Education in emergencies Kenya

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A presentation of the Ministry of Education's EFA initiative in education in emergencies given at the IAU Workshop on higher education for EFA held in Nairobi, Kenya, on 24-25 January 2013.

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Education in emergencies Kenya

  1. 1. MINISTRY OF EDUCATIONDIRECTORATE OF FIELD SERVICES EDUCATION IN EMERGENCY Presenter :ZACHARY MUTUIRI SADE: EiE January, 2013
  2. 2. IntroductionA good story… 2
  3. 3. Introduction…Can life be sustained here? 3
  4. 4. Introduction…A harsh environment/terrain? 4
  5. 5. Food Insecurity? 5
  6. 6. Introduction…A land of Plenty? 6
  7. 7. Introduction…A harsh environment/terrain? 7
  8. 8. Introduction…What can we learn from this picture? 8
  9. 9. Introduction…What can we learn from this picture? 9
  10. 10. Introduction…What can we learn from this picture? 10
  11. 11. Types of Emergencies Types of Emergencies terrorist earthquake attack Fire volcano chemical spill plane crash R o n d p e a s t i flood cyclone epidemic war drought civil unrest Famine w o S o n e l s t Natural Manmade 2 11
  12. 12. Definition Education in Emergencies“Quality learning opportunities for all ages in situations of crisis, including early childhood development, primary, secondary, non-formal, technical, vocational, higher and adult education”.• EiE Provision:• Physical protection• Psychosocial protection• Cognitive protection - that can sustain and save lives 12
  13. 13. Some EiE Terms 13
  14. 14. Disaster Management Cycle 14
  15. 15. KENYA DISASTER MAP 15
  16. 16. Major players in Disaster Management in Kenya• The Office of the President - National Disaster Centre (NDC)• The Kenya Defence Forces (KDF)• Ministry of State for Special Programmes (MOSSP)• Ministry of Education (MoE)• Ministry of Agriculture• Ministry of Northern Kenya 16
  17. 17. Major players in Disaster Management in Kenya• UNOCHA• UNHCR• The Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies• Save the Children, UK• UNICEF• IOM• Girl Child Networks• Plus some local NGOs and INGOs  17
  18. 18. Rationale for EiE• Education is a right• 1989 Convention of the Rights of the Child• In 1996 Graca Machel highlighted the plight of some of these children in her Report on the Impact of Armed Conflict on Children .• In 2000, governments and agencies participating in the Dakar World Education Forum identified humanitarian emergencies as a major obstacle toward achieving the goals of Education for All . 18
  19. 19. EFA GOALS Goal 1 Expanding and improving comprehensive early childhood care and education, especially for the most vulnerable and disadvantaged children.• Goal 2 Ensuring that by 2015 all children, particularly girls, children in difficult circumstances and those belonging to ethnic minorities, have access to, and complete, free and compulsory 19
  20. 20. • Goal 3 Ensuring that the learning needs of all young people and adults are met through equitable access to appropriate learning and life-skills programmes.• Goal 4 Achieving a 50 per cent improvement in levels of adult literacy by 2015, especially for women, and equitable access to basic and continuing education for all adults. 20
  21. 21. EFA• Goal 5 Eliminating gender disparities in primary and secondary education by 2005, and achieving gender equality in education by 2015, with a focus on ensuring girls’ full and equal access to and achievement in basic education of good quality. 21
  22. 22. EFA• Goal 6 Improving all aspects of the quality of education and ensuring excellence of all so that recognized and measurable learning outcomes are achieved by all, especially in literacy, numeracy and essential life skills. 22
  23. 23. Rationale for EiE Education is prioritized by communities Communities experiencing crisis commonly place the provision of education as a top priority for assistance. Both children and parents want schools, but in an emergency there is a breakdown in the local mechanisms that support education. The structure and stability of education can give children, their families, and communities’ resilience and hope in the future . 23
  24. 24. Rationale for EiE• Education affords protection 24
  25. 25. Impacts of emergencies on education• Access: Displacement and disruption• Quality• Equality• Equity 25
  26. 26. EFFECTS OF EDUCATION DISASTER IN ATTAINMENT OF EFA GOALS• Heavy workload and responsibilities to Girls/Women• Domestic violence and sexual harassment• Starvation, diseases and death.• Destruction of physical infrastructure.• Increase migration/overcrowding in schools.• Risk of HIV infection to children, women and Teachers. 26
  27. 27. • Insecurity in homes, schools etc.DISCUSSION – How does emergencies/disastersin Education impact on the achievement of EFAGoals.Identify the role of MoE, TSC, and EducationPartners in mitigating the effects ofEmergencies/disasters in Education. 27
  28. 28. - End - THANK YOU  28

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