Higher Education and Research forReaching the Education for All GoalsA Project of the International Association of Universitiesdeveloped with the support of an international ReferenceGroup and partial funding from the Swedish agency SIDA
Introduction• EFA? • World Declaration on Education for All, Jomtien, Thailand, 1990 • Dakar Framework for Action, Dakar, Senegal, 2000 • 6 EFA Goals: Early Childhood Care and Education; Free Universal Primary Education; Youth and Adult Life Skills; Adult Literacy Increased by Half; Gender Parity by 2005 and Gender Equality by 2015; Quality Education • Jomtien 2nd Statement, Thailand, 2011• MDGs? • United Nations Millennium Declaration, New York, US, 2000 • 8 MDGs: Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger; Universal Primary Education; Gender Parity and Empowerment of Women; Reduce Child Mortality; Improve Maternal Health; Combat HIV/AID, Malaria; Ensure Environmental Sustainability; Develop Global Partnerships for Development• Education First? • Initiative of the United Nations Secretary –General, 2012 • 3 priority areas: Put every child in school; Improve the quality of learning; Foster global citizenship• Impact of MDGs on EFA? • Poverty has overtaken Education • Focus only on UPE (EFA goal n. 2; MDG n. 2) with a pinch of girls’ education (EFA goal n. 5, MDG n. 3), limiting the activity of the HE sector in EFA to, in most cases, teachers’ training • And what would be the impact of Education First?
What has changed?• Many programmes/projects/activities have taken and are taking place• Progress has been registered in primary schooling and gender equity• The United Nations’ Education For All (EFA) initiative is coming to an end in 2015• But, according to the latest Global Monitoring Report (GMR), the 6 set objectives will not be met by 2015• In some places, progress is receiding• Education is not as high on the global agenda as it used to be (reason for the Education First Initiative)• Necessity to evaluate what has/is done to be able to amend, scale- up, think differently• Growing need for evidence-based data at both local and international levels• Higher education included in Ministers ’ Statement for the first time (GEM, 2012)
Why higher education?• The higher education sector as a sector and in all its missions has not systematically been involved in EFA until now • This does not include teachers’ training and individual consultancies• To reach the EFA goals all the three primary missions (teaching; research and community service) of higher education institutions can be of help• The higher education sector is generally not aware of the initiative, issues at stake, and how to proceed to help• The higher education sector will be or is already, impacted by: • A growing number of secondary-school graduates; • The quality of pre-higher education schooling; • Reforms of teacher education
What are IAU’s objectives?• To raise awareness of EFA within the higher education sector• To increase the level of involvement of the higher education sector in EFA-related issues and in all three HE missions (not only teachers’ training)• To improve the visibility of higher education’s role and activities in/for EFA within and outside the higher education sector, locally and internationally• To create a higher education community for EFA• To help reach EFA• To help the higher education sector deal with the impact of EFA : enrolment, quality, bogus universities, rankings, employment, brain drain, etc…• Reflect and share its position on the post-2015 agenda
Visual for IAU ProjectAll age groups are offered and enjoy the possibility of education
What is the project doing?• Community Building • Starting from an enlarged Reference Group based on a call for participation, the development of a community of higher education for EFA and its associated tools (blog, facebook wall, tweets) and services (Q/A, meetings) is sought; • The HEEFA Portal aims to be the main-entry point for data collection and information on higher education projects, publications (in particular theses) and experts for EFA. www.heefa.net • Published on a quarterly-basis, the HEEFA Newsletter reaches over 800 subscribers,.
