Paris papers francisco marmolejo


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Paris papers francisco marmolejo

  1. 1. The Role of Regional Associations inFostering Quality in Higher Education Francisco Marmolejo fmarmole@email.arizona.eduIAU 2nd. Global Meeting of AssociationsParisJune 1, 2007 Context Analysis 1
  2. 2. Interdependency: A RealityBasic characteristics of the New Economy Global Highly competitive Technology based Changing rapidly Knowledge based 2
  3. 3. …and the Old EconomyWorld Population Increase over Time 2050 1999 1927 1800 9 6 2 1 billion peopleCourtesy of Paul E. Lingenfelter 3
  4. 4. What is the impact? 4
  5. 5. The Asymmetrie sDiverting futures: Projected population growth 4.75 Developing countries 8.2 1998 2050 1.18 Developed countries 1.16 0 2 4 6 8 10 Source: UN 1998 World Population Report 5
  6. 6. Wealth Distribution A comparison of some countries’ GINI coefficients 80 70 71 60 60 58 58 59 57 53 55 55 52 50 41 40 30 27 28 24 25 25 25 26 26 21 20 19 10 xic or 0 . Fin Rep d ina No en y nm ry bia as Na ala n lva ay o bia an A kia ay us Gu azil pa d ile a ed k ur nt US lan rw lom h ng em ar Sa rm gu lar mi Ja va Ch ec nd ge Sw Me Br Hu ra Ge Be El at Slo Co Cz Ar Ho Pa De Source: 2005 World Development Indicators,Table 1.1 Size of the Economy. Retrieved November 15, 2005 in Seeing the world with different lenses …Land Distribution 6
  7. 7. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 % C an ad a J ap o n Corée N orvège É tats -U n is F in lan d e S uè d e B e lg ique E s p ag n e I r lan d e OCDE. Education at a Glance 2004 F r an ce A us tr alie R o yaum e -U n i D an e m ar k N o uv e lle -Z é l. I s lan d e Pays -B as S uis s e G r è ce L ux e m b o ur g A lle m ag n e Po lo g n e Po r tug al H o n g r ie Seeing the world with different lenses A utr ich e I talie Do they have a45 à 54 ans 25 à 34 ans R ép . tch è que right? R é p . s lo v aque M e x ique une formation tertiaire Pourcentage, par groupe d’âge 2002: Population ayant atteint …Population Distribution T ur quie7
  8. 8. Seeing the world with different lenses …Investment in Tertiary EducationSeeing the world with different lenses …Growth in Scientific Production (1990-2001) 8
  9. 9. The Digital DivideNumber of computers for each 100 inhabitants 30 25 Mexico 20 Canada USA 15 USA 10 Canada 5 Mexico 0 Source: International Telecommunications Union Towards a multicutural global society 9
  10. 10. Globalization is not a phenomenon. It is not just some passing trend. Today it is the Substantial overarching Difference international system shaping the domestic politics and foreign relations of virtuallyInternationalization every country, and we is the institutional need to understand it as such. response to the phenomenon of globalization as reflected in goals, programs and activities 10
  11. 11. “Institutions of higher education are ideally placed to use globalization as a tool for bridging the knowledge gap and in order to enrich the dialogue between peoples and between cultures”Source: Learning: The Treasure Within. Jacques Delors Report to UNESCO. 1996 The ideal university of the future 11
  12. 12. The ideal university of the future Teaching: Teaching is offered considering a global cross-disciplinary context. Professors are adequately trained for this purpose Research: New ideas and approaches are developed in collaboration with peers from other countries. Research highly related to the needs and opportunities within the regional context The ideal university of the future Public Service: The university is actively linked to its “surrounding” community: Active involvement in promoting regional development Community development Preserving and disseminating of knowledge Lifelong learning programs Community service of students and professors 12
  13. 13. The ideal university of the futureAn increasing number of graduates finish their studies with a majorunderstanding, awareness and empathy towards other cultures andindividuals.Graduates are able to compete in an internationally competitivemarketGraduates have a profound social awareness and a sound sense ofglobal and local responsibilityDoes this require?Preparing students with global awareness and competitivenessbut also with social consciousness and greater sense of socialresponsibility?Strengthening the cooperation among higher educationinstitutions and their surrounding communities, nationally andinternationally?Implementing mechanisms for a better understanding,awareness and respect?Innovating?Assuring and enhancing quality? 13
  14. 14. Rationale for Regional Associations… Today’s and tomorrow’s realities require greater and broader academic collaboration Cooperation through programs that foster mutual understanding and respect Help identify common areas of interest …the case of CONAHECWhat the heck is “CONAHEC”? 14
  15. 15. A trinational consortium advancing Collaboration Cooperation Community-building among higher education institutions in North America 140+ Institutions and Higher Education Organizations CONAHEC’s memberships’ total enrollment represents 2.5+ million students On more than 250 campi 15
  16. 16. Membership Includes universities and community colleges, higher education associations Canada = 20 United States = 55 Mexico = 65The Main Question: What is best? 16
