Dr Pankaj Bajpai


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Dr Pankaj Bajpai

  1. 1. National Policies for PwDs and Role of National Institutes in india<br />
  2. 2. Introduction<br />Constitution mandates for an inclusive society <br />2.13 percent persons with visual, hearing, speech, locomotor and mental disabilities. (Census 2001)<br />79% of persons with disabilities live in rural areas.<br /> 49% of disabled population is literate .<br />34% are only employed. <br />Emphasis more on social rehabilitation. <br />
  3. 3. Legal Framework<br />PwD (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights And Full Participation) Act’ 1995<br />provides for education, employment, creation of barrier free environment, social security, etc. <br />National trust for welfare of person with autism, CP, MR & multiple disabilities act,1999.<br /> legal guardianship of the four categories <br />creation of enabling environment for as much independent living as possible. <br />RCI Act’ 1992<br />development of manpower for providing rehabilitation services. <br />
  4. 4. Infrastructure<br /><ul><li>7 National Institutes under MoSJ&E, GOI
  5. 5. 5 Composite Rehabilitation Centers under MoSJ&E, GOI
  6. 6. 120 District Disability Rehabilitation Centers under MoSJ&E, GOI
  7. 7. National Institution under MoH&FW, GOI
  8. 8. National Handicapped and Finance Development Corporation (NHFDC).
  9. 9. Other state & private institutions.</li></li></ul><li>National Policy Statement<br /><ul><li>PwDare valuable human resource
  10. 10. Seeks to create an facilitating environment.
  11. 11. The focus of the policy:
  12. 12. Prevention of disabilities
  13. 13. Rehabilitation measures-
  14. 14. physical rehabilitation & development of rehabilitation professionals.
  15. 15. educational rehabilitation including vocational education
  16. 16. economic rehabilitation
  17. 17. The Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment is the nodal Ministry to coordinate all matters relating to the implementation of the Policy.
  18. 18. The Chief Commissioner for Disabilities at Central level and State Commissioners at the State level play key role in implementation of National Policy.</li></li></ul><li>Physical Rehabilitation Strategies<br />Early Detection and Intervention<br />Use drug or non-drug therapies<br />to disseminate information regarding availability of such facilities to the people especially in rural areas.<br />Counseling & Medical Rehabilitation<br />Assistive Devices to promote physical, social and psychological independence by reducing the effect of disabilities.<br />Development of Rehabilitation Professionals<br />
  19. 19. Education for Persons with Disabilities<br />Article 21A of the Constitution guaranteeing education as a fundamental right<br />Section 26 of the Persons with Disabilities Act, 1995, free and compulsory education has to be provided to all children with disabilities up to the minimum age of 18 years.<br />SSA and IEDC program<br />
  20. 20. Economic Rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities<br /><ul><li>wage employment in organized sector and self-employment
  21. 21. Supporting structure of services by way of vocational rehabilitation centres and vocational training centres
  22. 22. Strategies-
  23. 23. Employment in Government Establishments
  24. 24. The PWD Act, 1995 provides for 3% reservation in employment
  25. 25. Wage employment in Private sector
  26. 26. Vocational rehabilitation and training Centres engaged in developing appropriate skills amongst persons with disabilities
  27. 27. providing loans at softer terms from the NHFDC
  28. 28. encourage self-employment by providing incentives, tax concessions, exemptions from duties
  29. 29. Priority in financial support is given to Self Help Groups. </li></li></ul><li>Women with disabilities<br />42.46 percent of total disabled population.<br />Require protection against exploitation and abuse.<br />Special programmes developed for education, employment and for other rehabilitation services to women with disabilities keeping in view their special needs. <br />Financial support to women with disabilities. <br />
  30. 30. Children with Disabilities<br />Most vulnerable group and need special attention.<br />Creating an enabling environment where children can exercise their rights, enjoy equal opportunities and full participation in accordance with various statutes.<br />Ensure inclusion and effective access to education, health, vocational training along with specialized rehabilitation services<br />
  31. 31. Barrier-free environment<br />To move about safely and freely.<br />To use the facilities within the built environment<br />maximum extent possible, buildings / places / transportation systems for public use to be made barrier free<br />
  32. 32. Issue of Disability Certificates<br /><ul><li>Most important aspect of availing the facilities under PwD Act’1995.