Africa Americas Asia EuropeRegions as represented within the Reference Group Voluntary focus on Africa and all regions represented + 2 persons from IAU
Name Position University Country IAU EFA priority Organisation member Africa Gono, Semukeliso Director Womens University in Africa Zimbabwe YES Goal 5 Mbegnouga, Moussa Graduate student Université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar Senegal YES Goal 6 Milanzi, Montanus C. Associate Professor Mzumbe University Tanzania Goal 6 Mugenda, Olive, Chair Vice-Chancellor Kenyatta University Kenya YES Goal 5 Mutimucuio, Inocente V. Dean Universidade Eduardo Mondlane Mozambique YES Goal 2 Nakabugo, Mary Goretti Senior Lecturer University of KwaZulu-Natal South Africa Goal 6 Wambui Gichuhi, Loise P. Professor University of Nairobi Kenya Goal 3 Sena Lamptey, Alice Programme Coordinator WGHE (ADEA) Africa All Shabani, Juma Director Cluster Office, UNESCO Africa All Eliya Nsapato, Limbani Policy/Advocacy Manager Africa Network Campaign for EFA Africa Goal 2 Americas Chao Barona, Alejandro Director Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Morelos Mexico Goal 4 Cummings, William Professor George Washington University USA YES Goal 6 Greenlaw, Jim Dean University of Ontario Institute of Technology Canada Goal 2 Jimerson, Shane R. Professor University of California, Santa Barbara USA Goal 2 Tessler, Leandro R. Director International Relations, UNICAMP Brazil YES Goal 2 Trouillot, Jocelyne President Université Caraïbe Haiti YES Goal 4 Asia Azman, Norzaini Associate Professor University Kebangsaan Malaysia/IPPTN Malaysia YES Goal 3 Paez, Di Project Manager University of Southern Queensland Australia Goal 3 Sharma, Neerja Vice-principal Lady Irwin College, University of Delhi India YES Goal 1 Pant, Bijan Policy Analyst Institute of Public Policy Action Research Nepal Goal 5 Europe Ilie, Cornelia Professor Malmo University Sweden Goal 4 Macfarlane, Ian G. Senior Education Specialist Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam Netherlands Goal 2 Mendes, Valtencir M Research Fellow Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya Spain YES Goal 2 Russell, Terry Professor and Director CRPST, University of Liverpool UK YES Goal 2 Boeren, Ad Senior Policy Advisor Nuffic Netherlands All Turner-Cmuchal, Marcella Policy Officer European Agency for Development EU Goal 3 EFA Goals as represented in the Reference GroupOther research themes include: education in emergencies; school psychology; affirmative action; educational policies; curriculum development; teachers’ training; etc.
What is the project doing?• Commitment Building • Development of a commonly agreed upon project by representatives of the higher education sector from all regions of the world (Maputo Seminar and Paris Conference) • A charter or equivalent document will be developed to guide higher education’s commitment and activities to advance higher education participation in support of EFA. It will serve as a working document for the Group and a charter model for higher education institutions, a sign/logo will be developed to identify HEIs for EFA; • Follow-up activities will be developed to build on the results from the capacity building activities as well as the launch of discussions and search for commitment on pre and post 2015 EFA agenda/proposals.
Innovation Conference, Paris, France 60 participants
What is the project doing?• Capacity Building • A three-step collaborative workshop was developed : • to inform both the higher education community of what EFA is and the other EFA stakeholders of what higher education can bring to EFA, • to subsequently identify local needs and higher education’s possible intervention(s), and • to end with a commonly agreed upon document for a way forward.
What is the project doing?• IAU’s capacity building approach to involving the higher education sector in EFA is: • Participant-centred • Questionnaire/Workshops with IAU intervening only as facilitator • Inclusive • All EFA stakeholders at the national level are invited • Based on Dialogue • Mixed groups including every categories of stakeholders + HEIs • Commonly agreed-upon way forward • Result-focused • All activities leading/aiming at the validation of a way forward • Embedded in a process • Pre and post-workshop activities • Local but not closed • With experts from other regions
Cuernavaca, Mexico100 participants, A Declaration, Several Groups of reflexion/action created, An annual meeting planned and taking place
Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso40 participants, Recommendations to Ministers, Follow-up workshop to be organized
Main Results to Date• Growing awareness of the need to more systematically involve higher education institutions at local, regional and international levels • Invitation to IAU to participate in EFA High Level Meeting in Jomtien, Thailand in 2011. • IAU sits on the Coordination Group of UNESCO Collective Consultation of NGOs for EFA for two years satrting in 2012 • IAU’s General Conference (Puerto Rico, November 2012) addressed: Higher Education and the Global Agenda• Growing community of higher education for EFA • IAU call for participation in the Reference Group• Follow-up of capacity building sessions are taking place • Mexico: Action plan taken up by Mexican governement • Burkina Faso: Considering the possibility of a follow-up session• But there is still: • A lack of information (HEEFA portal quite empty, difficulty to know who is doing what and where) • Need for evidence-based data to evaluate progress to date and consider possible ways forward
