The provision of school
library resources in a
changing environment:

     a case study from Gauteng
     province, South ...
Content
1. Education in transition
2. Schools and school libraries in South
   Africa at present
3. The Gauteng Department...
Education in transition:
Before 1994


  Education divided according to race
  Better education for Whites
  White schools...
Education in transition:
1994


  Democracy
  Educational restructuring
  Curriculum transformation
Education in transition:
Since 1994

  Disappointed hopes for school
  libraries
  Demands of curriculum not
  appreciated...
School libraries at present
 Still wide differences
 Quite a number of ex-white schools fund
 school libraries themselves
...
Ex-white school
Black school
Crowded classroom in black school
Temporary classrooms at
overcrowded black school
Rural school
New school: space but no library
Older school: library in process
Library set up by initiative of the
school
Library set up by school in half a
classroom
GDE and school libraries:
LIS Unit and Districts


  Manages an Education Library
  Responsible for school libraries in
  ...
Education library in 19C school
building
Education Library
GDE and school libraries: Funding


  No school library funding 1994 to
  2006
  Two ad-hoc allocations for central
  prov...
Developing school library
catalogues: need

  Teachers responsible for school
  libraries have no relevant training or
  e...
Developing school library
catalogues: pilot project 2009

  Resource guide for foundation phase
  Resources classified and...
Developing school library
catalogues: call for submissions

  Resources for all school phases called
  for
  Small fee for...
Developing school library
catalogues: process

  Receipt, checking, recording and
  acknowledgement of submissions
  Ident...
Evaluation
Administration
Developing school library
catalogues: utilization


  Catalogues completed end February
  Exhibitions in April
  Catalogue...
Challenges and lessons
Challenge:
  Volume of submissions
  Shortage of space
  Finding specific titles
Lessons:
  Call on...
Challenges and lessons
Challenge:
  Finding suitable evaluators for all
  eleven official languages
Lessons:
  Database of...
Challenges and lessons
Challenge:
  Inadequate training of evaluators
  Some evaluation reports not useful
  Evaluation of...
Challenges and lessons
Challenge:
  Too few books for reading pleasure
  received
  Quite a number of resources that are
 ...
Conclusion


 Progress in spite of rapid change and
 lack of understanding
 Catalogues assist with school library
 develop...
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Provision of school library resources in a changing environment

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In South Africa, after 1994 education was completely restructured with the aim to provide quality education for all. Funding for school library resources has been a financial challenge.

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Provision of school library resources in a changing environment

  1. 1. The provision of school library resources in a changing environment: a case study from Gauteng province, South Africa Busi Dlamini and Anna Brown Diversity Challenge Resilience: School Libraries in Action - The 12th Biennial School Library Association of Queensland, the 39th International Association of School Librarianship Annual Conference, incorporating the 14th International Forum on Research in School Librarianship, Brisbane, QLD Australia, 27 September – 1 October 2010.
  2. 2. Content 1. Education in transition 2. Schools and school libraries in South Africa at present 3. The Gauteng Department of Education and school libraries 4. Developing school library catalogues 5. Challenges experienced and lessons learnt 6. Conclusion
  3. 3. Education in transition: Before 1994 Education divided according to race Better education for Whites White schools had libraries and librarians
  4. 4. Education in transition: 1994 Democracy Educational restructuring Curriculum transformation
  5. 5. Education in transition: Since 1994 Disappointed hopes for school libraries Demands of curriculum not appreciated Unrealistic expectations of Internet Teacher-librarian posts abolished Libraries closed
  6. 6. School libraries at present Still wide differences Quite a number of ex-white schools fund school libraries themselves Some schools in Black areas set up libraries with part-time staff Very poor reading levels a wake-up call Reluctance at national level to support school libraries Situation in Gauteng poor but better than national average
  7. 7. Ex-white school
  8. 8. Black school
  9. 9. Crowded classroom in black school
  10. 10. Temporary classrooms at overcrowded black school
  11. 11. Rural school
  12. 12. New school: space but no library
  13. 13. Older school: library in process
  14. 14. Library set up by initiative of the school
  15. 15. Library set up by school in half a classroom
  16. 16. GDE and school libraries: LIS Unit and Districts Manages an Education Library Responsible for school libraries in Gauteng public schools Low priority in the department Post for library facilitator at districts
  17. 17. Education library in 19C school building
  18. 18. Education Library
  19. 19. GDE and school libraries: Funding No school library funding 1994 to 2006 Two ad-hoc allocations for central provisioning From 2007 10% of LTSM budget for school library resources
  20. 20. Developing school library catalogues: need Teachers responsible for school libraries have no relevant training or experience Need support when buying resources Central acquisition for non-self- managing schools by service provider
  21. 21. Developing school library catalogues: pilot project 2009 Resource guide for foundation phase Resources classified and catalogued Too time-consuming Wrong format for service provider Decision to generate spread-sheet catalogues
  22. 22. Developing school library catalogues: call for submissions Resources for all school phases called for Small fee for submissions to remunerate evaluators Very large number received Some useful resources for teachers also received
  23. 23. Developing school library catalogues: process Receipt, checking, recording and acknowledgement of submissions Identification and appointment of evaluators Evaluation on Saturdays Catalogue entries Checking of catalogue
  24. 24. Evaluation
  25. 25. Administration
  26. 26. Developing school library catalogues: utilization Catalogues completed end February Exhibitions in April Catalogues distributed end April Requisitions placed in May
  27. 27. Challenges and lessons Challenge: Volume of submissions Shortage of space Finding specific titles Lessons: Call only for latest resources More systematic record-keeping and organization
  28. 28. Challenges and lessons Challenge: Finding suitable evaluators for all eleven official languages Lessons: Database of evaluators Source evaluators for scarce languages well ahead of time
  29. 29. Challenges and lessons Challenge: Inadequate training of evaluators Some evaluation reports not useful Evaluation of content mostly good but not always of aesthetic quality Lessons: Adequate time for training evaluators More thorough training
  30. 30. Challenges and lessons Challenge: Too few books for reading pleasure received Quite a number of resources that are too advanced/academic received Lessons: Clear guidelines in call for submissions
  31. 31. Conclusion Progress in spite of rapid change and lack of understanding Catalogues assist with school library development and acquisitions

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