  33. 33. Guidelines are available.
  34. 34. The Rules lay down that a Medical Board, duly constituted by the Central and the State Government, shall issue a Disability Certificate.
  35. 35. Need for better transparency and accuracy & client friendly procedures.
  36. 36. Training program on Indian Disability Evaluation and Assessment Scale are conducted.</li></li></ul><li>Social Security<br />Providing tax relief to persons with disabilities and their guardians.<br />Unemployment allowance or disability pension by state Govt. and UT. <br />Providing legal guardians through Local Level Committee.<br />Supported Guardianship Scheme to provide financial security.<br />
  37. 37. Promotion of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs)<br />Networking, exchange of information and sharing of good practices amongst NGOs is encouraged and facilitated.<br />NGOs supported by the Central / State Governments financially and by manpower.<br />NGOs are provided opportunities for orientation and training of their human resource. <br />Improvement in the NGO-Government partnership. <br />
  38. 38. Collection of regular information on Persons with Disabilities<br />Collection of information on persons with disabilities from the Census-2001.<br />Reconciliation of the differences in the definitions adopted by Census and NSSO.<br />Creation of websites.<br />
  39. 39. Research<br /><ul><li>Research is supported on their socio-economic and cultural context, cause of disabilities, early childhood education methodologies, development of user-friendly aids and appliances and all matters connected with disabilities which will significantly alter the quality of their life and civil society's ability to respond to their concerns.
  40. 40. Ministry of Science & Technology set up Rehabilitation Technology Centre for coordinating and undertaking research and development, testing and certifying technologies, training etc.</li></li></ul><li>Sports, Recreation and Cultural life<br />Make places for recreation, cultural activities and sports.<br />Identification of talent amongst persons with disabilities in different sports.<br /> A national award for excellence in sports for persons with disabilities. <br />
  41. 41. Departments-Established<br />Medical Rehabilitation (PMR) - 1978-79<br />Information and Documentation - 1978-79<br />Physiotherapy - 1980-81<br />Prosthetics & Orthotics - 1980-81<br />Occupational Therapy - 1984-85<br />Socio-economic Rehabilitation - 1987-88<br />Geriatric Dis. Rehab. - 2002-03<br />Rehabilitation Nursing - 2007-08<br />Rehabilitation Engineering - 2007-08<br />
  42. 42. Physiotherapy Subunits<br />Exercise Therapy<br />Hydro Therapy<br />
  43. 43. Subunit -Electrotherapy<br />Kin-Kom<br />Cryo flow<br />Tread Mill<br />
  44. 44. Occupational Therapy Subunits<br />
  45. 45. ADL training<br />-Training through Motor learning<br />OccupationalTherapy Subunits<br />-EMG Biofeedback <br />Therapeutic Exercise<br />
  46. 46. Prosthetics & Orthotics Subunits<br />
  47. 47. Prosthetic & Orthotic services<br />Fabrication<br />Research<br />
  48. 48. S<br />E<br />R<br />Activities<br />at a <br />Glance <br />
  49. 49. Economic Rehabilitation Through Self Employment<br />OUR ACHIEVEMENT <br />IN<br />Ramp in School<br />Sanitation<br />C<br />B<br />R<br />
  50. 50. R&D Initiatives<br />MoU between NIOH & CSIO (Myoelectric Hand) <br />MoU between JRHU-NIOH<br />MoU between C-Dac &NIOH (motorized wheel chair) <br />Collaborate with CMERI-project on Rapid Prototyping <br />MoU between NIOH-ALIMCO<br />MoU between NIOH-IIT,Kharagpur<br />JRF/SRF program to strengthen research<br />Working with Jadavpur University<br />Expansion of activities<br />NIOH-IOA jointly on training of orthopaedic surgeons.<br />Collaborated with CSR of NTPC (established a Foundation)<br />Surgical camp with Impact India- Life Line Express.<br />
  51. 51. R&D-Projects <br />
  52. 52. R & D<br />
  53. 53. Outreach service camp at Imphal , Manipur<br />
  54. 54. Institutional /Outreach-Camp<br />
  55. 55. Awareness & Training<br />
  56. 56. THANK YOU<br />Presenter:<br />PankajBajpai<br />Asst Professor & Head<br />Dept. of Occupational Therapy, NIOH, Kolkata<br />