  17. 17. Mapping Quality Assurance Country State Institutional Program Professional Involvement Q.A. Q.A. Q.A. U.S. Low Regional Strong State/Prof. Accreditation Licensure Canada Low Provincial. Strong State/Prof. Affiliations Licensure Mexico High/Low Regulatory Low although State Licensure growing and increasingly ProfessionalA Basic Rule… There is no better or worst… it is just different. Context matters. 17
  18. 18. Strategic Partnerships Association of Canadian Community Colleges GOALSLiaison among the member institutions in Identifying Creating Promoting collaborative programs at binational and trinational levels 18
  19. 19. GOALSInformation, liaison, research andpromotional center for academiccooperation in North AmericaA venue for mutual understanding andrespectForum for discussion, analysis andpromotion of educational policies onacademic cooperation in North America What does CONAHEC do? Our ProgramsNorth American Higher Education Portal ( American Student Exchange ProgramNorth American Higher Education ConferenceStudent Organization of North America (SONA)Professional Development ProgramPublications: “Understanding the Differences”Chair in International Higher EducationEDUCAMEXUSBorder PACT 19
  20. 20. What does CONAHEC do?Our most popular services Networking. “Dating service” Exchange of “empty seats” Promotion / Awareness / Training Resource center for administrators / faculty / students Specific partnership arrangements Technical assistance contractsWhy does international cooperation andmobility matter? 20
  21. 21. Outcomes: The perspective from the ProjectDirectors Enhanced Student Learning. (91%) Encouraged International Cooperation (91%) Developed Student Exchanges Among Higher Education Institutions. (96 %) Developed Partnerships Among Higher Education Institutions. (87 %) Helped to Prepare Students for Work in an International Context (96 %) 21
  22. 22. The voice of the students Some stories to share 22
  23. 23. ? 23
  24. 24. Our learning curve Come on! It can‘t go wrong every time...The “M” Syndrome 24
  25. 25. 1) Misunderstanding each other Our typical mistakes with limited understanding Simplistic assumption about others Using our “lenses” to see a different reality Which “reality” is better. Ours? or theirs? 25
  26. 26. Going global. Be aware of the stereotypes CLICHES About Mexico: Lack of education Authoritarian Corruption Inefficency Emotional, lazy About U.S.A.: Aggresive Individualistic Egocentrism Strictly business oriented CLICHES About Mexico: Lack of education Authoritarian Corruption Inefficency Emotional, lazy About U.S.A.: Aggresive Individualistic Egocentrism Strictly business oriented 26
  27. 27. CLICHESAbout Mexico: Lack of education Authoritarian Corruption Inefficency Emotional, lazyAbout U.S.A.: Aggresive Individualistic Egocentrism Strictly business oriented 27
  28. 28. CLICHES About Mexico: Lack of education Authoritarian Corruption Inefficency About Canada: Emotional, lazy About U.S.A.: Americans They are like Aggresive Individualistic Egocentrism Strictly business oriented2) Mismatch of expectations 28
  29. 29. The “in-famous” case of MOUs The endless question: What is first? What is the purpose? (Symbolic, legal, promotional, planning, social). Useless? The degree of internationalization of an institution is inversely proportional to the number of MOUs that the institution has3) Misunderstanding the propositionvalue of the membership 29
  30. 30. 4) Mismatch-making Some Lessons Learned What it may work on one case… …it may not be the best solution on another case 30
  31. 31. A basic rule. Finding your niche Identify your strengths and weaknesses Identify your potential partners Figure their strengths and weaknesses Match Ten basic mistakes… you make in datingBeing too much of a nice partnerTrying to convince your potential partner to like youLooking always to your potential partner for approval or permissionTrying to buy the affection of your potential partner with food and giftsSharing too early how do you feel about the way the partnership is evolvingNot getting how negotiation/relationship is interpreted by the potential partnerThinking that it will not cost and will happen almost automaticallyGiving away all of your power to the other partnerNot knowing EXACTLY what to do in each type of situationNot getting HELP Source: Adapted from a junk email from a “dating” company 31
  32. 32. 5) Misreading a changing world 32
  33. 33. 6) Moving in different paths6) Missing the point Quality assurance as a goal, or as a tool? Quality happens: Due to our work Despite our work Independently of our work Internationalization 33
  34. 34. Is there a role for regional associations? The importance of team-building ..what are you waiting for? Go ahead and help Windows is down him to press again! Ctrl+Alt+Del ! 34
  35. 35. For every complex problem, there is asolution that is simple, neat, and wrong. Henry Louis Mencken “ The trouble with our times is that the future is not what it used to be ” Paul Valéry 35
  36. 36. My hope.. Let’s us our collective I.Q. in order to transit from a Q.A. scope towards a Q.E. approachMore information: Francisco J. Marmolejo Executive Director Consortium for North American Higher Education Collaboration (CONAHEC) University of Arizona Tucson, AZ 85721-0300 U.S.A. Tel. (520) 621-9080 / Fax (520) 626-2675 E.mail: WWW: 36