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Online Course                    Indian Polity Chapter 1: Introduction                                            Visit Us...
Introduction Basic structure of the political system Establishes the main organs of the state    The Legislature, the E...
Constitution of India Adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26  November 1949. Came into full operation from 26 January...
Constitution of India There have been as many as 94 amendments  from 8 schedules have gone up to 12. No. of Articles hav...
Sources of the Constitution      Diverse & ManyIndigenous        Foreign
Indigenous Sources Evolved through various representative responsible  governmental institutions. Small doses of Constit...
Indigenous Sources Evolved through various representative responsible  governmental institutions. Small doses of Constit...
Indigenous Sources Demands for some of the Fundamental Rights was  made as early as in 1918 at the Bombay session of  the...
Indigenous Sources The Karachi Congress Resolution of 1931 contained  special reference for fundamental rights and  funda...
Indigenous Sources The Madras session of the Congress in 1927  reiterated the demand for fundamental rights. 10 of the 1...
Indigenous Sources 75% of the Constitution is the reproduction of the  Government of India Act,1935   Basic structure of...
Foreign Sources Directive Principles from Irish Constitution Parliamentary system with ministrial responsibility  from t...
Foreign Sources Vice-President, the ex-officio Chairman of the  Council of States from The U.S. Bill of Rights inspired ...
Foreign Sources The Concurrent List in VII Schedule modelled on  the Australian Constitution. The German Reich influence...
Constitutional History of India Constitutional Government in Ancient India   Concepts of democracy, representative insti...
Constitutional Landmarks in Modern India   The Charter Act 1669     For the first time, the company acquired the authori...
Constitutional Landmarks in Modern India   Pitts India Act 1784     For political matters a board of control of 6 member...
Constitutional Landmarks in Modern India  The Indian Council Act of 1909    This Act contained many of the reform propos...
Constitutional Landmarks in Modern India   The Act of 1858     The Act finally became "The Act for the Good      Governm...
Constitutional Landmarks in Modern India  Wavell Plan and Simla Conference    The interim council was to be Indianized w...
Constitutional Landmarks in Modern India  The Simon Commission 1927    Made a promise to set up a commission to inquire ...
Constitutional Landmarks in Modern India  Mountbatten Plan    Prepared a plan for the partition  Indian Independence Ac...
Making of the Constitution Formation of the Constituent Assembly The first definite reference to a Constituent  Assembly...
Framing of the Constitution The Constituent Assembly duly opened (First  Sitting) on the appointment day Monday, the 9th ...
Framing of the Constitution The Constituent Assembly on 29 August 1947  appointed the Drafting Committee with Dr. B. R.  ...
About IASpireD          IASpireD*: I Aspire for Education Digitally. IASpireD is an Online Learning Socially Driven platf...
IASpireD Online Courses Online learning, anytime, anywhere, and at your  convenience Learn at your own pace and around y...
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Indian polity ppt

