IELTS - How to prepare for writing


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  • Need to add examples of the task types – OHTs.
  • IELTS - How to prepare for writing

    1. 1. IELTS Academic Module Writing Test
    2. 2. Aims of the Session <ul><ul><li>To give a brief overview of the test. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To look at the two types of tasks you have to do in the test. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To suggest ways to prepare for the paper. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To offer tips on how to do the tasks. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To suggest possible resources. </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Academic Writing Module – Test Overview <ul><ul><li>third test </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 tasks (60 mins) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Task 1 - 150 words (20 mins) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Task 2 - 250 words (40 mins) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>under word limit penalised </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>notes unacceptable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>card with task on either side </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>answer bookle t </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Writing Task 1 <ul><ul><li>Given graphic or pictorial information – need to write a description. (OHT 1) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bar charts/line graphs/pie charts & tables most frequent. (OHTs 1,2,3,4,5) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But sometimes – object/series of pictures /diagrams or flow charts. (OHTs 6,7,8) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Could be more than one graph or char t . (OHT 9) </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Writing Task 1 <ul><li>Tests ability to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>describe & interpret graphic data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>describe stages of a process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>describe an object or event or sequence of events </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>explain how something works </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Marking Task 1 Assessed on: 1. Task Fulfillment Following instructions properly. Writing clear, accurate & relevant description of info. Focusing on important trends presented as graphic info. 2. Coherence & Cohesion Organising writing using suitable structure. Using connective words to link sentences & paragraphs logically. 3. Vocabulary & Sentence Structure Using a range of appropriate vocabulary. Using a variety of sentence structure s .
    7. 7. How to Prepare for Task 1 <ul><li>Become familiar with graph types. </li></ul><ul><li>Do practise exercises describing graphs. (OHT 10) </li></ul><ul><li>Become familiar with ways to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>express percentages. (OHT 11) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>express numbers & statistical data. (OHT 11) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>express trends. (OHT 12) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>make comparisons between data. (OHT 13) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>>>>> </li></ul>
    8. 8. How to Prepare for Task 1 <ul><li>Look at language for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>describing how something works (OHT 14). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>making reference to graphs/figures (OHT 15). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sequencing in a process (OHT 15). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Think about topics in tables & graphs et c . </li></ul>
    9. 9. Tips on How to Do Task 1 <ul><ul><li>Spend 5 minutes reading the graphs/charts etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make sure you understand axes. (OHT 9) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make sure you follow lines on graph. (OHT 16) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on the key information. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If two graphs – compare. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Think about the time period – tenses. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vary your vocabulary. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organize information clearly. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Write neatly & cross out errors with one lin e . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>>>>> </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Tips on How to Do Task 1 <ul><ul><li>DON’T copy phrases from the question. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DON’T include info. not in the graph/picture. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DON’T take more than 20 minutes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DON’T forget to leave time to read it through. </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Writing Task 2 <ul><li>Given a discussion topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Tests ability to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>discuss a problem & present a solution. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>present & justify opinions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>compare and contrast evidence or opinions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>argue a case. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>evaluate & challenge ideas, evidence & argument. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>(OHT 17 & 18) </li></ul>
    12. 12. Marking Task 2 <ul><li>Assessed on: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Arguments, Ideas & Evidence - </li></ul><ul><ul><li>clear, logical, well-supported. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>support with personal experience. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>focus on topic. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2. Communicative Quality - </li></ul><ul><ul><li>write fluently. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>write cohesive sentences & paragraphs. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3. Vocabulary & Sentence Structure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>range & variety. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>good spelling & punctuation. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Carries more weight than Task 1. </li></ul>
    13. 13. How to Prepare for Task 2 Look at as many sample questions as possible. Practise underlining key points & brainstorming questions. Do practice questions with sample answers. >>>>>
    14. 14. How to Prepare for Task 2 <ul><li>Look at language used for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>linking ideas between sentences & paragraphs (OHT 19). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>expressing views (OHT 20). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>making concessions (OHT 20). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>giving opposing arguments (OHT 20). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>providing support to main points (OHT 21). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>referring to cause & effect (OHT 21). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>making comparisons & contrasts (OHT 22). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>concludin g (OHT 23). </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. How to Prepare for Task 2 Think about possible topics. Brainstorm the topics for questions. Write timed essays.
    16. 16. Tips on How to Do Task 2 Study question carefully. Underline key points. Quickly brainstorm the topic. Decide on main points & supporting detail. Organise points in a plan. Structure according to type of essay .(OHT 23,24,25)
    17. 17. General Tips for Writing Module <ul><li>Before the exam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Practise writing timed essays. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep up-to-date with current affairs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Write a list of your typical errors. (OHT 26) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>During the exam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use a pen. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check your essay. </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Resources for Writing Module Practice <ul><li>IELTS Specimen Pack - practice material with answers. </li></ul><ul><li>Homesglen web site– excellent booklet to download. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gives different types of graphs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gives language for describing trends etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gives sample answers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Resources for Writing Module Practice <ul><li>Books: </li></ul><ul><li>Advice & practice books: </li></ul><ul><li>Sahanaya, W et al, 2000. IELTS: Preparation and Practice - Reading and Writing . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>graphs & useful language for Task 1. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Practice books: </li></ul><ul><li>Cambridge Examination Papers: IELTS 1 IELTS 2 IELTS 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Course books: </li></ul><ul><li>Jakeman, V & McDowell, C (1999) Insight into IELTS , CUP. </li></ul><ul><li>O’Connell, Sue (2002) Focus on IELTS , Longman. </li></ul>
    20. 20. Resources for Writing Module Practice Additional help: English language Centre (ELC) ‘ How to prepare for IELTS – Writing’ booklet. Language Learning Advisors in the Self Access Centre, ELC. Workshops coming up.
    21. 21. Questions?
    22. 22. THE END