenda”From donorship to ownership Ownership Alignment Harmonisation
  30. 30. African realities• 340 million lack access to safe drinking water• 500 million lack adequate sanitation• energy from biomass, causes deforestation and health hazards• two thirds of arable land affected by degradation• rapid urbanization: environment problems, social unrest
  31. 31. Africa risks:• millions more exposed to water stress risk of conflicts• sea-level rise affects large populations• health impact, malaria increases• threats to biodiversity?• deforestation• migration• costs of adaptation and volatility
  32. 32. African AssetsNATURAL RESOURCES• Potential for hydropower - only 7% utilized• Oil, fastest growing sources. Minerals. Biomass energy conversion capacity• Solar potential enormous, geothermal and wind substantial• Agriculture has potential to improve• Economic potential of urbanization
  33. 33. Comission on Health Research for Development, 1990• Children die from conditions which are preventable and may be cured using available knowledge• However, lack of a national research community makes it difficult to find and apply existing cures
  34. 34. ENHR• The comission coined the concept:• Essential National Health Research, ENHR• And recommended that - countries allocate 2% for research - aid agencies allocate 5% for research
  35. 35. Many health initiatives…..• Global funds• Global diseases• Global research, butFew fund research in low income countries

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