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Indian polity ppt

  1. 1. Online Course Indian Polity Chapter 1: Introduction Visit Us: www.iaspired.co.inMail :info@iaspired.co.in
  2. 2. Introduction Basic structure of the political system Establishes the main organs of the state  The Legislature, the Executive and the Judiciary In a federal polity, the constitution delineates, delimits and distributes powers between the organs of state at Union level and those at the level of the states. A living organism of functioning institutions
  3. 3. Constitution of India Adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949. Came into full operation from 26 January 1950. Originally, adopted with 22 parts, 395 articles and 8 schedules. Amended time to time.
  4. 4. Constitution of India There have been as many as 94 amendments from 8 schedules have gone up to 12. No. of Articles have increased from 395 to 448 A number of new articles and new Parts have been added. Several articles or even full Parts have been repealed by constitutional amendments
  5. 5. Sources of the Constitution Diverse & ManyIndigenous Foreign
  6. 6. Indigenous Sources Evolved through various representative responsible governmental institutions. Small doses of Constitutional reforms Sources can be tracked back to the beginning of the East India Co. and the British Rule Reference to Village Panchayats under the Directive Principles was inspired by Mahatma Gandhi
  7. 7. Indigenous Sources Evolved through various representative responsible governmental institutions. Small doses of Constitutional reforms Sources can be tracked back to the beginning of the East India Co. and the British Rule Reference to Village Panchayats under the Directive Principles was inspired by Mahatma Gandhi
  8. 8. Indigenous Sources Demands for some of the Fundamental Rights was made as early as in 1918 at the Bombay session of the Indian National Congress The commonwealth of India Bill in 1925 embodied a specific "declaration of rights" including  Equality before law  Freedom of speech  Assembly and religions, etc.
  9. 9. Indigenous Sources The Karachi Congress Resolution of 1931 contained special reference for fundamental rights and fundamental duties as well.  Several social and economic rights mentioned in 1931 resolution found expression in Directive Principles A parliamentary system, safeguards for minorities and a federal polity have had sources in the 1928 Nehru Committee Report.
  10. 10. Indigenous Sources The Madras session of the Congress in 1927 reiterated the demand for fundamental rights. 10 of the 19 fundamental rights in the Nehru Committee Report appeared Substantially unchanged in the constitution.
  11. 11. Indigenous Sources 75% of the Constitution is the reproduction of the Government of India Act,1935  Basic structure of the polity  Provisions regulating Union-State relations  Declaration of Emergency
  12. 12. Foreign Sources Directive Principles from Irish Constitution Parliamentary system with ministrial responsibility from the British Provisions making the President, the Executive head of the State and Supreme Commander of the armed forces were from the U.S. Model
  13. 13. Foreign Sources Vice-President, the ex-officio Chairman of the Council of States from The U.S. Bill of Rights inspired our Fundamental Rights The Canadian Constitution influenced our Federal Structure and provisions relating to Union-State relations.
  14. 14. Foreign Sources The Concurrent List in VII Schedule modelled on the Australian Constitution. The German Reich influenced Emergency Provisions Writs and Privileges have influence of the British Constitution
  15. 15. Constitutional History of India Constitutional Government in Ancient India  Concepts of democracy, representative institutions, limitations on the arbitrary powers of the rulers, and the rule of law were not alien to India Constitutional Landmarks in Modern India
  16. 16. Constitutional Landmarks in Modern India  The Charter Act 1669  For the first time, the company acquired the authority to rule over a territory and its people  Regulating Act of 1773  British Parliament’s control over the company started with this charter
  17. 17. Constitutional Landmarks in Modern India  Pitts India Act 1784  For political matters a board of control of 6 members was appointed  Charter Act of 1813  The Act deprived the company of the monopoly of trade in India  Charter Act of 1833  The Act differentiated the law making meetings of Governor General-in- Council from its executive meetings.
  18. 18. Constitutional Landmarks in Modern India  The Indian Council Act of 1909  This Act contained many of the reform proposals of Minto-Morley  Principle of communal representation was introduced for the first time  The Government of India Act, 1919  Based on the Montagu-Chelmsford Report  Indian Legislative Council was replaced by a bicameral legislature  Dyarchy was introduced in eight major provinces
  19. 19. Constitutional Landmarks in Modern India  The Act of 1858  The Act finally became "The Act for the Good Government of India" of 1858  Indian Council Act of 1861  For the first time Indians were associated with the work of legislation  The Indian Council Act of 1892  The entry of the elected members marked the beginning of the new era in the life of the council.
  20. 20. Constitutional Landmarks in Modern India  Wavell Plan and Simla Conference  The interim council was to be Indianized with the inclusion of Indian political leaders  The viceroy (Lord Wavell) convened a conference of Indian leaders at Simla  Cabinet Mission  Rejected the League demand for a separate sovereign state of Pakistan  Also rejected the congress scheme of a loose federation
  21. 21. Constitutional Landmarks in Modern India  The Simon Commission 1927  Made a promise to set up a commission to inquire into the working of the Act 1919  The Government of India Act 1935  Envisaged a federation of all-India  Separated Burma from India and two new provinces of Orissa and Sind were created  The Cripps Mission  Proposed Dominion Status and the right of Indians to frame a constitution  Gandhiji condemned the proposal as a post-dated cheque
  22. 22. Constitutional Landmarks in Modern India  Mountbatten Plan  Prepared a plan for the partition  Indian Independence Act, 1947  Indicated the territorial divisions of India into India and Pakistan  Pakistan was to comprise East Bengal, West Punjab, Sindh and the Sylhet district of Assam
  23. 23. Making of the Constitution Formation of the Constituent Assembly The first definite reference to a Constituent Assembly for India was made by Mahatma Gandhi in 1922. Nehru Report was the first attempt by the Indians to frame a constitution for their country Demand of a Constituent Assembly was for the first time conceded by the British Government in the August Offer of 1940
  24. 24. Framing of the Constitution The Constituent Assembly duly opened (First Sitting) on the appointment day Monday, the 9th December 1946. The historic Objectives Resolution was moved in the Constituent Assembly by Nehru, on 13 December 1946.
  25. 25. Framing of the Constitution The Constituent Assembly on 29 August 1947 appointed the Drafting Committee with Dr. B. R. Ambedkar as the Chairman The Constitution was finally signed by members of the Constituent Assembly on 24 January 1950 It took 2years 11months and 17days to frame the constitution Criticism of the Draft Constitution: Not Being Original
  26. 26. About IASpireD IASpireD*: I Aspire for Education Digitally. IASpireD is an Online Learning Socially Driven platform that offers Online Courses and Digital Content Products for competitive examinations. IASpireD aims to make interactive learning, socially driven education affordable and accessible to anyone, anywhere via the web. This Online Learning Socially Driven platform builds a user-friendly educational ecosystem.
  27. 27. IASpireD Online Courses Online learning, anytime, anywhere, and at your convenience Learn at your own pace and around your own schedules Helps you create Study Groups and access to peers beyond geographic locations advantage of learning without relocating yourself Convenient and Cost-effective education eliminating travel and facilities fees Easily downloadable Course; suitable for your iPads, tablets and smartphonesMail: info@iaspired.co.inVisit Us: www.iaspired.co.in

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