Introtolinux 110730150838-phpapp02


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Introtolinux 110730150838-phpapp02

  1. 1. Introduction to L!nux Mohammed gabrail
  2. 2. Agenda What is Linux History of Linux Linux today What is Open source Get one Linux distribution Suitable for Me Why I should use Linux Why not switch to Linux Comparison between Linux and windows
  3. 3. What is Linux ?
  4. 4. What is Linux  UNIX like Operating System  Multi-user, Multitasking, Multiprocessor  Has the X Windows GUI  Runs on multiple hardware platforms  Source Code is available
  5. 5. History of Linux  In 80’s, Microsoft’s DOS was the dominant OS for PC  Apple MAC was better, but expensive  UNIX was much better, but much, much more expensive. Only for minicomputer for commercial applications  People were looking for a UNIX based system, which is cheaper and can run on PC
  6. 6. History of Linux  Both DOS, MAC and UNIX were proprietary, i.e., the source code of their kernel is protected  No modification is possible without paying high license fees  A famous professor Andrew Tanenbaum developed Minix, a simplified version of UNIX that runs on PC –Minix is for class teaching only. No intention for commercial use
  7. 7. History of Linux In Sept 1991, Linus Torvalds, a second year student of Computer Science at the University of Helsinki, developed the preliminary kernel of Linux, known as Linux version 0.0.1
  8. 8. Linux Today  Linux has been used for many computing platforms like PC, PDA, Supercomputers, ...  Not only character interface but also user interface is available
  9. 9. Linux Today The Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Jaguar supercomputer, as of November 2009 the world's fastest supercomputer. It uses the Cray Linux Environment as its operating system.
  10. 10. Linux Today
  11. 11. But what we mean by Open Source ?!
  12. 12. Open Source Software  When programmers on the Internet can read, redistribute, and modify the source for a piece of software, it evolves  People improve it, people adapt it, people fix bugs. And this can happen at a speed that, compared to conventional software development, seems astonishing
  13. 13. How we can get it  Download it from the Internet  But ?? first choose your Distribution
  14. 14. Distribution !!!!?
  15. 15. Linux distros  As Linux is open source so any one can develop his own version.  Linux distros varies in Applications provided with each.  Market imposed on us some distros as standard (Redhat, Debian, Slackware).  Most of current distros are based on Debian(Ubuntu) or Redhat (Fedora).
  16. 16. Popular Linux Distributions  Archlinux,  CentOS  Debian  Knoppix, a Live CD  Red Hat Enterprise Linux  Ubuntu  Fedora
  17. 17. Which is Suitable for Me?  Redhat is good for enterprise work.  Slackware is intended for Advanced professional users.  Mandriva is very good for non technical user.  Opensuse is good for training usage  Fedora is good for personal use and developing  Debian is good for professional end-users.  Ubuntu is suitable for ALL !!!
  18. 18. Languages Supported by Linux Afrikaans, Amharic, Arabic, Azerbaijani,Belarussian, Bulgarian, Bengali, Breton,Bosnian, Catalan, Czech, Cymraeg, Danish,German, Greek, Esperanto, Spanish,Estonian, Euskara, Farsi (Iranian), Suomi(Finnish),French, Furlan, Gaeilge (IrishGaelic), Galician, Hebrew, Hindi, Croatian,Hungarian, Armenian, Indonesian,Icelandic, Italian, Japanese, Georgian,Kannada, Korean, Kurdish, Kyrgyz, Lao,Lithuanian, Latgalian, Latvian, Macedonian,Mongolian,
  19. 19. Languages Supported by Linux Malay, Maltese, Dutch, Norwegian Bokmål,Norwegian Nynorsk, Punjabi (in gurmukhiscript), Polish, Portuguese (Portugal),Brazilian Portuguese, Romanian, Russian,Sardinian, Slovakian, Slovenian, Albanian,Serbian, Swedish, Tamil, Tajiki, Thai,Turkmen, Filipino (Tagalog), Turkish,Ukrainian, Urdu, Uzbekian, Vietnamese,Walloon, Chinese (simplified), Chinese(traditional)
  20. 20. Why you should use Linux
  21. 21. Forget about viruses Security has always been the number one priority with Linux Linux has a robust security system There do not exist viruses for the Linux platform
  22. 22. Is your system is unstable !! Have you ever lost your precious work because Windows crashed? Have you ever gotten the "blue screen of death" or error messages telling you that the computer needs to be shut down for obscure reasons? Crashes or freezes are not prevalent in Linux
  23. 23. Linux is free Linux is free and always will be as compared to the very costly Windows and Mac OSX Using pirated Windows is a bad thing
  24. 24. Linux comes with software built it When the system has installed, why would you still need to install stuff ? Common software such as music player, web browser, video player, image editor,
  25. 25. Linux comes with software built it
  26. 26. Update with few clicks !! Just like Windows’ Update tool, Linux has a more better alternative to it to update all your system in a few clicks
  27. 27. Linux does not get slow As Linux is impervious to viruses, trojans, spywares, which are the main reasons to slow down the PC, systems based on it do not get slower Linux consumes lesser system resources
  28. 28. Linux can run on older hardware Windows requires more and more hardware power as its version number increases (95, 98, 2000, Me, XP, etc.).
  29. 29. Support is everywhere If you’re having a problem with Linux, help is as close as the nearest message board.
  30. 30. And more , more , more , more …..
  31. 31. Why not to switch to linux ?
  32. 32. Why not to switch to linux ? If you are using any propriatory software which is not supported by Linux If you are using any hardware which is not supported by Linux
  33. 33. Comparison between Linux and windows I don't like to talk about this topic You have to try with yourself and tell me What you see :)
  34. 34. Conclusion So, what OS a user should opt to choose? The answer depends on user’s own choice
  35. 35. Reference
  36. 36. If I can help you H4rryPotter@ Our team DevMixTeam@
  37. 37. Thanks :) Any questions ??