Africa Kenya: University of Nairobi• Project: Education in Emergencies Specialization Programme• Keywords: Training Programme; Emergencies; Education• Objectives: • Build capacities of students, faculty, and practitionners to respond to the educational needs of children and youth affected by crisis in East Africa and beyond • Document, stock and share practices and policy innovations with the larger education in emergencies community • Establish the University of Nairobi as a hub of expertise in East Africa in the field
Americas Mexico: Universidad Pedagogica Nacional• Project: Intercultural Bilingual Urban School• Keywords: Bilingual education; Culturally-sensitive education; Urban schools; Indigenous populations• Objectives: • Preserve and make the most of local indigenous cultures; • Ensure quality education to children from indigenous populations • Ensure access for and improve success of children from indigenous populations • Serve as a practicum school for research projects
Working with Indigenous Communities Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Cuernavaca
Arab States Lebanon: Balamand University• Project: University Students for Literacy• Keywords: Adult Literacy; Health• Objectives: • Provide mothers and young men in rural areas with the opportunity to acquire reading and writing skills • Break the link between illiteracy, poverty and poor health • Teach students how to become responsible citizens by participating in the development of their community • Create a bridge between the university and the community; between urban and rural areas; men and women
Asia Pakistan : Fatimah Jinnah Women University• Project: Community Radio VOW• Keywords: Radio; Training Courses; Women Empowerment• Objectives: • Produce and transmit news and informative programmes on women’s issues • Broadcast distance learning programmes
Europe Germany : Universität Hildesheim• Project: Men in Primary and Pre-Primary Schools (Thesis)• Keywords: Gender; Primary Schools; Early Childhood Education• Objectives: • Propose solutions to the issue of the lack of male teachers in pre- primary and primary schools • Research the implications of a totally female-guided pre-primary and primary school education
Expectations• The capacity building model developed for encouraging more interactions between the traditional EFA stakeholders and the HE sector is widely taken up as such or adapted;• Information on HE projects and research results is made available and accessible to all• Research on pre and post-2015 issues is developing• Higher education institutions are given the means to better interact with the other EFA stakeholders• HE institutions’ possible role in EFA is recognised and valued• The community of HE for EFA is expanding• More EFA goals are reached• The HE sector is prepared for EFA knock-on effects
Today’s WorkshopObjective: Participants: All local EFAEnvisioning a global initiative stakeholders (EFA) locally (Kenya) (universities; Ministry; schools; students; NGOs; UNESCO) Cuernavaca, Mexico - 25-26 May 2010Previous sessions:Universidad Autonoma del Aim: To collectively explore Estado de and develop a concrete Morelos, Cuernavaca, Mexi tool to strengthen higher co ; education participation Université de in EFA at the local level. Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso 25Tribhuvan University, Nepal
Today’s WorkshopFirst Day (morning First Day (afternoon session): session)- Learn more on the global - Questionnaire Cuernavaca, Mexico - 25-26 May 2010 EFA initiative and IAU - Presentation of the Project on linkages HEEFA Portal and between HE and EFA hands-on session- Get feedback on its local implementation from all stakeholders including HEIs 26
Today’s Workshop2nd day - Discussion on and- Validation of the results drafting of a way forward of the Discussion groups - What are the key strategies to be put in place to - This will provide improve HE’s role in EFA? Cuernavaca, Mexico - 25-26 May 2010 information on which - Which principles, products, fields/topics should be structures should be put in addressed first place to mobilize, develop, utilize, maintain, retain HE involvement in EFA? 27
Today’s Workshop2nd day Pre-validated answers:3 groups: the group you Green should join has been Pre-rejected answers: Red indicated to you upon Answers to be discussed Cuernavaca, Mexico - 25-26 May 2010 registration (and moved to the green3 topics (research; or red section): Yellow teaching/learning; Each group will be community service); informed of and allowed3 rounds: Each group will to discuss and change attend the 3 workshops the choices made by the in turn preceeding other groups. 28
IAU• IAU is a Membership organization. It has institutional, organisational, and affiliates members in 120 countries• IAU Secretariat is located in Paris, France. It has been hosted by UNESCO since its creation (1950)• IAU serves the higher education community worldwide and defends academic values• IAU promotes knowledge sharing, collaboration and solidarity through projects, statements, conferences, reference and scientific publications, and services.• IAU functions with 15 permanent staff members, an elected Board composed of 22 persons and an Executive Committee composed of 6 persons, both with equitable regional/gender representation, plus all its Members on a voluntary basis More at: www.iau-aiu.net My contact: email@example.com