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  2. 2. INTRODUCTION The main purpose to study of this research is to analyse applied GIS technique to E&P Data Management & subsurface interpretation. The main tasks:  to investigate technical aspects of GIS collection;  to analyse of GIS in the petroleum industry.  to determine new developments in geographical information systems: principles, techniques, management and application.
  3. 3. LITERATURE REVIEW Desktop-GIS is now being used for a wide variety of applications ranging from environmental assessment to marketing. For mineral exploration desktop-GIS provides the means to statistically analyse and classify geochemical data, enhance geophysical images, determine spatial relationships between point, line, polygon features, and produce charts, tables and maps of the resulting analysis. GIS provide tools to do statistical analysis of data, spatial analysis of data, image processing to enhance geophysical or remote sensing data.
  4. 4. LITERATURE REVIEW The study fuels the discourse about the role of GIS as «tool or science», but along different emphases from those articulated in the discourse to date. Wright, Goodchild, and Proctor (1996a) provide a service to GIS researchers by writing about the multiple roles of GIS, which is sometimes viewed as a tool and sometimes viewed as a science. We demonstrate that tool development, information (tool) use, and scientific examination involving tool development and/or information use all have their place. During the 1990s, GIS and spatial understanding (and decision) support systems (SUSS/ SUDSS) were suggested as information technology aids to facilitate geographical problem understanding and decision making. Unfortunately, most of the research on collaborative spatial decision making is about GIS development rather than about GIS use, without a strong theoretical link between the two.
  5. 5. INTRODUCTION TO GIS What Can GIS Do (capabilities) Data Organisation Visualisation Data Query Data Editing Spatial Analysis Geoprocessing Prediction
  6. 6. DATA ORGANISATION & MANAGEMENT Building of a GIS Data is collated from a variety of sources and organised into a logical structure
  7. 7. DATA ORGANISATION & MANAGEMENT Additional Functions Properly designed, databases allow for access of wealth of information Additional tables can be related for further even further information Allows for hyperlinks of scanned documents, photo’s, CAD drawings, etc.
  8. 8. VISUALISATION GIS give the ability to work with Smart Maps The GIS Map onscreen Add ChangeDelete GIS is become important applications platform in the lifecycle of the Petroleum sector.
  9. 9. DATA QUERY Who , Where , How , When ? Geologic Data Lease Checks Well Data , Facility Data Surface Data Lease Purchase Paper Map Back & Forth between your paper map & your spreadsheet to complete your work Every aspect of the Petroleum Industry requires accurate maps for decision making
  10. 10. DATA EDITING Can be Edited on the map or by co-ordinate Add Change Delete
  11. 11. Spatial Analysis Network analysis Geometric analysis Raster analysis Interface modelling Cartographic output Visualisation SPATIAL ANALYSIS Proximity / Overlay Analysis How many wells within 100 m (Buffering) How many wells in area off (overlay)
  12. 12. GEOPROCESSING Workflows models Automation of workflows
  13. 13. PREDICTION Open acreageSiting a facility • Combination of the functions using vast amounts of data and multiple factors
  14. 14. GIS IN PETROLEUM Exploration Drilling Production Refining Health and Safety TransmissionData Managemen
  15. 15. EXPLORATION Farm-ins & Acquisition Seismic Planning Summary (Montage) Basin analysis Play analysis Acreage analysis Prospect analysis Land Management Field Geology QC & Maintain
  16. 16. EXPLORATION Farm-ins & Acquisition Multiple formats Exploration portfolio leads and prospects well information Data History
  17. 17. EXPLORATION Seismic Planning Geodetic accuracy Data visualisation Satellite imagery Bathymetry, sea floor surveys and shipping lane data Analyse Mine Clearance Aeromagnetic Leads Compensation
  18. 18. EXPLORATION Summary (Montage) Layers Multiple data frames Smart symbol
  19. 19. EXPLORATION Basin analysis Generally as a first-pass screening tool Regional, structure, faults, gross depositional environment, hydrocarbon seeps, gravity and magnetics Exploration statistics Field size distributions Advanced GIS analytics Third party extension Drainage networks and basins using a digital elevation model (DEM)
  20. 20. EXPLORATION Play analysis Risk segment mapping Calculations Summarise play GIS allows the geologist to see all the data available in a single application for the first time. In addition, the ability of GIS to label and symbolise features using complex patterns and shapes allows multiple feature attributes to be displayed on the map, e.g. a well may show the well location, the depth of penetration, net to gross value, as well as indicators for whether the play source, reservoir and seal are present or not Advanced GIS analytics Third party extension
  21. 21. EXPLORATION Acreage analysis Advanced GIS analytics Third party extension Ranking petroleum leases, blocks and companies Quantitative analysis Environmental criteria Data Density Engineering Criteria Risk Criteria Block Ranking Company portfolio analysis Data Sheets Correlate vs. Prospect Inventory
  22. 22. EXPLORATION Prospect analysis Advanced GIS analytics Third party extension conventional Unconventional calculate volume between two gridded surfaces Or between a single surface and a series of depth levels. Net to gross Porosity oil saturation Calculate accurate reserve areas, as well as use buffering around producing wells to help estimate reserves shale gas shale oil Coal bed methane
  23. 23. EXPLORATION Land Management Include survey data such as county boundaries, blocks and sections; lease data such as county courthouse data; well locations and regulatory data such as proration units Block names Lease expiry dates Working interests (WI) Overriding royalty (OR) Overriding royalty interest (ORRI) Net revenue interest (NRI) and gross/net acreages GPS location Field directly into a spatial database
  24. 24. EXPLORATION Field Geology Satellite imagery Field studies Mobile GIS and GPS technology Design & Plan Field trip Geological maps
  25. 25. EXPLORATION QC & Maintain Well data workflows and enhancing the visualization of G&G data Seismic 2D / 3D Geology Data Applied Geomatics
  26. 26. GIS IN PETROLEUM Exploration Drilling Production Refining Health and Safety TransmissionData Managemen
  27. 27. Extension Shapefiles GeoTIFF’s0 Extension Extension Shapefiles GeoTIFF’s Shapefiles GeoTIFF’s GIS FIT INTO E&P TECHONLOGY Geoframe Kingdom Geographix Petrel OpenWorks E&P Software GIS based Software & Data IHS WoodMac Deloitte Extension Studio E&P ArcGIS DecisionSpace GIS Google Earth OtherKML Plugins Open Spirit Seismic & Other E&P Data Other E&P Tools : Tellus Toolbar & Data TGSA TGD ET Geowizards Other Output PDF Layers Map Graphic Format
  28. 28. DATA MANAGEMENT Data QC Spatial Data Standards Index Maps Coordinate Reference System Standards Spatial Data Standards Metadata Standards Petroleum GIS Data Models Public Petroleum Data Model (PPDM) Pipeline Open Data Standard (PODS) (APDM) ArcGIS Pipeline Data Model (SSDM) Seabed Survey Data Model
  30. 30. CONCLUSION USING OF GIS IN OIL&GAS Better decision making - Making correct decisions about location can be critical to the success of an organisation. Common petroleum examples include deciding which acreage or play to enter, planning a pipeline route or seismic survey, managing facilities and planning emergency response. Cost savings and increased efficiency - GIS is widely used to optimise maintenance schedules and daily fleet movements. Esri claims typical implementations can result in savings of 10 to 30 percent in operational expenses through reduction in resource costs. Improved communication - Maps greatly assist in explaining situations. They are a type of language that improves communication with management, between different teams, departments, disciplines, professional fields, organisations, and even with the public.
  31. 31. Thank you