Political Parties: Definition, Criteria, Rationale

358 views

Published on

Presentation by Prof. Edmund Tayao at the Institute for Autonomy & Governance - Konrad Adenauer Stiftung training on political party development attended by seniors leaders of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front | Intramuros, Manila | March 27-31, 2014

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
358
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
62
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
10
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Political Parties: Definition, Criteria, Rationale

  1. 1. Date Political Parties, Definition, Criteria and Rationale Prof. EDMUND S. TAYAO University of Santo Tomas, Department of Political Science Local Government Development Foundation Saturday, September 14, 13
  2. 2. Saturday, September 14, 13
  3. 3. Key Concepts Saturday, September 14, 13
  4. 4. Key Concepts Saturday, September 14, 13
  5. 5. Key Concepts Institutionalism - focus on formal institutions of government Saturday, September 14, 13
  6. 6. Key Concepts Institutionalism - focus on formal institutions of government New Institutionalism -sociological view of institutions (impact on society) Saturday, September 14, 13
  7. 7. Key Concepts Institutionalism - focus on formal institutions of government New Institutionalism -sociological view of institutions (impact on society) Political Hardware -Framework/Structural Design Saturday, September 14, 13
  8. 8. Key Concepts Institutionalism - focus on formal institutions of government New Institutionalism -sociological view of institutions (impact on society) Political Software -Programs/Policies -subjective relationships between leaders and followers Political Hardware -Framework/Structural Design Saturday, September 14, 13
  9. 9. Key Concepts Hard Power (Coercion, Penalties) Institutionalism - focus on formal institutions of government New Institutionalism -sociological view of institutions (impact on society) Political Software -Programs/Policies -subjective relationships between leaders and followers Political Hardware -Framework/Structural Design Saturday, September 14, 13
  10. 10. Key Concepts Hard Power (Coercion, Penalties) Soft Power (Incentives, Enticements) Institutionalism - focus on formal institutions of government New Institutionalism -sociological view of institutions (impact on society) Political Software -Programs/Policies -subjective relationships between leaders and followers Political Hardware -Framework/Structural Design Saturday, September 14, 13
  11. 11. Understanding the Political System Vertical Dynamics- Central, Regional, Local Relations (Unitary or Federal System of Government) Horizontal Dynamics- Executive Legislative System (Presidential or Parliamentary Form of Government) System of Representation- Political Party System (Multi-Party System) Saturday, September 14, 13
  12. 12. Saturday, September 14, 13
  13. 13. Inherently plural and divided society Saturday, September 14, 13
  14. 14. Inherently plural and divided society ✤ 80 Effective Languages all over the country; Saturday, September 14, 13
  15. 15. Inherently plural and divided society ✤ 80 Effective Languages all over the country; ✤ Social and Economic Stratification; Saturday, September 14, 13
  16. 16. Inherently plural and divided society ✤ 80 Effective Languages all over the country; ✤ Social and Economic Stratification; ✤ Religious Diversity Saturday, September 14, 13
  17. 17. Inherently plural and divided society ✤ 80 Effective Languages all over the country; ✤ Social and Economic Stratification; ✤ Religious Diversity as a political party therefore, it must be able to have a firm grasp of the what the country is, in order to shape what policies, programs and action to take Saturday, September 14, 13
  18. 18. Saturday, September 14, 13
  19. 19. democracy requires real political parties Saturday, September 14, 13
  20. 20. ✤ No such thing as “Direct Democracy”; democracy requires real political parties Saturday, September 14, 13
  21. 21. ✤ No such thing as “Direct Democracy”; ✤ Politics is about policy thus requiring substance (programmatic); democracy requires real political parties Saturday, September 14, 13
  22. 22. ✤ No such thing as “Direct Democracy”; ✤ Politics is about policy thus requiring substance (programmatic); ✤ Need for leadership and arena of participation for the masses; democracy requires real political parties Saturday, September 14, 13
  23. 23. ✤ No such thing as “Direct Democracy”; ✤ Politics is about policy thus requiring substance (programmatic); ✤ Need for leadership and arena of participation for the masses; ✤ Superiority of Professional Leaders in Respect to Culture (Behavior), the formal and real incompetence of the mass. democracy requires real political parties Saturday, September 14, 13
  24. 24. Saturday, September 14, 13
  25. 25. real political parties Saturday, September 14, 13
  26. 26. real political parties ✤ Programmatic (different from ideological) Saturday, September 14, 13
  27. 27. real political parties ✤ Programmatic (different from ideological) ✤ Internal/Organizational Democratic Dynamics Saturday, September 14, 13
  28. 28. real political parties ✤ Programmatic (different from ideological) ✤ Internal/Organizational Democratic Dynamics ✤ Grassroots-Based and International Linkages Saturday, September 14, 13
  29. 29. real political parties ✤ Programmatic (different from ideological) ✤ Internal/Organizational Democratic Dynamics ✤ Grassroots-Based and International Linkages ✤ Exists and Operates even in- between elections Saturday, September 14, 13
  30. 30. Saturday, September 14, 13
  31. 31. real political parties are democratic Saturday, September 14, 13
  32. 32. real political parties are democratic ✤ Same “comrades” too long in leadership regard themselves as “God-given leaders” (Robert Michel 1962); Saturday, September 14, 13
  33. 33. real political parties are democratic ✤ Same “comrades” too long in leadership regard themselves as “God-given leaders” (Robert Michel 1962); ✤ Fundamental Difference of the “dignified” and the “efficient” (Walter Bagehot 1867); and, Saturday, September 14, 13
  34. 34. real political parties are democratic ✤ Same “comrades” too long in leadership regard themselves as “God-given leaders” (Robert Michel 1962); ✤ Fundamental Difference of the “dignified” and the “efficient” (Walter Bagehot 1867); and, ✤ Comprehensive (7) Function of Political Parties in Society (Gunther and Diamond 2001) Saturday, September 14, 13
  35. 35. Saturday, September 14, 13
  36. 36. seven functions of parties Saturday, September 14, 13
  37. 37. seven functions of parties ✤ Candidate Nomination; Saturday, September 14, 13
  38. 38. seven functions of parties ✤ Candidate Nomination; ✤ Electoral Mobilization; Saturday, September 14, 13
  39. 39. seven functions of parties ✤ Candidate Nomination; ✤ Electoral Mobilization; ✤ Issue Restructuring; Saturday, September 14, 13
  40. 40. seven functions of parties ✤ Candidate Nomination; ✤ Electoral Mobilization; ✤ Issue Restructuring; ✤ Represent various social groups; Saturday, September 14, 13
  41. 41. seven functions of parties ✤ Candidate Nomination; ✤ Electoral Mobilization; ✤ Issue Restructuring; ✤ Represent various social groups; ✤ Interest aggregation; Saturday, September 14, 13
  42. 42. seven functions of parties ✤ Candidate Nomination; ✤ Electoral Mobilization; ✤ Issue Restructuring; ✤ Represent various social groups; ✤ Interest aggregation; ✤ Forming and sustaining governments; and, Saturday, September 14, 13
  43. 43. seven functions of parties ✤ Candidate Nomination; ✤ Electoral Mobilization; ✤ Issue Restructuring; ✤ Represent various social groups; ✤ Interest aggregation; ✤ Forming and sustaining governments; and, ✤ Social Integration Saturday, September 14, 13
  44. 44. Organizing the Party ✤ Identity- Who we are? ✤ Inclusive not Exclusive- Identity need not be exclusive (note that democracy is about numbers) ✤ Ideology as Basic Principle not Limiting Framework- Result is Issue- Based ✤ Democratic, Participatory, Transparent and Accountable Organizational Set-up and Dynamics (Strict adherence to Party Laws and Principles) ✤ Because it is Inclusive, Operations are not dominated by a person or small group and therefore the party operates on its own funds. Saturday, September 14, 13
  45. 45. Saturday, September 14, 13
  46. 46. We start with ourselves, with our political party, then our society to have a country we deserve Saturday, September 14, 13
  47. 47. We start with ourselves, with our political party, then our society to have a country we deserve edtayao@yahoo.com; (twitter) @edtayao; www.logodef.org Saturday, September 14, 13
  48. 48. We start with ourselves, with our political party, then our society to have a country we deserve edtayao@yahoo.com; (twitter) @edtayao; www.logodef.org see “why we need career politicians” and Saturday, September 14, 13
  49. 49. We start with ourselves, with our political party, then our society to have a country we deserve edtayao@yahoo.com; (twitter) @edtayao; www.logodef.org see “why we need career politicians” and “we end up electing the wrong people” at rappler.com Saturday, September 14, 13

×